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TEXT-"ROAD MAP" FOR PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST

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  • ummyakoub
    TEXT- ROAD MAP FOR PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST RAMALLAH, West Bank (Reuters) - The following is the text of the so- called road map to achieve peace in the
    Message 1 of 1 , May 5, 2003
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      TEXT-"ROAD MAP" FOR PEACE IN THE MIDDLE EAST

      RAMALLAH, West Bank (Reuters) - The following is the text of the so-
      called "road map" to achieve peace in the Middle East and a
      Palestinian state by 2005 which was released Wednesday by the
      Palestine Liberation Organization:

      The following is a performance-based and goal driven road map, with
      clear phases, timelines, target dates, and benchmarks aiming at
      progress through reciprocal steps by the two parties in the
      political, security, economic, humanitarian, and institution-building
      fields, under the auspices of the Quartet. The destination is a final
      and comprehensive settlement of the Israel-Palestinian conflict by
      2005, as presented in President Bush's speech of 24 June, and
      welcomed by the EU, Russia, and the U.N. in the 16 July and 17
      September Quartet Ministerial statements.

      A two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will only be
      achieved through an end to violence and terrorism, when the
      Palestinian people have a leadership acting decisively against terror
      and willing and able to build a practicing democracy based on
      tolerance and liberty, and through Israel's readiness to do what is
      necessary for a democratic Palestinian state to be established, and a
      clear, unambiguous acceptance by both parties of the goal of a
      negotiated settlement as described below. The Quartet will assist and
      facilitate implementation of the plan, starting in Phase I, including
      direct discussions between the parties as required. The plan
      establishes a realistic timeline for implementation. However, as a
      performance-based plan, progress will require and depend upon the
      good faith efforts of the parties, and their compliance with each of
      the obligations outlined below. Should the parties perform their
      obligations rapidly, progress within and through the phases may come
      sooner than indicated in the plan. Non-compliance with obligations
      will impede progress.

      A settlement, negotiated between the parties, will result in the
      emergence of an independent, democratic, and viable Palestinian state
      living side by side in peace and security with Israel and its other
      neighbors. The settlement will resolve the Israel-Palestinian
      conflict, and end the occupation that began in 1967, based on the
      foundations on the Madrid Conference, the principle of land for
      peace, UNSCRs 242, 338 and 1397, agreements previously reached by the
      parties, and the initiative of Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah - endorsed
      by the Beirut Arab League Summit - calling for acceptance of Israel
      as a neighbor living in peace and security, in the context of a
      comprehensive settlement. This initiative is a vital element of
      international efforts to promote a comprehensive peace on all tracks,
      including the Syrian-Israeli and Lebanese-Israeli tracks.

      The Quartet will meet regularly at senior levels to evaluate the
      parties' performance on implementation of the plan. In each phase,
      the parties are expected to perform their obligations in parallel,
      unless otherwise indicated.

      PHASE I:

      ENDING TERROR AND VIOLENCE, NORMALIZING PALESTINIAN LIFE,

      AND BUILDING PALESTINIAN INSTITUTIONS

      PRESENT TO MAY 2003

      In Phase I. the Palestinians immediately undertake an unconditional
      cessation of violence according to the steps outlined below; such
      action should be accompanied by supportive measures undertaken by
      Israel. Palestinians and Israelis resume security cooperation based
      on the Tenet work plan to end violence, terrorism, and incitement
      through restructured and effective Palestinian security services.
      Palestinians undertake comprehensive political reform in preparation
      for statehood, including drafting a Palestinian constitution, and
      free, fair and open elections upon the basis of those measures.
      Israel takes all necessary steps to help normalize Palestinian life.
      Israel withdraws from Palestinian areas occupied from September 28,
      2000 and the two sides restore the status quo that existed at that
      time, as security performance and cooperation progress. Israel also
      freezes all settlement activity, consistent with the Mitchell report.

      At the outset of Phase I: Palestinian leadership issues unequivocal
      statement reiterating Israel's right to exist in peace and security
      and calling for an immediate and unconditional ceasefire to end armed
      activity and all acts of violence against Israelis anywhere. All
      official Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel.

      Israeli leadership issues unequivocal statement affirming its
      commitments to the two-state vision of an independent, viable,
      sovereign Palestinian state living in peace and security alongside
      Israel, as expressed by President Bush, and calling for an immediate
      end to violence against Palestinian everywhere. All official Israeli
      institutions end incitement against Palestinians.

      SECURITY

      Palestinians declare an unequivocal end to violence and terrorism and
      undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt, and
      restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent
      attacks on Israelis anywhere.

