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A boycott by any other name...

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    A boycott by any other name ... By James Bowen 13/04/2007 http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=848045 In the late 19th century, changes in
    Message 1 of 1 , May 4, 2007
      A boycott by any other name ...
      By James Bowen
      13/04/2007
      http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=848045


      In the late 19th century, changes in Ottoman law created a new class
      of large landholders, including the Sursuq family from Beirut, which
      acquired large tracts in northern Palestine. A similar situation had
      long existed in Ireland, where most land was controlled by absentee
      landlords, many of whom lived in Britain.

      The 1880s, however, initiated dynamics that led the two lands in
      different directions. In 1882, the first Zionist immigrants arrived in
      Palestine, starting a process that subsequently led to the eviction of
      indigenous tenant farmers, when magnates like the Sursuqs pulled the
      land from under their feet, selling it to the Jewish National Fund.

      In contrast, in 1880, Irish tenant farmers started a process that
      turned them into owner-occupiers. A former British army officer played
      a role in this drama, which introduced his name as a new word into
      many languages.


      Western Ireland was again suffering near-famine conditions. The potato
      crop had failed for the third successive year. Captain Charles
      Cunningham Boycott, agent for Lord Erne, the absentee landlord of an
      estate in County Mayo, refused the request of tenants for a rent
      reduction and, instead, in September 1880, obtained eviction notices
      against 11 of them for failure to pay their rent.

      Thirty years earlier, evictions had expelled huge numbers of Irish to
      North America. But times were changing: A nationwide tenants' rights
      movement, the Land League, had recently been formed, under the
      leadership of Charles Stewart Parnell, a scion of the landlord class,
      whose pro-tenant sympathies were inherited from his American mother, a
      woman whose grandfather had been one of George Washington's
      bodyguards. Speaking on September 19, 1880, Parnell outlined the
      strategy of the league:

      "When a man takes a farm from which another has been evicted, you must
      shun him on the roadside when you meet him, you must shun him in the
      streets of the town, you must shun him at the shop-counter, you must
      shun him at the fair and at the market-place and even in the house of
      worship, by leaving him severely alone, by putting him into a sort of
      moral Coventry, by isolating him from the rest of his kind, as if he
      were a leper of old, you must show him your detestation."

      Three days later, court officials attempted to serve Boycott's
      eviction notices on the tenants, and the Land League policy went into
      effect. Within two months, Boycott's name had become a synonym for
      ostracism, he had left the estate, and both landlords and government
      had discovered the power of ordinary people. Within a year,
      legislation at Westminster provided government finance for tenants
      wishing to purchase their farms.

      For too long, Israel has been taking land from which Palestinians have
      been evicted, and detestation is spreading around the world. In
      Ireland, photos of Israeli bulldozers are placed beside those of
      landlords' battering rams. Even a former U.S. president has recognized
      hafrada ("separation" in Hebrew) as apartheid. Disgust has reached
      such a level that even highly conservative institutions that normally
      try to avoid politics are driven to express concern.

      One such body is Aosdana, the Irish state-sponsored academy of
      artists. Its annual general assembly on March 28 passed a resolution
      whose full text is: "Mindful of the August 4, 2006 call from
      Palestinian filmmakers, artists and cultural workers to end all
      cooperation with state-sponsored Israeli cultural events and
      institutions, Aosdana wishes to encourage Irish artists and cultural
      institutions to reflect deeply before engaging in any such
      cooperation, always bearing in mind the undeniable courage of those
      Israeli artists, writers and intellectuals who oppose their own
      government's illegal policies towards the Palestinians."

      Although on the surface, this is a mild resolution, it is a boycott
      call in all but name. Its significance was not lost on Dr. Zion
      Evrony, the Israeli ambassador in Dublin. The very same day, he issued
      a press release that was replete with cliches that might have worked
      several decades ago, when Irish people were still unaware of the
      horrors that Israel has inflicted on the Palestinians.

      Possibly, the alacrity of Dr. Evrony's response was due to the fact
      that the strength of feeling among Irish artists had been rehearsed in
      the Irish press. Indeed, the proposer of the motion, playwright
      Margaretta D'Arcy, who is Jewish, had written in The Irish Times on
      February 16 that, "I was reluctant to advocate a cultural boycott of
      Israel until I visited the country for the first time last November
      ... I became convinced that a cultural boycott was necessary, if only
      as an act of solidarity with those in Israel who seek to remove the
      inequality, discrimination and segregation of their society."

      Continuing, she quoted from "Land Grab," by Yehezkel Lein, published
      by B'Tselem - the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the
      Occupied Territories: "The settlement enterprise in the occupied
      territories has created a system of legally sanctioned separation
      based on discrimination that has, perhaps, no parallel anywhere in the
      world since the apartheid regime in South Africa."

      Ms. D'arcy finished by saying: "My uncle went to live in the Holy Land
      in the 1920s to help set up the utopian dream of peace, justice and
      equality between Jew and Arab. It was only when I arrived there that I
      realized how mistaken he was. He would have done better to have stayed
      in the East End of London to struggle for peace, justice and equality
      in England."

      Parnell finished his call to action by saying that "there will be no
      man so full of avarice, so lost to shame, as to dare the public
      opinion of all right-thinking men."

      They were both right.

      Prof. James Bowen is the national chairperson of the Ireland-Palestine
      Solidarity Campaign.

      *********************************************************************

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