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FW: Disaster Brief, Vol.1 (3) 2004

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  • minush@aol.com
    SEE FORWARDED MESSAGE BELOW - CONTACT DETAILS FOR SUBSCRIPTION ARE GIVEN AT THE END. ___________________________________________ Dear Friends, We are
    Message 1 of 1 , Aug 3, 2004
      SEE FORWARDED MESSAGE BELOW - CONTACT DETAILS FOR SUBSCRIPTION ARE GIVEN AT
      THE END.
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      Dear Friends,

      We are introducing Disaster Brief. Disaster Brief aims to share information
      on dialogue on disaster and development, grassroots and policy intiatives. An
      update brought to you from the Huairou Commission's Women & Disaster Campaign.
      This is a joint initiative by Huairou Commission, GROOTS International and
      Swayam Shikshan Prayog.

      Women Disaster Campaign works towards ensuring women and communities a
      centre-place in disaster response and development.

      Disaster Brief brings you news, reports, stories analysis and updates from
      various sources. We look at the global and national reports, publications, and
      key upcoming events.

      If you would like to receive this publication kindly mail us to:
      info@...

      Enjoy reading,

      Women & Disaster Campaign team

      Women Watch Disasters
      http://www.disasterwatch.net

      Disaster Brief
      Vol.1(3) April - June 2004


      WOMEN & DISASTER

      NEWS ROOM

      READING ROOM

      EVENTS

      OUR PRACTICE
      Women & Disaster

      Women, disaster reduction and sustainable development [PDF]
      This is not an article about how any one superwoman confronted, survived or
      managed to reduce the impact of a major flood or tropical storm.Read more.....

      Unsung Women and Natural Disasters.USAID [pdf]
      The image is familiar: Women and their children weeping amidst the wreckage
      of their homes and communities, destroyed and forever changed by forces of
      nature beyond anyone’s control. But this dramatic picture tells only one small
      part of the story. After the television crews depart, women are often the unsung
      heroines, picking up the pieces and going forward with the painstaking process
      of rebuilding lives. Read more...

      Gender Dimensions in Disasters/ Madhavi Ariyabandu and Maithree
      Wickremasinghe
      Gender Dimensions in Disasters was launched at the Sri Lanka Foundation
      institute on 9 January 2004 amidst a distinguished gathering that consisted of
      activists from NGOs, journalists and academics from many organisations. Read
      more.....

      Gender in Crisis Response. ILO [PDF]
      Crises affect differently men and women, boys and girls, given the different
      roles society ascribes them. Read more....

      Commission on the Status of Women in natural disasters. [PDF]
      The twenty-third special session of the General Assembly (2000) identified
      natural disasters as a current challenge affecting the full implementation of
      the Platform for Action and emphasized the need to incorporate a gender
      perspective......Read more....

      Earthquake mitigation from a gender perspective in Armenia [PDF]
      Armenia is one of the Central and Eastern European and the former Soviet
      Union countries, which are in transition period and are going through immense
      changes. The people who are most affected by these changes are women and children,
      as they are more vulnerable. Read more....

      Social Monitoring in Turkey [PDF]
      Grassroots Womens Collectives Roles in post disaster effort: potential for
      sustainable partnership and good governance (Lessons learned from the Marmara
      Earthquake in Turkey). Prepared by Sengul Akcar. Read more.....

      Social Policy, Information and Monitoring: The Case of Mozambique [PDF]
      Mozambique has demonstrated commitment to improving the lives of its
      citizens, including the poorest and most vulnerable, through a series of policy
      initiatives. Some of those with particular potential to impact on the lives of
      children and women. Read more.....

      Gender Approaches in Conflict and Post-Conflict Situations
      UNDP Gender Manual [PDF]
      Peace is inextricably linked to equality between women and men in
      development. Armed and other types of conflicts,wars of aggression, foreign occupation,
      colonial or other alien domination, as well as terrorism, continue to cause
      serious obstacles to the advancement of women. Read more....

      UMCOR in Turkey
      In response to the aftermath of the first earthquake on August 17, 1999,
      UMCOR-NGO launched a needs assessment and programme development mission in Turkey
      in October 1999. Shortly after launching this mission, the second earthquake
      hit Turkey. Read more....

      Gender Mainstreaming in Disaster Reduction
      It is widely known and accepted that disasters affect women and men
      differently. These effects have also a different impact depending on culture and
      socio-economic contexts. Read more.....


