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Gulf War Syndrome Plagues 300,000 in USA

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  • ummyakoub
    The Gulf War Veterans Association reports that at least 300,000 Gulf War One vets have now developed incapacitating illnesses.(12) To date, 209,000 vets have
    Message 1 of 1 , Sep 2, 2003
      The Gulf War Veterans Association reports that at least 300,000 "Gulf
      War One" vets have now developed incapacitating illnesses.(12)
      To date, 209,000 vets have filed claims for disability benefits based
      on service-connected injuries and illnesses from combat in that war.

      Death By Slow Burn - How America Nukes Its Own Troops

      "If the DU-maniacs at the Pentagon and their coven of nuclear arms
      peddlers are not harnessed, America will have no able-bodied fighting
      forces left. All people of the earth will become grossly ill,
      hideously deformed and short- lived."



      Death By Slow Burn - How America Nukes Its Own Troops
      What 'Support Our Troops' Really Means
      By Amy Worthington - The Idaho Observer

      On March 30, an AP photo featured an American pro-war activist
      holding a sign: "Nuke the evil scum, it worked in 1945!" That's
      exactly what George Bush has done. America's mega-billion dollar war
      in Iraq has been indeed a NUCLEAR WAR.

      Bush-Cheney have delivered upon 17 million Iraqis tons of depleted
      uranium (DU) weapons, a "liberation" gift that will keep on giving.
      Depleted uranium is a component of toxic nuclear waste, usually
      stored at secure sites. Handlers need radiation protection gear.

      Over a decade ago, war-makers decided to incorporate this lethal waste
      into much of the Pentagon's weaponry. Navy ships carrying Phalanx
      rapid fire guns are capable of firing thousands of DU rounds per
      minute.(1) Tomahawk missiles launched from U.S. ships and subs are DU-
      tipped.(2) The M1 Abrams tanks are armored with DU.(3)These and
      British Challenger II tanks are tightly packed with DU shells, which
      continually irradiate troops in or near them.(4)The A-10 "tank
      buster" aircraft fires DU shells at machines and people on the
      battlefield.(5) DU munitions are classified by a United Nations
      resolution as illegal weapons of mass destruction. Their use breaches
      all international laws, treaties and conventions forbidding poisoned
      weapons calculated to cause unnecessary suffering.

      Ironically, support for our troops will extend well beyond the war in
      Iraq. Americans will be supporting Gulf War II veterans for years as
      they slowly and painfully succumb to radiation poisoning. U.S and
      British troops deployed to the area are the walking dead. Humans and
      animals, friends and foes in the fallout zone are destined to a long
      downhill spiral of chronic illness and disability. Kidney dysfunction,
      lung damage, bloody stools, extreme fatigue, joint pain, unsteady
      gait, memory loss and rashes and, ultimately, cancer and premature
      death await those exposed to DU.

      Award-winning journalist Will Thomas wrote: "As the last Gulf
      conflict so savagely demonstrated, GI immune systems reeling from
      multiple doses of experimental vaccines offer little defense against
      further exposure to chemical weapons, industrial toxins, stress,
      caffeine, insect repellent and radiation leftover from the last war.
      This is a war even the victors will lose."(6) When a DU shell is
      fired, it ignites upon impact. Uranium, plus traces of plutonium and
      americium, vaporize into tiny, ceramic particles of radioactive dust.
      Once inhaled, uranium oxides lodge in the body and emit radiation
      indefinitely. A single particle of DU lodged in a lymph node can
      devastate the entire immune system according to British radiation
      expert Roger Coghill.(7)

      The Royal Society of England published data showing that battlefield
      soldiers who inhale or swallow high levels of DU can suffer kidney
      failure within days. (8) Any soldier now in Iraq who has not inhaled
      lethal radioactive dust is not breathing. In the first two weeks of
      combat, 700 Tomahawks, at a cost of $1.3 million each, blasted Iraqi
      real estate into radioactive mushroom clouds.(9) Millions of DU tank
      rounds liter the terrain. Cleanup is impossible because there is no
      place on the planet to put so much contaminated debris.

