ISRAELI SPYING IN UNITED STATES
- in case you missed it -
Ezra: New spy case won't harm U.S.-Israel ties
By Yossi Melman, Shahar Ilan and Barak Ravid
Israel, nuclear secrets, U.S. Environment Minister and former
senior security official Gideon Ezra said Wednesday that he does not
believe Israel's relations with the U.S. will suffer in light of
revelations that an American Army engineer spied for Israel in the
"Our strategic relationship with the United States is stronger than
this," Ezra, a former deputy head of the Shin Bet security services,
told Israel Radio.
Ben-Ami Kadish was arrested Tuesday on charges that he spied for
Israel over 20 years ago. Advertisement But the former head of the
Mossad espionage agency, Labor MK Danny Yatom, said Wednesday that
the arrest had touched a nerve with Washington.
"I think what primarily bothers the Americans is the feeling that
Israel didn't tell them the whole truth two decades ago, in 1985,
when the Pollard affair exploded," Yatom told Army Radio.
The 84-year-old Kadish was to be charged with slipping classified
documents about nuclear weapons, fighter jets and air defense
missiles to an Israeli Consulate employee who also received
information from convicted spy Jonathan Pollard, authorities said.
Kadish acknowledged his spying in FBI interviews, and said he acted
out of a belief that he was helping Israel, court papers said Yatom
added: "The Americans asked if there are additional people that
Israel ran or are running in the United States. The answer, to the
best of my knowledge, was always no," Yatom said.
"If what has been reported is true, and it appears it is true, and
Ben-Ami Kadish kept in touch with what the Americans described as
his old handler in Israel, I can call it unnecessary stupidity," the
Labor MK said.
A U.S. citizen, Kadish was scheduled to appear in U.S. District
Court in Manhattan on Tuesday, where he was facing four counts of
conspiracy, including allegations that he conspired to disclose U.S.
national defense documents to Israel, and that he acted as an agent
of the Israeli government.
According to the criminal complaint, the activities occurred from
1979 through 1985 while the Connecticut-born Kadish worked at the
U.S. Army's Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center in
Dover, New Jersey.
Yuval Steinitz, another official with inside knowledge of Israel's
intelligence services, did not deny a second spy had operated in the
U.S. in parallel with Pollard - but insisted such espionage ceased
"The Americans know... that since Pollard was exposed in 1985,
Israel doesn't recruit agents or receive classified material [in]
the United States," said Steinitz, a former chairman of the Knesset
Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee.
Pensioner Affairs Minister Rafi Eitan, a former Mossad official who
recruited Pollard to spy for Israel, said he was not aware of the
"I have no idea," he said. "This is the first time I've heard about
it. I'll go listen to the news."
When asked whether he recognized Kadish's name, Eitan repeated, "I
have no idea."
Foreign Ministry spokesman Arye Mekel said: "We know nothing about
it. We heard it from the media."
The Prime Minister's Bureau said Tuesday that Israel was not
familiar with the details of the case, and was examining the issue.
Israeli officials fear that the case might strain Israel-U.S.
Kadish was accused of taking home classified documents several times
and letting the Israeli government worker photograph them in
Kadish's basement. The documents included information about nuclear
weapons, a modified F-15 fighter jet, and the U.S. Patriot missile
air defense system, the complaint said.
According to the complaint, the Israeli government worker often
provided Kadish with lists of wanted classified national defense
Prosecutors also allege Kadish conspired to hinder a communication
with a law enforcement officer, and making a materially false
statement to a law enforcement officer.
Those charges stem from a conversation in which Kadish was allegedly
told by the Israeli contact to lie to U.S. law enforcement agents
and tell them that he didn't remember many of the relevant details.
A day later, Kadish lied to FBI agents about his communications with
the Israeli worker, the complaint said.
According to U.S. law enforcement officials and various documents,
Kadish got in touch with his Israeli contact after Israel agreed in
2004 to secretly acknowledge to American officials that Pollard was
not an isolated case, thereby confirming longtime American
suspicions that Pollard was not the only American spy working for
Kadish admitted spying for Israel between 1979 and 1985, and then
asked his Israeli contact what to do.
