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  • Christine Chumbler
    Malawi: World Bank Supports Health Sector Development in Malawi World Bank (Washington, DC) PRESS RELEASE December 14, 2004 Posted to the web December 15, 2004
    Message 1 of 1046 , Dec 17, 2004
      Malawi: World Bank Supports Health Sector Development in Malawi

      World Bank (Washington, DC)

      December 14, 2004
      Posted to the web December 15, 2004

      Washington, DC

      The World Bank Board of Executive Directors today approved an
      International Development Association (IDA) grant of US$15 million to
      assist the Government of Malawi in improving the effectiveness,
      efficiency and equity of the essential health care delivery systems in
      the country through a Sector Wide Approach (SWAp).

      The Health Sector Support program aims to improve the availability of
      quality healthcare and an essential health package for the poor and
      vulnerable populations. It will strengthen health systems through
      equitable health financing, increased human resources, reliable
      pharmaceutical and supplies logistics and effective monitoring and

      The program will also enhance the capacity of the Ministry of Health
      for stewardship and policy development, and strengthen the District
      Health Management systems for planning, budgeting and delivery of
      quality health services. It will expand participation by communities in
      the delivery of essential health interventions.

      "The program will help reduce child mortality, improve maternal health
      and contribute to the reduction of poverty by protecting the poor and
      the vulnerable segments of the population from economic loss linked to
      ill health and disability", said Ramesh Govindaraj, the World Bank's
      Task Team Leader for the project.

      "It will also help combat HIV/AIDS by working in concert with other
      World Bank-supported projects and related initiatives in the country",
      Govindaraj added.

      The first component of the project -Delivery of the Essential Health
      Package--will improve the health status of the Malawian population by
      increasing access to a package of quality essential health services. It
      will support community sensitization and mobilization, establishment of
      standards, and delivery of appropriate health interventions at
      community, health center, district and central hospital levels.

      The second component -Human Resources Development and Management--will
      help increase the number of staff available through continuation of a
      six-year emergency training plan, a concerted recruitment campaign,
      financing and then filling current vacancies, the use of volunteers and
      contract staff and other stop-gap staffing strategies. It will also
      assist in the development of longer term HR strategies such as improved
      career structures and the improvement of recruitment and deployment

      The third component -Health Sector Support and Referral Systems--will
      focus on improving the effectiveness and efficiency of both the health
      system and the referral network to support delivery of the essential
      health package.


      Zim warned of Blair's 'saboteurs'

      Harare, Zimbabwe

      17 December 2004 12:27

      Zimbabwe's information minister has warned that alleged plans by the
      British government to deport up to 10,000 Zimbabweans could be cover for
      saboteurs to enter the country.

      Moyo, recently suspended from the ruling Zanu-PF party central
      committee, said on Thursday that the British government has been
      training young Zimbabweans in violence and sabotage and could send them
      home ahead of Zimbabwe's parliamentary polls set for March next year.

      "[British Prime Minister Tony] Blair's threatened deportation of 10 000
      Zimbabweans might very well be cover for the deployment of such
      elements," said Moyo.

      "It is for this reason that there is need for vigilance. Zimbabweans,
      Africans and other progressive people will watch the saga of Blair's
      threatened deportations of such a large number of Zimbabweans to see
      whether it's not cover to deploy trained and bribed malcontents to cause
      mayhem during and after the 2005 elections," he added.

      Moyo said the timing of the alleged deportations is "suspicious",
      coming just 90 days ahead of polls.

      "It seems Blair wants to stop the impending final and decisive defeat
      at the polls when he has employed all tricks to effect illegal regime
      change. Now he wants to use all possible means available to him," Moyo

      The controversial minister, recently reprimanded by Zimbabwe's
      President Robert Mugabe for holding an unauthorised meeting to choose a
      new vice-president, accused Britain outright of training saboteurs to
      destabilise Zimbabwe.