      Bush Sr.'s Gulf War I was also a nuclear war. 320 tons of depleted
      uranium were used against Iraq in 1991.(10) A 1998 report by the U.S.
      Agency for Toxic Substances confirms that inhaling DU causes symptoms
      identical to those claimed by many sick vets with Gulf War Syndrome.
      (11) The Gulf War Veterans Association reports that at least 300,000
      Gulf War I vets have now developed incapacitating illnesses.(12)
      To date, 209,000 vets have filed claims for disability benefits based
      on service-connected injuries and illnesses from combat in that war.

      Dr. Asaf Durakovic, a professor of nuclear medicine at Georgetown
      University, is a former army medical expert. He told nuclear
      scientists in Paris last year that tens of thousands of sick British
      and American soldiers are now dying from radiation they encountered
      during Gulf War I. He found that 62 percent of sick vets tested have
      uranium isotopes in their organs, bones, brains and urine.(14)
      Laboratories in Switzerland and Finland corroborated his findings.

      In other studies, some sick vets were found to be expressing uranium
      in even their semen. Their sexual partners often complained of a
      burning sensation during intercourse, followed by their own
      debilitating illnesses.(15)

      Nothing compares to the astronomical cancer rates and birth defects
      suffered by the Iraqi people who have endured vicious nuclear
      chastisement for years.(16) U.S. air attacks against Iraq since 1993
      have undoubtedly employed nuclear munitions. Pictures of grotesquely
      deformed Iraqi infants born since 1991 are overwhelming.(17) Like
      those born to Gulf War I vets, many babies born to troops now in Iraq
      will also be afflicted with hideous deformities, neurological damage
      and/or blood and respiratory disorders.(18)

      As an Army health physicist, Dr. Doug Rokke was dispatched to the
      Middle East to salvage DU-contaminated tanks after Gulf War I. His
      Geiger counters revealed that the war zones of Iraq and Kuwait were
      contaminated with up to 300 millirems an hour in beta and gamma
      radiation plus thousands to millions of counts per minute in alpha
      radiation. Rokke recently told the media: "The whole area is still
      trashed. It is hotter than heck over there still. This stuff doesn't
      go away."(19)

      DU remains "hot" for 4.5 billion years. Radiation expert Dr. Helen
      Caldicott confirms that the dust-laden winds of DU-contaminated war
      zones "will remain effectively radioactive for the rest of time."(20)
      The murderous dust storms which ensnared coalition troops during
      the first few days of the current invasion are sure to have
      significant health consequences.

      Rokke and his cleanup team were issued only flimsy dust masks for
      their dangerous work. Of the 100 people on Rokke's decontamination
      team, 30 have already "dropped dead." Rokke himself is ill with
      radiation damage to lungs and kidneys. He has brain lesions, skin
      pustules, chronic fatigue, continual wheezing and painful
      fibromyalgia. Rokke warns that anyone exposed to DU should have
      adequate respiratory protection and special coveralls to protect
      their clothing because, he says, you can't get uranium particles off
      your clothing.

      The U.S. military insists that DU on the battlefield is not a problem.
      Colonel James Naughton of the U.S. Army Material Command recently
      told the BBC that complaints about DU "had no medical basis."(21)
      The military's own documents belie this. A 1993 Pentagon document
      warned that "when soldiers inhale or ingest DU dust they incur a
      potential increase in cancer risk."(22) A U.S. Army training manual
      requires anyone who comes within 25 meters of DU-contaminated
      equipment to wear respiratory and skin protection.(23) The U.S. Army
      Environmental Policy Institute admitted: "If DU enters the body, it
      has the potential to generate significant medical consequences."(24)
      The Institute also stated that, if the troops were to realize what
      they had been exposed to, "the financial implications of long-term
      disability payments and healthcare costs would be excessive."(25) For
      pragmatic reasons, DOD chooses to lie and deny.

