5best ideas for transition from dictatorship assembled
- Feb 20, 2011Transition to Better Democracy Suggestion for Egypt 2011
(the core of the ideas may also be applied to Libya, Saudi, Sudan, Tunisia, UAE, Algeria, Bahrain, etc.)
You can contact the author of this idea on kaitm2001@...
Step 1 = February 2011. The government steps down and agrees to this or a similar plan of action. The NDP continues to exist but initially only in an advice-giving role, showing the world that the people are permitted to govern independently.
A new independent political party called Free Citizens is formed.
This new party runs the govt. until elections can be held in the summer.
It is also in charge of the formation of two further political parties, `Intelligence' and `Personalities' (or otherwise named).
The first independent people's party formed has to ensure that these other parties are also fairly formed, independent and financially viable.
This new party Free Citizens is formed by means of a country-wide lottery.
Every person with Egyptian citizenship over the age of 18 may enter, if they wish to. They are given 3 weeks from the announcement to get their letter in and so enter.
They enter by submitting their name, address, phone number(s), occupation, employer, and date of birth postally.
A big lottery is held among all the people who entered.
25 people are selected in this lottery to form the power centre that controls the Free Citizens Party. The first 5 names drawn in this lottery among all the applicants are automatically part of this power centre for at least 1 year. A few rules apply: one entry per person; no more than 10 of these 25 people may be born in the same decade (for example the 1970s); no more than 5 may live in the same governorate of Egypt; no more than 5 may have the same employer or occupation; and no more than 10 of them may be over the age of 60 or under the age of 24. So assuming the 6th, 7th, 8th, . next person drawn is eligible under these rules, they too form part of the power-centre of the party that controls govt for 1 year. The process continues until 25 are selected.
This power centre only meets for 2 full weeks in the beginning and then for 2-3 days once every 3 months after that. During these meetings, it makes its main decisions about its party leadership, budget and strategies by a series of majority-wins issue stance votes, median number wins and single transferrable vote appointment rounds. It hereby chooses the appointments for who will govern the party's policy-making, financial, recruitment, public relations, and admin arms. In Feb 2011 it appoints the caretaker heads of govt that will stay in office until the March/April 2011 elections.
3 months before the end of the first year, the 25 current members of the power centre of the Free Citizens Party vote among each other to decide which 10 stay on for another year, and 15 new members are again chosen by an annual lottery.
The structure of this party guarantees that its opinions on most matters will always be the same as the country's.
Step 2 (March or April 2011)
A 2nd and a 3rd new independent party are formed through the actions of the caretaker govt. and with the help of the governing Free Citizens Party appointees:
One of them is to be known as `Personalities' and the other as `Intelligence'.
Personalities is to have its own 25-person power centre formed as follows:
In each of the 10 governorates of Egypt with the highest population, a simultaneous open-to all event is held, in which the `participants choose the winner from among the participants' as follows: In round 1 all the people who came to take part in the event are allocated to a group of 9 or 10 participants the moment they arrive by a random selection lottery drawing (the random selector allocates the early arrivals to groups 1 to 5, then the next arrivals to groups 6 to 10, and so on). Once a group of 9 or 10 participants is formed, each group goes off into a private room to discuss all the issues that are important to them for exactly 2 hours, at the end of which each member of the group gives all the other members of his group points (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 points, more points means a more favourable vote) for how much they like their political views and their potential to show leadership and to represent the group as a whole.
When all the points are added up for the event as a whole, the top 50 overall in terms of vote points advance to the 2nd round (+ a quota ensures that groups of 9 and groups of 10 both submit a fair %age of these 50 semi-finalists). These top 50 are invited to participate in one of a new set of 5 round 2 groups on Day 2 of the event. These 50 remaining participants again get 2 hrs in which to examine each other member of their round 2 group and then vote on each other, and the top 2 from each group goes through to round 3 the final selection group.
The top 2 most voted for in each round 3 group (2 from each of the 10 governorates) become part of the power-centre of Personalities. An 11th such event is held among people who live in other non-top 10 governorates (with round 1 separately held in each of the 16 smaller governorates and the top 50 assembling in one venue to decide their winner), of which a further 3 go into the power-centre, and the final 2 places in the 25-member power-centre of Personalities is decided in a 12th such event, in which only the 4 (best attended event) + 3 (2nd best attended event) + 2 + 1 (4th best attended) = 10 best runners-up of the round 3 votes of the 4 best attended events participate.
After every 5 years, only 15 of these 25 members of the party power-centre stay on. In a similar voting event consisting only of the 25 current members of the power-centre, the 15 to stay on are elected, and the other 10 are to be replaced in new events of this type.
`Intelligence' is to be governed by a 15-member governing board, consisting of the winners of a timed exam, timed puzzle and quiz game that decides who the most intelligent applicants are:
3 of these are to be the best performers in a game testing their knowledge of current laws;
a further 3 are to be the best performers in a game testing their knowledge of business, development and economics;
a further 3 are to be best performers in a game testing their general numeracy, maths and puzzle-solving skills
a further 3 are to be best performers in a game testing their general knowledge of Egyptian and world news issues and geography
and the final 3 are to be best performers in a game testing their knowledge of whichever 5 specialisms of study currently form the most-chosen main university degree specialism subjects in Eqypt.
