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Who was Behind India's 9/11?

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  • World View
    Here is an item by our Indian friend Sandhya Jain alleging cover-up and questioning some keypoints of the official story: Contemporary jihad is a mercenary
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 2, 2008
      Here is an item by our Indian friend Sandhya Jain alleging cover-up
      and questioning some keypoints of the official story: "Contemporary
      jihad is a mercenary tool of Western colonialism, serving a colonial
      intent with devout slavishness"

      Indian View: Cover-up?
      Sandhya Jain
      1 December 2008

      While stock-taking has only just begun, it already appears as if some
      things are being covered up. In these circumstances, the retention of
      Narayanan who was invisible during the entire crisis though he was
      too visible in the hated Indo-US nuclear deal does nothing to inspire
      confidence. In an atmosphere when media hype persistently reminds us
      of the Twin Towers tragedy in New York, one can only think of the
      success of Prince Bandar in escorting all well-connected Saudi youth
      out of America in the immediate aftermath of 11 September 2001.

      Some things deserve an immediate answer – how many terrorists were
      there actually; how did they reach their respective destinations
      inland; and is it possible that "super-terrorists" simply walked out
      with the real survivors after having utilised the "mercenaries" to
      the hilt, just as they had murdered the navigators of the boats that
      brought them to Mumbai?

      Current media reports and government sources say that the terrorists
      came by sea, landing near the Gateway of India or Colaba. This
      certainly explains the attacks on the sea front hotels like Taj,
      Oberoi and the Nariman House. But the question remains – how did they
      get to the CST station, Cama Hospital, and other places inland?
      Someone must have provided transport and back-up.

      By no logic can anyone believe that nine separate sites in a city
      could be held to ransom by just 10 men. It is particularly difficult
      to believe that gigantic hotels like the Taj could be ruined and
      scores of guests killed or injured by just two men (sometimes the
      figure goes to six). Even two men per floor could not have caused the
      kind of death and destruction that did happen. A small place like
      Nariman House, yes, but Taj and Oberoi – I don't believe it. And if
      there were six persons at Taj and at least two at Nariman House, that
      means only two persons destroyed the Oberoi?

      Rediff.com has interviewed the doctors who conducted the post-mortems
      on the dead hostages and terrorists, and it is their expert opinion
      that a battle of attrition took place over three days at the Oberoi
      and Taj hotels. The mutilation of the bodies was unlike anything they
      had seen in their careers in forensics.

      For one, the bodies of the victims bore horrible signs of torture.
      Now this is understandable if the victims are being tormented by half-
      human beasts, but it seems strange that two terrorists could
      simultaneously fight and keep Indian commandos at bay for 62 hours,
      and also have the time to torture their victims. Yet the doctors were
      emphatic that:

      "It was apparent that most of the dead were tortured. What shocked me
      were the telltale signs showing clearly how the hostages were
      executed in cold blood."

      To my mind, it seems apparent that the terrorists who kept the NSG
      commandos engaged and those who tortured and killed the hotel staff
      and guests were two separate groups.

      This suspicion is intensified by the startling revelation that the
      terrorists also did not meet a clean death. Doctors who conducted the
      post-mortem said the bodies of the terrorists – especially their
      faces - were beyond recognition. The security forces identified the
      bodies as those of terrorists [on TV they said it was because of the
      presence of weaponry near the bodies].

      One terrorist was shot through either eye (i.e., both eyes!!!). As
      the NSG commandos never got to such close range with the terrorists,
      and nobody commits suicide by shooting both his own eyes, it follows
      that the killers were somebody else. Since none of the hotel guests
      could have the kind of weaponry used in the conflict, this suggests
      the presence of a mysterious third party, making the terrorists the
      victims of a classic double-cross – the stuff of spy thrillers.
      Actually, it reminds one of the convenient murder of the alleged
      killer of President John F. Kennedy.

      Hence it would be entirely in order to closely interrogate each and
      every guest, especially the foreign guests, before allowing them to
      leave the country. Without false emotionalism, we should also
      fingerprint them for the future; who knows what Interpol cooperation
      may throw up.

      Top Russian counter-terrorism expert, Vladimir Klyukin, an Afghan war
      veteran, opines that the Mumbai attackers were not "ordinary
      terrorists" and were probably trained by the special operations
      forces set up in Pakistan by US intelligence prior to the Soviet
      withdrawal from Afghanistan. In his view, the nature of the Mumbai
      events suggests the signature of the 'Green Flag' special operations
      forces created by the Americans in Pakistan, just a year before the
      Soviet withdrawal.

      Guerrilla operations of the Mumbai kind require at least two-three
      years of preparatory work with experienced instructors. Raw trainees
      cannot hold four huge complexes in a city to ransom for so long. The
      Russian Interfax news agency reported the former KGB veteran as
      surmising the involvement of at least 50 terrorists, given the
      geography and sheer scale of the attacks. This seems like a
      legitimate estimation.

      What is more, the only way 9 coordinated attacks can occur
      simultaneously is by using Global Positioning Systems (GPS) or live
      maps for communication and control. These are not normally owned by
      private parties. Initial investigations also suggested that as many
      as seven terrorists included mostly British-born Pakistanis, and one
      does hope that these leads are not covered up. The reports also
      suggested some gunmen were captured, but later media reports
      highlighted that only one terrorists was caught alive at the railway
      station. So there is a lot of confusion here that needs to be cleared

      Certainly the hints about British involvement, openly asserted by the
      outspoken Lyndon LaRouche, need investigation.

      Media has been heavily criticized in some quarters for airing visuals
      of NSG commandos dropping on the hotel roofs from helicopters, and
      thus giving operational secrets away to the militants watching TV
      inside. If the criticism is to be valid, however, we will have to
      accept that the terrorists had more men inside who could be deployed
      to watch TV and give information which would enable them to react and
      rebuff the aerial assault. There is no way 2 to 6 terrorists could
      torture victims sadistically and kill them brutally, watch TV, fight
      and keep the security forces at bay for 62 hours, and then kill
      themselves or each other in impossible ways.

      The death of terrorists points to a clear double-cross and also the
      possibility of the involvement of more than one religious
      denomination. That the terrorists did not prepare for death by
      carrying potassium cyanide is well known; nor did they simply intend
      to blow themselves up like the usual suicide bombers. The surviving
      terrorist has revealed that they were told of an escape plan – and no
      doubt that plan was used by those who killed their fellow terrorists
      and walked out free!