      "Tony Blair and his cronies must not be allowed to abuse the right to
      freedom of travel enjoyed by Zimbabweans to derail the democratic
      process and Blair's inevitable defeat in March," he said.

      The ruling Zanu-PF party has repeatedly accused the opposition Movement
      for Democratic Change (MDC) of receiving help from the British
      government, a charge denied by both the MDC and Britain.

      Meanwhile, Zanu-PF says it will enter next year's elections on "an
      anti-Blair" vote.

      The minister went on to warn returning Zimbabweans to decide who they

      "We have a right to ask whether these would be deportees, or Blair's
      mercenaries of regime change, or plain law-abiding Zimbabweans returning
      home after having been abused and dehumanised in Britain. Their
      treatment will depend on which is which," Moyo threatened. -- Sapa


      MDC in poll quandary

      Godwin Gandu | Harare

      16 December 2004 07:59

      The opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) is under pressure
      from its youth wing to rescind its decision to boycott Zimbabwe's
      parliamentary elections scheduled for March next year.

      "We will be giving the dictatorship a blank cheque to run Zimbabwe
      the way they like for the next five years. I need somebody with an
      alternative answer to convince me there is another route we can take
      besides through the electoral process," said former student leader and
      MDC MP Job Sikhala.

      "It's an excruciating decision for the party to make. There are
      strong views either way. The party is probably split 50/50 on
      participating, but we don't vote on these matters, we go along by
      consensus," said MDC spokesperson Paul Themba Nyathi.

      The MDC's national executive committee will retreat to the Mazvikadei
      Camp, 45km west of Harare, on Saturday, after spending much of the week
      consulting provincial structures and canvassing their members' views.

      Southern African Development Community (SADC) leaders have also weighed
      in with advice.

      "There have not just been meetings, but phone calls; particularly
      President Thabo Mbeki has been exerting pressure on [MDC leader] Morgan
      Tsvangirai," said Nyathi.

      "Mbeki feels if we participate, it gives them some kind of leverage
      to say Mugabe is failing to level the playing field. Mbeki is afraid of
      chaos in Zimbabwe and that if we don't participate it will prolong the
      political chaos. But I'm not sure if the same regional pressure was
      being applied on Mugabe to play ball."

      President Robert Mugabe is on record as saying that his Zanu-PF party
      will claim all 120 seats if the opposition does not field candidates.
      The MDC is in a quandary over other opposition parties' reluctance to
      call Mugabe's bluff and pull out of the race.

      "We are not sure of other parties' commitment to boycott," Nyathi
      said. "If the MDC boycotts and other parties do not, Mugabe will claim
      there was a legitimate voting process involving other parties."

      But there are dangers in taking part, said University of Zimbabwe
      political scientist Alois Masepe: "The MDC came on the platform of
      change and if that change doesn't happen, you risk becoming
      irrelevant. People become disillusioned if you participate and still
      can't change the repressive laws. Some of the repressive laws were
      passed while the MDC was in Parliament. They were part of the system.
      People want to see the difference but the difference is not there."

      Hundreds of MDC supporters have been killed in violence since the 2000
      parliamentary polls and at least half of its 57 legislators have been
      arrested under the controversial public order laws.

      Masepe is of the view that the MDC should change its approach.

      "You have to become revolutionary. You start by saying you want to
      dismantle the status quo. You can tell the people about the strategy of
      fighting from within and articulating the dangers of opting out.

      "Mugabe has been in power because people opted out. Zimbabweans
      deserve the government they have. They are adjusting to dictatorship;
      they are making it normal because they are not doing anything serious
      about it."

      The MDC is expected to make the outcome of its weekend deliberations
      known on Monday.
    • Christine Chumbler
      ADB firm on Karonga-Chitipa road contract by Zainah Liwanda, 22 May 2006 - 06:09:17 The African Development Bank (ADB) has again rejected a proposal by
      Message 1046 of 1046 , May 22, 2006

        ADB firm on Karonga-Chitipa road contract

        by Zainah Liwanda, 22 May 2006 - 06:09:17

        The African Development Bank (ADB) has again rejected a proposal by government to look for another contractor instead of China Hunan Construction to construct of the long awaited Karonga/Chitipa road.

