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  • Christine Chumbler
    Charges against Chiluba dropped, reinstated Lusaka 13 September 2004 17:18 A Zambian court on Monday dropped charges against former president Frederick Chiluba
    Message 1 of 57 , Sep 14, 2004
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      Charges against Chiluba dropped, reinstated

      Lusaka

      13 September 2004 17:18

      A Zambian court on Monday dropped charges against former president
      Frederick Chiluba for the theft of $41-million in public funds but the
      ex-leader was arrested and charged only a few hours later with
      embezzling one million dollars.

      Magistrate Jones Chinyama said graft charges against Chiluba and four
      co-accused should be dropped after state prosecutors said they wanted to
      review the indictment.

      "The accused persons are hereby discharged with respect to the offences
      they were charged with," Chinyama said.

      A prosecution official said that the charges against Chiluba were
      dropped in a bid to re-organise the cases to make the trial move
      faster.

      Chinyama warned a visibly shocked Chiluba that he and his accomplices
      could be re-arrested on the same charges if the state found enough
      evidence against them.

      Chiluba, who initially was facing 86 counts of corruption and theft of
      $41-million in public funds, was re-arrested and charged with only eight
      counts, said his aide Emmanuel Mwamba.

      "He has been granted police bond (bail) and he has already left the
      police station," Mwamba said.

      A prosecution official said Chiluba has now been charged with theft of
      one million dollars as opposed to the earlier $41-million because the
      state wanted to move faster with the trial by concentrating on "solid
      charges".

      "The rest of the counts are related more to his co-accused, especially
      those who fled the country," the prosecutor said on condition on
      anonymity.

      Chiluba and six others have been charged with corruption, abuse of
      office and the theft of more than $41-million of state funds during his
      tenure from 1991 to 2001.

      Chiluba was first arrested in September last year but his trial only
      commenced in December the same year and repeated legal technicalities
      have delayed its completion.

      Chiluba was jointly charged with two businessmen, two former treasury
      officials, former intelligence chief Xavier Chungu and former Zambian
      envoy to the United States Atan Shansonga. The latter two have fled the
      country. - Sapa-AFP

      *****

      Mugabe to seize bankers' farms

      Harare, Zimbabwe

      14 September 2004 12:31

      The Zimbabwe government plans to seize farms belonging to bankers who
      fled the country last year after being accused of mishandling foreign
      currency.

      According to a notice published in the state-controlled Herald
      newspaper on Tuesday, the state will seize nine farms from directors of
      the National Merchant Bank and Intermarket Holdings.

      Some of the directors -- among them prominent banker Julius Makoni --
      fled to the United Kingdom, denying any wrongdoing but fearing
      retribution from President Robert Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF party.

      Meanwhile, Mugabe said he will "leave no stone unturned" in his efforts
      to extradite suspects wanted "in connection with corruption" by police.

      Zimbabwe's police are accused of being fiercely loyal to the ruling
      party.

      "Criminals are criminals. We will be charging that Britain is keeping
      criminals. Does that augur well for Britain?" Mugabe said.

      The president, embroiled in a long-running dispute with Zimbabwe's
      former colonial power, said he is investigating foreign bank accounts in
      an effort to repatriate the money.

      He said he will ask Interpol, the international police agency, to
      assist his government to return "fugitives" to face justice.

      None of the bankers who will lose their farms this week have been
      charged with criminal activity. -- Sapa

      *****

      Nine More Die As Food Crisis Deepens

      Zimbabwe Standard (Harare)

      September 13, 2004
      Posted to the web September 13, 2004

      Savious Kwinika
      Bulawayo

      NINE more people died in Bulawayo last month due to hunger amid reports
      that an estimated 22 of the 58 districts in Zimbabwe have dwindling food
      supplies.

      Bulawayo Executive Mayor, Japhet Ndabeni-Ncube, told The Standard those
      who died were mostly children under the age of five, some elderly men
      and women aged above 60 years.

      He said the deaths resulting from malnutrition were a weekly
      occurrence.

      The latest figures bring to 161 the number of people who have died of
      hunger in Bulawayo this year.

      "Those are the statistics, which speak loudest about food shortage in
      Bulawayo resulting in deaths."

      He showed The Standard Bulawayo city council records on Health, Housing
      and Education for August, which reveal that nine people died as a result
      of starvation.

      Among these were two female infants aged below five; a 14-year-old boy;
      two men aged above 70; and a 59-year-old woman.

