Weekly news, week 27/ 2001
- WESTERN SAHARA
25, 26, 27.06.01
Security Council Resolution
Among the many reactions and steps taken with the UN Secretary
General and the Security Council concerning the decision on Western
Sahara, we must point out the Australian interventions of members of
parliament and Senator Lyn Allison as well as the ACTU - the
Australian Council of Trade Unions.
The petition of seven NGOs from the European Consortium working in
the Saharawi refugee camps
<http://www.arso.org/ong.260601.htm#ANCREengl>, was co-signed by 18
associations and 10 celebrities.
In a statement, the Maghreb association for the defence of human
rights, Hourriya/Liberté expresses the view that the autonomy
agreement "goes against international law regularly reaffirmed by the
United Nations, by depriving the Saharawi people of its right to
self-determination through a referendum. Such an agreement puts into
question the exercise of the right of peoples to determine
themselves". See also the press release of the french AARASD
On 26 June, "World Day against torture", mothers of Saharawi
political detainees accompanied by former Saharawi victims of forced
disappearance and some Saharawi university students, observed a
sit-in of two hours in front of the Ministry of Human Rights in
Rabat. The mothers brandished photos of Saharawi political detainees
and a banner calling for their liberation. The participants in the
sit-in, encircled by forces of order, chantent slogans of solidarity
with the political detainees and called for their liberation. (FVJSAH
- Truth and Justice Forum, Sahara Section)
The minister allegedly promised, according to a Moroccan daily, to
ask the king to grant them pardon.
Malawi has officially withdrawn recognition of the Sahrawi republic.
The announcement came in a release made public by Malawi's foreign
affairs department. The decision coincided with the presentation by
the Moroccan ambassador of his credentials to the President of Malawi.
The Council of the International Socialist meeting in Lisbon,
mentioned, in its declaration about Armed Conflicts in Africa - What
are the Solutions?, «The several-decades-old conflict in Western
Sahara between Morocco and the Polisario Front, which flows from
European colonialism in this part of the African continent.» The SI
stated its position in the Council meeting in Maputo in November
2000, expressing «its deep concern at the constant postponement of
the referendum on self-determination and reaffirms its resolution
adopted by the Council in Brussels in April 2000, calling on Morocco
and Polisario to cooperate fully with the United Nations and its
special envoy James Baker. The SI calls on Morocco and Polisario to
open a political dialogue beyond the eventual agreements that could
be made in present negotiations. In this context, the SI remains
supportive of all United Nations initiatives.»
The National Secretariat of the Polisario Front denounced the
contents of the UN secretary general's report, calling it a "plot"
aiming to "by-pass international law". On the other hand, it
"registered its approval" of the Security Council resolution 1359.
The Secretariat also welcomed the insistence of the Security Council
for the liberation by Morocco of "all the disappeared and political
prisoners held in Moroccan prisons". (SPS)
The Secretary-General of the Polisario Front has sent a letter to UN
Secretary-General Kofi Annan on the rejection of the proposals
included in his recent report to the Security Council. On this
occasion, the president stressed that the free and impartial
referendum was the only way for resolving the Saharan issue on the
basis of international legality and the rights of peoples to
self-determination. Abdelaziz also sent another letter to the
personal envoy of the UN Secretary-General to Western Sahara, Mr
Margot Kessler and the intergroup of the European Parliament "Peace
for the Saharawi People" welcome the resolution 1359 (2001) taken by
the UN Security Council on 29th June 2001 on Western Sahara
"reiterating full support for the ongoing efforts of MINURSO to
implement the Settlement Plan and agreements adopted by the parties
to hold a free, fair, and impartial referendum for the
self-determination of the people of Western Sahara".
The Committee of Ambassadors, meeting in Lusaka (Zambia), submitted
its report to the Council of Ministers on 5 July. SADR is represented
on it by its permanent representative in Addis-Abbaba, Fadel Ismaïl.