      This writer has consistently stated that modern, late 20th-21st
      century jihad is qualitatively different from the medieval jihad in
      which Muslim armies led by generals or kings ran over much of the
      world in Europe, North Africa, and Asia. Contemporary jihad is a
      mercenary tool of Western colonialism, serving a colonial intent with
      devout slavishness, and this seems borne out by the events of Mumbai.

      What remains to be seen, however, is whether or not the Islamic world
      wakes up to the reality of its own self-enslavement. India on its
      part has demonstrated that no matter how long it takes to get
      operational, no matter the cost in terms of live and property, the
      territory of Bharat Mata will be protected.

      It is more than likely that Pakistan was rebuked by its British and
      American `friends' (read Masters) for agreeing to send the ISI chief
      to assist in the investigations, and forced to backtrack on a solemn
      assurance. The teams from Scotland Yard and America, ostensibly
      coming to assist India in the probe, are more likely trying to
      ascertain the extent of evidence with India.

      It is pertinent that the recovery of a satellite phone from the
      trawler abandoned with the body of the Gujarati captain revealed that
      the trawler had been hijacked to Karachi Port, and while there, calls
      were made even to Australia (where the CIA has a famous outpost!)

      Interestingly, General Leonid Ivashov, who was Chief of Staff of the
      Russian armed forces when the Twin Towers tragedy happened on 11
      September 2001, insists that there is no such thing as international
      terrorism and that "the September 11 attacks were the result of a set-
      up. What we are seeing is a manipulation by the big powers; this
      terrorism would not exist without them." Instead of faking a "world
      war on terror", the best way to reduce such attacks is through
      respect for international law and peaceful cooperation among
      countries and their citizens

      Globalization creates the conditions for the emergence of this
      terror. It seeks to design a new world geo-strategic map; appropriate
      the resources of the planet; erase cultural identities; and subjugate
      States before a global oligarchy. Thus, terrorism, according to Gen.
      Ivashov, is an instrument of world politics, "a means to install a
      unipolar world with a sole world headquarters, a pretext to erase
      national borders and to establish the rule of a new world elite. It
      is precisely this elite that constitutes the key element of world
      terrorism, its ideologist and its "godfather".

      Contemporary international terrorism combines the use of terror by
      State and non-State political structures to attain political
      objectives through intimidation of people, psychological and social
      destabilization, elimination of resistance inside power
      organizations, and the creation of appropriate conditions for the
      manipulation of the countries' policies and the behaviour of people.
      Media complicity helps. But terrorism is not possible without the
      support of political and business circles that wield the funds to
      finance it – and Pakistan is notoriously bankrupt.

      More pertinently, only secret services and their current or retired
      chiefs have the ability to plan and execute an operation of such
      complexity and scale. It is secret services that create, finance and
      control extremist organizations.

      Is it possible that M.K. Narayanan has been retained by the current
      pro-Western dispensation to "help" the Western secret services (State
      actors) in the current mess, to facilitate their long-term agenda by
      manipulating and misleading the nation and the people? We deserve an
      answer; we demand to know.

      The author is Editor, www.vijayvaani.com


      Mumbai attack: Terrorists spoke Marathi?
      By Abdul Hameed
      29 November 2008
      http://www.twocircl es.net/2008nov29 /mumbai_attack_ terrorists_
      spoke_marathi. html

      Mumbai: It is somehow surprising to learn that the terrorists in Cama
      hospital in Mumbai were fluently speaking Marathi. The terrorists who
      are said to have fired in Cama hospital talked to an employee clad in
      civil dress in Marathi, reports a Marathi daily 'Maharashtra Times'.
      The newspaper said the terrorists who targeted ATS chief Hemant
      Karkare, police commissioner Ashok Kamte and encounter specialist
      Vijay Salaskar were speaking Marathi fluently.

      The newspaper claims the terrorists having fired at two watchmen in
      uniform asked the other beside them on gunpoint in Marathi, 'You are
      here an employee?' The employee caught the legs of the terrorist and
      said, 'I am not working here. My wife has suffered from heart attack
      and I have come here to admit her.' The terrorist asked him again in
      Marathi, 'You are speaking true or false?' The employee
      answered, 'No, by God I am speaking true.'
      On this the terrorist let him go.


      Mumbai tragedy: It's time to stop the blame game
      Sameera Aziz Saudi Gazette

      NO one can deny the barbarism of the act of terror in Mumbai. My
      heart and prayers go out to all those who lost their loved ones and
      those who sustained injuries.

      However, this heartless act of terror raises other issues which need
      to be handled with caution. It is, for example, painful for
      Pakistanis that the finger of blame is again being quickly pointed at
      them without any proof. How could the Government of India which was
      unable to preempt the attack know who was behind it within hours?
      `Knee-jerk reactions' should be avoided on both sides. What a pity
      that the three-day confidence-building visit of Pakistan's Foreign
      Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi has been spoiled. It is clear that the
      terrorist elements do not want the two countries to live in peace and

      Pakistan criticized India for jumping to conclusions. In an
      unprecedented move it decided to send an ISI representative to India.
      It was a positive attempt on Pakistan's part to prove itself a peace-
      loving neighbor.

      India has seen the growth of religious extremism since 1990. There
      are almost one hundred groups fighting the Indian government each of
      them with a long list of complaints and grievances providing enough
      motivation to carry out terrorist acts. These home-based separatist
      movements are destabilizing influences that rumble beneath the
      surface and unexpectedly explode into the open. Therefore, blaming
      only Muslims or Pakistanis for India's internal problems is an
      oversimplification of a very complex issue.

      We should also not forget that the Indian government is dealing with
      ruthless Tamil separatists due to the violence in Sri Lanka. Tamils
      are regrouping in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The
      Christian, Dalit, and Muslim community of Kashmir and the Sikhs were
      targeted by Hindu mobs as 12 to 14 separatist rebellions raged across
      India's north and Northeastern regions. Currently, two serving Indian
      army officers have been found to have been involved in crimes that
      were attributed to Indian Muslims. This has only served to increase
      restlessness among Indian minorities.

