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Zionist Racial Science

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  • ummyakoub
    Zionist Racial Science Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh of Yale University addresses the flaws in Zionist racial science in a letter to the Society of Histocompatibility and
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 1, 2004
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      Zionist Racial Science

      Dr. Mazin Qumsiyeh of Yale University addresses the flaws in Zionist
      racial science in a letter to the Society of Histocompatibility and
      Immunology. (More material can be found at
      THE AMBASSADORS - OPINIONS - Vol. 5, Issue 1 (January 2002)).

      =================

      Dear President Bray, President-elect Zeevi, and Society of
      Histocompatability and Immunology Officers:

      I am asking that you print this in the journal as a response to the
      unfair treatment of Dr.Arnaiz-Villena et al. following publication of
      their paper and to read and act on my comments.

      Arnaiz-Villena et al. published a paper in this journal titled "The
      origin of Palestinians and their genetic relatedness with other
      Mediterranean populations (Human Immunology. 62(9):889-900, 2001). It
      is one of at least 13 papers published in this journal by
      Dr.Arnaiz-Villena and colleagues (hundreds published elsewhere). The
      paper demonstrated with ample evidence the similarity of certain
      Jewish populations to Palestinians. After some pressures because the
      data appears inconsistent with Zionist ideology and mythology
      (including the preposterous claims that Palestinians are recent
      immigrants to the "land of Israel" and Jews as a distinct race), the
      paper was pulled from web pages and the society took an unprecedented
      and in my humble opinion illegal action of penalizing an author
      (removing him from the editorial board) to satisfy a political
      constituency within the society.

      The data provided by the paper is ironically consistent with data
      published in the same journal by Israeli scientists (Amar et
      al. "Molecular analysis of HLA class II polymorphisms among different
      ethnic groups in Israel" Human Immunology, 1999, 60:723-730). Amar et
      al. showed that "Israeli Arabs" (Palestinians who are Israeli
      citizens) are closer to Sephardic Jews than either is to Ashkenazi
      Jews. The data also showed that Ethiopian Jews are genetically very
      distant from all. Yet, Amar et al. incredibly concluded that "We have
      shown that Jews share common features, a fact that points to a common
      ancestry." Amar et al also failed to include Slavic populations in the
      study which would have revealed similarities between Ashkenazi and
      these populations in the areas around the black Sea (see below).

      Unfortunately, misuse of genetics is not new. Francis Galton coined
      the term eugenics in 1883 (Greek; eu means "good" and genic derives
      from the word for "born"). Galton defined it as "the science of
      improvement of the human race germ plasm through better breeding." At
      the height of the eugenics movement in the 1920s, the Encyclopedia
      Britannica (1926) entry on eugenics emphasized that the term connoted
      a "plan" to influence human reproduction.

      Between 1907 and 1960 in the United States at least 60,000 people were
      sterilized without their consent pursuant to state laws to prevent
      reproduction by those deemed genetically inferior (especially mentally
      retarded or those with psychological problems). At the peak of these
      programs in the 1930s, about 5,000 persons were sterilized annually.
      Based on the American development (especially the works of the
      American champion of Eugenics, Harry Hamilton Laughlin), the Eugenics
      of the Nazis grew to eclipse and the American system and then to
      become even much more and contribute to the mass murder of Jews,
      Gypsies and others. These examples (& Lysenkoism in the Soviet Union)
      are well studied by societies determined not to repeat these
      horrendous laws. Few now believe it is useful or desirable to limit
      diversity and enhance ideas of racial purity or protecting the gene
      pool of a particular population. So how is this relevant to Zionism
      and Jewish nationalism?

