8941Pre-requisites for understanding the Qur’an
- Mar 30, 2011Pre-requisites for understanding the Qur’an
Question: What are the prerequisites for understanding the Qur`an?
The Qur`an is the eternal miracle of the Prophet Muhammad (ص). It is a book that illuminates all things. Though it is composed of simple words and phrases, it is stated in a high literary style and conveys ideas that soar far beyond the comprehension of a normal human being. To perceive its essence and accurately derive laws from it, is immensely difficult. Thus, despite the fact that the Qur`an is “clear,” to properly understand it and act upon it takes great effort.
The prerequisites to understanding the Qur`an are of two kinds:
Exoteric: One must have a firm grasp on
a. The ‘Arabic language with all its intricacies;
b. The history of Islam;
c. The circumstances that surrounded the revelation of the various verses;
d. Narrations that are directly relevant to the exegesis of the Qur`an;
e. The general verses and the specific ones; the unqualified verses and the qualified; the verses that abrogate and those that are abrogated.
a. One must have the spiritual purity that comes from the fear of Allah (awj).
b. One must not be arrogant.