      This has led some to believe in the involvement of Indian Military
      Intelligence officers in orchestrated acts of terrorism against
      Muslims in order to create a division between Hindus and Muslims. The
      Indian police were forced to uncover terrorists of the Bharatiya
      Janta Party (BJP), Bajrang Dal and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)
      in the Indian military and intelligence system.

      As something had to be done to divert attention from acts of
      terrorism by Hindu extremists, some people believe that the Mumbai
      terrorist attack plan was conceived. It has also been reported that
      the terrorists were seen wearing a yellow thread revealing their
      belief in Hinduism.

      It should also be asked why some were quick to assume that the
      terrorists were Muslims from Pakistan who conveniently left behind
      their ID cards, family pictures and a cell phone with a SIM card
      originating in a `neighboring' country.

      The terrorists spoke Urdu with a Punjabi accent while they pretended
      that they came from Hyderabad, India. This could easily be a trick to
      confuse people and conceal their real identity. Why could they not be
      Hindu extremists who are opposed to India developing friendly
      relations with Pakistan?

      Nobody ever heard of the `Deccan Mujahideen' before Nov 26. How did
      this group suddenly become so powerful that it could drench the
      entire city of Mumbai in blood? Such a large and well-orchestrated
      attack was definitely planned internally but, unfortunately, like
      many other intelligence agencies in the world, the Indian anti-terror
      intelligence network was unable to prevent the attack.

      It is also possible that Muslims were used in the Mumbai terror
      attack after being brainwashed to avenge the injustice and cruelty
      they have suffered in the country, with the real mastermind being
      someone else.

      India has lost Maharashtra Anti Terrorism Squad's (ATS) chief Hemant
      Karkare who led the operation against the terrorists at the Taj
      Hotel. With his death, Indian minorities, like Muslims, have lost a
      ray of hope. Karkare was made the ATS chief in January this year,
      solved the serial bomb blasts in Thane, Vashi and Panvel, and the
      September 29 blast in Malegaon. He was a man known for his discipline
      and fairness. He had received numerous death threats and threats to
      blow up his house. It is possible that he was deliberately murdered
      during the terrorist attack.

      India should not only take measures to strengthen its police and
      intelligence authorities, but it should also carry out positive steps
      to build the confidence of its minority citizens and maintain good
      relations with neighboring countries, especially with Pakistan. It
      should provide concrete proof before blaming Pakistan and it should
      ask for help in a responsible way. Otherwise, it will be India which
      will be responsible for destroying the peace of the region.

      And, yes, Pakistan should also focus on cooperating with India to
      build confidence. It is time to stop blaming each other and instead
      to join hands to deal with the problem. Pakistan and India are both
      victims of terrorism and extremism.

      They must sit together and think of strategies for coping with
      threats from either home-grown groups or international terrorist
      organizations. Agony sometimes leads to affection. And maybe with a
      positive attitude and a sense of responsibility, the horror of Mumbai
      can be transformed into friendly relations between the two neighbors.


      Police unaware about Israeli plane in Mumbai
      1 Dec 2008

      MUMBAI: Police in Mumbai on Sunday said they had no information on any
      Israeli plane coming here with medical and forensic experts to
      identify some
      of the Israeli victims of the terrorist attack.

      "No one has informed us about any Israeli plane arriving here, we just
      do not know anything," Deputy Superintendent of Police Nisar Tanboli,
      in charge of airport security, told IANS late on Sunday.

      Nine Jews, some of them Israeli nationals, were among 22 foreigners
      killed during the sustained terror attack at a Jewish centre at the
      Nariman House and two five-star hotels in south Mumbai between
      Wednesday night and Friday night.

      Some of them remain to be identified and a section of the Israeli
      media had reported that an Israeli Air Force plane had landed in
      Mumbai Sunday with experts to help in the identification.


      The misplaced hype about Faridkot
      Dawn Report

      MULTAN/KHANEWAL, Nov 30: As Mumbai struggles to return to normalcy in
      the wake of terrorist attacks, a Pakistani village named Faridkot is
      being mentioned in the Indian media as the place of origin of the
      lone gunman arrested by Indian commandos. He has been identified as
      Ajmal Amir Kasab.

      The media, however, conveniently avoids mentioning that there is also
      a town with the same name in the Indian state of Punjab.

      In Pakistan, there are several villages named Faridkot, but three of
      them — one each in Khanewal, Pakpattan and Okara — attracted the
      attention of intelligence agencies and media to `prove' that the
      terrorist was a Pakistani.

      Faridkot in Khanewal, also known as Chak No 90/10-R, is a hamlet on
      the Jahanian Road, 53km from Multan and has a population of 5,000.
      This village has one primary school and two mosques — one managed by
      Barelvis and the other by Shias — and is known for sectarian harmony.

      Interestingly, the Indian media is not even sure whether the alleged
      attacker is named Ajmal Amir Kamal, Muhammad Ajmal, Muhammad Amin
      Kasab, Azam Amir Kasav or Azam Amir Kasab.

      People of this village said there were four people named Ajmal in the
      village — the one whose name also included Kamal had died 15 years
      ago. The numberdar of the village, Haqnawaz Baloch, told Dawn that
      Kamal was son of Muhammad Shafi. Another man named Ajmal had shifted
      to Ahmedpur East several years ago. The third Ajmal worked in a tea
      processing factory and the fourth one was a labourer, he said.

      He said there was no person by the name of Amin or Azam and did not
      know what `Kasab' or `Kasav' meant. He said people of the village
      were peaceful and no one from Faridkot had visited India.

      Khanewal police raided Faridkot twice over the past two days to
      gather details about the alleged terrorist. "We thoroughly checked
      the village record when Indian media started saying someone from this
      village was involved in the (Mumbai) attack. The hype is misplaced,"
      said District Police Officer Kamran Khan. He said police had done the
      checking on their own, without any instruction from the government.

      According to BBCUrdu.com, another village named Faridkot is near
      Pakpattan. It has a population of 2,000 and most of them are farmers.

      Residents say they do not know anyone by the name of Ajmal or Akmal
      and no one from the village has links with jihadi or other banned

      Another Faridkot is a remote village in Deepalpur tehsil in Okara

      The Economic Times, an Indian paper, claimed that Azam Amir Kasav,
      21, belonged to this village and "speaks fluent English".

      "We can tell you who this man is and how he has become the vital link
      for investigating agencies to crack the terror plot," the paper says.