        China Hunan from Mainland China won the bid which was approved by the ADB but government later wanted to award the contract to a Portuguese firm, Mota Engil, the second lowest bidder, claiming China Hunan's bid was unrealistically low and that the company had very little experience in Africa.

        Finance Minister Goodall Gondwe confirmed on Sunday the ADB rejected the proposal at a meeting held between the bank and Malawi government in Tunisia last week.

        The Malawi government wanted the Tunisia meeting to authorise it to get another contractor for the road, said Gondwe.

        "They did not allow us to look for another contractor because of their regulations. But we are about to get another alternative for Karonga/Chitipa and I would be surprised if it does not start before end June," said Gondwe.

        The minister explained that the bank insisted that regardless of the unrealistic cost estimates, China Hunan should be allowed to go ahead with the construction.

        But Gondwe could not give further details about the alternatives, arguing there are still a few loose ends to tighten up before disclosing it.

        The problem with China Hunan, according to Gondwe, is that it would require more money to meet the total cost of the project.

        This paper reported last week that government met Taiwanese representatives where they offered to fund the road if the ADB continued to reject its favoured contractor, Mota Engil.

        Gondwe could neither confirm nor deny the reports on the Taiwanese offer, saying government was looking at a number of ways to handle the issue.

        According to Gondwe, the China Hunan's bid was 24 percent lower than the consulting engineers' estimates of K7.9 billion and 34 percent below the second lowest bidder.

        President Bingu wa Mutharika laid a foundation stone for the construction of the road this year ahead of a crucial byelection in Chitipa in December last year.

        The President's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won the Chitipa Wenya constituency by-election that fell vacant following the collapse and subsequent death of Speaker of Parliament Rodwell Munyenyembe who belonged to the UDF.

        Last week, police and the District Commissioner (DC) for Chitipa stopped a rally that was aimed at soliciting people's views about development projects in the district.

        The meeting, which was reportedly organised by Concerned Citizens of Chitipa, was among other things also supposed to tackle the controversial Karonga/Chitipa road.

        The project failed to start off in 2000 when a contract for an initial loan of US$17 million and US$15 million from the Taiwanese government was signed, with some quarters claiming the Bakili Muluzi administration diverted the money to another road.


        Chihana operated on

        by Edwin Nyirongo, 22 May 2006 - 06:32:31

        Alliance for Democracy (Aford) president Chakufwa Chihana, who is in South Africa receiving treatment, had a brain operation on Friday at Garden City Clinic, family and party officials confirmed on Sunday.

        Aford national chairman Chipimpha Mughogho said he was told by the family members that Chihana had a successful operation on Friday and was put in an intensive care unit.

        Mughogho said Chihana, who initially complained of headache, was found with a brain tumour which South African doctors removed.

        Mzimba West MP Loveness Gondwe said Aford boss condition was stable.

        "Hon. Chihana had a major operation and after that he was put in the intensive care unit but his condition is stable. I do not know where he was operated on but it had something to do with the skull," she said.

        Deputy Information Minister John Bande referred the matter to the Health Minister Hetherwick Ntaba who was reported to be in Geneva, Switzerland.

        Aford publicity secretary Norman Nyirenda said when Chihana's situation got worse, the family alerted the Office of the President and Cabinet who took him to Mwaiwathu Private Hospital.

        "The doctors at Mwaiwathu advised that he should be sent to South Africa and they even identified the doctor for him," he said.

        He said the costs are being met by the Malawi government, contradicting his earlier statement that his boss covered the cost.

        Mughogho is now in charge of the party.

        Gondwe will be a busy person when Parliament starts meeting on June 6 as she is the only Aford MP remaining.


        Pillane proposes presidential age limit

        by Emmanuel Muwamba , 22 May 2006 - 06:34:13

        A member of the DPP National Governing Council Abdul Pillane on Saturday urged members of political parties and the civil society to put an upper age limit in the Constitution for presidential candidates.