      Recently, the Minister of State for Information and Publicity, Jonathan
      Moyo, threatened the Bulawayo city council with "drastic actions" for
      announcing the statistics.

      But Ndabeni-Ncube said his council would not bow down to threats by
      politicians bent on concealing such information from the public.

      "We can't be threatened and remain quiet when people are dying in our
      city as a result of malnutrition."

      Meanwhile, the Civic Monitoring Programme (CMP) says, in its latest
      report covering the months of June and July, falling food availability
      was reported in 22 district sites mainly in Masvingo, Manicaland,
      Matabeleland South and North provinces.

      "Food stocks have remained relatively low with sentinel wards reporting
      in July 2004 that 68 percent of households have stocks of less than a
      month ..."

      The rural districts were estimated to have produced insufficient
      cereals to meet the needs of their populations.

      In July, the Famine Early Warning System Network (Fewsnet) warned:

      "By October, food security will be seriously threatened by cereal
      shortages in these districts."
    • Christine Chumbler
      Voting doesn t fill the belly Justin Pearce 12 December 2004 23:59 Mozambique s ruling party, Frelimo, surged ahead last week in unofficial results from the
      Message 57 of 57 , Dec 14, 2004
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        'Voting doesn't fill the belly'

        Justin Pearce

        12 December 2004 23:59

        Mozambique's ruling party, Frelimo, surged ahead last week in unofficial results from the country's recent election, puzzling analysts who had expected a neck-and-neck finish with the opposition Renamo. At the same time, evidence of ballot-stuffing in some remote districts cast a shadow over the clean bill of health that international observers gave the elections.

        Projections suggest that Frelimo's presidential candidate, Armando Guebuza, will get 60% of the vote, as compared with 35% for Renamo's Afonso Dhlakama, who in 1999 collected nearly 48% of the vote. These projections are based on results posted by individual polling stations and collected by Radio Mozambique correspondents around the country.

        The sharp drop in Renamo support was accompanied by an equally dramatic fall in voter turnout, with numbers expected to be between three million and 3,5-million: less than half of the eligible voters. Turnout in the 1994 and 1999 general elections was 5,4-million and 4,9-million respectively.

        Analysts agreed that abstention had been highest among Renamo's traditional supporters in the largely agricultural centre and north of the country, who felt that the government had let them down, and the opposition had failed to provide a viable alternative.

        "People chose to stay in the fields -- voting doesn't fill the belly," said independent journalist Marcelo Mosse.

        "In the cities, the absence might have been a criticism not only of [outgoing president Joaquim] Chissano, but also of Guebuza -- he is not someone who inspires support."

        The political weekly Savana described the low turnout as "a red card to the political class", which it accused of being out of touch with voters' interests.

        Reports of irregularities were concentrated in Tete province in western Mozambique.

        "In Tete there was clearly fraud, though not enough to affect the final result," said Luís de Brito of the Electoral Institute of Southern Africa (Eisa).

        He said two voting stations in the province's Changara district had reported turnout of close to 100%, with most of these votes going to Frelimo. De Brito said the high turnout for the province as a whole gave reason for suspicion.

        "In Tete, we have an average of 400 voters turning out at each voting table, compared with fewer than 300 per table in all the other provinces."

        De Brito said Renamo activists had been forced to leave certain areas of Tete province early in the election campaign, which had prevented them from sending monitors to polling in those areas. Elsewhere in the country, the presence of party representatives during voting and counting was hailed as Mozambique's best safeguards against fraud.

        The Mozambican Political Process Bulletin -- an independent newsletter with a wide network of correspondents -- also cited evidence of ballot-stuffing in Tsangano district of Tete province, as well as in Chicono in northern Niassa province. In the latter, 996 out of 1 000 voters registered at one station appeared to have voted, with Guebuza gaining more than 900 of the votes.

        Such reports contradicted the positive assessment of international observation teams, who praised Mozambique's strong legal framework for elections, the professionalism of polling station staff, and balanced coverage both in state and private media. Asked why the international teams had not picked up the incidents of fraud cited by Eisa, De Brito said these incidents had occurred mostly at remote and inaccessible polling stations.

        The international teams, including Southern African Development Community parliamentarians and representatives of the Commonwealth, the Carter Center and the European Union, were however concerned at the low electoral turnout. Several of the observer teams also mentioned the mistrust that had been created by the party-political structure of the National Electoral Commission, where Frelimo is able to force through decisions by majority vote.

