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8000 Palestinians Hunger Strike

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    Palestinian Prisoners Demands Presented to Israeli Prisons Service (IPS) Posted at http://www.addameer.org/hunger_strike/demands.html August 15, 2004 One:
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 25, 2004
      Palestinian Prisoners Demands Presented to Israeli Prisons Service (IPS)
      Posted at http://www.addameer.org/hunger_strike/demands.html
      August 15, 2004

      One: Family and/or Lawyers Visits
      1. To remove the glass/plastic barrier between prisoners and visitors
      2. To increase the period of family visit to one hour
      3. To allow personal contact with children as in the past
      4. To allow all family members and relatives to visit
      5. To allow brothers and sisters to visit as in the past
      6. To allow private visits (without barriers)
      7. To allow second and third degree relatives to visit
      8. To relocate detainees/prisoners in areas close to their residential
      9. To relocate prisoners who are immediate relatives in one prison
      10. To allow personal belongings and clothes to be brought during visits
      11. To allow prisoners to take photos with family members and children
      12. To allow family visits for Arab prisoners once every 6 months for
      at least four hours
      13. To allow visitors to bring with them an unlimited number of
      photographs of relatives
      14. To allow visitors to bring with them bed-covers, watches,
      Palestinian head scarves, head wear, etc.
      15. To make family visits on Fridays as in the past
      16. To bring in families to visit as soon as they arrive to the
      prison. No delays either at the prison or at checkpoints.
      17. To allow prisoners to take out cantina (canteen food and drinks)
      to the visit without limitations
      18. To allow prisoners to take to any kind of drinks to the visit and
      not limit it to "Sprite"
      19. To allow prisoners to be in plain clothes during the visit and not
      restricted to uniforms of certain colors or design
      20. To allow prisoners' handwork to be given out at the visit after
      21. To allow bringing in all kinds of cigarettes, audio-tapes, and
      video-tapes during the visit

      Two: Phone Calls

      1. To install pay phones in prison sections and/or yards and/or cells
      or allow mobile phones in every cell or for every prisoner
      2. To allow prisoners representatives to make phone calls to
      prisoner's organizations and lawyers and to Palestinian Ministry of
      Prisoners Affairs.
      3. To remove all signal-distortion equipment - known to cause various
      health problems including cancer

      Three: Food

      1. To prepare and define a list of quantities of all sorts of food
      that prisoners have the right to receive and to provide this list to
      prisoners representatives
      2. To change the basket of vegetables and fruits and end the practice
      of the administrations taking part of it
      3. To allow prisoners to buy vegetables, fruits, fish, and meats of
      all sorts on a monthly basis
      4. To allow prisoners in all prisons to prepare their own food
      according to their customs and religions
      5. To give back kitchen equipment that was taken away from prisoners
      in all "security" prisons
      6. To change old kitchen utensils and replace them with new ones
      7. To open bakeries and allow Palestinian prisoners to work at them;
      to allow bread to be brought in during visits

      Four: Health Care / Treatment

      1. To develop and expand clinics and equip them for emergency cases
      especially at Nafha prison; A practicing physician should be at the
      clinic 7 days a week
      2. To allow a Palestinian prisoner to be present and working at the
      3. To conduct surgery for prisoners immediately (without the usual
      intentional delay)
      4. To allow physicians from outside to be able to check prisoners and
      ease the procedures in doing so
      5. To widen the range of physicians to include all specialties
      6. To allow dental surgeries/ teeth implants at the expense of
      prisoners by their own doctors
      7. To perform kidney, cornea and prosthetic transplants for those
      prisoners who have been waiting for years.
      8. To allow the purchase of medical mattresses, pillows, shoes and
      some pharmaceuticals through the cantina
      9. To solve all problems related to the hospital in Ramleh
      10. An overall medical checkup for every prisoner at least once a year
      11. A optician visit to every prison on a regular and constant basis;
      eye checkups for every prisoner once every 6 months, changing of
      glasses when needed, allow the use of eye lenses; and to provide all
      needed supplies to solve health problems related vision
      12. To allow prisoners to have the equipment necessary to measure
      blood pressure and sugar levels where needed

      Five: Counting

      1. To end all practices and policies accompanying counting the
      prisoners; allow all those prisoners in isolation back to regular

      Six: Collective Punishment

      1. To end all collective punishments
      2. To end the policy of fines
      3. To end the policy of confiscating personal belongings and punishing
      prisoners by denying them family visits
      4. To return all money confiscated from prisoners accounts to be able
      to use them in enhancing the health care and the education of prisoners
      5. To compensate prisoners for every item that was damaged
      intentionally through raids on cell-blocks
      6. To define the maximum isolation period as a punishment to a week
      and to provide humane detention conditions in isolation cells: access
      to toilets, a washing sink, a two hour recreation period, to allow a
      fan, to allow books and radio and cantina, not to handcuff prisoners
      inside the cells, to end the policy of handcuffing prisoners while
      meeting prison administration

      Seven: Education at Universities

      1. To allow prisoners to study at Palestinian, Arab, and International
      2. To end the policy of punishing prisoners by denying them the right
      to continue their education
      3. To allow newspapers, journals and magazines without any delay
      4. To allow purchasing different electronic dictionaries not limited
      to one brand
      5. To allow all cells to have access to a computer and not only students
      6. To allocate study rooms and halls and to reopen all libraries
      7. To allow stationary without limitation in type or quantities
      8. To allow photocopying research material, educational material

      Eight: Cantina

      1. To allow buying from Arab sources and end the monopoly
      2. To cancel the additional 17% tax
      3. To unify the prices for all prisons
      4. To end all restrictions on the items allowed
      5. To form an investigation committee to check on the legality of the
      17% additional tax and on the right of prisoners to benefit from the
      profit of the cantina