      Rebuilt and refocused Palestinian Authority security apparatus begins
      sustained, targeted, and effective operations aimed at confronting
      all those engaged in terror and dismantlement of terrorist
      capabilities and infrastructure. This includes commencing
      confiscation of illegal weapons and consolidation of security
      authority, free of association with terror and corruption.

      GOI takes no actions undermining trust, including deportations,
      attacks on civilians; confiscation and/or demolition of Palestinian
      homes and property, as a punitive measure or to facilitate Israeli
      construction; destruction of Palestinian institutions and
      infrastructure; and other measures specified in the Tenet Work Plan.

      Relying on existing mechanisms and on-the-ground resources, Quartet
      representatives begin informal monitoring and consult with the
      parties on establishment of a formal monitoring mechanism and its
      implementation.

      Implementation, as previously agreed, of U.S. rebuilding, training
      and resumed security cooperation plan in collaboration with outside
      oversight board (U.S., Egypt, Jordan). Quartet support for efforts to
      achieve a lasting, comprehensive cease-fire.

      All Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three
      services reporting to an empowered Interior Minister.

      Restructured/retained Palestinian security forces and IDF
      counterparts progressively resume security cooperation and other
      undertakings in implementation of the Tenet work plan, including
      regular senior-level meetings, with the participation of U.S.
      security officials.

      Arab states cut off public and private funding and all other forms of
      support for groups supporting and engaging in violence and terror.

      All donors providing budgetary support for the Palestinians channel
      these funds through the Palestinian Ministry of Finance's Single
      Treasury Account.

      As comprehensive security performance moves forward, IDF withdraws
      progressively from areas occupied since September 28, 2000 and the
      two sides restore the status quo that existed prior to September 28,
      2000. Palestinian security forces redeploy to areas vacated by IDF.

      PALESTINIAN INSTITUTION-BUILDING

      Immediate action on credible process to produce draft constitution
      for Palestinian statehood. As rapidly as possible, constitutional
      committee circulates draft Palestinian constitution, based on strong
      parliamentary democracy and cabinet with empowered prime minister,
      for public comment/debate. Constitutional committee proposes draft
      document for submission after elections for approval by appropriate
      Palestinian institutions.

      Appointment of interim prime minister or cabinet with empowered
      executive authority/decision-making body.

      GOI fully facilitates travel of Palestinian officials for PLC and
      Cabinet sessions, internationally supervised security retraining,
      electoral and other reform activity, and other supportive measures
      related to the reform efforts.

      Continued appointment of Palestinian ministers empowered to undertake
      fundamental reform. Completion of further steps to achieve genuine
      separation of powers, including any necessary Palestinian legal
      reforms for this purpose.

      Establishment of independent Palestinian election commission. PLC
      reviews and revises elections law.

      Palestinian performance on judicial, administrative, and economic
      benchmarks, as established by the International Task Force on
      Palestinian Reform.

      As early as possible, and based upon the above measures and in the
      context of open debate and transparent candidate selection/electoral
      campaign based on a free, multiparty process, Palestinians hold free,
      open, and fair elections.

      GOI facilitates Task Force election assistance, registration of
      voters, movement of candidates and voting officials. Support for NGOs
      involved in the election process.

      GOI reopens Palestinian Chamber of Commerce and other closed
      Palestinian institutions in East Jerusalem based on a commitment that
      these institutions operate strictly in accordance with prior
      agreements between the parties.

      HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE

      Israel takes measures to improve the humanitarian situation. Israel
      and Palestinians implement in full all recommendations of the Bertini
      report to improve humanitarian conditions, lifting curfews, and
      easing restrictions on movement of persons and goods, and allowing
      full, safe, and unfettered access of international and humanitarian
      personnel.

      AHLC reviews the humanitarian situation and prospects for economic
      development in the West Bank and Gaza and launches a major donor
      assistance effort, including to the reform effort.

      GOI and PA continue revenue clearance process and transfer of funds,
      including arrears, in accordance with agreed, transparent monitoring
      mechanism.

      CIVIL SOCIETY

      Continued donor support, including increased funding through
      PVOs/NGOs, for people to people programs, private sector development
      and civil society initiatives.

      SETTLEMENTS

      GOI immediately dismantles settlement outposts erected since March
      2001.

      Consistent with the Mitchell Report, GOI freezes all settlement
      activity (including natural growth of settlements).