      Washington is Fostering Political Divisions between India and Pakistan

      India's 9/11. Who was Behind the Mumbai Attacks?
      By Michel Chossudovsky
      Global Research, November 30, 2008

      The Mumbai terror attacks were part of a carefully planned and
      coordinated operation involving several teams of experienced and
      trained gunmen.

      The operation has the fingerprints of a paramilitary-intelligence
      operation. According to a Russian counter terrorist expert, the
      Mumbai terrorists "used the same tactics that Chechen field militants
      employed in the Northern Caucasus attacks where entire towns were
      terrorized, with homes and hospitals seized". (Russia Today, November
      27, 2008).

      The Mumbai attacks are described as " India's 9/11".

      The attacks were carried out simultaneously in several locations,
      within minutes of each other.

      The first target was in the main hall of Mumbai's Chatrapati Shivaji
      Terminus railway station (CST), where the gunmen fired
      indiscriminately into the crowd of passengers. The gunmen " then ran
      out of the station and into neighboring buildings, including Cama

      Attacks by separate groups of gunmen took place at two of Mumbai's
      luxury hotels - the Oberoi-Trident and the Taj Mahal Palace, located
      at the heart of the tourist area, within proximity of the Gateway of

      Taj Mahal Hotel

      The gunmen also opened fire at Café Leopold, a stylish restaurant in
      the tourist area. The third target was Nariman House, a business
      center which houses Chabad Lubavitch, Mumbai's Jewish Center. Six
      hostages including the Rabbi and his wife were killed.

      The domestic airport at Santa Cruz; the Metro Adlabs multiplex and
      the Mazgaon Dockyard were also targeted.

      "The attacks occurred at the busiest places. Besides hotels and
      hospitals, terrorists struck at railway stations, Crawford Market,
      Wadi Bunder and on the Western Express Highway near the airport.
      Seven places have been attacked with automatic weapons and grenades.
      (Times of India, 26 November 2008),

      Indian troops surrounded the hotels. Indian Special Forces commandos
      were sent into the two hotels to confront the terrorists. Witnesses
      at the hotels said that the gunmen were singling out people with US
      and British passports.

      Members of the Indian security forces taking up firing positions
      between fire trucks and ambulances on the grounds of the Taj Hotel on
      Friday. (Ruth Fremson/ The New York Times )

      Casualties, according to reports, are in excess of 150 killed. Most
      of those killed were Indian nationals, many of whom died in the
      attack on the Chhatrapati Shivaji railway Terminus.

      At least 22 foreigners were killed in the attacks. Fourteen police
      officers, including the chief of the anti-terror squad, were killed
      in the attacks.

      Who was Behind the Attacks?

      A virtually unknown group called "the Deccan Mujahideen", has
      according to reports, claimed responsibility for attacks. The Deccan
      Plateau refers to a region of central-Southern India largely centered
      in the State of Andhra Pradesh. This unknown group has already been
      categorized, without supporting evidence, as belonging to the Al
      Qaeda network of terrorist organizations.

      Police reports confirm that nine "suspected attackers" have been
      arrested and three of the attackers have, according to unconfirmed
      police sources, confessed to belonging to Lashkar-e-Taiba [Lashkar-e-
      Tayyiba], a Pakistani Kasmiri separatist organization, covertly
      supported by Pakistani military intelligence (ISI). At least one of
      the arrested, according to the reports, is a British citizen of
      Pakistani descent.

      In chorus, both the Western and Indian media are pointing fingers at
      Pakistan and its alleged support of Islamic terrorist organizations:

      "Strategic gurus and security analysts in the US and from across the
      world are examining Pakistan's role in terrorism following yet
      another terror episode in India ending with fingers pointed at its
      widely-reviled neighbor.

      While initial reports from India suggested the Mumbai carnage was a
      localized attack by militant malcontents in India because of
      the "Deccan Mujahideen" decoy that was used to claim responsibility,
      evidence cited by Indian army and security experts based on phone
      intercepts, nature of weaponry, mode of entry by sea etc., has
      quickly focused the attention on Pakistan." (Times of India, November
      27, 2008)

      The US media has centered its attention on the links between the
      Mumbai attacks and the "resurgent terrorist groups [which] enjoy
      havens in Pakistan's tribal areas as well as alleged protection or
      support from elements of Pakistani intelligence." (Washington Post,
      November 28, 2008).

      "Clash of Civilizations"

      In Europe and North America, the Mumbai attacks by Islamic
      fundamentalists are perceived as part of the "Clash of
      Civilizations". "Militant Islam is involved in a war against

      The dramatic loss of lives resulting from the attacks has indelibly
      contributed to reinforcing anti-Muslim sentiment throughout the
      Western World.

      The outlines of the terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India, are becoming
      clear. The terrorists targeted India, the U.S. and Britain, and the
      Jewish people. (Market Watch, November 28, 2008)

      According to the media, the enemy is Al Qaeda, the illusory "outside
      enemy " which has its operational bases in the tribal areas and
      North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Washington's self-
      proclaimed holy mandate under the "Global War on Terrorism" is to
      take out bin Laden and extirpate Islamic fundamentalism.

      America's right to intervene militarily inside Pakistan in violation
      of Pakistan's sovereignty is therefore upheld. Bombing villages in
      the tribal areas of North West Pakistan is part of a "humanitarian
      endeavor", in response to the loss of life resulting from the Mumbai

      "Before these awful raids, news from South Asia had been encouraging.
      The central problem remains pacifying Afghanistan, where U.S. and
      other NATO forces struggle to stamp out Taliban and al-Qaeda
      elements." (Washington Post, November 28, 2008)

      "Washington, however, wants the Pakistani army's cooperation in
      fighting terrorism. In recent weeks, U.S. officers in Afghanistan
      reported better results, crediting the Pakistanis with taking the
      offensive against the Taliban on Pakistani territory."

      Media Disinformation

      US network TV has extensively covered the dramatic events in Mumbai.
      The attacks have served to trigger an atmosphere of fear and
      intimidation across America.

      The Mumbai attacks are said to be intimately related to 9/11.
      Official US statements and media reports have described the Mumbai
      attacks as part of a broader process, including the possibility of an
      Al Qaeda sponsored terrorist attack on US soil.