The complaint said Kadish did not appear to receive any money in
exchange for his suspected spying, just small gifts and restaurant
meals. The complaint noted that Pollard was charged in November
1985 with espionage-related offense after he provided classified
information to the same Israeli worker, among other people.
Once again, Israel has been caught with spies at the highest levels
of the US Government.
ISRAELI SPYING IN UNITED STATES
Story No. 1: Israeli Spying: The Mother of all Scandals
What Really Happened
At the heart of the investigation are two people who work at The
American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), a powerful pro-
Israel lobby in Washington. The FBI investigation, headed up by Dave
Szady, has involved wiretaps, undercover surveillance and
photography that CBS News was told document the passing of
classified information from the mole, to the men at AIPAC, and on to
CBS sources say that last year the suspected spy, described as a
trusted analyst at the Pentagon, turned over a presidential
directive on U.S. policy toward Iran while it was, "in the draft
phase when U.S. policy-makers were still debating the policy." This
put the Israelis, according to one source, "inside the decision-
making loop" so they could "try to influence the outcome." [CBS
Once again Israel denies wrongdoing, or faced with incontrovertible
evidence (in this case one of the spies has reportedly cooperated
with the FBI) dismisses the spying with the claim that such spying
is harmless, because Israel and the United States are such good
Well, let us take a closer look at that idea of "harmless espionage"
by recalling Israel's most famous failed spy, Jonathan
Jonathan Pollard is an American of Jewish descent, born in Galveston
Texas, who established a career as an intelligence analyst for the
US Navy. There have been many theories offered as to why Pollard
decided to betray his country of birth to the Jewish state, but that
Pollard did betray his country of birth to Israel is beyond all
doubt. Pollard's defense was that he did not spy so much against the
United States, only that he spied for Israel, sending them documents
that in his opinion the US should have shared with Israel
That it was never Pollards job to decide what documents Israel
should have was apparently irrelevant. Pollard arrogated that
authority to himself. From his position of trust within the US Navy,
Pollard delivered over 1000 classified documents to Israel for which
he was well paid. Included in those documents were the names of over
150 US agents in the Mideast, who were eventually "turned" into
agents for Israel.
But by far the most egregious damage done by Pollard was to steal
classified documents relating to the US Nuclear Deterrent relative
to the USSR and send them to Israel. According to sources in the US
State Department, Israel then turned around and traded those stolen
nuclear secrets to the USSR in exchange for increased emigration
quotas from the USSR to Israel. Other information that found its way
from the US to Israel to the USSR resulted in the loss of American
agents operating inside the USSR. Casper Weinberger, in his
affidavit opposing a reduced sentence for Pollard, described the
damage done to the United States thus, "[It is] difficult to
conceive of a greater harm to national security than that caused
by... Pollard's treasonous behavior."
This should end the suggestion that Israel's spies are harmless.
They are not. The United States' nuclear deterrent cost an estimated
five trillion taxpayer dollars during the 50s and 60s to build and
maintain, and less than $100,000 for Pollard to undermine. Israel
waited 13 years to admit Pollard had been spying for them, and now
lobbies for his release, having granted him Israeli
Pollard is hardly the only Israeli spy operating in the United
States. He just had the misfortune to get caught. Here are just a
few examples of the Israeli spy operations that have been
1947. Information collected by the ADL in its spy operations on US
citizens is used by the House Select Committee on Unamerican
Activities. Subcommittee Chair Clare Hoffman dismisses the ADL's
reports on suspected communists as "hearsay."
1950 John Davitt, former chief of the Justice Department's internal
security section notes that the Israeli intelligence service is the
second most active in the United States after the Soviets.
1954 A hidden microphone planted by the Israelis is discovered in
the Office of the US Ambassador in Tel Aviv.
1956 Telephone taps are found connected to two telephones in the
residence of the US military attaché in Tel Aviv.
