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18006Muslims in China in the Seventh Century

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  • ghwelker3@comcast.net
    Sep 7, 2010
      Islam was first introduced to China in the seventh century (7th century) when merchants from Arabia and Persia came to China to trade via the Silk Road. In AD.651, the third Caliph Uthman Ibn Affan, sent an envoy to call on the reigning Tang Emperor Gao Zong, and since then Islam began to be found in many parts of China.
      At Xian (Sian), formerly Ch'ang-an, "City of Eternal Peace" and capital of 11 dynasties, the Great Mosque, the largest Mosque in China, is very proudly displayed to visitors as part of China's national heritage-along with the life-size terra cotta army of Emperor Qin Shi Huang-Ti.
      At Turpan oasis, on the edge of the Gobi Desert, teenagers turn their Mao-style peaked caps back-to-front to pray-foreheads to the ground, facing Makkah (Mecca) -in a Mosque resembling a Qing (Ch'ing) Dynasty pavilion.
      In the next 200 years, Islam spread through the interior too as other Muslim traders traveled along the old Silk Road. Today, it is the religion of 10 of China's 55 minority nationalities: the Uighur, Kazakh, Kirgiz, Uzbek, Tatar and Sala, all Turkic peoples; Tungxiang and Paoan, of Mongol origins; the Iranian Tajit and the Chinese Hui.
      Government statistics for these minorities add up to about 14 million people-but some unofficial outside tallies put the Muslim population of China much higher.
      Muslims have also gained a measure of toleration from other religious practices. In areas where Muslims are a majority, the breeding of pigs by non-Muslims is forbidden in deference to Islamic beliefs.
      Muslims, most of whom are farmers or herdsmen, seem to be prospering economically too since the Chinese government introduced more liberal agricultural policies and stepped up industrial investment in the under-developed-and relatively autonomous-outlying areas where they live.
      Culturally too, Muslims seem to have gained more freedom. Newspapers and books, television programs and films are being printed and produced in their own languages; the Xinjiang Daily, for example, is published in Uighur and Kazakh as well as in Chinese.
      Today China has ten(10) Muslim nationalities, numbering more than 30 million Muslims. They are the Hui, Uighur, Kazakh, Dongxiang, Khalkhas, Salar, Tajik, Uzbek, Baoan and Tartar. These nationalities have their own written and spoken languages and cultures and their unique ethnic traditions.
      When the Republic of China was formed in 1911 the Muslims were recognized as a Race in China.
      Today in Beijing there are about 200,000 Muslims, Xian-60,000, Shanghai-100,000 and much more Muslims in China.
      Dwoh jeh
      By: Henry Guzman Villalobos (Aztec-Yaqui Native American) Founder/President of Native Americans of the Americas Committee, e-mails:aztecyaqui@...       aztecs5463@...
      Phone:(510) 363-3052
      cc: American Indian Movement (AIM), Native American Nations of the Americas, United Nations, Media, General Public, Renee Saucedo, Civil Rights Attorney, Patrick J. Maloney, Attorney at Law (American Indian Law), Roberto Dr. Cintli Rodriguez, Ph.D, Patrisia Gonzales (Kickapoo-Macehual) Ph.D, Patricia Hibbeler, CEO of Phoenix Indian Center, Chinese Community, Afghanistan Community, Korean Community, Japanese Community, Dr. Hwa-Wei Lee, Dr. Xiaocong Li,

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