        Pillane was addressing members of political parties and civil society in Liwonde during a two-day follow up workshop to the National Conference on the Review of Constitution held in March in Lilongwe.

        "My view is that (an upper) age limit should be at 75. We have to give a chance to younger people to lead because in circumstance, when you age you become forgetful especially when sickly," said Pillane. "Overall, chances should be given to young people."

        But UDF secretary general Kennedy Makwangwala, whose party members agitated for the age limit during presentations, played the issue down.

        "I feel there is no logic to have an upper age limit for presidential candidates. If someone is 90 or 80 I don't know how that can influence the electorate not to vote for someone who is younger, I don't see any logic behind that," said Makwangwala.

        MCP participants at the workshop also vehemently objected to the proposal.

        MCP vice president Nicholas Dausi in an interview said: "There is no constitution in Africa which stipulates an upper age limit. So it would be strange in Malawi to have an upper age limit for presidential candidates."

        MDP President Kamlepo Kalua also opposed the need to have an upper age limit.

        "If we have personalities in mind that we want to discriminate against then it is unfortunate. The constitution we want to build is a guiding document for future generations and it should not bar certain individuals on the basis of grudges," he said.

        The Malawi Law Constitution Issues Paper of March 2006 says several submissions that were received put an upper presidential age limit in the Constitution.

        "It is argued that it is common sense that mental knowledge faculties tend to fail with age. As regards what the actual age limit should be the submissions are far from being agreed. The range is from 60 years to 80 years," read submissions in the Issues Paper.

        On whether MPs should double as ministers, Kalua said this should be the case.

        Makwangwala also said it is not right for MPs to serve as ministers because the Legislature, another arm of government, is reduced while the Executive branch is beefed up from another arm of government.

        "There is no separation of powers when MPs double as ministers," said Makwangwala.

        But Pillane said there is no problem for MPs to work as ministers as well, saying MPs are elected by the President.

        "One can serve both posts. There have been no problems before for people to double," said Pillane.

        The Centre for Multiparty Democracy funded the workshop through the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy.

        The objective was to come up with a collective position on the Issues Paper which will be presented to the Special Law Commission that will be constituted soon.


        Mussa hails new driving licence

        by Zainah Liwanda, 22 May 2006 - 06:58:52

        Transport and Public Works Minister Henry Mussa last week said the design of the Malawi-Sadc driving licence would guard against forgery and ensure that only skilled and legitimate drivers of particular vehicles are licensed.

        Mussa was speaking at the official launch of the licences in Lilongwe where he announced that traffic police would from July enforce speed limits and sober driving using Breathalysers which his ministry is in the process of procuring.

        The minister said financial constraints are the reason for the delay in procuring the equipment but assured that by July they would be available.

        "With the new equipment, the days of those who believe in the thrill of drink and driving are numbered," warned Mussa.

        Mussa added that with the new licence, government is optimistic that the country's roads would be safe.

        Acting Director of Road Traffic James Chirwa said the features that distinguish the new from the old licences are the Malawi national flag and a ghost image of the driver's photograph, among others.

        Those with old licences, according to Chirwa, are expected to get the new ones after the expiry of the former.


        UDF demands investigation on Kasambara

        by Rabecca Theu, 22 May 2006 - 06:30:46

        The United Democratic Front (UDF) has asked government to investigate Ralph Kasambara on allegations of abuse of office while he was attorney general.

        UDF publicity secretary Sam Mpasu told the press Sunday that the party is neither amused or saddened by the removal of the former AG but asked government to institute investigations on Kasambara.

        "Beyond the removal of the Attorney General, we now urge President Mutharika to institute investigation against Mr Kasambara into allegations that have made rounds in the public domain during the recent past. These include: Mrs Helen Singh and SS Rent-a-Car; SGS and ITS saga; ...........the use of Malawi Police Service in the arrest of three Chronicle journalists and the handling of Mrs Rubina Kawonga," said Mpasu.