      Nine: Movement within each section and the recreation area

      1. To increase the recreation time to four hours a day as used to be
      the case
      2. To restore visits between section and cells to day-long visits
      3. To leave cell doors within each section open all day
      4. To restore the right of elderly, ill prisoners, those who spent
      over ten years of imprisonment, and prisoners with special needs to
      get to yards and recreation areas freely
      5. To allow university students to choose recreation time suitable for
      6. To allow prisoners representatives to be able to visit sections,
      recreational areas, and to be present at family visits in order to be
      able to follow up on issues and concerns and solve any problem without
      making this right dependent on the mood of security guards
      7. To open the gate to the recreational area every half an hour to
      enable prisoners to get to the area or back to sections
      8. To allow freedom of movement within each section without
      restricting the time or period
      9. To install water pipes in each section
      10. To restore the weekly general cleaning day as in the past
      11. To install water pipes to the recreation area and the yard as used
      to be the case
      12. To restore the recreation time from 15:00 to 17:00 and from 17:00
      to 19:00
      13. To allow working prisoners to stay at the recreation area until 20:00
      14. Not to transfer a prisoner from any prison before spending 2 years
      in it unless the prisoner applies for a transfer
      15. To cancel the policy of moving certain prisoners constantly around
      the prisons, never settling in one
      16. To allow Friday Imams to be able to move from one section to another
      17. To allow having events, debates, celebrations in the recreation
      areas and yards as in the past
      18. Freedom to transfer among cells within one section without any
      sort of restriction
      19. To remove the ban on practicing Karate during the recreation period

      Ten: Tools, Instruments, private and general equipment

      1. To allow the following to be purchased at the cantina by every
      prisoner: a light-bulb for reading, electronic dictionary without
      restricting the brand, electric shaving-machine, and electric fan
      2. To install air ventilation in the cells and section as well as air
      3. To install air conditioning at the visiting area and waiting cells
      4. To provide electric kettle
      5. To provide an electric toaster for each cell
      6. To provide a small refrigerator in each cell
      7. A small photocopier in each section
      8. To install an Antenna for the radio
      9. To allow winter jackets
      10. To allow waist belts
      11. To allow sport ropes
      12. To allow to have cameras in each section and to be able to take
      collective photos
      13. To allow fruits knife in each cell

      Eleven: Searching and Security Checks

      1. To end the practice of body search by hand and to restrict it to
      electronic scanning
      2. To stop searching children 14 years old and under during visits
      3. End totally strip search
      4. End night searches and the practice of Matsada unit, dissolve it or
      end its services
      5. Not to handcuff prisoners during the search
      6. Never to damage or confiscate personal belongings while searching
      7. To stop searching prisoners each time they leave to the recreation
      area or to prayers
      8. Security search be limited to only once a day maximum and not to force
      prisoners outside the section during the search
      9. Security search to be conducted during the recreation period
      10. To limit the overall general search to once every 6 months

      Twelve: Working Facilities

      1. To increase the number of working prisoners in the various facilities
      2. To restore kitchens, laundries, and sewing and allow Palestinian
      prisoners to work at these facilities
      3. To allow at least two prisoners to work in the section (corridor)
      outside the cells till 22:30 and extend their recreation time till 20:00
      4. To re-allow a prisoner to work in yard and recreation area as in
      the past and to make available a storage room and a room for working
      and working tools
      5. To allow a prisoner to work at the clinic
      6. To restore the special recreation period for workers
      7. To raise payment for workers
      8. To allow an additional worker at the library
      9. To allow a worker to fix electric equipment in each section as in
      the past
      10. To allow all tools for hairdressing and to change them once every
      6 months

      Thirteen: Counting

      1. To allow prisoners in the upper beds not to step down at the
      morning count and to limit to them just raising themselves up in their
      2. To be content by showing the hands for those who are in toilets at
      the time of counting taking into consideration to avoid using the
      toilet around the time of count unless it's urgent or to pass the cell
      and return to it later

      Fourteen: Transfer, Travel and waiting (passing) sections

      1. To allow prisoners to have cantina with them while being
      transferred (canned food, etc.)
      2. To be moved directly to the buses without being held and delayed in
      waiting rooms
      3. To change seats in the buses to more comfortable ones
      4. Each prisoner to be handcuffed separately from others and to stop
      using the plastic handcuffs and replace them with the metal ones
      5. To allow prisoners representatives to meet newly transferred
      prisoners at the bus as they arrive
      6. To improve all conditions at the passing (waiting) sections in each
      of Asqalan, Ramleh, and Birsheva prisons
      7. To remove the darkened windows of the buses

      Fifteen: General Demands

      1. To return to prisoners all the cans (canned food) and cups and all
      what was confiscated in Asqalan and Nafha after the last raids
      2. To allow handwork and to be able to purchase all needed at the
      cantina or to be able to get it during visits
      3. To remove asbestos from the cells to improve ventilation in cells
      and sections
      4. To provide once again what the administrations used to provide at
      their expense: tooth paste, tooth brush, soap, cleaning and hygiene
      provisions, etc.
      5. To make available lists of IPS rules in every section in Arabic
      6. To increase the number of allowed TV channels
      7. To re-install wooden boards to all beds, change the beds each year,
      paint cells each year, and to install sides to the beds
      8. To remove all male guards from female sections
      9. To improve all conditions and to meet all needs of imprisoned minors
      10. To end the use of arbitrary transfer of prisoners from one prison
      to another
      11. To remove one bed in each cell
      12. To end the use of the special classification of certain prisoners
      "prisoners sentenced for serious offences" and end all unjustified
      punishments against them and to allow them to be able to work at
      various facilities in the prisons
      13. To implements the Geneva Convention and all international human
      rights standards and agreements
      14. To use only the buses to transfer prisoners between prisons and/or
      to and from court hearings
      15. To allow visits on special occasions as religious holidays
      16. To double the number and the period of visits during holidays
      17. To allow prisoners to send out written material: diaries, poems,
      studies, prose, etc. during visits
      18. To define the life sentence as in the case of Israeli prisoners
      and to consider seriously the provision of parole
      19. Not to interfere in Friday prayers and/or preaching and not to
      punish preachers for whatever they say
      20. To allow hard covers for books and never to remove them
      21. To separate shower area from toilets
      22. To provide prosthetics for those prisoners with amputations

