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  • Christine Chumbler
    Zimbabwe poll stifled at birth Harare 03 November 2003 13:13 The High Court in Zimbabwe on Monday began hearing a challenge by opposition leader Morgan
    Message 1 of 2 , Nov 3, 2003
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      Zimbabwe poll 'stifled at birth'

      Harare

      03 November 2003 13:13


      The High Court in Zimbabwe on Monday began hearing a challenge by
      opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai against President Robert Mugabe's
      victory in last year's disputed polls.

      The hearing comes 18 months after Tsvangirai first filed a petition
      against the election, claiming Mugabe violated electoral laws and used
      dirty tactics to win himself a fifth term in office.

      Tsvangirai's South African lawyer, Jeremy Guantlett, told Justice Ben
      Hlatshwayo on Monday that the disputed poll was conducted in an
      environment that was "blatantly unconstitutional".

      The start of the long-awaited petition attracted a large audience that
      crammed into a courtroom in the Harare High court. As Tsvangirai, his
      wife and other senior officials from his Movement for Democratic Change
      (MDC) looked on, the MDC lawyer told the judge that a state-appointed
      body tasked with supervising the election was not properly constituted
      because it had only four members instead of five.

      He argued that the Electoral Supervisory Commission, whose members are
      appointed by Mugabe, had scuttled chances of a free and fair election.

      "The fairness and genuineness of the elections were stifled at birth by
      that extraordinary sight of the incumbent, the main contender of the
      elections, being set up as a main rule-maker in an election in which he
      was one of the two main actors," Gauntlett said.

      Tsvangirai, who has posed the greatest challenge ever to Mugabe's
      23-year grip on power, wants a rerun of the March 2002 poll, which was
      largely condemned by Western observer groups, as well as one from the
      Commonwealth.

      They said that the poll had been fundamentally flawed and marred by
      violence and vote-rigging.

      However other African observer groups, including one from neighbouring
      South Africa, a key ally of Zimbabwe, declared that the election had
      been free and fair.

      Tsvangirai's lawyers also intend to argue that Mugabe tightened
      electoral laws to disqualify large numbers of voters ahead of the poll.

      These included thousands of white voters -- perceived to be opposition
      supporters -- and millions of black Zimbabwean voters working abroad.

      An estimated three million Zimbabweans who have escaped economic
      problems at home now live in South Africa, while tens of thousands more
      have gone to Botswana, Mozambique and Britain.

      They also claim that the number of polling stations set up in the MDC
      strongholds of Harare and Chitungwiza were reduced, causing massive
      queues of people, many of whom did not get to vote. - Sapa-AFP


      *****

      Mugabe plans sweeping reforms

      Harare

      02 November 2003 09:06


      Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe plans sweeping changes to his cabinet
      and the central bank in a bid to kickstart the faltering economy, state
      media reported on Saturday. Mugabe blames the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe
      for failing to stem the black market in foreign currency.

      The overhaul of the central bank is to begin next week "to make more of
      a developmental institution that protects the national interest", the
      Herald quoted ruling Zimbabwe African National Union
      - Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) officials who attended a central committee
      meeting in Harare on Friday as saying.

      Zimbabwe has critical foreign currency shortages affecting a wide
      variety of imports including fuel. Foreign currency is easily available
      on the black market though, where it trades at more than
      seven times the official rate.

      The economy of this troubled southern African country is in its third
      year of recession, shrinking faster than most other world economies.
      Inflation is edging up towards 500%, while chronic shortages of fuel and
      basic commodities make daily life a headache for many.

      Zimbabwe is also grappling with high rates of HIV/Aids infection, which
      affects at least one in four of the population.

      Meanwhile there are deep political divisions between Zanu-PF supporters
      and those of the main opposition party, the Movement for Democratic
      Change (MDC).

      Ministers in his government, appointed soon after his
      re-election in March last year, are also not safe in their jobs, the
      paper said.

      "The president said the restructuring and overhauling exercise will not
      be limited to the Reserve Bank only, but will be extended to other key
      national institutions. He told the meeting that this would include the
      cabinet," an official told the paper.

      "He said the time had come to be proactive and turn around the economy
      and it was important to go beyond textbook economics," the official
      said.

      It is not clear exactly what form the overhaul will take.

      Cabinet reshuffles are rare here. There has however been widespread
      speculation that Mugabe might get rid of ministers accused of taking
      more than one farm under a controversial land reform programme, though
      there has been no confirmation of that from the government.

      A new vice president also has to be appointed following the death in
      September of Simon Muzenda, one of two ruling party officials who hold
      the post.

      On Monday opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai begins a long-awaited
      election petition in court, challenging Mugabe's victory in the 2002
      polls. - Sapa-AFP

      *****

      Tanzania roads get facelift

      By Dan Dickinson
      BBC, Dar es Salaam


      Tanzania's road network is set to become the envy of Africa following a
      major construction programme in the country.

      The network - made up of 85,000km - has been so neglected in the past
      that in many areas it has deteriorated beyond repair.

      This has forced people travelling to the northern city of Mwanza from
      Dar es Salaam to pass through the Kenyan capital, Nairobi - a detour of
      several hundred kilometres.

      It is hoped that new roads - not just in Mwanza but across the whole of
      Tanzania - will boost the local economy and help to reduce poverty.

      "It is important because it is one of the major factors of economic
      growth in any country... it eases transportation of goods, whether
      agricultural or industrial goods, imports or exports," says Mr Leopold
      Mujjungi who is in charge of trunk roads in the Ministry of Works.


