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Weekly news, week 27/ 2001

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    WESTERN SAHARA Weekly News original french WEEK 27 01.-07.07.2001 25, 26, 27.06.01 Security Council Resolution Among the many reactions and steps taken with
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 7, 2001
      Weekly News

      original french
      WEEK 27

      25, 26, 27.06.01
      Security Council Resolution

      Among the many reactions and steps taken with the UN Secretary
      General and the Security Council concerning the decision on Western
      Sahara, we must point out the Australian interventions of members of
      parliament and Senator Lyn Allison as well as the ACTU - the
      Australian Council of Trade Unions.
      The petition of seven NGOs from the European Consortium working in
      the Saharawi refugee camps
      <http://www.arso.org/ong.260601.htm#ANCREengl>, was co-signed by 18
      associations and 10 celebrities.
      In a statement, the Maghreb association for the defence of human
      rights, Hourriya/Liberté expresses the view that the autonomy
      agreement "goes against international law regularly reaffirmed by the
      United Nations, by depriving the Saharawi people of its right to
      self-determination through a referendum. Such an agreement puts into
      question the exercise of the right of peoples to determine
      themselves". See also the press release of the french AARASD
      association <http://www.arso.org/AARASD.060701.htm>.

      Human rights

      On 26 June, "World Day against torture", mothers of Saharawi
      political detainees accompanied by former Saharawi victims of forced
      disappearance and some Saharawi university students, observed a
      sit-in of two hours in front of the Ministry of Human Rights in
      Rabat. The mothers brandished photos of Saharawi political detainees
      and a banner calling for their liberation. The participants in the
      sit-in, encircled by forces of order, chantent slogans of solidarity
      with the political detainees and called for their liberation. (FVJSAH
      - Truth and Justice Forum, Sahara Section)
      The minister allegedly promised, according to a Moroccan daily, to
      ask the king to grant them pardon.

      Malawi has officially withdrawn recognition of the Sahrawi republic.
      The announcement came in a release made public by Malawi's foreign
      affairs department. The decision coincided with the presentation by
      the Moroccan ambassador of his credentials to the President of Malawi.

      International Socialist

      The Council of the International Socialist meeting in Lisbon,
      mentioned, in its declaration about Armed Conflicts in Africa - What
      are the Solutions?, «The several-decades-old conflict in Western
      Sahara between Morocco and the Polisario Front, which flows from
      European colonialism in this part of the African continent.» The SI
      stated its position in the Council meeting in Maputo in November
      2000, expressing «its deep concern at the constant postponement of
      the referendum on self-determination and reaffirms its resolution
      adopted by the Council in Brussels in April 2000, calling on Morocco
      and Polisario to cooperate fully with the United Nations and its
      special envoy James Baker. The SI calls on Morocco and Polisario to
      open a political dialogue beyond the eventual agreements that could
      be made in present negotiations. In this context, the SI remains
      supportive of all United Nations initiatives.»

      The National Secretariat of the Polisario Front denounced the
      contents of the UN secretary general's report, calling it a "plot"
      aiming to "by-pass international law". On the other hand, it
      "registered its approval" of the Security Council resolution 1359.
      The Secretariat also welcomed the insistence of the Security Council
      for the liberation by Morocco of "all the disappeared and political
      prisoners held in Moroccan prisons". (SPS)

      The Secretary-General of the Polisario Front has sent a letter to UN
      Secretary-General Kofi Annan on the rejection of the proposals
      included in his recent report to the Security Council. On this
      occasion, the president stressed that the free and impartial
      referendum was the only way for resolving the Saharan issue on the
      basis of international legality and the rights of peoples to
      self-determination. Abdelaziz also sent another letter to the
      personal envoy of the UN Secretary-General to Western Sahara, Mr
      James Baker.

      Margot Kessler and the intergroup of the European Parliament "Peace
      for the Saharawi People" welcome the resolution 1359 (2001) taken by
      the UN Security Council on 29th June 2001 on Western Sahara
      "reiterating full support for the ongoing efforts of MINURSO to
      implement the Settlement Plan and agreements adopted by the parties
      to hold a free, fair, and impartial referendum for the
      self-determination of the people of Western Sahara".


