Another Opportunity to Understand Our Predicament
Manuel Garcia Sees Physics That Don't Exist
by KEVIN RYAN
December 27, 2006
Over the years we've heard from a few educated people who claim to
understand and support the latest story given by the US government for
the unprecedented destruction of the WTC buildings. Unfortunately,
those folks usually turn out to either work for the Bush
Administration directly, like FEMA and NIST, or are in some other way
profiting from the War on Terror. Some people accept what these Bush
scientists say because they have PhDs in scientific fields, or because
certain media sources promote the official myths. In a way, the
curious behavior of these scientists and media sources allows us to
better see the predicament we all face.
With the case of Manuel Garcia, and his three recent, rapid-fire
articles in Counterpunch, we appear to have another opportunity to
examine the phenomenon of Bush science. Here we see a fully educated
scientist making strong supportive statements of the Bush
Administration's 9/11 theories, despite the fact that he must know
those theories are based on false or unsubstantiated claims. For our
own understanding, let's take a closer look at Manuel Garcia and his
Garcia not only works for the government, he works for a very
interesting organization in terms of the best hypothesis for what
happened that day. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL),
Garcia's employer, appears to be where explosive thermite was
invented, and it continues to be a focus of research there. (1) At
LLNL, government scientists have learned how to combine the exothermic
power of the thermite reaction with organic moieties to produce a
thermite reaction that can do pressure/volume work (i.e. turn massive
quantities of concrete and other building materials into dust). From
the research of Steven Jones, we know that the thermite reaction
likely played a role in bringing the towers down, and it would not be
surprising if technology developed by LLNL was involved. Could that be
why Manuel Garcia is so intent on seeing Physics that don't exist, in
order to avoid seeing links to technology developed by his employer?
There may be more to it than that. Notice that there are many aspects
about the official story of 9/11/01 that strain credulity, to say the
least, but none more so than the "collapse" of the WTC buildings. As
with the air defense failures, we've been given several contradictory
stories about these events over the years, none of which have panned
out. The first was an urban legend that grew, as a result of the long
delays in official commitment, from media reports of extreme
temperatures and melting steel. We were given other stories for the
destruction of these buildings, but the Pancake Theory, which was the
primary explanation offered by FEMA and was the central explanation in
numerous media stories, lasted for a period of more than three years.
The Pancake Theory recently died a quiet death with the FAQ responses
offered by NIST, but as with the urban legend media stories, we have
been offered no apologies from those who propped-up the ongoing 9/11
Wars with these false claims.
So when a US weapons scientist, like Manuel Garcia, offers more wild
speculation in support of the Bush Administrations' ever-changing
stories, we must first recognize that this is not really about serious
researchers quibbling over minor details of physical evidence. We must
realize that Garcia and his ilk have already given us several false
stories for the destruction of these buildings, and those lies have
resulted not only in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people,
but have also supported the systematic conversion of America into a
totalitarian state waiting to happen. What will become of those Bush
scientists if honest people ever achieve the awareness and political
will to call for a real investigation?i
In his "Physics of 9/11", Garcia offered his new "twisted joints"
theory, adding more conjecture to the miasma that NIST spent three
years crafting. Garcia may have twisted a few joints himself before
writing these articles, but it is clear that he did not put much time
into reviewing NIST's WTC report before putting his reputation, and
perhaps much more, on the line to defend it. NIST did not actually
describe the all-important forces that supposedly pulled in the
tower's external columns. In their computer model, these forces were
phantom forces, applied to the external columns by sagging floors that
had, paradoxically, been disconnected from those columns. Garcia's
talk of twisting joints is, therefore, only imaginative conjecture at
Garcia seems to admit his own sloppy dishonesty by claiming that high
temperatures in the impact zone were sufficient to soften the steel,
and that floors in the impact zone sagged. One only has to read the
summary of the NIST report to know that the impact zones were far from
where NIST says the buildings failed. However, there could be another
explanation for this "spooky action at a distance." Garcia may have
stumbled upon a new demonstration of the principle of Physics known as
non-locality, one in which steel heated in one place causes steel
located in another, far away place to soften and fail. That would be
amazing if true.