      The founders of Zionism were Eastern European Jews (Ashkenazi) who
      argued that they are fulfilling the ingathering of the Jews to "their
      ancestral homelands." Many argued that assimilation and interbreeding
      with communities where Jews exist were very dangerous. Many worked
      feverishly to establish links (however tenuous) between Ashkenazi Jews
      are and the ancient Israelites (and named their new country Israel) as
      evidenced by the published works of Bonne-Tamir and others. Much was
      spent to explain away the physical differences between Ashkenazi Jews
      (light skins, fair smooth hair), and Sephardic (oriental) Jews and
      massage the data to fit the pre-ordained conclusions. Here is an
      example.

      An article titled "Jewish and Middle Eastern non-Jewish Populations
      Share a Common Pool of Y-chromosome Biallelic Haplotypes" was
      published in PNAS, vol. 97, no. 12, June 6,
      2000i (http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/97/12/6769 ). The article
      is
      from the laboratory of Dr. Bonne Tamir in Israel and is co-authored
      with 11 other authors. PNAS publishes articles based on communication
      from respected scientists and not by the traditional peer review
      process (although those communicating the article are encouraged to
      have them peer reviewed). This particular article was communicated by
      Arno G. Motulsky.

      Of course Ashkenazi Jews would be closer to Arabs than either is to
      the Europeans studied in the PNAS paper. But Ashkenazim are also
      clearly closer to Turkic/Slavic than either is to Sephardim or Arab
      populations. The authors avoided studying Slavic groups that
      researchers have identified as closely related to hypothetical Slavic
      ancestral populations of modern Ashkenazi communities. The article
      seems to have avoided discussing this particularly problematical issue
      and insisted in the conclusion to reiterate the contention made in the
      introduction that Jews of today are by and large descendent from the
      original Israelites. As Daniel Friedman wrote
      ( http://www.khazaria.com/genetics/friedman.html ):

      "The relative abundances of specific haplotypes within the Ashkenazi
      population included in Hammer's study appear to have significant
      differences from the reconstructed "ancestral Jewish population" and
      "Separate analysis is also necessary to determine the genetic
      contribution of the various central Asian Turkic tribes which so
      strongly influenced European history."

      Italian researches studied many more populations including more
      diverse Turkish and Eastern European populations (American Journal of
      Human Genetics, 61:1015-1935). The study looked at Y chromosome
      polymorphisms (genetic variations) in 58 populations including
      European, Asian, Middle Eastern, and African. That study clearly
      shows that Ashkenazi Jewish samples clustered distinct from Sephardic
      Jews and closer to Turkic samples. Overall, the genetic data in that
      study were congruent with linguistic distances. The authors concluded
      that genetic data do not justify a single origin for the currently
      disparate Jewish subpopulations (Ashkenazi and Sephardi). It seems
      odd though that authors who are accepting of Zionist claims or are
      Jewish make conclusions not even supported by their own data while
      authors from other backgrounds based on similar data (showing clear
      links of Ashkenazim to Turkic populations) make differing conclusions.

      The claims of a "single Jewish origin" flies in the face of incredibly
      rich data from historical and archeological sources including:
      language (e.g. Yiddish origin and history and absence of use of
      Aramaic in ancient Khazar Jewish sources), the conversion of Yemenite
      Arab populations to Judaism and Christianity. There is ample
      historical evidence that Levantine people and Eastern European Jewish
      people do share ancestry as well as evidence for significant
      population mixing. Greek and Turkish populations exported their
      people throughout the Balkans, Eastern Europe and Asia Minor and the
      Levant (e.g. the Ottoman Empire and the Hellenistic
      periods). Similarly Slavic populations have exported people into Asia
      Minor and the Levant. There was thus tremendous mixing of
      populations.

      Some studies on Eastern European Jewish people have been used to
      support the idea that the Zionist colonization of Palestine
      represented a return of a race of Jewish people to their
      homeland. Valid scientific research must not be shunned by political
      pressure groups intent on preventing any rational discussion and
      stifling apparent conflict with the aims of Zionism. Similarly,
      scientists should not be allowed to publish statements and conclusions
      not supported by the data simply because they appear "politically
      correct" at the moment or do not generate an outcry. A statement such
      as that by Amir et al. that "We have shown that Jews share common
      features, a fact that points to a common ancestry" should not be
      allowed to stand. The correct statement from their own data is that
      some Jews (Sephardim) are more similar to Palestinians than either
      group is to other Jews (Ashkenazim or Ethiopian Jews).