In the Council of Ministers, the Saharawi delegation is led by the
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ould Salek. In his report to the Council
of Minister, the Secretary General expressed his "grave concern"
concerning the absence of progress in Western Sahara and "an apparent
deviation from the implementation of the Settlement Plan" . "Another
grave concern is that the non-application of the UN settlement plan ,
even temporarily, could exacerbate tensions and further hamper
efforts towards finding a solution to the crisis." "The OAU, he
concludes, is more than ever determined to contribute to bringing
about a permanent and lasting solution to the problem of Western
Sahara, accepted both by Morocco and the Polisario Front. The Council
is not without knowing that the settlement plan was conceived and
developed with such a result in mind and it is hoped that all the
work carried out at great cost by the international community for
many years towards its implementation will not have been in vain."
In the course of the debate which followed the Saharawi minister of
Foreign Affairs indicated that the Security Council had not endorsed
the latest report of the secretary general but that it had reaffirmed
the validity of the settlement plan. The Polisario Front and SADR
will never agree to discuss a third way solution, he added.
Gambia and Senegal insisted that the point concerning the admission
of Morocco to the African Union should be put on the agenda, but the
Council rejected their proposal, saying that Morocco had not asked to
be admitted to the African Union.(corr.)
Mohamed Loulichki has been appointed deputy permanent representative
of Morocco to the UN. Hamid Chabar, adviser to the Ministry of the
Interior, where he has been directing the Sahara unit since 1992,
replaces Loulichki in the post of governor charged with coordination
with MINURSO. He took part in the meetings in London and Geneva last
year with the Polisario Front.
The Association for the Right to Vote (New Caledonia) notes that the
Framework-Agreement proposed by James Baker requires one year of
residence in Western Sahara to obtain the right to vote in a possible
referendum on self-determination. According to the Noumea Accord, 20
years of residence would be required for French residents to obtain
the right to vote during a referendum on self-determination in New
Cyberspace: Independence for Western Sahara
Cybernauts voted massively for the independence of Western Sahra in a
poll on the website of the French-language weekly, Jeune
Afrique/l'Intelligent. When the vote closed at 18.00 hours, 6025
people had expressed themselves, including 65.2% in favour of
independence and 33% in favour of integration with Morocco. In the
following hours, by a scandalous manipulation, the number of voters
continued to grow in the site's archives at a faster rate than ever,
reversing of course, the final result. In fiction as in reality, any
means is good to rig the vote on the question of Western Sahara.
Protests <http://www.arso.org/votJA.07.01.htm> have been sent to the
weekly, judicial steps are being studied.
Elsewhere, the NGO France Libertés, in a letter (french
<http://www.arso.org/FFL.050701.htm#ANCRElettre>) to the weekly
raises the question of the legitimacy of readers and internet surfers
responding to this poll. It applies a new form of imperialism to
invite readers to express themselves in the name of a people.
The German organisation Kritische Oekologie (Critical Ecology) notes
that policies are not developed any more, but enacted. What the
international community is refusing to the Saharawi people is
"permitted" to internet surfers, but only as a game.
France: L'association havraise " Un Camion Citerne pour les Sahraouis
" était présente à "LE HAVRE fête les Associations" les 30 juin & 1
juillet 2001 par la tenue d'un stand. Ce fut l'occasion de présenter
au public l'action de solidarité de l'association en faveur du peuple
sahraoui et de faire signer une pétition destinée aux autorités
françaises, leur demandant d'intervenir auprès de l'ONU pour le
respect du Droit International et l'esprit de la Charte des Nations
Italia: L'Associazione di Solidarietà con il Popolo Saharawi "Ban
Slout Larbi" e presente, a partire da venerdì 6 luglio 2001, alla
Festa nazionale de l'Unità "Solidarietà e Terzo Settore" che si sta
svolgendo a Sesto Fiorentino in viale Machiavelli (all'interno
dell'are del Palazzetto dello Sport) e che si potrarrà fino al 16
luglio. L'Associazione presenterà alcune nuove pubblicazioni, tra le
quali il volume "Il cammino del popolo Saharawi verso la libertà, non
tutti i muri sono crollati" (edizione per le scuole). All'interno
dello spazio dell'Associazione, nell'Area Terzo Settore, sarà
disponibile materiale informativo e una nuova serie di cartoline
dedicate al popolo Saharawi. Associazione di Solidarietà con il
Popolo Saharawi "Ban Slout Larbi" <mailto:saharawi@...>
GEAS, Grupo de Estepeños Amigos del Pueblo Saharaui (con videos...):
SOLIDARITAT AMB EL SAHARA, Valencia: http://perso.wanadoo.es/mbelmonte
[External links to newspapers may not be valid after some days
because the servers are restarted]
- L'Algérie rejette le nouveau plan de l'ONU pour le Sahara
occidental, Afsané Bassir Pour, Le Monde, Paris, 28.06.01.