The greater part of this first article is simply wild speculation, a
crime in itself at this point. Although NIST admits that many
scientists, given millions of dollars and several years to work on it,
could not describe the dynamics of collapse for the towers, Garcia
makes a one-man job of it in order to put those silly conspiracy
theorists in their place. He offers equations and terms like "wave
trains" to ensure that those of us who need to "expand [our] range of
rationality and hence [our] political maturity" can do so, if only we
can follow his superior thought processes. In Garcia's dreamlike world
of superiority, strange things happen. Floors vanish and buildings
begin crashing to the ground, as a result of fire-softened steel, at
an initial speed of 16 mph. That is, there is no zero point at which
such a building begins to drop. These skyscrapers actually exhibit
quantum behavior, as large multi-floor sections go from rest to a
speed of 16 mph instantaneously! Garcia appears humble when describing
this monumental discovery, telling us little about the "rippling
wavelets" that make it so. He finally sums up his findings by simply
stating that "The towers shattered, and the pieces fell to the
ground." Perhaps someone should call the Nobel committee.
The Energy Crisis Solved
Garcia's second article, "The Thermodynamics of 9/11", does not
improve upon the first. Here he repeats his ridiculous claim of the
importance of high temperatures in the impact zone (far from the
failure zone), and then states that the "fatal element in the WTC
Towers story is that enough of the thermal insulation was banged off
the steel frames by the airplane joltsÃ¢â¬Â¦". Of course, those of us
who have actually followed NIST's investigation know that they could
not produce any "robust criteria" to establish that fireproofing was
lost through forces of vibration. Instead, NIST performed a shotgun
test to see if the fireproofing could have been lost through shearing
The shotgun test not only failed to support NIST's pre-determined
conclusions, as was the case for all of their other physical tests,
but it actually proved that the fireproofing could not have been
sheared off because too much energy would be needed. This did not
deter NIST, as they simply proceeded by filling their computer model
with vague, sweeping assumptions like suggesting that the fireproofing
was completely removed wherever the office furnishings were damaged
(i.e. if a cube wall fell or a pencil was broken, thousands of square
meters of fireproofing must have been sheared off too). (2) If it was
not already clear that Garcia never read NIST's WTC report, we might
think that he got his quantum leaps from them.
Garcia's analysis of the WTC thermodynamics then begins with the
removal of all of the fireproofing from all the steel, an unsupported
assumption at best. In any case, to consider temperature increases, an
honest scientist would take the materials and the energy sources
involved, and perform some straightforward calculations to evaluate
the available energies. In the case of the WTC towers, we know from
FEMA and NIST that about 4,500 gallons of jet fuel were available to
feed the fires on the impact and failure floors, giving an energy
value of approximately 600 GJ, considering moderate combustion. And we
know the buildings had a fire load of 20 Kg/m^2, which would provide
an energy value of about 500 GJ for the furnishings on several floors
in the vicinity of the failure zones. (3) These realistic values give
a total energy of about 1,100 GJ that would be available to heat one
building, but Garcia uses 8,000 GJ and 3,000 GJ, values NIST created
through their deceptive, pretzel-logic manipulations.
Maybe this incredible energy yield means that Garcia and NIST have
solved the energy crisis, and we can end the 9/11 Wars and bring our
troops home. If not, maybe Garcia can help us understand where all
that additional energy came from, instead of just spouting off with so
much arrogance. We really would appreciate it.
In the absence of this explanation, Garcia proceeds to apply this
tremendous amount of mysterious energy to the heating of the materials
involved. But instead of taking the quantities of steel, concrete, and
other materials into account (don't forget the aircraft itself) Garcia
helps us to "expand our range of rationality" by dumbing-down the
scenario using a "fictitious homogenized" substance called
"ironcrete". Garcia muddies the water with his ironcrete because,
although he doesn't give the calculations, this allows him to use a
sleight of hand, giving a value for specific heat that is less than
that of any of the starting materials. Few would notice, but this
means that, in support of Garcia's purposes, it takes less heat to
increase the temperature of each kilogram of ironcrete than it would
to increase the temperature of the steel and concrete used in the WTC
towers. Since he's using eight times more energy than could have been
available anyway, this minor scam doesn't seem worth the effort.