      Of course the transition from any kind of genetic evidence to justify
      dispossession of the native Palestinians by Ashkenazi immigrants from
      Europe is in no way justified regardless of population genetics. After
      all, one would have to be totally immune to basic elements of justice
      to allow dispossession of people who are native in every sense of the
      word and whose ancestors farmed the land for hundreds of years (if not
      thousands) based on any kind of perceived separatedness/uniqueness of
      gene pools of the new immigrants/settlers. To use "genetic" tools
      (regardless of their distortion or validity), to justify denying
      Palestinian people the right of self-determination is of course a
      travesty of justice. Genetics and eugenics has been used successfully
      in many other instances to justify the unjustifiable. Distortions of
      the science of genetics was used for racist and ethnic cleansing many
      times before. Unfortunately this particular use may not be the last
      one either.

      Sincerely,

      Mazin Qumsiyeh, Ph.D.
      Associate Professor
      Department of Genetics
      Yale University School of Medicine
      Email: mazin.qumsiyeh@...

      =================

      Dr. Qumsiyeh correctly surmises the connection of modern Zionist
      racial pseudoscience to 19th and early 20th century racial
      pseudoscience. For the smoking gun I refer the interested reader to a
      series of articles written by Vladimir Jabotinsky in Evreiskaia
      zhizn' (Hebrew Life) between 1904 and 1914. I know that advocates of
      Zionist racial science like to cite a few articles by Indian
      scientists, but these researchers are typically associated with the
      Hindutva movement, which has long-standing ties to Jabotinskians.

      Dr. Qumsiyeh also addresses some of the flaws in the PNAS paper but
      not all.

      Hammer and Oppenheim in their studies have consistently and quite
      improperly used self-identification in their research to class an
      individual as Ashkenazi or Sephardi. Until recently times the
      population that is considered Ashkenazi probably consisted of at least
      3 genetically distinct subpopulations. The modern concept of
      Sephardim is a rather artificial construct that consists of an Ibero-
      Berber refugee population and numerous unconnected local communities
      throughout N. Africa and the Orient. As these communities were
      generally very small and highly endogamous, we should have expected
      significant genetic drift among them.

      The analysis that Hammer and Oppenheim have carried out implicitly
      depends on a Palestinian emigrant founder model. Because we have no
      genetic information on the alleged ancient Israelite population, the
      Hammer and Oppenheim research begs the question that it is supposed to
      address. Dr. Qumsiyeh does not explicitly make the claim, but the
      body of research better fits the hypothesis of a major founder
      population in Southern Russia that has been exporting population to
      Judean/Jewish communities throughout Europe and the Mediterranean
      since the 8th century. Refinements to this hypothesis would include
      additional founder communities in the Balkans, Mesopotamia and Eastern
      Europe.

      Hammer is also the primary author of Y Chromosomes of Jewish Priests
      (Nature ? Volume 385 ?2 January 1997). It is hard to square
      Hammer's results current archeological theories about the Exodus
      (there was none) and the origins of the "ancient Israelite"
      population. Moreover, the alleged founding modal haplotype of Jewish
      priesthood is particularly common among Sicilians and Armenians.
      Lately, Zionist racial scientists have stopped citing the claims of
      the Cohen haplotype because it only inspires derision among genuine
      scientists.

      Some new theories of the behavior of the Y Chromosome have challenged
      the fundamental assumptions of the use of haplotypes in genetic
      anthropology.

      More recent studies have shown that certain genetic markers common
      among Ashkenazim and other European ethnic groups that are
      hypothesized to be descendants of Central Asian migrant populations
      are indeed common among certain Central Asian population groups but
      are not particularly commonin the Syro-Palestinian region.

      *********************************************************************

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