        Mpasu also accused Kasambara of awarding government contracts to Lawson and Company where he was a senior partner.

        "We urge government to thoroughly investigate the former AG. We also ask government to cautiously select the new AG ," said Mpasu, who was accompanied by the party's Secretary General Kennedy Makwangwala, leader of the party in Parliament George Mtafu, chief whip Leonard Mangulama and a member of the executive Hophmally Makande.

        But Minister of Information Patricia Kaliati said UDF should give offer its advice to the Anti Corruption Bureau (ACB).

        "They should advise bodies like the Anti-Corruption Bureau to conduct the investigations and why are they saying this now? Is it because Kasambara has been fired? This is not a personal issue. If they have other pressing issues they should just say so. These arguments should have come up earlier on when the said cases were happening," she said.

        Kasambara asked UDF to proceed with the mission of urging government to investigate him.

        "They can do their job. Everyone has a right to lobby for anything they want in the country. UDF has a right to do that, let them go ahead," he said.

        Kasambara was relieved of his duties as AG by the President last week. Government has not given reasons behind the removal.


        Zambia: Malawians Grab Zambian Land

        The Times of Zambia (Ndola)

        May 18, 2006

        Posted to the web May 19, 2006

        Andrew Lungu


        MALAWIANS who have encroached on both the 'no-man's' and part of the Zambian land at the Mwami border in Eastern Province have plucked out some beacons that were used in the demarcation of the border.

        The Malawians are now using the beacons as stools in their newly-established villages on Zambian land.

        Eastern Province Minister, Boniface Nkhata, said in Chipata yesterday that if the situation was not controlled urgently, Zambia would lose huge tracts of land to Malawians migrating into Zambian in large numbers.

        A check at the Zambia-Malawi border showed a number of beacons had been vandalised and new structures constructed on the 'no man's' land and a large portion of Zambian land.

        Mr Nkhata said the trend extended to many parts of the province bordering the two countries.

        "A large portion of Zambian land has been taken up by the Malawians starting from the Chama boundary up to the Mwami border.

        "The weighbridge at the Mwami border was initially in Zambia from the time both countries gained independence from Britain, but now the bridge is on Malawian soil," Mr Nkhata said.

        The minister, who is former Chama District Commissioner, said there was similar encroachment in Lundazi and Chama districts where Zambia shares a boundary with Malawi.

        He said a Malawian farmer identified as Mr Mfune had cultivated 71.5 hectares on Zambian land and employed about 265 Malawian workers.

        "Khombe Farm in Chama district in Kanyerere's area, along the Muyombe road which leads to Northern Province where this Malawian farmer has cultivated a vast land is on the Zambian territory," he said.

        Workers on the farm admitted that they were farming on Zambian soil but could not go back to Malawi because the land in that country was inadequate for cultivation.

        Mr Nkhata appealed to the ministry of Lands to urgently release money for the demarcation of the Zambia-Malawi border to avoid further land disputes between the two countries.

        Meanwhile, the Immigration Department in Livingstone has arrested a couple and another man, all Zimbabweans, for working in Zambia without permits.

        They were arrested at Gwembe village yesterday where they worked for Into Africa, a tour operating company that provides bush dinners and breakfast.

        According to the Immigration Department in Livingstone, the trio entered Zambia through the Victoria Falls border as visitors but decided to work for the company illegally.

        Last week, immigration officers arrested 10 Zimbabwean traders and six Ethiopians for entering and staying in Zambia illegally.

        The Zimbabwean traders were warned and cautioned and later released.

        The Ethiopians were arrested at Konje Guest House when they ran out of money to proceed to Botswana.



        Zim unions, MDC still plan anti-govt protests

        Harare, Zimbabwe

        22 May 2006 11:51

        Zimbabwe's biggest labour federation on Saturday threatened to call massive demonstrations against the government over poor salaries and worsening living conditions for workers in the country.