But note that Garcia also suggests all the available heat became
trapped in his ironcrete, thereby assuming that no hot gases left the
impact zone, that no heat escaped by conduction, and that the steel
and concrete had an unlimited amount of time to absorb all the heat.
He also conveniently ignores all the other materials in the aircraft
and the buildings, including the Aluminum, all the office furnishings,
and the vast amount of air and water vapor, all of which would be
heated too, absorbing energy. Considering his quantum mechanical
collapse dynamics and magical fireproofing loss, these distributions
of heat energy may not seem so strange, that is until Garcia needs
that energy back to support his later claims of melting Aluminum,
plastic "cracking" to create dense pockets of hydrocarbon vapors that
mimic high-explosives, and even a replay of the beginnings of life on
earth (no kidding).
The Dark Matter of Intelligent Fuel
By the time we get to Garcia's third article, we're either believing
this guy is the greatest scientist in history, or we're understanding
that his series in Counterpunch may be something more of a sucker
punch. In this third article, "Dark Fire", Garcia claims to have
single-handedly solved the problem that baffled FEMA and NIST, as well
as all objective people around the world -- the collapse of WTC 7.
Now if Garcia had proven the quantum behavior of large objects, and
had developed a method for extracting eight times the normal amount of
energy from a gallon of hydrocarbon fuel, as his previous articles
suggest, we might be intrigued. Maybe the title of this third article
is a reference to the combustion of the elusive dark matter that
Physicists have long sought after. Let's take a look.
The challenge of explaining the collapse of WTC 7 was described by Jim
Hoffman with the following three points.
* This steel-framed skyscraper collapsed into its footprint with all
the characteristics of a standard controlled demolition.
* No other steel-framed building that collapsed for any reason has
ever shown any of those features -- let alone all those features.
* No other tall steel-framed building has ever collapsed from fires --
the primary cause of WTC 7's collapse according to the official story.
Additionally, we know that FEMA spent eight months of exhaustive work
on the investigation, finally claiming that "The performance of WTC 7
is of significant interest because it appears the collapse was due
primarily to fire, rather than any impact damage from the collapsing
towers." They then added that their "best hypothesis has only a low
probability of occurrence." NIST has spent several years trying to
come up with a legitimate, non-explosive explanation, so far without
success. But our hero Garcia takes FEMA's low probability scenario,
embellishes it a bit, and boldly declares "This is what happened",
leaving no room for doubt.
The initiating event of Garcia's low probability theory is a "hot
volley" of "incandescent metal and heated stone" that destroyed a fuel
oil distribution pipe in the southwest corner of WTC 7. Where the
stone came from we'll never know (maybe it was an asteroid), but the
probability that the temperature of the steel from the towers, which
NIST measured at 250 C, could cause that steel to glow in
incandescence, is essentially nil.
FEMA pointed out a string of improbable events that would need to come
together for the rest of this story to pan out, but they made clear
that the biggest problem was that WTC 7 first began to collapse on the
east side, far from the distribution pipe that Garcia builds his story
on. This means that the fuel oil released from any such breakage would
need to exhibit the features of an intelligent migration, pumping up
from multiple tanks on the ground floor, through the damaged pipe in
the southwest corner of the building, traversing a distance of 250
feet across the fifth floor without any spreading or transfer loss, to
pool very selectively beneath truss #2 in a mechanical room on the
east side of the building.
This theory depends on much more creative guesswork, including the
* None of this intelligently migrating fuel oil found its way to the
containment vessel that was designed for such an event, and therefore
never triggered the safety mechanism that would automatically
de-energize the pumps.
* The authorities that decided not to fight the fires in WTC 7 also
decided not to cut the power to these pumps, allowing them to spray
oil within this burning skyscraper, for up to seven hours, in the
middle of Manhattan.
* The pooled fuel oil was somehow heated to a sufficient temperature
for ignition, at which point an unknown ignition source initiated an
efficient, multi-hour burn.
* Although now situated in an enclosed room with limited space, the
oil found limitless Oxygen in order to extract every bit of energy
from the assumed maximum amount of 12,000 gallons.