      News Room

      Bangkok: Report on AIDS Conference, Bangkok
      The women movement is under siege for not doing enough and their inability to
      take up the issues of HIV AIDS as a priority as they have done in the past on
      wars, gender discrimination, trade, etc. Womens' effort on HIVAIDS are highly
      fragmented. There is noticeable scramble for resources which has continuously
      reduced impact in their effort to fight the pandemic. On the ground report
      from Bangkok, HIV/AIDS conference.

      Bangkok: AIDS robs 15 million children of parents
      According to UN report, the AIDS epidemic has robbed 15 million children of
      one or both parents and reversed a trend toward fewer orphans driven by better
      health and nutrition.

      Bangkok: Action Against AIDS Must Address Epidemic's Increasing Impact on
      Women, Says UN
      Action against HIV/AIDS that does not confront gender inequality is doomed to
      failure, according to a report released today by the Joint United Nations
      Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), the United Nations Development Fund for Women
      (UNIFEM) and UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund.

      Bangladesh: Death toll in Bangladesh floods climbs to 72
      Thousands of soldiers, paramilitary border guards and civil defence
      volunteers stood behind river dykes and other flood control structures with sand banks
      and heavy boulders to stop killer water currents from eroding river banks.

      China: China plans catastrophe insurance system
      China, losing nearly $18 million a day to natural disasters, hopes to set up
      a system to insure against earthquakes and other catastrophes within three
      years.

      Bangkok: HIGHLIGHTS-Key moments at global AIDS summit
      The 15th International AIDS Conference in Bangkok brought together more than
      17,000 scientists, policymakers, aid workers and activists involved in the war
      on AIDS. Here are some highlights from the biggest such event in history.

      Sudan: Emergencies Appeal as Crisis deepens in Sudan
      Thousands of refugees are arriving in camps everyday with nothing but what
      they stand up in. The camps are full to bursting - there are 57,000 people in
      Kalma Camp, designed to accommodate just 26,000 people.s

      China: Death toll in China flooding nears 400
      Mudflows and landslides in southern China have killed at least 10 people in
      recent days and more rain was forecast as this year's flood-related death toll
      rose to nearly 400, state media said on Wednesday. The semi-official China
      News Service said 381 people had been killed so far by flooding, 98 were missing
      and nearly 200,000 houses had been destroyed throughout the country.


      Bangkok: Common code for AIDS Response
      code of good practice is needed to focus work in HIV/AIDS, participants said
      at a session at the XV International AIDS Conference in Bangkok. They were
      commenting on a draft Code of Good Practice for Non-Governmental Organizations
      (NGOs) Responding to HIV/AIDS, a joint initiative hosted by the International
      Federation.

      China: Natural disasters kill 555 in China this year
      Floods, storms, earthquakes and other natural disasters have killed 555
      people in China so far this year, the Civil Affairs Ministry said.

      Costa Rica: Relief distribution for flood-affected families
      Heavy rains have left 1,028 homes underwater in the Atlantic and northern
      areas of Costa Rica. Other damage includes two dikes, 50 sections of main and
      rural roads, and 50 bridges.

      Countries at odds on approach to disaster mitigation
      Governments preparing for a major conference on disaster mitigation early
      next year know a lot remains to be done to reduce the vulnerability of
      communities around the world to natural calamities such as drought, earthquakes and
      floods.


      UNAIDS: 2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic - UNAIDS
      This report describes the state of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in 2004. It stresses
      that although the world is significantly increasing its commitment and
      resources to the epidemic, AIDS shows no sign of weakening.

      Iran: Iran/Bam: Six Months after the Earthquake: International Help still
      Needed
      Six months after the severe earthquake of 26 December 2003 in southern
      Iranian Bam, Carsten Stork, project coordinator of Malteser Germany in Bam, resumes
      the situation.

      India: Floods kill dozens in south Asia, millions homeless
      In tea and oil-rich Assam, at least 40 villagers packed into a wooden boat,
      including many women and children, drowned late on Saturday. In neighbouring
      Bangladesh, officials said 13 people had died and an estimated 3 million people
      were marooned - cut off in their flooded homes and on patches of high ground.

      Nepal: Death toll in floods, landslides in Nepal over 60
      Floods and landslides in different parts of the Himalayan kingdom killed at
      least six more during the past 24 hours, a Nepalese Home Ministry official said
      Wednesday. This brings the death toll in the past eight days to just over 60,
      Nepalese Red Cross representatives said.

      Kenya: Floods in Kenya kill at least 50 people, displace thousands
      At least 50 people have drowned and up to 38,000 others affected by flooding,
      including 10,000 forced to flee their homes, since heavy rains started
      pounding Kenya early in April, police and aid officials said.

