RE: [ujeni] PCV survey and questions about Afghanistan
- the survey was quite bizarre. An administrator involved in funding was in charge...that was clear...
Vyrle, I wil give some of my input about the Afghanistan question.
Yes, we should stay, but perhaps look at our strategy a bit more before doing it further.
Eric Bone was there also and might have some additional insight.
To pacify the whole country, it would help to start from a central point (Kabul perhaps?) and build outwards...start with roads, schools, proper polkice, better infrastructure, starting even with a safe water supply.
Hospitals (which were built but not staffed, or stocked, since "that is not in our mandate" is the response I got) do need doctors nurses, supplies, etc.
Schools do need books, teachers, supplies, etc.
In short, if you make it safe, they will come, and stay...
Having been involved in the police training program, I can tell you that it was a diffifcult program. Many factors are involved. Most of those are hard to adress when looking at it from our particular angle.
you might take the Africa model: Africa was many nations (of peoples, ethnic groups, etc. that were artificailly boundaried by outsiders.) So that is a good example for other areas.
Are separate "countries (a la Serbia)" the solution? maybe, maybe not...the neighbors might object.
It can be done, if we think past election cycles, both their and ours. think long term. It did take us 200 years to get where we are, and that involved a naty civil war less than 100 years after fouding our republic...
For what its worth...the delete key is right there on your right...
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- Although there is that joke:
PC Director to Ministeer of Foreign Affairs: "As an expression of friendship from our country to yours, we are presenting you with this year's Peace Corps Volunteers..."
MFA to PDC: "As an expression of friendship from our country to yours, we wil accept them..."
Date: Thu, 8 Oct 2009 04:18:07 -0700
Subject: [ujeni] Fw: Better, Bolder Peace Corps - Take our Survey
PCV survey. Also, I think I've moderated my view of Peace Corps over the years on what it can/cannot effect or even should. Remember when Vyrle showed us a photo of a before and after shot of a village and it was the same one? It's a good lesson. I think the experience was more for me than the village. In some contexts this "development" work can actually exaccerbate conflict or run counter to building nascent government line capacity.What do you think? I think we all automatically say say what a great program it is due to our experiences which few have, but one time when I asked a Mexican friend of mine if she ever did Peace Corps she said bitterly she was too poor to do it, among other things. She really dislike the concept and thought it was more for well-to-do white kids with means.I've never heard much of a valid critique of the program other than the usual funding back and forth. The survey should help them move forward and illustrates they may be fighting for continued relevance currently.What do you think?JP
--- On Wed, 10/7/09, president@peacecorp sconnect. org <president@peacecorp sconnect. org> wrote:
From: president@peacecorp sconnect. org <president@peacecorp sconnect. org>
Subject: Better, Bolder Peace Corps - Take our Survey
To: JPPATTEN98@yahoo. com
Date: Wednesday, October 7, 2009, 9:20 PMDear John,
For the next phase of the our MorePeaceCorps Campaign, the National Peace Corps Association is seeking input from all members of the Peace Corps community (applicants, PCVs, family of PCVs, RPCVs, staff) on how to best improve and embolden the Peace Corps to meet the challenges of the 21st century. Between now and Thursday, October 22nd, we ask you to take our better, bolder Peace Corps survey.Please follow this link to take the survey:Because of the many issues to consider, please expect to set aside 10 - 20 minutes to complete this survey. After you finish, please forward this link to as many members of the Peace Corps community as possible. Initial results of the survey will appear in the winter edition of WorldView magazine.
Thank you in advance for your input.
Kevin F. F. Quigley
ps – Subscription to WorldView magazine is a benefit of membership in the NPCA. Learn more and join here .
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- I'll say a bit about my view about Afghanistan.
I think about US actions in Afghanistan in two different frameworks, a moral one and a national interest one.
First the moral framework. Afghans have never had a great life. Contrary to one of many oft-repeated mistakes about Afghanistan, the place has been conquered all the time. (Sarah Chayes lays this out quite well in her book.) The conquerers often got chased out, but the population suffered a lot in the process. Afghanistan did fairly well in the mid-20th century, but then they once again got conquered by the Soviets, supporting the Afghan communists. The US government decided this was a good opportunity for a proxy-war, and thus we started sending money and weaponry to Afghans through Pakistan. By the 1990s there were Afghan warlords with lots of very modern weapons, and a lot of money. Many of these warlords were religious extremists. But after the Soviets had given up and left in 1989, the US government stopped paying attention to the effects our actions were having. We did nothing while the warlords used their modern weapons to maim and kill and kill population, as they all tried to take control. No wonder that the Taliban were actually a better alternative in the mid-1990s. They offered a trade -- if the people followed a very strict extreme version of Islam, they could live without the fear of the random violence they had suffered for years. And so the Taliban came to power. I know I was not paying attention to any of this. I don't know how many people were. Of course, we all started paying attention on September 11, 2001, and a lot of US citizens agreed that it made sense to send in the US military to get rid of the Taliban government and their Al Qaeda guests. When the US military first went into Afghanistan, I thought that meant we would help the Afghans set up a non-extremist, non-warlord government. It seemed only fair that we help them get on their feet, after we used them for our purposes in the 1980s and abandoned them in the 1990s. But I don't think the US government ever put in the resources necessary to do this properly. Less than 1.5 years after invading Afghanistan, our military was sent into Iraq. The troops and resources that should have been focused on Afghanistan went to Iraq instead. In the 8 years that the US government has been in Afghanistan, we never have put in the troops and resources that we should have if we were serious about helping the Afghans get a decently safe and stable country. So from a moral framework, it seems that we ought to do a serious effort in Afghanistan at least once. We haven't yet.
But perhaps there are people who think that a moral obligation is irrelevant, or at least not enough. If we decide it is not in our national interest to ensure that the Afghans have a half-decent living situation, does it make sense to risk more troops' lives and spend more money? I have no idea if the US could be safe if we left Afghanistan to its own devices. Perhaps we could ensure that the inevitable suffering and chaos there doesn't affect us in the US. I would think that the US's standing in the world will be quite low if we follow that route.
I don't have much to add to Paul's ideas about the mechanisms for making a reasonably working country. I do think that our public discussion about private security organizations is light on information. If we want diplomats to get out to talk to people, if we want development workers to get around to discuss, plan, and implement projects, then the civilians need to be protected by security. That's usually not going to be military people. It's usually going to be private security companies that act as bodyguards. We're going to need a lot more of those bodyguards, with a lot more armored vehicles for the diplomats and development workers. Otherwised the civilians will remain stuck in walled compounds, being ineffective.
That's how I see it, but it's certainly not consistent with what I usually hear among the chat-erati.