        *****

        Elderly pay the price for raising Aids orphans

        Kezi

        14 December 2004 08:21

        Until a week ago, elderly Hannah Dube and her five grandchildren living in the dusty village of Kezi in soutwestern Zimbabwe had been surviving on small portions of dried white melon.

        Then Zimbabwe's social services stepped in, handing the 75-year-old Dube emergency aid of the staple corn grain to feed her family, caught in the grip of an HIV/Aids pandemic and a crippling drought.

        Her face worn by grief and stress, the aging grandmother's plight in this remote and rural corner of Zimbabwe tells the story of the burden of many other pensioners in this southern African country where HIV/Aids has turned a million children into orphans.

        The UN children's organisation Unicef estimates that more than one in five children will be orphaned in Zimbabwe by 2010, with more than 80% of those orphaned by HIV/Aids, which kills about 3 000 people per week on average.

        Nine of her grandchildren are orphaned -- she is looking after five children between the ages of five and 13.

        Three successive years of drought in this naturally dry region some 600km southwest of the capital, characterised by unproductive soils, and a political and economic crisis have exacerbated food shortages.

        "We only eat one meal a day," said Dube, who lives in a hut next to a dusty road, where her cooking fire has long since gone out.

        "We are used to it now and there is nothing unusual about it," she said.

        While food is available in the shops, people like Dube and her family, who have no source of income whatsoever, cannot even dream of buying any.

        Driving up to Dube's home along a narrow dust road, hundreds of people, dangling empty sacks, were seen walking back home, looking tired, hungry and dejected.

        They are coming from the local business centre where they had gone to register their names for food aid to be handed out three days later.

        "We were told [by an international aid organisation] to come and register our names for food coming next week. But now they say only those on the old list will be given food," Dube said.

        The Zimbabwean government this year turned away foreign food aid, saying the country produced enough to feed its people.

        But Harare has recently allowed the United Nations World Food Programme to undertake a one-off free food distribution to get rid of its stock left over from April when the government stopped general food aid.

        Volunteer workers confirm the hunger in the area.

        "It is depressing to go out there visiting the sick, handing out a few bars of soap, diapers, some antiseptic solutions -- but seeing that what is urgently needed is food," said volunteer Georgina Tshabalala.

        Dube is not only struggling to provide food for her orphaned grandchildren, but also shelter.

        She cleans up grass that fell while she was thatching the roof of her new mud and pole hut in this remote rural area of Zimbabwe.

        With nobody to help her build or maintain their home, Dube has to risk climbing onto the roof to patch it up before the rains bring it down.

        Inside, the fire has gone out.

        Dube said besides the fact that their one meal has already been cooked, she could not afford to keep the fire going because she does not have the energy to regularly go to the bush to cut down firewood.

        The elderly woman -- old and weak enough to be a dependent herself -- said she had no choice but to look after her some of her grandchildren.

        Those who are not under her wing are probably involved in illegal gold mining, rife in the area.

        "I don't really know how they are surviving, but no one helps me with anything. The chickens and the goats you see outside I sell to send these children to school," she said.

        Despite the difficult living conditions and lack of food, one of her grandchildren, Dan, (7), passed his year-end school examinations with A grades. - Sapa-AFP

        *****

        Improved Zim inflation still world's highest

        Harare, Zimbabwe

        14 December 2004 15:15

        Zimbabwe's official inflation rate dropped to 149,3% last month, down from 209% in October, the state Central Statistical Office said on Tuesday. The new rate still leaves Zimbabwe with the highest inflation in the world.

        The troubled Southern African country is in the midst of its worst economic crisis since independence from Britain in 1980, with inflation peaking at more than 600% last year.

        With the local currency plummeting, sending a Christmas card to Europe by air mail now costs Z$40 000 (about R41) -- twice as much as a one-bedroom apartment did shortly after independence.

        A dollar was equivalent to Z$2 at the time, compared with the current official rate of Z$5 600, or Z$8 000 on the black market.

        The Reserve Bank attributes the recent drop to tighter fiscal policies aimed at reining in rampant profiteering and a lucrative black market in scarce commodities and hard currency.

        However, the official inflation rate excludes prices on a wide range of services and imports that have continued to soar throughout the year.

        The cost of medicines, vehicle repairs and health, agriculture and mining equipment has risen by more than 600%. The state telephone and postal companies have increased their fees by 1 000%.

        The agriculture-based economy has collapsed in the four years since the government began seizing thousands of white-owned commercial farms for redistribution to black Zimbabweans.

        The country routinely faces acute shortages of food, gasoline, hard currency and other imports. -- Sapa-AP
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