      PHASE II. TRANSITION

      JUNE 2003 - DECEMBER 2003

      In the second phase, efforts are focused on the option of creating an
      independent Palestinian state with provisional borders and attributes
      of sovereignty, based on the new constitution, as a way station to a
      permanent status settlement. As has been noted, this goal can be
      achieved when the Palestinian people have a leadership acting
      decisively against terror, willing and able to build a practicing
      democracy based on tolerance and liberty. With such a leadership,
      reformed civil institutions and security structures, the Palestinians
      will have the active support of the Quartet and the broader
      international community in establishing an independent, viable,
      state.

      Progress into Phase II will be based upon the consensus judgment of
      the Quartet of whether conditions are appropriate to proceed, taking
      into account performance of both parties. Furthering and sustaining
      efforts to normalize Palestinian lives and build Palestinian
      institutions, Phase II starts after Palestinian elections and ends
      with possible creation of an independent Palestinian state with
      provisional borders in 2003. Its primary goals are continued
      comprehensive security performance and effective security
      cooperation, continued normalization of Palestinian life and
      institution-building, further building on and sustaining of the goals
      outlined in Phase I, ratification of a democratic Palestinian
      constitution, formal establishment of office of prime minister,
      consolidation of political reform, and the creation of a Palestinian
      state with provisional borders.

      INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: Convened by the Quartet, in consultation
      with the parties, immediately after the successful conclusion of
      Palestinian elections, to support Palestinian economic recovery and
      launch a process, leading to establishment of an independent
      Palestinian state with provisional borders.

      Such a meeting would be inclusive, based on the goal of a
      comprehensive Middle East peace (including between Israel and Syria,
      and Israel and Lebanon), and based on the principles described in the
      preamble to this document.

      Arab states restore pre-Intifada links to Israel (trade offices,
      etc.).

      Revival of multilateral engagement on issues including regional water
      resources, environment, economic development, refugees, and arms
      control issues.

      New constitution for democratic, independent Palestinian state is
      finalized and approved by appropriate Palestinian institutions.
      Further elections, if required, should follow approval of the new
      constitution.

      Empowered reform cabinet with office of prime minister formally
      established, consistent with draft constitution.

      Continued comprehensive security performance, including effective
      security cooperation on the bases laid out in Phase I.

      Creation of an independent Palestinian state with provisional borders
      through a process of Israeli-Palestinian engagement. Launched by the
      international conference. As part of this process, implementation of
      prior agreements, to enhance maximum territorial contiguity,
      including further action on settlements in conjunction with
      establishment of a Palestinian state with provisional borders.

      Enhanced international role in monitoring transition, with the
      active, sustained, and operational support of the Quartet.

      Quartet members promote international recognition of Palestinian
      state, including possible U.N. membership.

      PHASE III:

      PERMANENT STATUS AGREEMENT

      AND END OF THE ISRAELI-PALESTINIAN CONFLICT

      2004-2005

      Progress into Phase III, based on consensus judgment of Quartet, and
      taking into account actions of both parties and Quartet monitoring.
      Phase III objectives are consolidation of reform and stabilization of
      Palestinian institutions, sustained, effective Palestinian security
      performance, and Israeli-Palestinian negotiations aimed at a
      permanent status agreement in 2005.

      SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE: Convened by Quartet, in consultation
      with the parties, at beginning of 2004 to endorse agreement reached
      on an independent Palestinian state with provisional borders and
      formally to launch a process with the active, sustained, and
      operational support of the Quartet, leading to a final, permanent
      status resolution in 2005, including on borders, Jerusalem, refugees,
      settlements; and, to support progress toward a comprehensive Middle
      East settlement between Israel and Lebanon and Israel and Syria, to
      be achieved as soon as possible.

      Continued comprehensive, effective progress on the reform agenda laid
      out by the Task Force in preparation for final status agreement.

      Continued sustained and effective security performance, and
      sustained, effective security cooperation on the basis laid out in
      Phase I.

      International efforts to facilitate reform and stabilize Palestinian
      institutions and the Palestinian economy, in preparation for final
      status agreement.

      Parties reach final and comprehensive permanent status agreement that
      ends the Israel-Palestinian conflict in 2005, through a settlement
      negotiated between the parties based on UNSCR 242, 338, and 1397,
      that ends the occupation that began in 1967, and includes an agreed,
      just, fair, and realistic solution to the refugee issue, and a
      negotiated resolution on the status of Jerusalem that takes into
      account the political and religious concerns of both sides, and
      protects the religious interests of Jews, Christians, and Muslims
      worldwide, and fulfills the vision of two states, Israel and
      sovereign, independent, democratic and viable Palestine, living side-
      by-side in peace and security.

      Arab state acceptance of full normal relations with Israel and
      security for all the states of the region in the context of a
      compressive Arab-Israeli peace.


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