      Turkey: Eighteen dead, 21 hurt in Turkish earthquake
      Eighteen people died and 21 were injured Friday when an earthquake hit a
      rural area of eastern Turkey, near the Iranian border, local officials said,
      adding that most of the dead were in a single village.

      Iran: Quake hits northern Iran, kills at least 20
      A powerful earthquake rocked the Alborz mountain chain in northern Iran on
      Friday, killing at least 20 people and damaging scores of villages, officials
      said.

      Turkey: Recent Natural Disasters in Turkey: An Overview of the National
      Technological Capacity and Its Utilization
      Summary of the Presentation by the UN Resident Coordinator in Turkey.

      Myanmar: Red Cross puts Myanmar cyclone death toll at 220
      The death toll from last month's cyclone which devastated Myanmar's west
      coast has risen to 220 with 14,000 people homeless, the Red Cross said Thursday
      ahead of launching an emergency appeal for relief aid.

      South Asia: Rescuers battle to reach flood victims in South Asia, millions
      stranded
      Rescuers struggled to reach remote areas in South Asia submerged by the worst
      flooding in nearly two decades that has left hundreds dead and millions
      stranded across the region.

      ISDR: Countries at odds on approach to disaster mitigation
      Governments preparing for a major conference on disaster mitigation early
      next year know a lot remains to be done to reduce the vulnerability of
      communities around the world to natural calamities such as drought, earthquakes and
      floods.

      India: Parents mourn after Indian school fire kills 88
      Parents broke down in tears as the bodies of their children were buried or
      cremated on Saturday after a fire in an Indian school killed 88 children.

      Tajikistan: Tajikistan asks for aid to solve water crisis
      Tajikistan appealed for help on Thursday after torrential rains left a
      million people without drinking water in its capital Dushanbe. The heavy rain cut
      off water supplies, washed away roads and raised worries of a typhoid outbreak.

      UN: UN campaigns to cut risks from natural disasters
      Governments should change their focus from aiding victims of natural
      disasters to reducing the risk of death and destruction from such calamities before
      they occur, a U.N. report said on Wednesday.


      Reading Room

      Living with Risk: A global review of disaster initiatives.
      UN/ISDR will be launching its 2004 version of "Living with Risk: A global
      review of disaster reduction initiatives" on 14 July in New York.
      Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Jan Egeland will present this new
      publication as a side event of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). For
      information on how to purchase the publication, please email unpubli@....

      Disaster and Emergency Assistance Policy. ADB, May 2004. [pdf]
      This paper provides an updated policy framework for Asian Development Bank
      (ADB) assistance for disasters and for resulting emergencies.

      Learning Lessons from Disaster Recovery: The Case of Honduras. The World
      Bank. [pdf]
      John Telford Margaret Arnold Alberto Harth with ASONOG. June 2004. This
      report summarizes the findings of a Honduras country case study, which is part of a
      ProVention Consortium initiative aimed at learning lessons from recovery
      efforts following major natural disasters. The other four country case studies –
      on Bangladesh, India, Mozambique, and Turkey – are also being issued as
      stand-alone reports.

      Weak State, Strong Community? Promoting Community Participation in
      Post-Conflict Countries [pdf]
      Dr. Dana Burde Teachers College, Columbia University. The purpose of this
      article is to explore the effects of community participation in school
      governance, as an element of development and humanitarian assistance programs, on social
      capital and civil society building.

      Sustainable Relief in Post-Crisis Situations [pdf]
      Transforming disasters into opportunities for sustainable development in
      human settlements.
      The increasing occurrence of natural and human-caused disasters causing
      extensive loss of life, damage to property and harm to the environment, often turns
      back the development clock. Disasters perpetuate poverty as they force
      developing countries to postpone national development programmes thus worsening
      already precarious social, economic and environmental conditions, particularly in
      human settlements.

      Natural Disasters and Sustainable Development: Understanding the links
      between development, environment and natural disasters.[pdf]
      Can sustainable development along with the international instruments aiming
      at poverty reduction and environmental protection, be successful without taking
      into account the risk of natural hazards and their impacts? Can the planet
      afford to take the increasing costs and losses due to natural disasters? The
      short answer is, no.

      Community Participation.[pdf]
      It's the strong conviction of the authors that communities affected by
      disasters should be given the maximum opportunity to participate in emergency relief
      programme.

      Strengthening the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the
      United Nations. [pdf]
      Report of the Secretary-General.2004. This report addresses the theme of “
      Strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian assistance of the United
      Nations: present and future challenges”. It examines some of the key humanitarian
      developments and challenges of the past year.