Like the other party power-centres, the members are to meet every 3 months and especially at the formation in 2011 to work out all the main decisions affecting the staffing and direction of the party in the coming months through a series of votes and report-backs.
At the end of every 4 years, the 15 members of the power-centre of Intelligence is to elect one of each category's three to stay on when the other 2 are replaced by new quiz winners, and also to oversee the preparation and selection of the questions and timed puzzles that will make up the competitions to become part of this party's next power-centre.
Summer 2011 & 2016 & 2021 & 2026: Nationwide parliamentary elections are to be held. Listed on each 2011 voter's ballot are the above 3 parties + the NDP + whichever other 10 parties submitted the most phone number supported verifiable signatures in support of them going on the voting ballot.
From 2016 onwards the top 10 in the previous election + the 5 other parties with the biggest new petitions go on the ballot.
The above 3 parties and the NDP are to be guaranteed an equal share (10% each) of election funds from tax money in spring 2011 elections and whichever other 10 parties submitted the most signatures get 6% each, plus all 14 parties get guaranteed access to the press and TV in which to get their messages out.
From 2016 onwards, the top 5 in the most recent elections always get 10% each and the other parties on the ballot 5% each.
Voters put their 1st, and if they wish to also their 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th and worst preference on the ballot paper. When the votes are counted, the 3 parties getting the most 1st preference votes in each of the 26 governorates (+ the 3 governorates with the biggest populations are split into 2 each) get examined in a round-robin recount where the party that beats the other two in triangular (AvB, AvC, BvC) head-to head comparison wins 1 seat each in parliament
+ a further 31 seats are won and allocated by proportional representation in accordance with all the 1st preference votes (with worst preference votes counting as -1 (minus one) each and 1st preference votes as +2 (plus two) points each and 2nd preference as +1 or 0 each, depending whether or not the voter has ticked the `disregard 2nd preference in PR' box).
So of the 60 seats in parliament, 31 are awarded by proportional representation and 29 are seats representing the 26 specific governorates. Whenever the 60-seat parliament votes by 31 votes or more for any change or issue, the government is obliged to enact the will of the majority of parliament. The government has to give one month's notice to the parliament of any intention to enact any change. If parliament does not overturn it in this month, it is ok to proceed.
Autumn 2011 & 2016 & 2021 & 2026:
The Head of Govt and head of state president is also to be directly elected, with the three biggest parties in parliament (the president's + the 2 best performing other parties in the spring parliamentary election) each getting a finalist choice. Other candidates go through a semifinals (timed to coincide with the spring parliamentary elections) first, from which the winner goes forward into the presidential run-off against the three biggest parties' picks. The presidential elections are held on a round-robin basis, so that each voter's 1st, 2nd, 3rd and worst preference are translated by the vote-counting machine into the voter's choices in a 4-way round robin election (AvB, AvC, AvD, BvC, BvD, CvD). The winner of these presidential elections (which is held at the same time as the governors' and provincial assemblies' elections) wins the office of the president (by having more than 50% of voters prefer him head to head against each of his opponents). He wins the right to fill the cabinet of govt leaders, pending his nominations and the aforementioned one-month notice to parliament.
If you have any questions about this idea and suggestion, please contact kaitm2001@...
Please allow this idea a fair chance at being enacted. If it is a good idea, it should be allowed the chance to become reality.
appendix added on 20 Feb 2011:
The moderate, compromise, appeasement solution for a full transition to democracy is the below of something similar, but with the possibility of a legislative quota guaranteeing the successor parties of the 200-2010 regime a combined total percentage of legislative seats of 60% at the first election, then 52% at the second, 48% at the third, then 40% at the 4th, then 30% at the 5th, then 20% at the 6th, then 10% at the 7th, then none anymore after this.
This is the guaranteed mimimum number of legislative votes they are to be given in the transitional period, even if they do not get this many votes. It softens the burden of handing over power and keeps them in the system as the constitution changes to a more democratic one.
It also crucially makes it much less likely that there will be large violent clashes injuring lots of people.
Similarly, a quota of at least 30% (1st election, then 20% and 10% at the 2nd and 3rd) might be appropriate for the parties formed by interselection events, intelligence tests and lottery among all applicants.
Also, what if every citizen were permitted to submit his own new contitution (including electoral system, allocation of powers and guranatee of rights) draft, and in new constitution referendum 1, each voter is given 5 of these (at random) to give points out of 10 each, then in the 2nd new constitution referendum, each voter is given 5 of the top10 from round 1, and in round 3, each voter is given the top 3 from round 2, in a 3 decisions format: A vs B; A vs C; B vs C. A good idea for previously unfree countries?
What are your thoughts on this, fellow yahoo groupsters?
For definitions of unfree countries, see:
Please forward this proposal on to the heads of government and of the military as quickly as possibly. It provides a suggested way forward, to a happy free and democratic Egypt. If you are happy to do an Arabic translation of this, that would also be welcome.