      The Committee of Ambassadors, meeting in Lusaka (Zambia), submitted
      its report to the Council of Ministers on 5 July. SADR is represented
      on it by its permanent representative in Addis-Abbaba, Fadel Ismaïl.
      In the Council of Ministers, the Saharawi delegation is led by the
      Minister of Foreign Affairs, Ould Salek. In his report to the Council
      of Minister, the Secretary General expressed his "grave concern"
      concerning the absence of progress in Western Sahara and "an apparent
      deviation from the implementation of the Settlement Plan" . "Another
      grave concern is that the non-application of the UN settlement plan ,
      even temporarily, could exacerbate tensions and further hamper
      efforts towards finding a solution to the crisis." "The OAU, he
      concludes, is more than ever determined to contribute to bringing
      about a permanent and lasting solution to the problem of Western
      Sahara, accepted both by Morocco and the Polisario Front. The Council
      is not without knowing that the settlement plan was conceived and
      developed with such a result in mind and it is hoped that all the
      work carried out at great cost by the international community for
      many years towards its implementation will not have been in vain."
      In the course of the debate which followed the Saharawi minister of
      Foreign Affairs indicated that the Security Council had not endorsed
      the latest report of the secretary general but that it had reaffirmed
      the validity of the settlement plan. The Polisario Front and SADR
      will never agree to discuss a third way solution, he added.
      Gambia and Senegal insisted that the point concerning the admission
      of Morocco to the African Union should be put on the agenda, but the
      Council rejected their proposal, saying that Morocco had not asked to
      be admitted to the African Union.(corr.)

      Mohamed Loulichki has been appointed deputy permanent representative
      of Morocco to the UN. Hamid Chabar, adviser to the Ministry of the
      Interior, where he has been directing the Sahara unit since 1992,
      replaces Loulichki in the post of governor charged with coordination
      with MINURSO. He took part in the meetings in London and Geneva last
      year with the Polisario Front.


      The Association for the Right to Vote (New Caledonia) notes that the
      Framework-Agreement proposed by James Baker requires one year of
      residence in Western Sahara to obtain the right to vote in a possible
      referendum on self-determination. According to the Noumea Accord, 20
      years of residence would be required for French residents to obtain
      the right to vote during a referendum on self-determination in New
      Caledonia. (RFO)

      Cyberspace: Independence for Western Sahara

      Cybernauts voted massively for the independence of Western Sahra in a
      poll on the website of the French-language weekly, Jeune
      Afrique/l'Intelligent. When the vote closed at 18.00 hours, 6025
      people had expressed themselves, including 65.2% in favour of
      independence and 33% in favour of integration with Morocco. In the
      following hours, by a scandalous manipulation, the number of voters
      continued to grow in the site's archives at a faster rate than ever,
      reversing of course, the final result. In fiction as in reality, any
      means is good to rig the vote on the question of Western Sahara.
      Protests <http://www.arso.org/votJA.07.01.htm> have been sent to the
      weekly, judicial steps are being studied.
      Elsewhere, the NGO France Libertés, in a letter (french
      <http://www.arso.org/FFL.050701.htm#ANCRElettre>) to the weekly
      raises the question of the legitimacy of readers and internet surfers
      responding to this poll. It applies a new form of imperialism to
      invite readers to express themselves in the name of a people.
      The German organisation Kritische Oekologie (Critical Ecology) notes
      that policies are not developed any more, but enacted. What the
      international community is refusing to the Saharawi people is
      "permitted" to internet surfers, but only as a game.


      France: L'association havraise " Un Camion Citerne pour les Sahraouis
      " était présente à "LE HAVRE fête les Associations" les 30 juin & 1
      juillet 2001 par la tenue d'un stand. Ce fut l'occasion de présenter
      au public l'action de solidarité de l'association en faveur du peuple
      sahraoui et de faire signer une pétition destinée aux autorités
      françaises, leur demandant d'intervenir auprès de l'ONU pour le
      respect du Droit International et l'esprit de la Charte des Nations

      Italia: L'Associazione di Solidarietà con il Popolo Saharawi "Ban
      Slout Larbi" e presente, a partire da venerdì 6 luglio 2001, alla
      Festa nazionale de l'Unità "Solidarietà e Terzo Settore" che si sta
      svolgendo a Sesto Fiorentino in viale Machiavelli (all'interno
      dell'are del Palazzetto dello Sport) e che si potrarrà fino al 16
      luglio. L'Associazione presenterà alcune nuove pubblicazioni, tra le
      quali il volume "Il cammino del popolo Saharawi verso la libertà, non
      tutti i muri sono crollati" (edizione per le scuole). All'interno
      dello spazio dell'Associazione, nell'Area Terzo Settore, sarà
      disponibile materiale informativo e una nuova serie di cartoline
      dedicate al popolo Saharawi. Associazione di Solidarietà con il
      Popolo Saharawi "Ban Slout Larbi" <mailto:saharawi@...>