      The Unified Leadership of the Hunger Strike
      11 August 2004
      Freedom for Prisoners

      At the Addameer site, you may find useful information entitled
      "Background Information on Israeli Detention Centers" and "How You Can
      Support the Strike". See: http://www.addameer.org/hunger_strike.html

      ADDAMEER Prisoners Support and Human Rights Association
      P.O.Box 17338, Jerusalem
      Ramallah Office: Al-Isra' Bldg., 7th floor, Al-Irsal St.
      Tel: +972-2-2960446 Fax: +972-2-2960447
      E-mail: addameer@...

      Thursday August 26, The Day of Internet Activists Solidarity with
      Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike.
      Sent: Monday, August 23, 2004 4:14 PM
      Let's all join this and pass the word on.

      To Internet Activists,

      Members of the Arab Nationalist list deliberated several suggestions
      to initiate solidarity action with more than eight thousand
      Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike in Zionist jails. Eventually
      they agreed on August 26, this coming Thursday, as a special day for
      Internet activists to proclaim their support for the cause of
      Palestinian prisoners. We call on all of you in joining together in
      making this event successful and memorable.

      On Thursday, August 26, 2004, we are asking you to display solidarity
      with Palestinian prisoners by at least doing the following:

      1) Don't eat
      2) Tell those whom you know, and those who ask, that you are
      abstaining from food in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners on
      hunger strike
      3) Send out AT LEAST one email message to tell a friend that you are
      abstaining from food in solidarity with Palestinian prisoners.

      Otherwise, we encourage you to participate in any additional
      activities where you live, or with your group, in support of
      Palestinian prisoners. However, Thursday, August 26, is to be the
      special day for internet activists solidarity. Let it be the day we
      turn the internet into a weapon of the conscience on the behalf of
      Palestinian prisoners in Zionist jails! Let‚s turn all of our
      computer terminals into one giant network that does the prisoners
      proud. Together, we can make it run..

      Members of the Arab Nationalist List

      Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (info@...)
      Press Release
      Date: 22 August 2004


      In light of the declaration by the Israeli Security Minister, Tzahi
      Hanegbi, to fight the demands of Palestinian and Arab Detainees 'until
      death' the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights calls on governments,
      international organizations, NGO's, solidarity groups, trade unions
      and other concerned parties to take immediate action in support of the
      striking prisoners.

      There are 7500 Arab and Palestinian political prisoners detained in
      Israeli prisons and military detention facilities. 3500 of them are
      currently on hunger strike. Their conditions of detention have
      continued to deteriorate over a long period of time and this
      deterioration in conditions has been accelerated since the start of
      the current Intifada. Prisoners are routinely: subjected to torture,
      degrading treatment and humiliation; prevented from having family
      visits; subjected to humiliating strip searches in front of other
      prisoners; placed in solitary confinement for extended periods of
      time; provided with inadequate and unhealthy food; and prevented from
      pursuing educational and other recreational activities. Such
      treatment is unacceptable and in violation of all internationally
      recognized and agreed standards of behavior. PCHR insists on
      the immediate application of the Fourth Geneva Convention and its
      additional protocols to the treatment of these prisoners.

      The Israeli authorities have publicly committed themselves to using
      methods of extreme psychological and physical pressure to bring the
      prisoners off hunger strike, in violation of their right to express
      their demands 'through any media of [their] choice' (Article 19
      International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights). They have
      explicitly stated that they will use the experiences of dealing with
      prisoners on hunger strike in South Africa, Ireland, Turkey and
      Latin America to break the strike.

      The hunger strike was initiated when prisoners decided that they had
      exhausted all other means of realizing their goal of improved
      conditions of detention and fair treatment by the Israeli authorities.
      Their key demands include:

      -The implementation of internationally agreed human rights standards,
      including; the Fourth Geneva Convention (1949) and its additional
      protocols(1977), the International Covenant on Civil and Political
      Rights (particularly Article 19), the International Covenant on
      Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (particularly Article 11 and 12),
      the Convention Against Torture and the UN Standard Minimum Rules for
      the Treatment of Prisoners;
      -Permission to receive contact visits from family members; -Provision
      of medical treatment and regular medical checks;
      -An end to all torture and other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment.

      (A full list of the prisoner's demands is attached as Annex 2 to this
      Urgent Action)

      PCHR requests that the Israeli authorities immediately apply the basic
      legal minimum standards of treatment to the prisoners as defined in
      International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law. PCHR insists that
      the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention comply
      with their article 1 obligation to 'ensure respect' for the
      Convention and exert pressure on the Israeli government to provide
      prisoners with their basic rights. PCHR calls on all human rights
      groups, trade unions, solidarity groups, political parties and
      international organizations to:

      -Immediately write to the Israeli government requesting a
      comprehensive change in policy and practice;
      -Write to your own foreign ministry requesting them to exert severe
      pressure on the Israeli government;
      -Establish and coordinate petitions of support: either electronic or


      For further information about how to help contact PCHR at:

      Annex 1 of this document provides draft letters to be used in the
      requested urgent action.



      To whom it may concern,

      I wish to express my grave concern over the conditions of treatment
      being afforded to Palestinian and Arab prisoners being detained in
      Israeli prisons and military detention facilities. The recent
      comments by the Security Minister, Tzahi Hanegbi, that the Israeli
      government would allow the striking prisoners to starve to death were
      a serious disappointment.