1954 "The Lavon Affair". Israeli agents recruit Egyptian citizens of
Jewish descent to bomb Western targets in Egypt, and plant evidence
to frame Arabs, in an apparent attempt to upset US-Egyptian
relations. Israeli defense minister Pinchas Lavon is eventually
removed from office, though many think real responsibility lay with
1965 Israel apparently illegally obtains enriched uranium from NUMEC
Corporation. (Washington Post, 6/5/86, Charles R. Babcock, "US an
Intelligence Target of the Israelis, Officials Say.")
1967 Israel attacks the USS Liberty, an intelligence gathering
vessel flying a US flag, killing 34 crew members. See "Assault on
the Liberty," by James M. Ennes, Jr. (Random House). In 2004,
Captain Ward Boston, Senior Legal Counsel for the Navy's Court of
Inquiry into the attack swears under oath that President Lyndon
Johnson ordered the investigation to conclude accident, even though
the evidence indicates the attack was deliberate. Given the use by
Israel of unmarked boats and planes, and the machine-gunning of USS
Liberty's lifeboats, the most likely explanation is that USS Liberty
was to be sunk with all hands, with evidence left to frame Egypt for
the sinking. This would have dragged the US into the war on Israel's
1970 While working for Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson, Richard Perle
is caught by the FBI giving classified information to Israel.
Nothing is done.
1978, Stephen Bryen, then a Senate Foreign Relations Committee
staffer, is overheard in a DC hotel offering confidential documents
to top Israeli military officials. Bryen obtains a lawyer, Nathan
Lewin, and the case heads for the grand jury, but is mysteriously
dropped. Bryen later goes to work for Richard Perle.
1979 Shin Beth [the Israeli internal security agency] tries to
penetrate the US Consulate General in Jerusalem through a "Honey
Trap", using a clerical employee who was having an affair with a
1985 The New York Times reports the FBI is aware of at least a dozen
incidents in which American officials transferred classified
information to the Israelis, quoting [former Assistant Director of
the F.B.I.] Mr. [Raymond] Wannal. The Justice Department does not
1985 Richard Smyth, the owner of MILCO, is indicted on charges of
smuggling nuclear timing devices to Israel (Washington Post,
1987 April 24 Wall Street Journal headline: "Role of Israel in Iran-
Contra Scandal Won't be Explored in Detail by Panels"
1992 The Wall Street Journal reports that Israeli agents apparently
tried to steal Recon Optical Inc's top-secret airborne spy-camera
1992 Stephen Bryen, caught offering confidential documents to Israel
in 1978, is serving on board of the pro-Israeli Jewish Institute for
National Security Affairs while continuing as a paid consultant --
with security clearance -- on exports of sensitive US
1992 "The Samson Option," by Seymour M. Hersh reports, "Illicitly
obtained intelligence was flying so voluminously from LAKAM into
Israeli intelligence that a special code name, JUMBO, was added to
the security markings already on the documents. There were strict
orders, Ari Ben-Menashe recalled: "Anything marked JUMBO was not
supposed to be discussed with your American counterparts."
1993. The ADL is caught operating a massive spying operation on
critics of Israel, Arab-Americans, the San Francisco Labor Council,
ILWU Local 10, Oakland Educational Association, NAACP, Irish
Northern Aid, International Indian Treaty Council, the Asian Law
Caucus and the San Francisco police. Data collected was sent to
Israel and in some cases to South Africa. Pressure from Jewish
organizations forces the city to drop the criminal case, but the ADL
settles a civil lawsuit for an undisclosed sum of cash.
1995 The Defense Investigative Service circulates a memo warning US
military contractors that "Israel aggressively collects [US]
military and industrial technology." The report stated that Israel
obtains information using "ethnic targeting, financial
aggrandizement, and identification and exploitation of individual
frailties" of US citizens.