      Disaster risk reduction: mitigation and preparedness in development and
      emergency programming By John Twigg
      Natural disasters – disasters resulting from natural hazards such as
      cyclones, droughts, floods, earthquakes, landslides and volcanic eruptions – are
      widespread and numerous in developing and middle-income countries.

      Reducing the risk of natural disasters: the policy and practice of
      institutional donors By Sarah La Trobe, Tearfund
      The developing world has witnessed a significant increase in human and
      material losses associated with ‘natural’ disasters. The number of people affected
      by these disasters was three times higher in the 1990s than in the 1970s, and
      economic losses were five times higher.

      Stop propagating disaster myths. Claude de Ville de Goyet, PAHO, Washington
      DC
      The international response to the tragic earthquake in Turkey highlights the
      need to reassess the myths and realities surrounding disasters, and to find
      ways to stop these destructive tales.

      Reproductive health for conflict-affected people: policies, research and
      programmes. Therese McGinn, Sara Casey, Susan Purdin and Mendy Marsh
      Over the past decade, significant progress has been made in developing a
      capacity to respond to reproductive health needs in emergencies. This paper
      describes advances in policy; outlines what we know about the magnitude of
      reproductive health needs; and explores the lessons for programming.

      Medicine and Conflict Gender-based violence in refugee settings. Jeanne Ward,
      Beth Vann
      The nine refugee women cramped around the makeshift conference table were
      united by a shared secret: all were survivors of rapes that occurred while they
      fled from a war that had destroyed their homes and dislocated their community.
      Even a year later, effects of the violence and sexual abuse were still
      visible--the infants sleeping on their mothers' laps were one direct result.

      Health as a bridge for peace: PAHO's experience. Ciro A de Quadros, Daniel
      Epstein
      In Latin America in the 1980s, where hostilities between guerrilla groups and
      the government were rife, both groups collaborated in vaccination efforts. In
      1984, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) initiated a plan called
      "Health as a Bridge for Peace" in Central America and Panama in an effort to co
      ntribute to the Esquipulas peace process.

      Older refugees in humanitarian emergencies. Ann Burton, Catherine Breen
      Although recognised as one of the vulnerable groups in refugee relief
      settings, the contributions and needs of older refugees are Refugees older than 60
      years constitute about 8·5% of the UN High Commission for Refugees' (UNHCR)
      target population, and can be more than 30% in some places.

      Reproductive health for refugees. Sandra K Krause, Mary Otieno, Connie Lee
      A refugee mother and her teenage daughter venture through the forest
      surrounding their camp in search of fuel. During the walk home, they are attacked by
      several uniformed men, stripped naked, and gang raped for several hours. 2
      months later, the daughter discovers that she is pregnant.

      Events

      World Urban Forum,September 13-17, 2004
      The Spanish Mediterranean port city of Barcelona is preparing to receive some
      2,000 to 3,000 delegates representing governments, local authorities,
      non-governmental organisations and other experts on urban issues from around the
      world for the second gathering of UN-HABITAT's World Urban Forum 13-17 September
      2004.

      The theme of this year's forum is: Cities: Crossroads of cultures,
      inclusiveness and integration? Click here for the details.


      The Huairou Commission is engaging in a concerted effort to engender the
      World Urban Forum II (WUF II) during the Universal Forum of Cultures in Barcelona
      in September 2004. HC is participating in the following programmes:

      1). Women at Work Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: Grassroots
      Women's International Academy (GWIA) on Engendering Governance, preceding and in
      conjunction with World Urban Forum II; 2).Networking Events and 3). Daily
      Women's Caucus. Click to see the details...

      Women at Work Achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Grassroots Women's
      International Academy (GWIA ) on Engendering Governance, Tuesday 7 - Saturday
      11 September 2004. In conjunction with the Worl Urban Forum, Universal Forum
      of Cultures, Barcelona, Spain.

      Dialogue on Urban Disasters, UNHABITAT
      SUSTAINABLE RELIEF IN POST-CRISIS SITUATIONS. Transforming disasters into
      opportunities for sustainable development in human settlements. This document
      introduces an overview of the methodologies and principles of UN-HABITAT's
      involvement in supporting human settlements in crisis. Click to see the document

      Global symposium on Hazard Risk Reduction
      Lessons Learned from the Applied Research Grants for Disaster Risk Reduction
      Program
      Washington, D.C., July 26-28, 2004. An invitation to participate the
      symposium... click here

      Gender Equality & Disaster Risk Reduction: An Action Plan Workshop For Social
      Change
      August 10-12, 2004, Honolulu, Hawai'i
      Huairou Network is participating the conference to explore the network and
      push the agenda on community driven women centered development process.

