Lifestyle, Miscarriage, Birth Defects And Chromosome Abnormalities
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Article Title: Lifestyle, Miscarriage, Birth Defects And
Author: Judy Ford
Word Count: 722
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Many couples who have a miscarriage are told that the
laboratory tests have shown that there is a chromosome
abnormality. This sounds very serious doesn't it? It is serious
and these problems can lead to the birth of a handicapped child.
Usually, however, the problem is not inherent and in most cases
can be overcome by changes in lifestyle. The couple can become
extremely anxious unnecessarily.
First let me explain that almost all miscarriages are abnormal
in some way. The pregnancy is lost because the embryo did not
develop properly. The cause of this is usually because either
the man or woman has been exposed to chemicals or one or other
of them has a dietary deficiency or a bad habit of some type.
Bad habits include not drinking enough water, taking drugs,
having too much alcohol, smoking heavily and in the case of the
man, exposing his testes to too much heat. Infections, both of
the common flu variety and of the STD - sexually transmitted
variety - can also be involved. Viruses can break chromosomes in
exactly the same way as chemicals, radiation and serious dietary
In some rare cases the problem is ongoing and can be inherited.
It is important that each case is investigated properly. The
types of chromosome abnormalities that are found in miscarriages
are most frequently changes in chromosome number. Changes in the
structure of chromosomes can also occur but they are far less
frequent than changes in number.
Most people reading this article would know that the normal
number of chromosomes is 46. So how can this change?
The answer lies in the process of fertility and conception.
Fertility in both the man and the woman involves a special form
of cell division - called meiosis - in which the chromosome
number is halved. This `reduction' division occurs so that when
the sperm fertilizes the egg, the child will have the same
number of chromosomes as the parents. Half the child's
chromosomes come from mother and half from father.
Sometimes this very specialized division process makes errors
and one or two chromosomes end up in the wrong place. The
resultant egg or sperm then has one or two extra chromosomes. Of
course there is also a complementary egg or sperm that is
missing those chromosomes but these cells usually die. In fact
the only cells that can survive with missing chromosomes are
those that miss sex chromosomes. Some miscarriages have only 45
chromosomes, including only one X chromosome and occasionally
babies are born with only one X chromosome. They grow up with a
special set of characteristics known as Turner's syndrome.
Fertilized eggs that result from eggs or sperm with extra
chromosomes usually miscarry although those with an extra copy
of one chromosome 21 might survive with Down's syndrome. However
the couples that have these miscarriages or babies with extra
chromosomes are themselves, usually normal. It is the conditions
in their bodies at the time of creating the eggs and sperm that
are the problem. These unfavorable conditions can usually be
corrected by correcting the bad lifestyle unless the problem is
From about age 35 in both men and women, cell division can be
compromised. The problem lies in changes in the body that affect
the function of the energy systems in the cells. Optimising all
aspects of lifestyle can often overcome these problems but the
effects of any poor habits will be amplified with ageing.
The other problem that can affect chromosome number is delayed
ovulation. When the egg is over-ripe it can be fertilized by
more than one sperm. In such cases the fertilized eggs has one
or more extra sets of chromosomes and is often given the
unfortunate name of a `molar pregnancy'. Fortunately, this
problem can also be overcome by correcting poor diet and
If you have had a pregnancy in which a chromosomes abnormality
was detected but you, yourselves are normal, make sure that you
take the time and effort to correct your lifestyle. You will be
rewarded by feeling much healthier and hopefully also by giving
birth to a healthy baby. Find about more about support for
optimising lifestyle and fertility on
About The Author: Dr Judy Ford is an internationally respected
geneticist who has undertaken considerable research into the
causes of miscarriage, causes of infertility and birth defects.
Her research has shown that most problems are preventable
through changes to healthy lifestyles and healthy habits. More
information can be found on her websites
http://www.itsnatural.com.au and http://www.ez-fertility.co.uk
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