1996 A General Accounting Office report "Defense Industrial
Security: Weaknesses in US Security Arrangements With Foreign-Owned
Defense Contractors" found that according to intelligence
sources "Country A" (identified by intelligence sources as Israel,
Washington Times, 2/22/96) "conducts the most aggressive espionage
operation against the United States of any US ally." The Jerusalem
Post ( 8/30/96) quoted the report, "Classified military information
and sensitive military technologies are high-priority targets for
the intelligence agencies of this country." The report described "An
espionage operation run by the intelligence organization responsible
for collecting scientific and technologic information for [Israel]
paid a US government employee to obtain US classified military
intelligence documents." The Washington Report on Middle East
Affairs (Shawn L. Twing, April 1996) noted that this was "a
reference to the 1985 arrest of Jonathan Pollard, a civilian US
naval intelligence analyst who provided Israel's LAKAM [Office of
Special Tasks] espionage agency an estimated 800,000 pages of
classified US intelligence information."
The GAO report also noted that "Several citizens of [Israel] were
caught in the United States stealing sensitive technology used in
manufacturing artillery gun tubes."
1996 An Office of Naval Intelligence document, "Worldwide Challenges
to Naval Strike Warfare" reported that "US technology has been
acquired [by China] through Israel in the form of the Lavi fighter
and possibly SAM [surface-to-air] missile technology." Jane's
Defense Weekly (2/28/96) noted that "until now, the intelligence
community has not openly confirmed the transfer of US technology
[via Israel] to China." The report noted that this "represents a
dramatic step forward for Chinese military aviation." (Flight
1997 An Army mechanical engineer, David A.
Tenenbaum, "inadvertently" gives classified military information on
missile systems and armored vehicles to Israeli officials (New York
1997 The Washington Post reports US intelligence has intercepted a
conversation in which two Israeli officials had discussed the
possibility of getting a confidential letter that then-Secretary of
State Warren Christopher had written to Palestinian leader Yasir
Arafat. One of the Israelis, identified only as "Dov", had commented
that they may get the letter from "Mega", the code name for Israel's
top agent inside the United States.
1997 US ambassador to Israel, Martin Indyk, complains privately to
the Israeli government about heavy-handed surveillance by Israeli
1997 Israeli agents place a tap on Monica Lewinsky's phone at the
Watergate and record phone sex sessions between her and President
Bill Clinton. The Ken Starr report confirms that Clinton warned
Lewinsky their conversations were being taped and ended the affair.
At the same time, the FBI's hunt for "Mega" is called off.
2001 It is discovered that US drug agents' communications have been
penetrated. Suspicion falls on two companies, AMDOCS and Comverse
Infosys, both owned by Israelis. AMDOCS generates billing data for
most US phone companies and is able to provide detailed logs of who
is talking to whom. Comverse Infosys builds the tapping equipment
used by law enforcement to eavesdrop on all American telephone
calls, but suspicion forms that Comverse, which gets half of its
research and development budget from the Israeli government, has
built a back door into the system that is being exploited by Israeli
intelligence and that the information gleaned on US drug
interdiction efforts is finding its way to drug smugglers.
The investigation by the FBI leads to the exposure of the largest
foreign spy ring ever uncovered inside the United States, operated
by Israel. Half of the suspected spies have been arrested when 9-11
happens. On 9-11, 5 Israelis are arrested for dancing and cheering
while the World Trade Towers collapse. Supposedly employed by Urban
Moving Systems, the Israelis are caught with multiple passports and
a lot of cash. Two of them are later revealed to be Mossad. As
witness reports track the activity of the Israelis, it emerges that
they were seen at Liberty Park at the time of the first impact,
suggesting a foreknowledge of what was to come. The Israelis are
interrogated, and then eventually sent back to Israel. The owner of
the moving company used as a cover by the Mossad agents abandons his
business and flees to Israel.
The United States Government then classifies all of the evidence
related to the Israeli agents and their connections to 9-11. All of
this is reported to the public via a four part story on Fox News by
Carl Cameron. Pressure from Jewish groups, primarily AIPAC, forces
Fox News to remove the story from their website. Two hours prior to
the 9-11 attacks, Odigo, an Israeli company with offices just a few
blocks from the World Trade Towers, receives an advance warning via
the internet. The manager of the New York Office provides the FBI
with the IP address of the sender of the message, but the FBI does
not follow up.
2001 The FBI is investigating 5 Israeli moving companies as possible
fronts for Israeli intelligence.
2001 JDL's Irv Rubin arrested for planning to bomb a US Congressman.
He dies before he can be brought to trial.