      Dr. Rokke confirms that the Pentagon lies about DU dangers and is
      criminally negligent for neglecting medical attention needed by DU-
      contaminated vets. He predicts that the numbers of American troops to
      be sickened by DU from Gulf War II will be staggering.(26) As they
      gradually sicken and suffer a slow burn to their graves, the Pentagon
      will, as it did after Gulf War I, deny that their misery and death is
      a result of their tour in Iraq.

      Dr. Rokke's candor has cost him his career. Likewise, Dr. Durakovic's
      radiation studies on Gulf War I vets were not popular with U.S.
      officials. Dr. Durakovic was reportedly told his life was in danger
      if he continued his research. He left the U.S. to continue his
      research abroad.(27)

      Naive young coalition soldiers now in Iraq are likely unaware of how
      deadly their battlefield environment is. Gulf War I troops were kept
      in ignorance. Soldiers handled DU fragments and some wore these
      lethal nuggets around their necks. A DU projectile emits more
      radiation in five hours than allowed in an entire year under civilian
      radiation exposure standards. "We didn't know any better," Kris
      Kornkven told Nation magazine. "We didn't find out until long after
      we were home that there even was such a thing as DU."(28)

      George Bush's ongoing war in Afghanistan is also a nuclear war.
      Shortly after 9-11, the U.S. announced it would stockpile tactical
      nuclear weapons including small neutron bombs, nuclear mines and
      shells suited to commando warfare in Afghanistan.(29) In late
      September,2001, Bush and Russian president Vladimir Putin agreed
      that the U.S. would use tactical nuclear weapons in Afghanistan while
      Putin would employ nuclear weapons against the Chechnyans.(30)

      Describing the Pentagon's B-61-11 burrowing nuke bomb, George Smith
      writes in the Village Voice: "Built ram tough with a heavy metal
      casing for smashing through the earth and concrete, the B-61 explodes
      with the force of an estimated 340,000 tons of TNT. It is lots of
      bang for the buck, literally two apocalypse bombs in one, a boosted
      plutonium firecracker called the primary and a heavy hydrogen
      secondary for that good old-fashioned H-bomb fireball."(31)

      Drought-stricken Afghanistan's underground water supply is now
      contaminated by these nuclear weapons.(32) Experts with the Uranium
      Medical Research Center report that urine samples of Afghanis show
      the highest level of uranium ever recorded in a civilian population.
      Afghani soldiers and civilians are reported to have died after
      suffering intractable vomiting, severe respiratory problems,
      internal bleeding and other symptoms consistent with radiation
      poisoning. Dead birds still perched in trees are found partially
      melted with blood oozing from their mouths.(33)

      Afghanistan's new president, Hamid Karzai, is a puppet installed by
      Washington. Under the protection of American soldiers, Karzai's
      regime is setting a new record for opium production. Both UN and U.S.
      reports confirm that the huge Afghani opium harvest of 2002 makes
      Afghanistan the world's leading opium producer.(34) Thanks to nuclear
      weapons, Afghanistan is now safe for the Bush-Cheney narcotics
      industry.(35) ABC News asserts that keeping the "peace" in
      Afghanistan will require decades of allied occupation.(36) For years
      to come, "peacekeepers" will be eating, drinking and breathing
      the "hot" carcinogenic pollution they have helped the Pentagon inflict
      upon that nation for organized crime.

      As governor of Arkansas during the Iran-Contra era, Bill Clinton
      laundered $multi-millions in cocaine profits for then vice-president
      George Bush Sr.(37) As a partner in the Bush family's notorious crime
      machine, President Clinton committed U.S. troops to NATO's campaign
      in the Balkans, a prime heroin production and trans-shipment area.
      DOD's campaign to control and reorganize the drug trade there for the
      Bush mafia was yet another nuclear project.