      If Israel wishes to illustrate to the world that it is a genuine
      democratic state then it must do so by applying internationally agreed
      standards to the treatment of all people. I request that you alter
      both your policy and practice towards Palestinian and Arab Prisoners
      being held in Israel and the occupied Palestinian territory. In
      particular I would remind you of your obligations under the Fourth
      Geneva Convention, under Article 19 of the International Covenant on
      Civil and Political Rights, Article 11 and 12 of the International
      Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the UN Standard
      Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.

      I further request that you allow full and free access for
      international medical and humanitarian organizations to the striking
      prisoners so that their health and well-being can be independently
      assessed during their time on hunger strike.

      Yours sincerely,


      Israeli Prime Minister
      Mr Ariel Sharon
      Email: pm_eng@...

      Israeli Minister for Foreign Affairs Israeli Minister for Justice
      Mr Silvan Shalom Mr Yosef Lapid
      Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Justice
      9 Yitzhak Rabin Blvd. 91490 Salah - a ¡V Din 29,
      Kiryat Ben-Gurion PO BOX 49029
      Jerusalem 91035 Jerusalem 91490
      Tel.: ++ 972-2-5303111 Tel.: ++ 972-2-6466340/321
      Fax: ++ 972-2-5303367 Fax: ++ 972-2-6466357
      Email: sar@... Email: sar@...


      To whom it may concern,

      I am writing to you in your capacity as a High Contracting Party to
      the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and the additional protocols of
      1977. I wish to express my deep concern at the treatment being
      afforded to Palestinian and Arab political prisoners being detained by
      the Israeli government under extremely severe conditions.

      The detainees, many of whom are being held without charge, are
      subjected to extremely poor treatment including prohibitions on family
      visits, torture or other cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment,
      inadequate health care and access to medical facilities and inadequate
      and nutritionally deficient supplies of food.

      Under the Fourth Geneva Convention political prisoners detained by an
      occupying power are guaranteed basic standards of treatment.
      Unfortunately Palestinian and Arab prisoners are not being afforded
      these rights. Furthermore under common Article 1 of the Geneva
      Convention the High Contracting Parties to the Convention have an
      obligation to 'ensure respect' for its provisions.

      In light of this, and the determination of the Israeli government to
      resist the calls for fair treatment by the prisoners ¡§until they
      die¡¨, I urgently request you to exert severe pressure on the state of
      Israel, its political, judicial and military authorities to apply the
      rules of the Conventions as well as other internationally recognized
      instruments such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political
      Rights and the UN Minimum Standards for the Treatment of Prisoners.

      If the Israeli government fail to apply these standards I request that
      you take firm action against them along the lines of action taken
      against the South African Apartheid regime.

      Yours sincerely,

      22 August 2004

      From: Physicians for Human Rights - Israel (PHR-Israel)

      To: Tsahi Hanegbi - Minister of Interior Security

      Dani Naveh - Minister of Health

      Yaakov Ganot - IIPS Commissioner

      Re: The Security Prisoners' Hunger Strike

      I turn to you in the name of Physicians for Human Rights Israel
      demanding that the "security prisoners" who began a hunger strike on
      15 August 2004 and those who have joined them since, be offered the
      proper medical care as defined in international law and conventions.
      Also, I ask that the Ministers Naveh and Hanegbi reconsider their
      statements regarding this issue.

      The hunger strike of the security prisoners in the various prisons is
      the last option for this population after the prisoners' attempts, via
      lawyers, human rights groups and members of Knesset, to receive proper
      prison conditions and their basic human rights as defined by
      international law and conventions, failed. For example: the prisoners
      must undergo a search while they are naked every time they leave their
      section, including when they are going to visit the prison doctor or
      their lawyer; during the search they are told to perform degrading and
      embarrassing acts; some prisoners have had their visitation rights
      denied, and thus have not been visit by their families for years; due
      to the glass dividers set up in the rooms designated for the family
      visits of security prisoners, physical contact between small children
      and their fathers is denied, as opposed to what every other prisoner
      in Israel is entitled to; chronically ill patients do not receive
      proper follow up care, and every exit from a prison, whether for
      laboratory tests, imaging, or visits to specialists outside of the
      prison, entails a long wait which can cause irreversible damage to the
      prisoner's health.

      It is superfluous to mention that jailing the Palestinian prisoners
      outside of the occupied Palestinian territories is unto itself a
      violation of International Law, in addition to the difficult
      conditions the prisoners are subjected to.

      Minister of Interior Security Tsahi Hanegbi's statements in the
      Israeli press that "in the IPS [Israeli Prison Services] prisons 4000
      terrorists are jailed, most of them with blood on their hands…" and
      that as far as he is concerned the security prisoners "can strike for
      one day, a month or even hunger-strike until they die" are
      distressing. The Minister of Interior Security is expected to care
      for the bodily and mental integrity of all the prisons without
      relating to the crime they committed and for which they are in prison.
      Since the death penalty is not applied in the State of Israel, the
      public comment made by the Minister of Internal Security, Tsachi
      Hanegbi is difficult to understand.

      The IPS requested from the Ministry of Health and the hospitals to be
      prepared to receive prisoners whose medical status has deteriorated as
      a result of the hunger strike. In response, the Minister of Health
      Dani Naveh instructed the security section of the Ministry of Health
      not to respect the IPS's request and said that he would not agree to
      the hospitalization of a multitude of murders in the hospitals, since
      this would endanger the staff and patients. The Minister of Health is
      entrusted with the responsibility for the systems that supply health
      services to the citizens of Israel and those who are held by the
      state. The security prisoners without a doubt fall into the second
      category. All prisoners held by the IPS are entitled to a basic plan
      of medical services as supplied by the Israeli Clalit Kupat Holim
      (Sick Fund/HMO) to those it insures, including hospitalization if
      needed. Medical professionals who were to prevent medical assistance
      from a person in need would be violating medical ethics and the law.
      Minister Naveh, who stands at the head of all the medical
      professionals in Israel, must, in this case, represent the interests
      of the doctors and medical ethics, even if this does not go
      hand-in-hand with his political views.