      Vice President Elect Joe Biden during the election campaign had
      warned America with foresight that "the people who... attacked us on
      9/11, -- they've regrouped in the mountains between Afghanistan and
      Pakistan and are plotting new attacks". (emphasis added)

      These are the same people who were behind the terror attacks in

      These are also the same people who are planning to attack America.

      Immediately following the Mumbai attacks, New York Mayor Michael
      Bloomberg put New York City's subway system "on high alert" based
      on "an unsubstantiated report of potential terrorism here in New
      York. This report led the New York Police Department to take
      precautionary steps to protect our transit system, and we will always
      do whatever is necessary to keep our city safe," Bloomberg said in a
      statement" (McClatchy-Tribune Business News, November 28, 2008,
      emphasis added).

      It just so happens that one day before the Mumbai attacks, "the FBI
      and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) had warned that there
      is a 'possible but uncorroborated' Al -Qaeda threat against the New
      York transportation system." (Ibid)

      "As the attacks in Mumbai were carried out, U.S. authorities issued a
      warning that Al-Qaeda might have recently discussed making attacks on
      the New York subway system. A vague warning, to be sure. 'We have no
      specific details to confirm that this plot has developed beyond
      aspirational planning, but we are issuing this warning out of concern
      that such an attack could possibly be conducted during the
      forthcoming holiday season,' the FBI and Department of Homeland
      Security said." (Chicago Tribune, November 29, 2008)

      Pakistan's Military Intelligence is America's Trojan Horse

      The media reports point, in chorus, to the involvement of Pakistan's
      Military Intelligence, the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), without
      mentioning that the ISI invariably operates in close liaison with the

      The US media indelibly serves the interests of the US intelligence
      apparatus. The implications of these distorted reports are that:

      1. The terrorists are linked to Al Qaeda. The Mumbai attacks are
      a "State sponsored" operation involving Pakistan's ISI

      2. The Mumbai gunmen have ties to terrorist groups in Pakistan's
      tribal areas and North West Frontier Province.

      3. The continued bombing of the tribal areas by the US Air Force in
      violation of Pakistan's' sovereignty is consequently justified as
      part of the "Global War on Terrorism".

      The ISI is America's Trojan Horse, a de facto proxy of the CIA.
      Pakistani Intelligence has, since the early 1980s, worked in close
      liaison with its US and British intelligence counterparts.

      Were the ISI to have been involved in a major covert operation
      directed against India, the CIA would have prior knowledge regarding
      the precise nature and timing of the operation. The ISI does not act
      without the consent of its US intelligence counterpart.

      Moreover, US intelligence is known to have supported Al Qaeda from
      the outset of the Soviet Afghan war and throughout the post-Cold War
      era. (For further details see Michel Chossudovsky, Al Qaeda and the
      War on Terrorism, Global Research, January 20, 2008)

      CIA sponsored guerilla training camps were established in Pakistan to
      train the Mujahideen. Historically, US intelligence has supported Al
      Qaeda, using Pakistan's ISI as a go-between.

      "With CIA backing and the funneling of massive amounts of U.S.
      military aid, the Pakistani ISI had developed into a "parallel
      structure wielding enormous power over all aspects of government".
      (Dipankar Banerjee, "Possible Connection of ISI With Drug Industry",
      India Abroad, 2 December 1994).

      In the wake of 9/11, Pakistan's ISI played a key role in the October
      2001 invasion of Afghanistan, in close liaison with the US and NATO
      military high command. Ironically, in October 2001, both US and
      Indian press reports quoting FBI and intelligence sources, suggested
      that the ISI was providing support to the alleged 9/11 terrorists.
      (See Michel Chossudovsky, Cover-up or Complicity of the Bush
      Administration, The Role of Pakistan's Military Intelligence (ISI) in
      the September 11 Attacks, Global Research, November 2, 2001)

      Pakistan's Chief Spy Appointed by the CIA

      Historically, the CIA has played an unofficial role in the
      appointment of the director of Pakistan's Inter Services
      Intelligence (ISI).

      In September, Washington pressured Islamabad, using the "war on
      terrorism" as a pretext to fire the ISI chief Lieutenant General
      Nadeem Taj.

      "Washington is understood to be exerting intense pressure on Pakistan
      to remove ISI boss Nadeem Taj and two of his deputies because of the
      key agency's alleged "double-dealing" with the militants.( Daily
      Times, September 30, 2008

      President Asif Ali Zardari had meetings in New York in late September
      with CIA Director Michael Hayden. (The Australian, September 29,
      2008), Barely a few days later, a new US approved ISI chief
      Lieutenant General Ahmed Shuja Pasha was appointed by the Chief of
      the Army, General Kayani, on behalf of Washington.

      Lt. General Ahmed Shuja Pasha

      In this regard, the pressures exerted by the Bush administration
      contributed to blocking a parliamentary initiative led by the PPP
      government to put the country's intelligence services (ISI) under
      civilian authority, namely under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of

      Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha (right) next to Gen. Ashfaq Kayani on the
      USS Abraham Lincoln talking with Michael Mullen, Chairman of the
      Joint Chiefs of Staff.

      The U.S. Violates Pakistan's Territorial Sovereignty

      The US is currently violating Pakistan territorial sovereignty
      through the routine bombing of villages in the tribal areas and the
      North West Frontier Province. These operations are carried out using
      the "war on terrorism" as a pretext. While the Pakistani government
      has "officially" accused the US of waging aerial bombardments on its
      territory, Pakistan's military (including the ISI)
      has "unofficially" endorsed the air strikes.

      In this regard, the timely appointment of Lt. General Ahmed Shuja
      Pasha to the helm of the ISI was intended to ensure continuity in
      US "counter-terrorism" operations in Pakistan. Prior to his
      appointment as ISI chief, Lt. General Ahmed Shuja Pasha was
      responsible, in close consultation with the US and NATO, for carrying
      out targeted attacks allegedly against the Taliban and Al Qaeda by
      the Pakistani military in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas
      (FATA) and the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP).

      Upon his appointment, Lt Gen Ahmed Shuja Pasha implemented a major
      reshuffle within the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), replacing
      several of the ISI regional commanders. ( Daily Times, September 30,
      2008). In late October, he was in Washington, at CIA headquarters at
      Langley and at the Pentagon, to meet his US military and intelligence

      "Pakistan is publicly complaining about U.S. air strikes. But the
      country's new chief of intelligence, Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha,
      visited Washington last week for talks with America's top military
      and spy chiefs, and everyone seemed to come away smiling." (David
      Ignatieff, A Quiet Deal With Pakistan, Washington Post, November 4,
      2008, emphasis added).