- L'ONU et le règlement de la question du Sahara Occidental / Le
référendum toujours envisagé, T. H., El Watan, 01.07.01.
- La sécurité de l'Algérie en danger, Tayeb Belghiche, ibid.
- Le Sahara n'est pas à vendre, Christiane Perregaux, La Tribune de
Genève, 04.07.01 <http://www.arso.org/CP.0601.htm>
- Autodétermination et droit de vote - 20 ans de résidence pour avoir
le droit de voter ? RFO, L'information des DOM-TOM, 04.07.01.
- Le Saharien, No 157, 2e trimestre 2001, revue trimestrielle de La
Rahla, l'amicale des Sahariens, Paris, 64 p.
- La Bombe Baker, Cherif Ouazani, Jeune Afrique/L'Intelligent, No
2112, 03.07.01, pp. 6-7. (ne l'achetez pas, boycottez-le !)
- Bicameralism and Democratisation: The Case of Morocco, James P
Ketterer, The Journal of Legislative Studies, Summer 2001, No. 7.1
- Ireland's impact modest so far on the UN council, Deaglán de
Bréadún, The Irish Times, 04.07.01.
- The UN's U-turn, The Economist, (London) 30.06.01, p. 38
- Mama's Choice , Karen Thomas, The Big Issue in the North
(Manchester), 2-8 July 2001 <http://www.arso.org/ kthomas2001.htm>
- Suffering Nation not forgotten, Pete Lazenby, Yorkshire Evening Post (Leeds)
- Revista de la prensa española de la semana:
- Noticias de prensa, Recopilación semanal de todos los articulos de
la prensa de España.
- Crimen ¿sin castigo? en el desierto, Carlos Ruiz
- España salva la opción del referéndum del Sáhara en Naciones
Unidas, Javier Espinosa, El Mundo, Madrid, 01.07.01.
- Der vergessene Kampf der Sahrauis..., Simon Inou, 13.03.01, Tribüne
- Fragwürdig: UN-Verrat an Westsahara?, interview mit Sabine Eckhart,
Mitarbeiterin von medico international, Projektkoordinatorin für
sahrauische Flüchtlinge, Neues Deutschland, Berlin, 26.06.01.
- Promarokkanischer neuer Westsahara-Plan - Uno für Autonomie - gegen
Unabhängigkeit, Ulrich Meister, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 01.07.01.
- Unlösbar?, Gaudenz Baumann, Aargauer Zeitung, CH, 03.07.01
- Die UNO gibt in der Westsahara klein bei, Gisela Ostwald,
Schaffhauser Nachrichten, CH, 03.07.01 (id. dans Aargauer Zeitung et
St Galler Tagblatt)
- Ein Staat auf dem Trockenen, Sven Hillenkamp, Die Zeit, Hamburg,
- Beim Westsahara-Konflikt drohen (fast) alle zu verlieren, Axel
Goldau, Neues Deutschland, Berlin, 03.07.01
A R S O
Association de soutien a un referendum
libre et regulier au Sahara Occidental
Address: cp 2229 CH-2800 DELEMONT 2
E-mail: mailto:arso@... URL: http://www.arso.org
Tel.:+41 32 422 87 17 Fax: +41 32 422 87 01
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