      Physicians for Human Rights-Israel calls on all of the medical
      professionals in the IPS and the various hospitals to supply medical
      assistance to every person in need, as they have done until now, even
      if Minister Naveh thinks differently. His instructions are completely
      illegal under any circumstance.

      The IPS Commissioner's statements regarding their intention shackle
      prisoners who arrive at the hospital throughout the hospitalization,
      and even during medical treatment, is particularly severe and violates
      medical ethics and the instructions of the Israeli Medical Association
      (IMA) in regards to shackling patients. Physicians for Human
      Rights-Israel and the IMA expressed a strict objection to shackling
      patients during treatment. Physicians for Human Rights-Israel calls on
      the medical staff at the hospitals to carefully consider the shackling
      of patients and to strongly object to any automatic shackling of
      prisoners as the IPS does. We call on the IMA to condemn the
      statements of the IPS Commissioner, the Minister of Interior security
      and the Minister of Health, and to instruct the medical staff in
      prisons and hospital to act according to the rules of medical ethics.

      We call upon the Minister of Interior Security and Minister of Health
      to retract their statements, to treat the prisoners' demands
      seriously, and to treat the prisoners on strike in accordance with the
      rules of ethics.

      We call on all the medical staff who treat the prisoners partaking in
      the hunger strike to act according to the guidelines of the World
      Medical Association (WMA) and the rules of ethics as established by
      international organizations.

      Enclosed within is an appendix entitled "Rules for the treatment of
      prisoners on hunger strike by a doctor". We hope that this appendix
      will be a useful tool in the attempt to preserve medical ethics during
      a hunger strike.


      Hadas Ziv

      Executive Director

      Physicians for Human Rights-Israel


      Physicians for Human Rights (USA)

      Physicians for Human Rights (UK)

      Physicians for Human Rights (Denmark)

      Johannes Wier Foundation for Health and Human Rights (Netherlands)

      Palestinian Physicians for Human Rights

      Center for Enquiry Into Health and Allied Themes (India)

      Health and Human Rights Foundation (Bangladesh)

      [The above organizations are affiliates of The International Federation of
      Health and Human Rights Organisations (IFHHRO)]

      Amnesty International

      British Medical Association

      International Committee of the Red Cross

      International Council of Nurses

      Turkish Medical Association

      World Medical Association

      [The above organizations are observers of The International Federation
      of Health
      and Human Rights Organisations (IFHHRO)]

      Elizabeth Solomon- IFHHRO

      Human Rights Watch

      Kofi Annan- Secretary General, United Nations

      Israeli Medical Association

      Appendix 1

      "Rules for the treatment of prisoners on hunger strike by a doctor"

      As it has already been stated in this letter, the hunger strike is the
      prisoners' last option, and the medical staff in the prisons must
      treat with respect the prisoners' desires not to eat. The medical
      staff in the prison acts as a neutral factor that can help achieve
      compromises between the prison authorities and the striking prisoners.
      In accordance with the physicians' oath and the rules of medical
      ethics, the well-being of the patient- in this case the prisoner- must
      always be a priority for the attending physician. S/he must do
      whatever possible to act from a neutral standpoint and not to be
      influenced by pressure applied by the penal system on the medical
      staff in situations like these.

      It is important to know that there are several types of hunger-strikes:

      A dry hunger strike- the striker refuses to intake any form of food or
      liquid, including water. A complete hunger strike- the striker refuses
      to intake anything but water with salt.
      A partial hunger strike/food refusal- the striker refuses to intake
      solid food but can choose to accept sweetened liquids, milk, honey and
      the like. There is an inclination to express disdain at the partial
      hunger strikers, under the claim that they are not serious and are not
      willing to make a real sacrifice and thus are not really striking. One
      must remember that a prolonged partial hunger strike can lead to death
      and is not to be taken lightly. People must be able to choose to
      partake in a partial hunger strike and they must not be prevented from
      receiving the types of liquids they request.

      The prison doctors must conduct daily examinations of the prisoners on
      strike in order to chart any changes in their medical state. The
      doctors must ensure that the prisoners who request salt and sugared
      liquids are provided with them, in order to prevent a deterioration in
      their medical condition.

      The doctor must present the striking prisoners with information
      regarding the affects of the strike on their health, in a clear and
      understandable manner. The doctor must have consistent contact with
      all the prisoners during the strike, and, if possible, conduct
      interviews with each one in conditions that allow for privacy. The
      doctor must be capable of answering any questions regarding health
      that the prisoners might ask during the strike.

      The doctor must build a trusting relationship between himself and the
      prisoner, and to take into consideration the prisoners request to
      receive, or not to receive food. The WMA emphasizes that the trust
      between a doctor and prisoner is especially important in cases during
      which the prisoner is exposed to pressure from other strikers to join
      the strike. In the event that trust exists the prisoner can relate to
      the doctor, in private, his unwillingness to participate in the strike
      and the pressure being applied, and the doctor, in turn, can help
      distance the prisoner from those applying the pressure (generally by
      evacuation to a hospital).

      The consistent contact with the prisoners on strike is important also
      at a later stage, after the prisoner has lost full consciousness and
      the doctor must decide whether or not to force-feed or deliver food
      via an IV tube. According to the instructions of the WMA,
      force-feeding must be avoided as long as the fully conscious striker
      expresses a clear wish not to receive food. After the striker
      has lost full awareness, the decision whether to force feed must be
      that of the doctor and should be based on the striker's wishes which
      were expressed while he was fully coherent and that which can be
      understood from the connection between the doctor and striker prior to
      the latter losing consciousness.