* The fires generated by this burning fuel oil centered in a highly
specific formation directly beneath that critical truss, and the heat
produced was perfectly contained and directed at the truss itself but
* This truss-specific fire raged for up to seven hours but was never
visible from any external view.
* This miraculous fire then caused the failure of that one critical
truss, which somehow initiated the total collapse of this 47 story
building in just 6.6 seconds.
Garcia's "Dark Fire" piece might as well have been about the
combustion of that elusive dark matter, because even if we really
wanted to believe his extended string of astounding events, he doesn't
address the primary problems of the collapse dynamics. Instead, he
simply states "a progressive collapse propagates up and material falls
freely." And as with the work of NIST, we're expected to believe that
just saying so makes it true.
Begging Off and Catching On
When questioned more closely about his speculative articles, Garcia
claimed in an email that he was done talking and writing about these
issues, and that folks would need to rely on the authoritative
information provided by Frank Greening and Popular Mechanics. In this
plea, Garcia says that Greening's results jibe with his, although he
was unaware of Greening before he wrote his series. It is clear from
his "thermodynamics" piece that Garcia might subscribe to Greening's
"Fruit Crumble" theory, where ultra-fine Aluminum and Iron Oxide
spontaneously form in the buildings to produce "natural thermite",
distributed in just the right forms and places. It could be that
Garcia would buy Greening's "They Just Forgot to Use the Bolts" theory
as well, if it comes to that. (4)
Government scientists get paid to support government policies,
particularly in this era of "Bush Science", and clearly Garcia is
willing to play along. But why would political news organizations,
like Counterpunch, that present themselves as alternatives to the
corporate media, promote these false claims?
Consider for a moment the implications of a breakthrough in the truth
about 9/11. If the official story about 9/11 is completely false, as
it has proven to be, that fact should call into question those media
sources who have helped to cover-up the details over the last five
years, even if only through gross negligence of the facts. Whether or
not collusion with alternative media was involved, if there is a
possibility that the neo-cons actually helped in planning or executing
the attacks, then the fact that they pulled it off means that
Alexander Cockburn and other (ostensibly) liberal leaders might no
longer enjoy the "irreverent and biting" superiority that they
identify themselves with. It could be very distressing for some of
these rebel leaders to realize that instead of "muckraking with a
radical attitude" they have spent years meekly bolstering the status quo.
It appears that these kinds of realizations are inevitable, and
actually offer us a chance to improve our situation. In the US, we'll
soon have more opportunity to notice the default states in which we
are expected to accept scientific authority no matter how illogical,
and accept a cartoonish political framework no matter how impotent. In
the next few months, these opportunities will come like "hot volleys"
from Manuel Garcia, providing stark examples of how pretentious
"experts", and other types of fictitious, homogenized (ironcrete)
leaders give no real alternatives to the problems we've seen in the
last five years.
If our new Democratic Congress will not call for impeachment or a new
9/11 investigation, will they at least repeal the Military Commissions
Act, or the Patriot Act? Will they stop construction of Halliburton's
secretive "detention centers" or put an end to the illegal 9/11 Wars?
Will our government's efforts to protect us from unexplained terrorism
ever stop looking exactly like the efforts they would take to protect
themselves from us? In other words, will these new leaders, in
practice, be any different than the neo-cons? Over the next few months
we will realize the answers to these questions, and perhaps then we
can begin taking more responsibility for the deception in our lives.
1. There are numerous articles available from LLNL on thermite
research. For an example of explosive thermite, see try this one.
2. Therese McAllister explains NIST's vague, sweeping assumption of
fireproofing loss in her presentation here.
3. For effective energy flow from one kg of office furnishings, use
estimate of 8.4 MJ/kg (a value for wood -- probably a little higher
than for the materials involved).
See Sfintesco, editor, Fire Safety in Tall Buildings, McGraw Hill, 1992
4. Gordon Ross explains some of Greening's desperate sounding theories
WORLD VIEW NEWS SERVICE
To subscribe to this group, send an email to:
NEWS ARCHIVE IS OPEN TO PUBLIC VIEW