      The Timing of the Mumbai Attacks

      The US air strikes on the Tribal Areas resulting in countless
      civilians deaths have created a wave of anti-US sentiment throughout
      Pakistan. At the same token, this anti-American sentiment has also
      served, in the months preceding the Mumbai attacks, to promote a
      renewed atmosphere of cooperation between India and Pakistan.

      While US-Pakistan relations are at an all time low, there were
      significant efforts, in recent months, by the Islamabad and Delhi
      governments to foster bilateral relations.

      Barely a week prior to the attacks, Pakistan president Asif Ali
      Zardari "urged opening the Kashmir issue to public debate in India
      and Pakistan and letting the people decide the future of IHK."

      He also called for "taking bilateral relations to a new level" as
      well as forging an economic union between the two countries.

      Divide and Rule

      What interests are served by these attacks?

      Washington is intent on using the Mumbai attacks to:

      1) Foster divisions between Pakistan and India and shunt the process
      of bilateral cooperation and trade between the two countries;

      2) Promote internal social, ethnic and sectarian divisions in both
      India and Pakistan;

      3) Justify US military actions inside Pakistan including the killing
      of civilians in violation of the country's territorial sovereignty;

      4) Provide a justification for extending the US led "war on
      terrorism" into the Indian sub-continent and South East Asia.

      In 2006, the Pentagon had warned that "another [major 9/11 type
      terrorist] attack could create both a justification and an
      opportunity that is lacking today to retaliate against some known
      targets" (Statement by Pentagon official, leaked to the Washington
      Post, 23 April 2006). In the current context, the Mumbai attacks are
      considered "a justification" to go after "known targets" in the
      tribal areas of North Western Pakistan.

      India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has stated that "external
      forces" forces carried the attacks, hinting to the possible role of
      Pakistan. The media reports also point in that direction, hinting
      that the Pakistani government is behind the attacks:

      US officials and lawmakers refrained from naming Pakistan, but their
      condemnation of "Islamist terrorism" left little doubt where their
      anxieties lay.


      What has added potency to the latest charges against Islamabad is the
      Bush administration's own assessment - leaked to the US media - that
      Pakistan's intelligence agency ISI was linked to the bombing of the
      Indian Embassy in Kabul some weeks back that killed nearly 60 people
      including a much-admired Indian diplomat and a respected senior
      defense official. (Times of India, November 27, 2008)

      The Attacks have Triggered Anti-Pakistani Sentiment in India

      The attacks have served to foster anti-Pakistani sentiment within
      India as well as sectarian divisions between Hindus and Muslims.

      Time Magazine has pointed in no uncertain terms to the insidious role
      of "the powerful Inter Services Intelligence organization — often
      accused of orchestrating terror attacks on India", without
      acknowledging that the new head of the ISI was appointed at
      Washington's behest. (Time online).

      The Time report suggests, without evidence, that the most likely
      architects of the attacks are several Pakistani sponsored Islamic
      groups including Lashkar-e-Taiba (Army of the Pure), "which is part
      of the 'al-Qaeda compact'", Jaish-e-Mohammed, a Kashmiri separatist
      organization belonging to Al Qaeda which claimed responsibility in
      the December 2001 terrorist attacks on the Union parliament in Delhi
      and The Students Islamic Movement of India, (SIMI). (Ibid)

      Both Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed are known to be supported
      by the ISI.

      Islamabad-Delhi Shuttle Diplomacy

      Pakistani president Asif Ali Zardari indicated that his government
      would fully collaborate with the Indian authorities.

      Pakistan's newly elected civilian government has been sidetracked by
      its own intelligence services, which remain under the jurisdiction of
      the military high command.

      The Pakistan's People's Party government under the helm of Prime
      Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani has no control over the military and
      intelligence apparatus, which continues to maintain a close rapport
      with its US counterparts. The Pakistani civilian government, in many
      regards, is not in control of its foreign policy. The Pakistani
      Military and its powerful intelligence arm (ISI) call the shots.

      In this context, president Asif Ali Zardari seems to be playing on
      both sides: collusion with the Military-Intelligence apparatus,
      dialogue with Washington and lip service to prime minister Gilani and
      the National Assembly.

      On November 28, two days following the Mumbai attacks, Islamabad
      announced that the recently appointed ISI chief Lieutenant General
      Ahmed Shuja Pasha would be dispatched to Delhi for consultations with
      his Indian counterparts including National Security Advisor M K
      Narayanan and the heads of India's external intelligence agency, the
      Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and the Intelligence Bureau,
      responsible for internal intelligence. RAW and Pakistan's ISI are
      known to have been waging a covert war against one another for more
      than thirty years.1

      On the following day (November 29), Islamabad cancelled the visit of
      ISI chief Lt Gen Shuja Pasha to India, following Indian foreign
      minister Pranab Mukherjee's "very aggressive tone with Pakistani
      officials [in a] telephone [conversation] after the Mumbai attacks".
      (Press Trust of India, November 29, 2008 quoting Geo News Pakistan).

      Tense Situation. Deterioration of India-Pakistan Relations

      The Mumbai attacks have already created an extremely tense situation,
      which largely serves US geopolitical interests in the region.

      Islamabad is contemplating the relocation of some 100,000 military
      personnel from the Pakistani-Afghan border to the Indian border, "if
      there is an escalation in tension with India, which has hinted at the
      involvement of Pakistani elements in the Mumbai carnage." (Pakistan
      news source quoted by PTI, op cit).

      "These sources have said NATO and the US command have been told that
      Pakistan would not be able to concentrate on the war on terror and
      against militants around the Afghanistan border as defending its
      borders with India was far more important," (Ibid, Geo News quoting
      senior Pakistani journalist Hamid Mir).