2002 The DEA issues a report that Israeli spies, posing as art
students, have been trying to penetrate US Government
2002 police near the Whidbey Island Naval Air Station in southern
Washington State stop a suspicious truck and detain two Israelis,
one of whom is illegally in the United States. The two men were
driving at high speed in a Ryder rental truck, which they claimed
had been used to "deliver furniture." The next day, police
discovered traces of TNT and RDX military-grade plastic explosives
inside the passenger cabin and on the steering wheel of the vehicle.
The FBI then announces that the tests that showed explosives
were "false positived" by cigarette smoke, a claim test experts say
is ridiculous. Based on an alibi provided by a woman, the case is
closed and the Israelis are handed over to INS to be sent back to
Israel. One week later, the woman who provided the alibi
2003 The Police Chief of Cloudcroft stops a truck speeding through a
school zone. The drivers turn out to be Israelis with expired
passports. Claiming to be movers, the truck contains junk furniture
and several boxes. The Israelis are handed over to immigration. The
contents of the boxers are not revealed to the public.
2003 Israel deploys assassination squads into other countries,
including the United States. The US Government does not
2004 Police near the Nuclear Fuel Services plant in Tennessee stop a
truck after a three mile chase, during which the driver throws a
bottle containing a strange liquid from the cab. The drivers turn
out to be Israelis using fake Ids. The FBI refuses to investigate
and the Israelis are released.
2004 Two Israelis try to enter Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base, home
to eight Trident submarines. The truck tests positive for
This brings us to the present scandal. Two years into an
investigation of AIPAC's possible role as a spy front for Israel,
Larry Franklin, a mid-level Pentagon Analyst is observed by the FBI
giving classified information to two officials of AIPAC suspected of
being Israeli spies. AIPAC hires lawyer Nathan Lewin to handle their
legal defense, the same lawyer who defended suspected Israeli spy
Stephen Bryen in 1978.
Larry Franklin worked in the Pentagon Office of Special Plans, run
by Richard Perle, at the time Perle (who was caught giving
classified information to Israel back in 1970) was insisting that
Iraq was crawling with weapons of mass destruction requiring the
United States to invade and conquer Iraq. There were no WMDs, of
course, and Perle has dumped the blame for the "bad intelligence" on
George Tenet. But what is known is that the Pentagon Office of
Special Plans was coordinating with a similar group in Israel, in
Ariel Sharon's office.
With two suspected Israeli spies (at least) inside the office from
which the lies that launched the war in Iraq originated, it appears
that the people of the United States are the victims of a deadly
hoax, a hoax that started a war.
The leaking of the investigation of AIPAC to the media on August
28th, 2004 gave advance warning to other spies working with
Franklin. The damage to the FBI's investigation was completed when
United States Attorney General John Ashcroft ordered the FBI to stop
all arrests in the case. Like the Stephen Bryen case and the hunt
for "Mega", this latest spy scandal seems destined by officials who
have their own secret allegiances to protect, barring a massive
The organization at the heart of the latest spy investigation,
AIPAC, wields tremendous influence over the US Congress. Through its
members and affiliated PACs, AIPAC directs a huge flow of campaign
cash in favor of, and occasionally against, Senators and
Representatives solely on the basis of their willingness to support
Israel. As an example, in 2002, U.S. Rep. Artur Davis, D-Birmingham
received so much help from pro-Israeli pacs that 76% of his campaign
budget came from OUTSIDE the state of Alabama, mostly from New
Let me repeat that. A Congressman AIPAC wanted elected received more
money from pro-Israel groups outside his state than from his own
constituents inside his state. Who is that Congressman going to be
thinking of when he votes in Congress?
So here is the mother of all scandals.
For two years, the FBI has suspected AIPAC of spying for a foreign
country, and for those two years (and for decades before) that group
suspected of spying for Israel has been reshaping the US Congress
for the benefit of a foreign government.
And THAT is the mother of all scandals.