      Office and clinic Tel-Aviv:
      52 Golomb St. Tel-Aviv 66171
      Tel:office 972 3 6873718
      Clinic 972 3 6873027
      Patients coordinator 972 3 6390104
      Fax: 972 3 6873029
      E-mail: mail@...

      For additional details:

      Anat Litvin, Director: Prisoners and Detainees Project, +972-54-7322007

      Shabtai Gold, Public Outreach, +972-54-4860630

      Daily Diaries of the Palestinian Prisoner Hunger Strike

      The hunger strike's resonance
      By Danny Rubinstein

      23 August 2004


      The hunger strike by thousands of security prisoners (called
      "prisoners of war" by the Palestinians) could become a difficult,
      complex affair. There have been many hunger strikes by
      Palestinian prisoners in local jails over the years, and only one
      ended in the death of striking inmates: Two Ramle prison inmates
      died in a 1980 hunger strike when attempts to force-feed them had
      fatal results.

      Despite differing reports by the Palestinians and the Israeli
      Prisons Service, it is clear the current strike includes almost
      all the security prisoners in Israel's jails. They number almost
      4,000, making this the largest prison strike in local history.

      Another 4,000 Palestinians are being held under arrest in
      cellblocks and "investigation" facilities. While they are not
      active participants in the strike, they have expressed symbolic
      identification with the strikers.

      The strike is resonating loudly throughout the West Bank and
      Gaza. Demonstrations and marches are being held in all
      Palestinian cities. Local committees organize daily events to
      showcase their identification with the strikers. Members of
      striking prisoners' families, activists in various political
      factions, and the public at large all participate in these
      events. For example, today there will be a march by prisoners'
      children. Tomorrow, Palestinian legal authorities will hold a
      conference. Assemblies will take place in schools during the
      coming week, and marches are planned to coincide with Friday
      prayers in the mosques.

      One of the reasons for the unusually serious nature of this
      strike is the fact that most of its organizers, in and out of
      prison, are identified with the Hamas. Gaza's Al-Risala weekly
      devoted almost all of its pages last week to the strike.
      Al-Risala featured more coverage of the strike than other
      Palestinian papers, which all printed generous, detailed reports.
      Jailed Fatah members, led by Palestinian legislators like Marwan
      Barghouti and Hussam Khader, are also striking. "This is a
      historic strike," Hader says.

      Yesterday was the seventh day of the strike. In addition to
      humiliating and violent treatment on the part of prison
      authorities, strikers are complaining about the lack of
      international media attention. Al-Kuds newspaper's headline
      yesterday asked, "Why is Europe silent?"

      In an address to the Palestinian Legislative Council on
      Wednesday, Yasser Arafat urged the public to display unqualified
      solidarity with the striking prisoners and promised to fight with
      determination to bring about their release.

      Arafat is now engaged in a sort of tacit partnership with the
      Hamas. Both are seeking to block Mohammed Dahlan, concerned that
      he may gather too much power in Gaza. However, Arafat has
      another, more important, reason to encourage a strike now: The
      strike draws public attention away from the thorny Palestinian
      leadership crisis.

      A special committee was supposed to present its conclusions
      regarding reform in the Palestinian leadership to the legislative
      council tomorrow. It is not entirely clear now that the committee
      will do so. Arafat exchanged harsh words with members of his
      parliament at the end of last week. Several of them recommended
      suspending all parliamentary activity until he agrees to the
      reforms - or, at least, until he guarantees in writing to make
      good on all the promises that he made in his speech last week.

      Senior Palestinian officials said Saturday that the government of
      Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala) is likely to resign during deliberations
      tomorrow, or to be fired. As criticism of the Palestinian
      Authority chairman gains strength and the leadership crisis comes
      to a head, it is certainly convenient for Arafat to deflect
      pressure from himself by focusing public attention on the
      prisoner problem, and by calling for solidarity with the
      prisoners, considered by the Palestinian public to be warriors
      and heroes.

      Released Female Prisoner: Conditions in the Israeli Prison `Hellish'


      GAZA, August 22, 2004 (IPC + Al Sharq Al Awsat) -- Asma Abdelrazeq, a
      Palestinian female prisoner who has been recently released along with
      her two babies by the Israeli occupying authorities, not to her
      hometown in the West Bank, but to Jordan, confirmed that the
      conditions inside the jail she was imprisoned in have been "hellish".

      Asma told the Al-Sharq Al-Awsat newspaper that she has faced, over one
      year of imprisonment, the worst forms of physical and psychological
      torture at the hands of the Israeli wardens.

      A contingent of Israeli soldiers broke into her house in the West Bank
      city of Ramallah, arrested and interrogated her for prolonged hours,
      then they put her in a very small cell, the newspaper quoted Asma as

      Apart from the torture she went through during her time at the jail,
      she was severely beaten, humiliated, threatened with sexual
      harassment, put into solitary confinement several times.

      As for the food, Asma said it was extremely bad along with untidy
      rooms, closed windows, infestation of insects and mice, leading to
      various skin diseases amongst the prison's inmates, the newspaper

      Before she was released, a new set of regulations have been imposed on
      the prisoners, including denial of access to certain foods,
      prohibiting female prisoners from doing handwork, like embroidery and
      beads, Asma informed the Al-Sharq Al-Awsat daily.

      Denial of family visitation was also part of the new Israeli measures
      imposed on the prisoners.

      Asma recalled she took part in a strike inside her jail, where the
      Israeli soldiers cracked down on the prisoners brutally by beating and
      firing tear gas canisters as well as banning food and clothes.

      The release of such a Palestinian female prisoner comes amidst a mass
      hunger strike declared by almost 7200 Palestinian prisoners inside
      Israeli jails, prisons and concentration camps in protest of their
      harsh detention conditions.