      For years, the U.S. and NATO fired DU missiles, bullets and shells
      across the Balkans, nuking the peoples of Serbia, Bosnia and Kosovo.
      As DU munitions were slammed into chemical plants, the environment
      became hideously toxic, also endangering the peoples of Albania,
      Macedonia, Greece, Italy, Austria and Hungary. By 1999, UN
      investigators reported that an estimated 12 tons of DU had caused
      irreparable damage to the Yugoslavian environment, with agriculture,
      livestock and air water, and public health all profoundly damaged.(38)

      Scientists confirm that citizens of the Balkans are excreting uranium
      in their urine.39 In 2001, a Yugoslavian pathologist reported that
      hundreds of Bosnians have died of cancer from NATO's DU bombardment.
      (40) Many NATO peacekeepers in the Balkans now suffer ill health.
      Their leukemias, cancers and other maladies are dubbed the "Balkans
      Syndrome." Richard Coghill predicts that DU weapons used in Balkans
      campaign will result in at least 10,000 cases of fatal cancer.(41)

      U.S. citizens at home are also paying a heavy price for criminal
      militarism gone mad. DOD is a pollution monster. The General
      Accounting Office (GAO) found 9,181 dangerous military sites in USA
      that will require $billions to rehabilitate. The GAO reports that DOD
      has been both slothful and deceitful in its clean-up obligations.(42)
      The Pentagon is now pressing Congress to exempt it from all
      environmental laws so that it may pollute and poison free from

      The Navy uses prime fishing grounds off the coast of Washington state
      to test fire DU ammunition. In January, Washington State Rep. Jim
      McDermott chastised the Navy: "On one hand you have required soldiers
      to have DU safety training and to wear protective gear when handling
      DU...and submarines must stay clear of DU-contaminated waters. These
      policies indicate there is cause for concern....On the other hand
      the Department of Defense has repeatedly denied that DU poses any
      danger whatsoever. There has been no remorse about leaving tons of DU
      equipment in the soil in foreign countries, and there appears to be
      no remorse about leaving it in the waters of your own country."(44)

      DU has been used in military practice maneuvers in Indiana, Florida,
      New Mexico, Massachusetts, Maryland and Puerto Rico. After the Navy
      tested DU weaponry on the Puerto Rican island of Vieques, one third
      of the island's population developed serious illness. Many people
      show high levels of uranium in their bodies. Hundreds have filed a
      class action suit against the Navy for $100 million, claiming DU
      contamination has caused widespread cancers.(45)

      The Navy's Fallon Naval Air Station near Fallon, Nevada, is a
      quagmire of 26 toxic waste sites. It is also a target practice zone
      for DU bombs and missiles. Area residents report bizarre illnesses,
      including 17 children who have contracted leukemia within five years.
      A survey of groundwater in the Fallon area showed nearly half of area
      wells are contaminated with radioactive materials.(46)

      The materials for DU weaponry have been processed mainly at three
      nuclear plants in Kentucky, Ohio and Tennessee, where workers
      handling uranium contaminated with plutonium have suffered for
      decades with cancers and debilitating maladies similar to Gulf War

      Emboldened by power-grabbing successes made possible by his
      administration's devious 9-11 project, President Bush asserts that
      the U.S. has the right to attack any nation it deems a potential
      threat. He told West Point in 2002, "If we wait for threats to fully
      materialize, we will have waited too long."(48) Thus, it is certain
      that Bush-Cheney future pre-emptive nuclear wars are lined up like
      idling jets on a runway. Both Cheney's Halliburton Corp. and the Bush
      family's Carlyle Group are profiteers in U.S. defense contracts, so
      endless war is just good business.(49)

      The Washington Post reported that the Pentagon will create special
      nuclear weapons for use on North Korea's underground nuclear
      facilities.(50) Next August, U.S. war makers will meet to consolidate
      plans for a new generation of "mini," "micro" and "tiny" nuclear
      bombs and bunker busters. These will be added to the U.S. arsenal
      perhaps for use against non-nuclear third-world nations such as Iran,
      Syria, Lebanon.(51)