Think about that as billions of your tax dollars flow to Israel
while your roads and schools crumble and decay and services are
Think about that as the coffins come home with your loved ones
Think about that when you and a million of your fellow citizens
march down the streets of America opposing wars built on lies and
deceptions and wonder why the government just doesn't want to listen
to you any more.
American arrested as nuclear spy for Israel
By Randall Mikkelsen
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States arrested an 84-year-old
American on Tuesday suspected of giving Israel secrets on nuclear
weapons, fighter jets and missiles in the 1980s, in a case linked
to the Jonathan Pollard spy scandal that rocked U.S.-Israeli
The arrest of Ben-Ami Kadish indicates that Israeli spying revealed
by the Pollard case, still an irritant to the U.S. alliance with
Israel, may have spread wider than previously acknowledged. "It was
bigger than we thought, and they hid it well," said former U.S.
Attorney Joseph diGenova, who prosecuted Pollard.
Kadish acknowledged his spying in FBI interviews and said he acted
to help Israel, according to court documents. He was accused of
reporting to an Israeli government handler who was also a main
contact for Pollard, an American citizen serving a life term on a
1985 charge of spying for Israel.
State Department spokesman Tom Casey said, "We will be informing the
Israelis of this action ... 20-plus years ago during the Pollard
case we noted that this was not the kind of behavior we would
expect from friends and allies, and that would remain the case
Authorities said Kadish was arrested in New Jersey on four counts of
conspiracy and espionage after an investigation that began in 2005.
The first spy charge carries a possible death sentence. Kadish made
an initial appearance at Manhattan federal court. Looking frail and
shuffling, Kadish smiled briefly at the judge who ordered his
release on $300,000 bail and restricted his travel. Kadish did not
speak, and his lawyer made no comment upon leaving.
Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Arye Mekel said of the
arrest: "We know nothing about it. We heard it from the media."
Pollard pleaded guilty in 1986. Israel gave him citizenship in 1996
and acknowledged in 1998 the former U.S. Navy intelligence analyst
was one of its spies. Israel has unsuccessfully sought Pollard's
release. Kadish is a Connecticut-born U.S. citizen who worked as a
mechanical engineer at the Army's Picatinny Arsenal in Dover, New
Jersey. His spying lasted roughly from 1979 to 1985, and his contact
with the unidentified Israeli handler continued until March of this
year, the federal complaint against him said. Based on circumstances
of the case, DiGenova identified Kadish's contact as Yosef Yagur,
who has been linked in court documents to the Pollard case. A
Justice Department spokesman said he could not confirm that. The
complaint cited Kadish as saying that, unlike Pollard, he received
no money from the Israelis.
Kadish used his security clearance to borrow 50 to 100 classified
documents from the arsenal's library, the complaint said. He worked
from a list provided by the handler, identified in court documents
as "CC-1." The contact photographed the documents in Kadish's
basement. One classified document Kadish passed on "contained
information concerning nuclear weaponry," the complaint said.
Israel is believed to have nuclear weapons but has never
acknowledged it. Another document related to a modified version of
an F-15 fighter jet that the United States had sold to an
unidentified other foreign country, the complaint said. A third
pertained to the U.S. Patriot missile air defense system. The U.S.
military first deployed the system in 1984, and Israel used the
system to defend against Iraqi missiles in the 1991 Gulf war.
The complaint said Kadish kept contact with CC-1, met him in Israel
in 2004, and spoke with him by telephone on March 20 of this year,
after his first FBI interview.
It said the handler told him to lie to U.S. authorities: "Don't say
anything ... What happened 25 years ago? You don't remember
anything," CC-1 was quoted as saying.
The complaint said the handler worked as the Israeli consul for
science affairs at its Consulate General in New York from 1980 to
During the late 1970s, he worked for Israeli Aircraft Industries, an
Israeli government contractor, the complaint said. It said the
handler left the United States when Pollard was arrested and had
The details fit Yagur's history. A woman who identified herself as
Yagur's wife, when reached by telephone in Israel, said: "We're not
speaking to journalists. Goodbye."
(Additional reporting by Arshad Mohammed, Christine Kearney in New
York and Dan Williams in Jerusalem; Editing by Patricia Wilson and
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