      Asma's case is one of 300 others who have been jailed by the Israeli
      forces since the outbreak of the Al-Aqsa Intifada in September 2000,
      200 of them have been so far released, while almost 100 others
      continue to be held by Israel, according to the Palestinian Ministry
      of Prisoners Affairs.

      Strikers health condition worsening -- Prisoners Club


      RAMALLAH, Aug 22 (KUNA) -- Several Palestinian prisoners who were on
      hunger strike for eight days now have been taken to prison clinics
      after their health conditions deteriorated, a statement by the
      Prisoners' Club Sunday said. The statement added the prisoners would
      still not break their fast.

      Al-Ramallah detention authorities have refused to take prisoner
      Ibrahim Najjass from Ramallah to hospital although he is in a critical
      condition, the statement adds.

      The club condemned Beir Al-Sabe' prison authorities for moving
      prisoner Marwan Al-Barghouthi, Fatah Secretary, to another prison
      holding dangerous criminals and extremist Jews and Zionists where he
      was met with verbal abuse. This relocation puts the prisoner's life in
      jeopardy, the statement stressed.

      This is all part of the effort to break the spirits of the Palestinian

      prisoners who had been on hunger strike since the 15th of August, the
      statement pointed out.

      The prisoners club held Israeli responsible for any harm that
      Al-Barghouthi would come to as a result of his relocation and urged
      international intervention to put a stop to Israeli persecution of
      Palestinians and Palestinian prisoners.

      Events and activities to express solidarity with the strikers are
      ongoing throughout the occupied Palestinian territories.

      Harsh treatment of Palestinian women prisoners reported in August
      newsletter of Israeli women's solidarity group

      Women`s Organization for Political Prisoners (WOFPP)
      P.O. Box 31811, Tel Aviv
      Tel and Fax: +972-3-5227124
      E-mail: havakell@...
      Newsletter August 2004

      [The following WOPFF newsletter about the circumstances of Women
      Political Prisoners in Israeli prisons included originally a copy of
      the already widespread call for solidarity by the hungerstrikers'


      There are now altogether approximately 100 Palestinian women political

      On 13 June one group, about half of the women, was transferred back to
      Neve Tirza from Hasharon Prison. Though they took with them, among
      other belongings, the purchases they had made in the Hasharon prison
      canteen and the material for handicrafts, these items were not handed
      over by the Neve Tirza prison authorities, who also withheld the toys
      belonging to Marwat Taha's baby boy Wael, one and a half years old.

      The representatives elected by the women prisoners were not recognized
      by the prison authorities until August 2004.


      The rooms are dirty and infected with mice and cockroaches. The heat
      is unbearable, The windows are closed and covered so that hardly any
      air or daylight can enter. There are not enough ventilators, and often
      the electricity is cut off, so that even the existing ventilators do
      not work.


      The wardens' attitude is extremely hostile; they humiliate and offend
      the prisoners.

      The food is insufficient, of inferior quality or even spoilt, it is
      dirty, often containing insects and worms. Sometimes there are not
      enough portions for all the women.

      The medical care is insufficient and unprofessional.

      Whatever the complaints of the women, the male nurse gives them a
      painkiller. If and when a woman at last succeeds to be seen by the
      prison doctor, she is supposed to undress in the presence of male
      wardens, which obviously she has to refuse.

      - After falling down, Majed Nas had her swollen leg bandaged by a male
      nurse. Only two weeks later she was seen by a doctor and obtained a
      prescription, but the medication was not available in the prison.

      - Dental care was even more difficult to obtain than regular medical
      care, but as of July the prisoners are supposed to have regular access
      to a dentist.

      Letters and newspapers are not distributed regularly, and sometimes
      even letters that bear an exact address are returned to the sender.

      - Zakya 'Awisah, an administrative detainee, who was released in July,
      had received many letters of support. The commander of the wing where
      she had been held, had threatened that if she continued to receive so
      many letters, she would not be allowed to write and receive any letters
      at all.

      Mothers with babies are living in the same cells with other prisoners.
      Contrary to what is an accepted custom in the section of the criminal
      prisoners, the doors of the political prisoners' cells where small
      children live are not permitted to remain open during daytime. On
      behalf of the mothers and their babies, the lawyer of The Association
      for Civil Rights in Israel (ACRI), Sonia Boulous, and of WOFPP,
      Taghrid Jahshan, are preparing an appeal against this condition.

      Permission to stand for matriculation exams is given arbitrarily. Out
      of sixteen women who asked to pass the exams, only five were given the
      permission. The lawyers of ACRI and WOFPP appealed against this
      situation. The prison authorities stated that standing for these exams
      is a privilege, and they can decide on whom this privilege is bestowed.

      The High Court's opinion, expressed on 21 July, was that standing for
      matriculation exams is not a privilege but a basic right and
      recommended that the prison authorities take this into consideration.
      Apparently, standing for matriculations exams will be allowed
      according to arrangements of the Education Ministry of the Palestinian

      The arbitrary punishments meted out to the prisoners are increasing
      and are becoming harsher. There is a new method of punishing the women
      by imposing fines that are taken out of their prison canteen accounts.
      Considering that they have to buy additional food in order to
      complement the poor prison diet, and other basics, this is a very
      serious punishment. They are often put into solitary confinement in
      very small and very dirty cells. They are prevented from receiving
      family visits. Quite often they are beaten, but the prison authorities
      do not admit this. They claim that beating is not a punishment but a
      method of self defense. On a hot day at the beginning of July, during
      recreation time, the women were having fun splashing water on each

      For this, seven women were fined NIS 200.- (US$ 50) each, and three
      women among the seven were punished additionally by being deprived of
      their daily walk in the yard for one week, and of family visits for
      two months. After a bucketful of water got spilled on the foot of a
      warden, Maha El'ak was beaten, tied to her bed for a day and a half
      and not allowed to go to the toilet. She was held in solitary
      confinement for one month. After the assassination of the Palestinian
      leader in Gaza, El-Rantissi, some women returned the food and held a
      mourning ceremony by saying prayers. For this, eight women were fined.
      NIS 400.- (US$ 100) each, they were not permitted to have family
      visits for two months, and some of them were put into solitary
      confinement for a few days.