      Commerce


      Mr Majungi says that the new road network will also ease communication
      between Tanzania and the neighbouring countries of Rwanda and Burundi.


      "People will get easier access because there is no damage to their
      cars, no potholes and there is a saving in travelling time, and along
      the new road a lot of commercial activities are coming up," he says.

      In the case of Mwanza the new road system is impacting on the health of
      ordinary people.

      "People were inhaling a lot of dust from morning to dusk which has been
      affecting even their health," said Mr Majungi.

      "But now we have a new paved road with no dust at all".

      Donors

      The biggest donor in the road rebuilding programme is the European
      Union (EU) which is spending up to $40m a year.

      "It requires a lot of resources... the government is putting in some of
      the resources but the needs are huge because Tanzania is such a huge
      country.....that even to maintain the current network of roads requires
      a lot of resources," says William Hanna, head of the EU in Tanzania.

      Many of the tarmac roads in Tanzania were built over 10 years ago and
      have almost completely disintegrated and Mr Hanna says that the EU has
      listed maintenance as one of the conditions for assistance in the
      building of new roads.

      "A few years ago it came to a point where we could not assist Tanzania
      in the construction of new roads unless the question of maintenance was
      properly addressed," said Mr Hanna.

      When the Mwanza road project ends early next year it is hoped that
      Tanzanians will by then be reaping the many benefits that new roads can
      bring.
    • Christine Chumbler
      Chissano Dissolves Government Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo) January 26, 2005 Posted to the web January 27, 2005 Maputo As part of the transition
      Message 2 of 2 , Jan 28, 2005
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        Chissano Dissolves Government

        Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique (Maputo)

        January 26, 2005
        Posted to the web January 27, 2005

        Maputo

        As part of the transition to a new head of state, and a new government,
        Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano on Wednesday dissolved the current
        government.

        As of midnight Wednesday, Prime Minister Luisa Diogo, all ministers and
        deputy ministers, and all provincial governors are relieved of their
        duties.

        The government held its final meeting on Tuesday, under Chissano's
        chairmanship, followed by a ceremony at which diplomas of merit or of
        honour were awarded to the members of the outgoing government, and of
        members of Chissano's previous government, in office from 1994 to 1999.

        The newly elected parliament, the Assembly of the Republic, will be
        sworn into office, and elect its chairperson on Monday.

        Presiding over this opening session will be among the last state duties
        undertaken by Chissano.

        His successor, President-elect Armando Guebuza, will be inaugurated at
        a public ceremony next Wednesday, 2 February. He is expected to announce
        a new government within a matter of days.


        *****

        Zimbabwe sculptors struggle with sales

        Harare



        26 January 2005 08:44

        Zimbabwe's traditional stone sculptors, who once earned huge sums from
        Western tourists, museums and galleries, are now struggling to survive
        due to their country's isolation.

        The exquisite soapstone and granite works, crafted for centuries by the
        country's majority Shona people, came to the attention of the world in
        the 1960s when it metamorphosed into a more modern and Cubist art form.

        The representations of humans, birds, beasts and spirits or purely
        abstract pieces started commanding hefty prices abroad and Shona works
        grace the collections of the New York Museum of Modern Art, Britain's
        Queen Elizabeth II and the Rockefeller family.

        But Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe's standoff with the United States,
        Europe and Australia since controversial presidential polls in 2002 has
        led to a slump in Western tourists, the main chunk of buyers.

        Mugabe's policy of wooing Asia to offset this drop has not helped.

        "We have suffered perhaps even more than any other industry since the
        problems between our government and the Western countries started," said
        Harare art dealer Newman Chiadzwa.

        "The European markets are virtually closed and since the start of this
        'Look East' policy, we are getting lots of visitors from China and Korea
        coming to us saying they want to exchange sculptures with goods such as
        bicycles. But we need money, not bicycles."

        Shona stone sculptures were picked up as souvenirs by European
        travellers as far back as the 13th century, according to historical
        records.

        Newsweek once described it as probably the most important art form to
        have emerged from Africa in the 20th century.

        Many sculptors now moonlight to supplement their income or sell their
        works at a fraction of the price in a country labouring under a slew of
        economic woes, including hyperinflation and a high unemployment rate.

        Renowned local sculptor Kennedy Musekiwa said business had slowed down
        so much in the last five years that he has resorted to running training
        workshops in the United States and Europe to supplement his income.

        "It's difficult these days to earn a living on stone sculpture alone,"
        said Musekiwa.

        "There is little business as fewer tourists are coming from Europe and
        the United States while most locals have little or no disposable income
        and would never think of buying a stone sculpture."

        Fellow sculptor Tendai Rukodzi used to run a bustling open-air gallery
        along the main road to Harare airport.

        Now he spends most of the time chatting or drinking beer with friends
        while killing time and waiting for the rare customer to turn up.

        "Some of our old clients have said they would never come here until
        Mugabe goes and as a result, I go for months without selling even a
        single item," he said.

        "I end up selling the sculptures at giveaway prices just to get money
        to buy food and pay rent. I don't even get paid enough to buy stone to
        make the next piece."

        However, Elvas Mari, an official with the Zimbabwe National Arts
        Council, insisted there was a silver lining.

        "This slump in business has also helped in a way to separate genuine
        artists from imitators. I believe it's the mediocre artists who are
        feeling the pinch. Talented artists have weathered the storm and
        developed ways to sell their products in the difficult circumstances,"
        he said. - Sapa-AFP

        *****

        There's an interesting collection of black & white photos from
        Mozambique on the BBC page, ranging from the 60s to the present.
        http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/africa_mozambique___illuminating_lives/html/1.stm
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