      US Interference in the Conduct of the Indian Police Investigation

      Also of significance is Washington's outright interference in the
      conduct of the Indian police investigation. The Times of India points
      to an "unprecedented intelligence cooperation involving investigating
      agencies and spy outfits of India, United States, United Kingdom and

      Both the FBI and Britain's Secret Service MI6 have liaison offices in
      Delhi. The FBI has dispatched police, counter-terrorism officials and
      forensic scientists to Mumbai "to investigate attacks that now
      include American victims..." Experts from the London's Metropolitan
      Police have also been dispatched to Mumbai:

      "The U.S. government's "working assumption" that the Pakistani
      militant groups Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed are suspects in
      the attacks "has held up" as Indian authorities have begun their
      investigation, the official said. The two Kashmiri militant groups
      have ties to al Qaeda." (Wall Street Journal, November 28, 2008)

      The role of the US-UK-Israeli counter terrorism and police officials,
      is essentially to manipulate the results of the Indian police

      It is worth noting, however, that the Delhi government turned down
      Israel's request to send a special forces military unit to assist the
      Indian commandos in freeing Jewish hostages held inside Mumbai's
      Chabad Jewish Center (PTI, November 28, 2008).

      Bali 2002 versus Mumbai 2008

      The Mumbai terrorist attacks bear certain similarities to the 2002
      Bali attacks. In both cases, Western tourists were targets. The
      tourist resort of Kuta on the island of Bali, Indonesia, was the
      object of two separate attacks, which targeted mainly Australian
      tourists. (Ibid)

      The alleged terrorists in the Bali 2002 bombings were executed,
      following a lengthy trial period, barely a few weeks ago, on November
      9, 2008. (Michel Chossudovsky, Miscarriage of Justice: Who was behind
      the October 2002 Bali bombings? Global Research, November 13, 2009).
      The political architects of the 2002 Bali attacks were never brought
      to trial.

      A November 2002 report emanating from Indonesia's top brass, pointed
      to the involvement of both the head of Indonesian intelligence
      General A. M. Hendropriyono as well as the CIA. The links of Jemaah
      Islamiyah (JI) to the Indonesian intelligence agency (BIN) were never
      raised in the official Indonesian government investigation --which
      was guided behind the scenes by Australian intelligence and the CIA.
      Moreover, shortly after the bombing, Australian Prime Minister John
      Howard "admitted that Australian authorities were warned about
      possible attacks in Bali but chose not to issue a warning."
      (Christchurch Press, November 22, 2002).

      With regard to the Bali 2002 bombings, the statements of two former
      presidents of Indonesia were casually dismissed in the trial
      procedures, both of which pointed to complicity of the Indonesian
      military and police. In 2002, president Megawati Sukarnoputri,
      accused the US of involvement in the attacks. In 2005, in an October
      2005 interview with Australia's SBS TV, former president Wahid
      Abdurrahman stated that the Indonesian military and police played a
      complicit role in the 2002 Bali bombing. (quoted in Miscarriage of
      Justice: Who was behind the October 2002 Bali bombings?, op cit)


      1. In recent months, the head of India's external intelligence (RAW),
      Ashok Chaturvedi has become a political target. Prime Minister
      Manmohan Singh is intent upon firing him and replacing him with a
      more acceptable individual. It is unclear whether Chaturvedi will be
      involved in the intelligence and police investigation.


      Pakistani Reaganism Must End:
      The New Government must take on the Lashkar
      Juan Cole
      Monday, December 01, 2008

      Leaks to the Indian press by security officials in charge of
      interrogating the captured terrorist, Ajmal Amir Kamal (or Qasab?)
      are fleshing out the background of the attack on Mumbai and
      clarifying the evidence that it was an operation of the Lashkar-e
      Tayiba [the "Army of the Good"].

      The Indian counterpart of the CIA, the Research and Analysis Wing
      (RAW), intercepted a cell phone call on November 18 to a number in
      Lahore, Pakistan, known to be that of a Lashkar-i Tayiba handler,
      saying that the caller was heading to Mumbai. They later found the
      phone itself on a hijacked Indian fishing boat, which the attackers
      had taken over to camouflage their approach to the port.

      The sole captured LeT operative, Kamal, is said by the Indian press
      to be from Faridkot village near Dipalpur Tahsil in Okara District of
      Pakistani Punjab, southwest of Lahore [I saw one article, which I can
      no longer retrieve, in which the Indian press mispelled the tahsil or
      county as Gipalpur]). This is such a remote and little-known place
      that even Pakistani newspapers were having difficulty tracking it

      Kamal is said to be telling Indian security that he and the others
      trained in camps in Pakistani Kashmir. (The original princely state
      of Kashmir, largely Muslim, is divided, with one third in Pakistani
      hands and two-thirds in Indian; India joined its portion to largely
      Hindu Jammu to create the province of Jammu and Kashmir.)

      The Kashmir police have gotten good enough at counter-terrorism
      measures that elements of the LeT may have decided to go after a soft
      target such as Mumbai instead.

      The story begins with the 1977 coup of Gen. Zia ul-Haqq, a Muslim
      fundamentalist who hanged his boss, PM Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after
      overthrowing him. Zia favored Sunni fundamentalists and introduced
      discriminatory policies against Pakistani Shiites, secularists, etc.

      Then in 1979 the Soviet Red Army came into Afghanistan to prop up a
      shaky Communist junta. Gen. Zia was suddenly America's man at the
      front lines of fighting the Soviets, and his Inter-Services
      Intelligence helped organize Afghan refugees in Pakistan to fight the
      Soviets. The ISI favored the most radical fundamentalists among the
      Mujahideen, such as Gulbadin Hikmatyar, who led the Hizb-i Islami.
      This model, of using private armies funded by black money (generated
      by illegal arms or drug sales) to "roll back" leftists, was being
      applied by Reagan in Nicaragua at the same time.

      The military dictatorship was taking a lion's share of the Pakistani
      budget, and to whip up popular passions and make itself popular, it
      promoted the liberation of the rest of Muslim Kashmir from Hindu
      India as another major project alongside getting the Soviets out of
      Afghanistan. (This is the language of the military; actually India is
      a secular multicultural state, not a formally Hindu one; and in
      opinion polls Kashmiris do not say they want to join Pakistan, though
      they would like independence).

      A lot of Pakistanis probably did not care so much about Kashmir,
      having other problems in life (and already worried about having to
      adopt 3 million Afghan refugees). But the military in Pakistan
      constantly played on the public's emotions on the issue, as a way of
      justifying military perquisites. (When British India was partitioned
      into Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India in 1947, Kashmir was the only
      Muslim-majority province to be successfully grabbed by India;
      Pakistan insisted it should have gone to the Muslim state; the UN
      insisted on a referendum, which was never held.)