      Su'ad Ghazal was punished for writing details about the prison
      conditions in a letter to a French Human Rights Organization. Her
      punishment was a fine of NIS 250.- (US$ 65) and no family visits for
      two months. Su'ad Abu Hamed had switched off the light in her cell,
      after a warden had switched it on at 4 o'clock in the morning. For
      this she was held in solitary confinement and fined NIS 450.- (US$
      112). Amne Muna was punished in her turn by being fined NIS 150.- (US$
      38) because she tried to intervene on behalf of Su'ad Abu Hamed.
      Lawyers' visits are becoming more difficult. Lawyers have to ask a
      permission to visit at least two days before the visit would take
      place, and they may be refused. A few times the WOFPP's lawyer,
      Taghrid Jahshan, was permitted to visit but on arriving at the prison
      the prison authorities, offering various pretexts, did not let her see
      the prisoners.


      Tali Fahima, 28 years old, from Tel Aviv, was detained on 9 August.
      She was interrogated by the "Shabak" (General Security Services). Her
      lawyer told the court that Tali had been interrogated for about 12
      hours without any rest, with her hands tied behind her back. She had
      already been detained in May 2004, some time after she had appeared on
      television, stating that she opposed the assassination of Palestinian
      leaders and was ready to serve as a human shield.

      Palestinian prisoners' hunger strike gathers momentum: An Israeli
      minister has warned that the 'politicals' could starve to death
      before the government yielded, reports Harvey Morris

      By Harvey Morris

      Financial Times
      24 August 2004


      A mass hunger strike by thousands of Palestinian security
      prisoners demanding better conditions in Israeli jails appears to
      be growing as it moves into its second week.

      Prison officials said at the weekend that some 2,900 inmates had
      joined the strike, which was launched by half that number on
      August 15. However, a spokesman for the hunger strikers said a
      majority of 7,600 Palestinian detainees were now taking part in
      the protest.

      Speaking on a smuggled mobile telephone from a prison in northern
      Israel, the spokesman, identifying himself as Abu Majd, said: "We
      are willing to go on with our strike until we achieve our demands
      or we die."

      The hunger strikers, who have the backing of Yassir Arafat's
      Palestinian Authority, have drafted a list of 149 demands that
      range from more frequent family visits and an end to strip
      searches to the right to buy Arab-produced food in prison

      Tzachi Hanegbi, public security minister, set the tone for a
      potentially bitter struggle when he announced at the start of the
      strike that prisoners could starve themselves to death before the
      government would yield to their demands.

      Mr Hanegbi said Ariel Sharon, prime minister, had told him not to
      cave in to hunger strikers, as previous governments had done. He
      said the protest had nothing to do with humanitarian issues "but
      rather the focus is their demand to continue planning attacks and
      killing Jews from within the jail walls".

      The Israeli authorities allege inmates use smuggled mobile
      telephones to direct operations against Israeli targets. One of
      the strikers' demands is to have public telephones installed in

      The Israeli authorities have responded to the strike by
      suspending privileges, including access to radio, television and
      cigarettes. Abu Majd said they were also being denied any drinks
      other than water. All family visits have been suspended.

      The 7,600 security prisoners include those convicted by military
      courts or awaiting trial and others held on renewable six-month
      preventive detention orders. Their ranks have been swollen in
      recent months by army sweeps in the West Bank that often netted
      10 or more suspects in a night.

      International Red Cross officials who visited jails before and
      during the strike said they explained to the strikers the medical
      consequences of their actions, which can inflict irreversible
      physical damage after one month without food.

      Although the Red Cross takes no position on the strike and is not
      involved in negotiations involving the prisoners' demands, it has
      reminded the Israeli authorities that force-feeding is contrary
      to international declarations on hunger strikes.

      It is also monitoring the protest to determine whether measures
      taken by the Israeli authorities to counter the strike amount to
      internationally outlawed collective punishment. The Red Cross has
      previously called for an improvement in the conditions of
      security prisoners, who complain of cramped conditions,
      overcrowding and poor sanitary arrangements.

      Abu Majd said the protest had been co-ordinated among the
      detainees after two years of discussions on how to further their
      demands. The strike coincides with the re-emergence of
      controversy over alleged torture in Israeli jails. The daily
      Ha'aretz newspaper last week published details of what it said
      was an internal document of the Shin Bet domestic security agency
      revealing continuing violence against detainees.

      In 1999, the Israeli High Court outlawed violent interrogation
      techniques, except where they might prevent an imminent terrorist

      A Palestinian former prisoner, who claims he was interrogated by
      Shin Bet for three months at Israel's secret 1391 detention
      facility in northern Israel, said he was not physically tortured
      but was subjected to prolonged sleep deprivation.

      Hassan Rawajbeh, an officer in the Palestinian preventive
      security force in Nablus, West Bank, said he was kept in a
      permanently dimly lit, 2m-by-2m cell with only a bucket for a
      toilet. "They also used psychological pressure, telling me my
      house had been demolished and my family made homeless," he said.

      Mr Rawajbeh said while at Facility 1391 he was held in solitary
      confinement, except during a short period of medical treatment,
      and was denied access to a lawyer. He said the Israeli
      authorities eventually dropped their investigation of his alleged
      murder of a Jewish settler. "We've tried to support the prisoners
      by putting up protest tents - but the army tore them down," he
      said. "Now, the hunger strike is the only option they are left



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