A. CRESSY MORRISON, Former President of the New York
Academy of Sciences
WE ARE STILL IN THE DAWN of the scientific age and
every increase of light reveals more brightly the
handiwork of an intelligent Creator. We have made
stupendous discoveries; with a spirit of scientific
humility and of faith grounded in knowledge we are
approaching ever nearer to an awareness of God.
For myself, I count seven reasons for my faith:
1: By unwavering mathematical law we can prove that
our universe was designed and executed by a great
Suppose you put ten pennies, marked from one to ten,
into your pocket and give them a good shuffle. Now try
to take them out in sequence from one to ten, putting
back the coin each time and shaking them all again.
Mathematically we know that your chance of first
drawing number one is one in ten; of drawing one and
two in succession, one in 100; of drawing one, two and
three in succession, one in 1000, and so on; your
chance of drawing them all, from number one to number
ten in succession, would reach the unbelievable figure
of one in ten billion.
By the same reasoning, so many exacting conditions are
necessary for life on the earth that they could not
possibly exist in proper relationship by chance. The
earth rotates on its axis 1000 miles an hour at the
equator; if it turned at 100 miles an hour, our days
and nights would be ten times as long as now, and the
hot sun would likely burn up our vegetation each long
day while in the long night any surviving sprout might
Again the sun, source of our life, has a surface
temperature of 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and our
earth is just far enough away so that this "eternal
life" warms us just enough and not too much ! If the
sun gave off only one half its present radiation, we
would freeze, and if it gave as much more, we would
The slant of the earth, tilted at an angle of 23
degrees, gives us our seasons; if the earth had not
been so tilted, vapors from the ocean would move north
and south, piling up for us continents of ice. If our
moon were, say, only 50,000 miles away instead of its
actual distance, our tides might be so enormous that
twice a day all continents would be submerged; even
the mountains could soon be eroded away. If the crust
of the earth had only been ten feet thicker, there
would be no oxygen, without which animal life must
die. Had the ocean been a few feet deeper, carbon
dioxide and oxygen would have been absorbed and no
vegetable life could exist.
It is apparent from these and a host of other examples
that there is not one chance in billions that life on
our planet is an accident but It is his Grace we
2: The resourcefulness of life to accomplish its
purpose is a manifestation of an all-pervading
What life itself is, no man has fathomed. It has
neither weight nor dimensions, but it does have force;
a growing root will crack a rock. Life has conquered
water, land and air, mastering the elements,
compelling them to dissolve and reform their
Life, the sculptor, shapes all living things; an
artist, it designs every leaf of every tree, and
colors every flower. Life is a musician and has taught
each bird to sing its love song, the insects to call
one another in the music of their multitudinous
sounds. Life is a sublime chemist, giving taste to
fruits and spices, and perfume to the rose, changing
water and carbonic acid into sugar and wood, and, in
so doing, releasing oxygen that animals may have the
breath of life.
Behold an almost invisible drop of protoplasm,
transparent, jellylike, capable of motion, drawing
energy from the sun. This single cell, this
transparent mist-like droplet, holds within itself the
germ of life, and has power to distribute this life to
every living thing, great and small. The powers of
this droplet are greater than our vegetation and
animals and people, for all life came from it. Nature
did not create life; fire-blistered rocks and a salt
less sea could not meet the necessary requirements.
Who, then, has put it here?
3: Animal wisdom speaks irresistibly of a good Creator
who infused instinct into otherwise helpless little
The young salmon spends years at sea, then comes back
to his own river, and travels up the very side of the
river into which flows the tributary where he was
born. What brings him back so precisely? If you
transfer him to another tributary he will know at once
that he is off his course and he will fight his way
down and back to the main stream and then turn up
against the current to finish his destiny accurately.
Even more difficult to solve is the mystery of eels.
These amazing creatures migrate at maturity from ponds
and rivers everywhere - those from Europe across
thousands of miles of ocean - all bound for the same
abysmal deeps near Bermuda . There they breed and die.
The little ones, with no apparent means of knowing
anything except that they are in a wilderness of
water, nevertheless start back and find their way not
only to the very shore from which their parents came
but thence to the selfsame rivers, lakes or little
ponds. No American eel has ever been caught in Europe
, no European eel in American waters. Nature has even
delayed the maturity of the European eel by a year or
more to make up for its longer journey. Where does the
directional impulse originate?
4: Man has something more than animal instinct - the
power of reason.
No other animal has ever left a record of its ability
to count ten, or even to understand the meaning of
ten. Where instinct is like a single note of a flute,
beautiful but limited, the human brain contains all
the notes of all the instruments in the orchestra. No
need to belabor this fourth point; thanks to human
reason we can contemplate the possibility that we are
what we are only because we have received a spark of
5: Provision for all living is revealed in such
phenomena as the wonders of genes.
So tiny are these genes that, if all of them
responsible for all living people in the world could
be put in one place, there would be less than a
thimbleful. Yet these genes inhabit every living cell
and are the keys to all human, animal and vegetable
characteristics. A thimble is a small place to hold
all the individual characteristics of almost three
billion human beings. However, the facts are beyond
Here evolution really begins - at the cell, the entity
which holds and carries the genes. That the
ultra-microscopic gene can absolutely rule all life on
earth is an example of profound cunning and provision
that could emanate only from a Creative Intelligence;
no other hypothesis will serve.
6: By the economy of nature, we are forced to realize
that only infinite wisdom could have foreseen and
prepared with such astute husbandry.
Many years ago a species of cactus was planted in
Australia as a protective fence. Having no insect
enemies in Australia , the cactus soon began a
prodigious growth; the alarming abundance persisted
until the plants covered an area as long and wide as
England , crowding inhabitants out of the towns and
villages, and destroying their farms. Seeking a
defense, entomologists scoured the world; finally they
turned up an insect which lived exclusively on cactus,
and would eat nothing else. It would breed freely,
too; and it had no enemies in Australia . So animal
soon conquered vegetable, and today the cactus pest
has retreated - and with it all but a small protective
residue of the insects, enough to hold the cactus in
Such checks and balances have been universally
provided. Why have not fast-breeding insects dominated
the earth? Because they have no lungs such as man
possesses; they breathe through tubes. But when
insects grow large, their tubes do not grow in ratio
to the increasing size of the body. Hence there never
has been an insect of great size; this limitation on
growth has held them all in check. If this physical
check had not been provided, man could not exist.
Imagine meeting a hornet as big as a lion!
7: The fact that man can conceive the idea of God is
in itself a unique proof.
The conception of God rises from a divine faculty of
man, unshared with the rest of our world - the faculty
we call imagination. By its power, man and man alone
can find the evidence of things unseen. The vista that
power opens up is unbounded; indeed, as man's
perfected imagination becomes a spiritual reality, he
may discern in all the evidence of design and purpose
the great truth that heaven is wherever and whatever;
that God is everywhere and in everything that nowhere
so close as in our hearts.
It is scientifically as well as imaginatively true,
as the Psalmist said: The heavens declare the Glory of
God and the firmament showeth His handiwork.
Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare
Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare
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