      The solution? Americans must stop electing ruthless criminals to rule
      this nation. We must convince fellow citizens that villains like
      Saddam Hussein are made in the U.S. as rationale for endless
      corporate war profits. Saddam was placed in power by the CIA.(52)
      For years U.S. government agencies, under auspices of George Bush Sr.,
      supplied him with chemical and biological weapons.(53) Our national
      nuclear laboratories, along with Unisys, Dupont and Hewlett-Packard,
      sold Saddam materials for his nuclear program.(54) Dick Cheney was
      CEO of Halliburton in the late 90s when its subsidiaries signed $73
      million in new contracts to further supply Saddam.(55) The wicked
      villain of Iraq was nurtured for decades as a cash-cow by U.S.
      military-industrial piranhas.

      If America truly supports its troops, it must stop sending them into
      nuclear holocaust for the enrichment of thugs. Time is running out.
      If the DU-maniacs at the Pentagon and their coven of nuclear arms
      peddlers are not harnessed, America will have no able-bodied fighting
      forces left. All people of the earth will become grossly ill,
      hideously deformed and short-lived. We must succeed in the critical
      imperative to face reality and act decisively. Should we fail, there
      will be no place to hide from Bush-Cheney's merciless nuclear orgies
      yet to come or from the inevitable nuclear retaliation these orgies
      will surely breed.


      1."DOD Launches Depleted Uranium Training," Linda Kozaryn, American
      Forces Press Service, 8-13-99.

      2."Nukes of the Gulf War,"John Shirley, Zess@.... See this
      article in archives at www.gulfwarvets.com.

      3. BBC News, "US To Use Depleted Uranium," March 18, 2003; U.S.
      General Accounting Office, Operation Desert Storm: "Early Performance
      Assessment of Bradley and Abrams," 1-2-92.

      4."Nukes of the Gulf War," op. cit.

      5. Ibid.

      6. "Invading Hiroshima," William Thomas, 2-4-2003, www.willthomas.net

      7. "US Shells Leave Lethal Legacy," Toronto Star, July 31, 1999;
      also "Radiation Tests for Peacekeepers in the Balkans Exposed to
      Depleted Uranium," www.telegraph.co.uk, 12-31-02.

      8. "Depleted Uranium May Stop Kidneys In Days," Rob Edwards, New
      Scientist.com, 3-12-02; also "Uranium Weapons Too Hot to Handle," Rob
      Edwards, NewScientist.co.uk, 6-9-99.

      9. "Navy Seeks Cash for More Tomahawks," David Rennie in Washington,
      Telegraph Group Limited, 1-4-03, news.telegraph.co.uk.

      10. "Going Nuclear in Iraq--DU Cancers Mount Daily," Ramzi Kysia,
      CounterPunch.org, 12-31-01.

      11."Depleted Uranium Symptoms Match US Report As Fears Spread," Peter
      Beaumont, The Observer (UK) 1-14-01, www.guardianlimited.co.uk.

      12. "Gulf War Illnesses Affect 300,000 Vets," Ellen Tomson, Pioneer
      Press, www.pioneerplanet.com. See also American Gulf War Veterans
      Association at www.gulfwarvets.com.

      13. "2 of Every 5 Gulf War Vets Are On Disability: 209,000 Make VA
      Claims," World Net Daily, 1-28-03, WorldNetDaily.com.

      14. "Research on Sick Gulf Vets Revisited, "New York Times, 1-29-01;
      "Tests Show Gulf War Victims Have Uranium Poisoning," Jonathon Carr-
      Brown and Martin Meissonnier, The Sunday Times (UK) 9-3-02.

      15. "Catastrophe: Ill Gulf Vets Contaminated Partners With DU," The
      Halifax Herald Limited, Clare Mellor, 2-09-01. This article is
      available in archives at www.rense.com.

      16. "Iraqi Cancer, Birth Defects Blamed on US Depleted Uranium,"
      Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 11-12-02; "US Depleted Uranium Yields
      Chamber of Horrors in Southern Iraq, Andy Kershaw, The Independent
      (London) 12-4-01.