        The threats are ratcheting up pressure against President Robert Mugabe's government after similar threats by the biggest opposition party in the country, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), about two months ago.

        Speaking at the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) conference on Saturday, the labour body's president, Lovemore Matombo, said the powerful union wants the government to award workers salaries that match the country's ever-rising inflation.

        "I can assure you we will stage massive demonstrations to force them [employers] to award workers minimum salaries that tally with the poverty datum line," said Matombo.

        Matombo did not say when exactly the ZCTU would order workers to strike.

        Opposition protests

        Meanwhile, the MDC on Sunday said it will push ahead with plans for anti-government protests, saying victory in a key by-election at the weekend was a "sign the electorate supported its policies", including democratic mass resistance.

        A spokesperson of the main faction of the splintered MDC, Nelson Chamisa, said victory over Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF and a rival MDC faction in a Saturday by-election in Harare's Budiriro constituency is a sign Zimbabweans still have confidence in party leader Morgan Tsvangirai and his policies.

        Tsvangirai, the founding leader of the MDC, heads the main rump of the opposition party whose candidate, Emmanuel Chisvuure, polled 7 949 votes to win the Budiriro House of Assembly seat.

        Gabriel Chaibva of the other faction of the MDC, led by prominent academic Arthur Mutambara, garnered 504 votes while Zanu-PF's Jeremiah Bvirindi polled 3 961 votes.

        "This election showed that the electorate still has confidence in the MDC [Tsvangirai-led] leadership and its policies," Chamisa told independent news service ZimOnline.

        He added: "We will now move to consolidate our position * we still believe in mass protests. Until we have attained our goals we see no reason why we should abandon [plans for protests]."

        Tsvangirai has threatened to call mass protests this winter against Mugabe and his government. He says the mass protests, whose date he is still to name, are meant to force Mugabe to relinquish power to a government of national unity to be tasked to write a new and democratic Constitution that would ensure free and fair elections held under international supervision.

        Mugabe and his government, who had hoped for victory in Budiriro to show they were recapturing urban support from a splintered MDC, have not taken idly the opposition's threats to call mass protests, with the veteran president warning Tsvangirai he would be "dicing with death" if he ever attempted to instigate a Ukraine-style popular revolt in Zimbabwe.


        In a fresh crackdown against dissension, the police last week arrested several church and civic leaders for organising public prayers and marches to mark last year's controversial home-demolition exercise by the government.

        The police also banned the marches and prayers, fearing they could easily turn into mass protests against Mugabe and his government.

        However, the marches went ahead in the second-largest city of Bulawayo after organisers had obtained a court order barring the police from stopping the march.

        Political analysts say although Zimbabweans have largely been cowed by Mugabe's tactics of routinely deploying riot police and the military to crush street protests, worsening hunger and poverty are fanning public anger that Tsvangirai -- with proper planning and organisation -- could easily manipulate.

        Zimbabwe is in the grip of a severe six-year old economic crisis that has seen inflation breaching the 1 000% barrier. Last year, the World Bank said Zimbabwe's economic crisis was unprecedented for a country not at war.

        The MDC and major Western governments blame Mugabe for wrecking the country's economy, which was one of the strongest in Africa at independence from Britain 26 years ago.

        Mugabe denies the charge blaming the crisis on sabotage by Britain and her allies after he seized white-owned farms for redistribution to landless blacks six years ago.

        The Harare authorities recently hiked salaries for civil servants, with the lowest-paid soldier now earning about Z$27-million while the lowest-paid school teacher now takes home about Z$33-million.

        But the salaries are still way below the poverty datum line, which the government's Consumer Council of Zimbabwe says now stands at a staggering Z$42-million a month for an average family of six.

        The Zimbabwe government often accuses the ZCTU, a strong ally of the MDC, of pushing a political agenda to remove Mugabe from power.

        Meanwhile, Matombo and Lucia Matibenga retained their posts as president and first vice-president respectively during the ZCTU congress that ended on Saturday. -- ZimOnline

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