      GEAS, Grupo de Estepeños Amigos del Pueblo Saharaui (con videos...):
      SOLIDARITAT AMB EL SAHARA, Valencia: http://perso.wanadoo.es/mbelmonte

      [External links to newspapers may not be valid after some days
      because the servers are restarted]

      - L'Algérie rejette le nouveau plan de l'ONU pour le Sahara
      occidental, Afsané Bassir Pour, Le Monde, Paris, 28.06.01.
      - L'ONU et le règlement de la question du Sahara Occidental / Le
      référendum toujours envisagé, T. H., El Watan, 01.07.01.
      - La sécurité de l'Algérie en danger, Tayeb Belghiche, ibid.
      - Le Sahara n'est pas à vendre, Christiane Perregaux, La Tribune de
      Genève, 04.07.01 <http://www.arso.org/CP.0601.htm>
      - Autodétermination et droit de vote - 20 ans de résidence pour avoir
      le droit de voter ? RFO, L'information des DOM-TOM, 04.07.01.
      - Le Saharien, No 157, 2e trimestre 2001, revue trimestrielle de La
      Rahla, l'amicale des Sahariens, Paris, 64 p.
      - La Bombe Baker, Cherif Ouazani, Jeune Afrique/L'Intelligent, No
      2112, 03.07.01, pp. 6-7. (ne l'achetez pas, boycottez-le !)

      - Bicameralism and Democratisation: The Case of Morocco, James P
      Ketterer, The Journal of Legislative Studies, Summer 2001, No. 7.1
      - Ireland's impact modest so far on the UN council, Deaglán de
      Bréadún, The Irish Times, 04.07.01.
      - The UN's U-turn, The Economist, (London) 30.06.01, p. 38
      - Mama's Choice , Karen Thomas, The Big Issue in the North
      (Manchester), 2-8 July 2001 <http://www.arso.org/ kthomas2001.htm>
      - Suffering Nation not forgotten, Pete Lazenby, Yorkshire Evening Post (Leeds)

      - Revista de la prensa española de la semana:
      - Noticias de prensa, Recopilación semanal de todos los articulos de
      la prensa de España.
      - Crimen ¿sin castigo? en el desierto, Carlos Ruiz
      - España salva la opción del referéndum del Sáhara en Naciones
      Unidas, Javier Espinosa, El Mundo, Madrid, 01.07.01.

      - Der vergessene Kampf der Sahrauis..., Simon Inou, 13.03.01, Tribüne
      Afrikas, Autriche.
      - Fragwürdig: UN-Verrat an Westsahara?, interview mit Sabine Eckhart,
      Mitarbeiterin von medico international, Projektkoordinatorin für
      sahrauische Flüchtlinge, Neues Deutschland, Berlin, 26.06.01.
      - Promarokkanischer neuer Westsahara-Plan - Uno für Autonomie - gegen
      Unabhängigkeit, Ulrich Meister, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 01.07.01.
      - Unlösbar?, Gaudenz Baumann, Aargauer Zeitung, CH, 03.07.01
      - Die UNO gibt in der Westsahara klein bei, Gisela Ostwald,
      Schaffhauser Nachrichten, CH, 03.07.01 (id. dans Aargauer Zeitung et
      St Galler Tagblatt)
      - Ein Staat auf dem Trockenen, Sven Hillenkamp, Die Zeit, Hamburg,
      05.07.01 <http://www.zeit.de/2001/27/Leben/200127_sahara.xml.html>
      - Beim Westsahara-Konflikt drohen (fast) alle zu verlieren, Axel
      Goldau, Neues Deutschland, Berlin, 03.07.01
      A R S O
      Association de soutien a un referendum
      libre et regulier au Sahara Occidental
      Address: cp 2229 CH-2800 DELEMONT 2
      E-mail: mailto:arso@... URL: http://www.arso.org
      Tel.:+41 32 422 87 17 Fax: +41 32 422 87 01

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