      World Conference on Disaster Reduction. 18-22 January 2005 Kobe, Hyogo, Japan

      A set of specific goals, activities and policy measures for implementation
      2005-2015 will be presented for consideration and adoption, drawing on a review
      of the past decade’s progress with the Yokohama Strategy and Plan of Action
      for a Safer World that was adopted at the first world conference on the subject
      held at Yokohama, May 1994, during the International Decade for Natural
      Disaster Reduction (IDNDR). more details, click here...

      SASAKAWA AWARD 2004. The final date for nomination August 18, 2004
      17th United Nations Sasakawa Award for Disaster Reduction [pdf]
      Join us in rewarding individuals and institutions from around the world who
      contributed, through innovative practices and outstanding initiatives, to
      reducing the risk and vulnerabilities of communities to natural hazards.Closing
      date for nominations 18 August 2004.
      Click here for the Guidelines and Nominaion Form


      Our Practice

      World Bank, Hazard Management Unit, Training for World Bank personnel and
      academics, April 6, 2004
      World Bank/GROOTS International Workshop on Integrating Community, Gender,
      and Women’s Empowerment Issues into Disaster Recovery and Risk Management
      Operations, April 6, 2004
      At the request of the World Bank Hazard Management unit, Groots International
      and HIC WAS members working on disaster responses at the community level in
      trained World Bank personnel and academics. Prema Gopalan of SSP,India, Sengul
      Akcar of the Foundation for the Support of Women's Work Turkey, Suzanne
      Schende, Comite Honduras, Sandy Schilen, Groots Facilitator and HIC WAS member
      Carmen Griffith of the CRDC of Jamaica---Jan Peterson, Chair HC, Suranjana Gupta of
      the secretariat office participated in the training. Click here...to go to
      the presentation


      Disaster Watch-Bam, Iran, June 2004
      A Group of eight Community Women leaders from Turkey had visited Iran
      recently with GROOTS members. Here they share the experience and exchanges in Bam,
      Iran.

      SSP - NEW School Sumer Programme, India, July 23 - August 4, 2004.
      A group of six students from New School University is attending the summer
      programme with Swayam Shikshan Prayog, India. They have divided into two groups
      concentrating on Savings & Credit Groups and Water and Sanitation. The
      programme started on July 23 and end on August 5, 2004.

      Community Aids Watch, July 3-26, 2004, Kenya
      The COMMUNITY AIDS Watch a Huairou Commission methodology to be developed and
      tested in the summer programme will involve 6-8 students from the New School
      University, New York to experience grassroots efforts first hand. The first
      pilot of a Community Aids Watch started in three urban poor comunities in
      Nairobi, Kenya on 3rd July and will end by July 26.

      Stories from the field
      Here we share some best practice stories from India where Swayam Shikshan
      Prayog is practicing the community driven development intitiatives.
      Our Life, Our Film
      "Directed by eight grassroot women belonging to quake-ravaged villages of
      Kutch in Gujarat, this unique visual narrative walks the road with women and
      children in their struggle to rebuild their lives." This film had screened in
      rural Gujarat, the media in Delhi and Mumbai and other parts of the country got a
      good review on the theme and the treatment.

      Huairou Network has come out with another film "Chaos to Creativity" on three
      disaster sites, Honduras, India and Jamaica showing the impact on women,
      children and how they have empowered and emerged from being viewed as victims to
      problem solvers in their communities. The film has powerful lessons for policy
      makers to take home. This film will available soon.

      Women Builders: Breaking barriers in earthquake-torn villages
      WOMEN BUILDERS is an account of women breaking barriers, rebuilding habitats
      and restoring livelihoods after disasters. It tells how women's groups take
      the lead when there is space to take part in rehabilitation and development,
      with a little help from the Government, donors and NGOs like Swayam Shikshan
      Prayog (SSP), Mumbai, whose work is the focus of the book.
      Written by Max Martin,Published by Swayam Shikshan Prayog & Books for Change.
      Click here for details.

      Women Watch Disasters
      http://www.disasterwatch.net

      Disaster Brief aims to share information on dialogue on disaster and
      development, grassroots and policy intiatives. An update brought to you from the team
      of Disaster Watch. Disaster Watch works towards ensuring women and communities
      a centre-place in disaster response and development.

      Disaster Brief brings you news, reports, stories analysis and updates from
      various sources. We look at the global and national reports, publications, and
      key upcoming events.

      We welcome your suggestions, comments. Write to us at: info@...

      http://www.disasterwatch.net



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