      The model that the Reagan administration pressed on the Pakistani
      military, of funding rightwing "Islamic" militias to kill Soviets,
      gradually became standard operating procedure. But then the Pakistani
      Religious Right began adopting the model for themselves. If it is all
      right to mobilize death squads in one righteous cause, why not in

      Emboldened, lower middle class Sunni hate groups grew up in rural
      areas such as Jhang Siyal, where Shiite Sufi leaders had been given
      big estates by premodern rulers and so were big landlords. The Sipah-
      e Sahaba Pakistan (SSP), formed in 1985, was one such organization.
      It turned to violence, killing Shiites. Revivalist Deobandi clergy
      were important in its leadership. I don't think Zia much cared if
      they killed Shiites.

      Others, including elements in the Pakistani military began wondering
      why they should not apply the Reagan Jihad model to Kashmir. And they
      did. In the late 1980s, Hafiz Muhammad Said (once a professor of
      engineering at Punjab University) set up the Center for Mission and
      Guidance (Markaz al-Da'wa wa al-Irshad) in a huge compound at Muridke
      outside Lahore. The Center soon established the Lashkar-e Tayiba as
      its paramilitary. With the behind the scenes encouragement of
      elements in the Pakistani military, the LeT sent guerrillas into
      Indian Kashmir to attack Indian troops and facilities. The Lashkar
      prided itself on not killing civilians, on not targeting Shiites, and
      on keeping its focus on what they thought of as the Indian occupation
      forces. But they fought alongside Sipah-e Sahaba elements that also
      took off time from murdering Shiites to infiltrate into Indian
      Kashmir and stage attacks.

      I saw this militarization of Pakistani civil society with my own
      eyes. I first went to the country in 1981 before you could just buy a
      Kalashnikov in the bazaar. When I was doing research there in 1988
      and then again in 1990, the situation was completely different.
      Pakistan had never had a drug problem but now there were a million
      addicts (the US encouraged the Afghan mujahidin to grow poppies for
      heroin to finance the anti-Soviet struggle, and the drugs spilled
      into Pakistan). Weapons were freely available. Karachi was having a
      kind of civil war. I remember that fanatics from the religious right
      attacked an art exhibition in Lahore, a city of the arts (graven
      images not allowed & etc.) Political figures were accused of
      cynically creating Islamic movements for personal and political gain.
      This deterioration of Pakistan was, in some important part, a direct
      result of Reagan-Bush policies. They used Pakistan, corrupted it with
      all those drugs, arms, and radical Muslim militias that they
      called 'freedom fighters,' and then threw it away when they did not
      need it any more. Reagan and the Saudis funneled billions to the
      Pakistani military. What did ordinary Pakistanis have to show for it?

      When the Soviets withdrew in 1988-1989 from Afghanistan and the
      Mujahideen took over, the Pakistani military lost control of its
      northern neighbor. It therefore funded and promoted the Taliban
      (expatriate Afghan young men who had been through Deobandi seminaries
      in northern Pakistan) from 1994, enabling them to take over
      Afghanistan. The Taliban ran terrorist training camps, at which the
      Sipah-e Sahaba and the Lashkar-e Tayiba trained for missions in
      Kashmir. Afghanistan in essence was the boot camp for Pakistani

      The SSP and the Lashkar-e Tayiba was joined by other Sunni militias,
      including the Movement of the Holy Warriors (Harakat ul Mujahidin).
      In 2000, Mawlana Massoud Azhar broke off from the latter to form the
      Jaish-e Muhammad or Army of Muhammad, a particularly violent group
      focusing on Kashmir. All these Pakistani organizations trained their
      fighters in the Taliban camps, some of which were actually run by al-
      Qaeda once Bin Laden allied with the latter in 1996. (It is said that
      the Inter-Services Intelligence made the introduction).

      High Dudgeon of Americans directed at the Pakistani military for this
      activity is the height of hypocrisy. The Reagan administration
      actively encouraged Islamabad to mount precisely such activities
      against the leftist government of Afghanistan (which, while
      dictatorial and brutally oppressive, was busily educating girls,
      admitting women to professions, spreading literacy, working against
      the vestiges of landlord feudalism, etc.) From a Pakistani point of
      view, Soviet-occupied Afghanistan and Indian-occupied Kashmir were
      morally equivalent.

      In 2002, under pressure from Washington, military dictator Pervez
      Musharraf dissolved the Lashkar-e Tayiba and other similar groups and
      initially arrested many members. They were later released by the
      Pakistani courts on the grounds that they hadn't broken any Pakistani
      laws. The dissolution was a bit of a farce, since the groups just
      took other names. Someone who now has a prominent official position
      in the Pakistani government once wryly observed to me that the
      Musharraf government couldn't seem to find the Lashkar-e Tayib
      headquarters at Muridke just outside Lahore, even though it was huge
      and a well known landmark at which thousands gathered. And, Lashkar
      went on raising money, supposedly for civilian relief works in

      The Pakistani military is itself now suffering blowback for its past
      policies. Its name is mud in Pakistan. A Pakistani Taliban has
      emerged that often declines to be its puppet, and which has killed
      hundreds of Pakistani troops. The Marriott in Islamabad was blown up
      by the Pakistani Taliban.

      The cell that hit Mumbai was probably a rogue splinter group. They
      completely disregarded the old Lashkar-e Tayiba concentration on
      hitting only Indian troops in Kashmir, targeting civilians instead.
      It is very unlikely that anyone in the Pakistani military put them up
      specifically to this Mumbai operation. This attack was much more
      likely to be blowback, when a covert operation produces unexpected
      consequences or agents that were previously reliable go rogue.

      The Mumbai attacks were not the first of this scale on an Indian
      target by the LeT.

      If the Pakistani government does not give up this covert terrorist
      campaign in Kashmir and does not stop coddling the radical vigilantes
      who go off to fight there, South Asian terrorism will grow as a
      problem and very possibly provoke the world's first nuclear war
      (possible death toll: 20 million).

      The civilian government that has recently taken over Pakistan is
      weak. If it puts too much pressure on the military too quickly, it
      risks another coup and destabilization. But the training camps in
      Azad Kashmir must be closed.

      India, Pakistan, and the Obama administration need to do some serious
      diplomacy on Kashmir, and try to settle this major global fault line
      before the 10.0 earthquake finally hits.



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