      17. "The Environmental and Human Health Impacts of the Gulf War Region
      with Special References to Iraq," Ross Mirkarimi, The Arms Control
      Research Centre, May 1992. See also Gulf War Syndrome Birth Defects
      in Iraq at www.web-light.nl/VISIE/extremedeformities.html.

      18. "The Tiny Victims of Desert Storm, Has Our Country Abandoned
      Them?," Life Magazine, November 1995; "Birth Defects Killing Gulf War
      Babies," Los Angeles Times, 11-14-94; "Depleted Uranium, The
      Lingering Poison," Alex Kirby, BBC News Online, 6-7-99.

      19. "Depleted Uranium, A Killer Disaster," Travis Dunn, Disaster

      20. San Francisco Chronicle, 10-10-02.

      21. "US To Use Depleted Uranium," BBC News, 3-18-03.

      22. "Depleted Uranium Symptoms Match US Report As Fears Spread," Peter
      Beaumont, The Observer (UK) 1-14-01.

      23. "Iraqi Cancer, Birth Defects Blamed on US Depleted Uranium,"
      Seattle Post-Intelligencer, 11-12-02.

      24. "US To Use Depleted Uranium," BBC News, 3-18-03.

      25. US Army Environmental Policy Institute: Health and Environmental
      Consequences of Depleted Uranium in the U.S. Army, Technical Report,
      June 1995.

      26. "Pentagon Depleted Uranium No Health Risk," Dr. Doug Rokke, 3-15-
      03; also "The Toll of Depleted Uranium," Address by Dr. Rokke before
      congressional leaders in Washington, D.C.,12-30-02; also "Gulf War
      Casualties," Dr. Doug Rokke, www.traprockpeace.org. 9-30-02.

      27."Tests Show Gulf War Victims Have Uranium Poisoning," Sunday Times
      (UK), Jonathon Carr-Brown and Martin Meissonnier, 9-3-00.

      28. "The Pentagon's Radioactive Bullet: An Investigative Report," Bill
      Mesler, The Nation, 5-28-99, see www.thenation.com/

      29. "Tactical Nukes Deployed In Afghanistan," World Net Daily, 10-7-
      01.30. Ibid.

      31. "The B-61 Bomb,The Burrowing Nuke" George Smith,VillageVoice.com
      12-29-02.; also "Bunker-busting US Tactical Nuclear Bombs, Nowhere to
      Hide," Kennedy Grey, Wired.com, 10-9-01.

      32."Perpetual Death From America," Mohammed Daud Miraki, Afghan-
      American Interviews, 2-24-03; also "Dying of Thirst," Fred Pearce,
      New Scientist, 11-17-2001.

      33. Ibid.

      34. "Afghanistan Displaces Myanmar as Top Heroin Producer," Agence
      France-Presse, 3-01-03. This article is at
      www.copvcia.com.;also "Opium Trade Flourishing In the `New
      Afghanistan,'" Reuters, 3-3-03.

      35. "The Bush-Cheney Drug Empire," Michael C. Ruppert, Nexus Magazine,
      February-March 2000; The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the
      Global Drug Trade, Alfred W. McCoy, Lawrence Hill & Co., revised
      edition due May 2003; Drugging of America, Rodney Stich, Diablo
      Western Press, 1999; "Blood for Oil, Drugs for Arms," Bob Djurdjevic,
      Truth In Media, April 2000, www.truthinmedia.org.

      36. ABC News, February 27, 2003.

      37. Compromised, Clinton Bush and the CIA, Terry Reed and John
      Cummings, S.P.I. Books, 1994; The Clinton Chronicles and The Mena
      Cover-up, Citizens for Honest Government, 1996; "The Crimes of Mena,
      Grey Money," Ozark Gazette, 1995 (see www.copvcia.com.)

      38. "Damage to Yugoslav Environment is Immense, Says a UN Report," Bob
      Djurdjevic, 7-4-99, truthinmedia.org. This report was submitted to
      the UN Security Council on June 9, 1999; also, "New Depleted Uranium
      Study Shows Clear Damage," BBC News,8-28-99; also "NATO Issued
      Warning About Toxic Ammo," Associated Press, 01-08-01.

      39. CounterPunch.org, 12-28-01.

      40. "Hundreds Died of Cancer After DU Bombing--Doctor," Reuters, 1-13-

      41."Depleted Uranium Threatens Balkan Cancer Epidemic," BBC News, 7-

      42. "Many Defense Sites Still Hazardous," Associated Press, 9-24-02;
      also Old US Weapons Called Hidden Danger, Los Angeles Times, 11-25-02.

      43. "Pentagon Seeks Freedom to Pollute Land, Air and Sea," Andrew
      Gumbel in L.A., 3-13-03, Independent Digital (UK) Ltd.

      44. "Radioactive DU Ammo Is Tested in Fish Areas," Seattle Post-
      Intelligencer, 1-11-03; Letter from Rep. McDermott to Department of
      the Navy: see "Navy Fired DU Rounds into Waters Off Coast of
      Washington," 1-20-03, rense.com.

      45."Cancer Rates Soar From US Military Use of DU On `Enchanted
      Island,'" www.telegraph.co.uk, 2-5-01; also "Navy Shells With
      Depleted Uranium Fired in Puerto Rico," Fox News Online, 5-28-99.

      46. "The Fallon, NV Cancer Cluster And a US Navy Bombing," Jeffrey St.
      Clair, CounterPunch.org, 8-10-02.

      47. "DU Shells Are Made of A Potentially Lethal Cocktail of Nuclear
      Waste," Jonathon Carr-Brown, www.sunday-times.co.uk, 1-22-01.

      48. "Preventative War Sets Perilous Precedent," Helen Thomas, Hearst
      Newspapers, 3-20-03.

      49. PIGS at the Trough, Arriana Huffington, Random House, 2003 (New
      York Times best seller.); also "The Best Enemies Money Can Buy, From
      Hitler to Saddam Hussein to Osama bin Laden Insider Connections and
      the Bush Family's Partnership With Killers of Americans;" Mike
      Ruppert, From the Wilderness,10-10-01; also "Bush Sr.'s Carlyle Group
      Gets Fat on War and Conflict," Jamie Doward, The Observer (UK), 3-25-
      03; also "Halliburton Wins Contract for Iraq Oil Firefighting,
      Reuters, 3-7-03; also "Cashing In-Fortunes in Profits Await Bush
      Circle After Iraq War, Andrew Gumbel, The Independent (London) 9-15-
      02; also "War Could Be Big Business for Halliburton," Reuters, 3-23-

      50. "Pentagon Seeks a Nuclear Digger," Washington Post, March 10,

      51. "Remember: Bush Planned Iraq War Before Taking Office," Neil
      Mackay, The Sunday Herald (UK) 3-27-03; also "US Mini-Nukes Alarm
      Scientists," The Guardian (UK) 4-18-01; also "US Nuclear First-Strike
      Plan--It Keeps Getting Scarier, Jeffrey Steinberg, Executive
      Intelligence Review, 2-24-03.

      52. Wall Street Journal, 8-16-90: The CIA supported the Baath Party
      and installed Hussein as Iraqi dictator in 1968.

      53. "United States Dual-Use Exports to Iraq and Their Impact on the
      Health of Persian Gulf War Veterans," Senate Committee on Banking,
      Housing and Urban Affairs, 1992, 1994; "U.S. Had Key Role in Iraq
      Buildup," Washington Post, 12-30-02.

      54. "US Government, 24 US Corps Illegally Helped Iraq Build Its WMD,"
      Hugh Williamson in Berlin, Financial Times, 12-19-02;

      55. Huffington, op. cit.

      Amy Worthington is a reporter for The Idaho Observer



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