- Zambia cracks down on corruption
17 September 2003 11:21
A former economic adviser to Zambia's former president Frederick
Chiluba and a former minister have been arrested for alleged corruption,
anti-corruption officials in Lusaka said on Wednesday.
Donald Chanda, who used to be the economic adviser to Chiluba, was
arrested in connection with the theft of $4 500 allegedly stolen from
the public service pensions fund, anti-corruption commission
spokesperson Silwaba Mwaanga said.
The former minister of Northern Province, Daniel Kapapa, who is also
Chiluba's in-law, has been arrested and charged with abuse of office
during his time in the last government.
Kapapa is alleged to have sold computers and facsimile machines to the
government without following tender procedures, a spokesperson of the
task force on corruption said in a statement.
The former chief executive of the government pension fund, Offman
Gondwe, was also arrested in connection with the same alleged
embezzlement scam, Mwaanga said.
"Both Gondwe and Chanda have been given bond and will appear in court
on September 19 2003," Mwaanga said.
Richard Sakala, who served as presidential spokesperson during
Chiluba's reign, has been in detention for moe than one year on charges
of corruption and theft of government funds.
Chiluba and several other senior officials who served in his government
are facing various charges of theft, corruption and abuse of office
during the time they were in government between 1991 and 2001.
President Levy Mwanawasa last year launched an anti-corruption drive
that has seen his predecessor, Chiluba, and several of his former
officials arrested for allegedly siphoning off millions of dollars of
state funds while in office. -- Sapa-AFP
Mugabe's bank has a new kind of money
17 September 2003 14:13
President Robert Mugabe's government broke new economic ground on
Wednesday by introducing a form of money that financial experts said had
been hitherto unknown -- the bearer cheque.
A spokesperson for the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe was quoted in the daily
Herald newspaper as saying that next week it would introduce "bearer
cheques" in an attempt to alleviate the desperate shortage of cash in
The cheques were printed on banknote paper, looked like banknotes and
were as "good as cash", the central bank said.
The cheques, which would be dispensed through automated teller
machines, would come in denominations of Z$5 000, Z$10 000 and Z$20
Banking executives said the only difference between a bearer cheque and
a banknote was that the central bank would not call them banknotes, and
that they expired on January 31 next year.
"This is being done for the convenience of the public while long-term
measures are being put in place," Information Minister Jonathan Moyo
It was not explained why they were not called banknotes.
A senior Harare bank executive who asked not to be named said: "It's an
invention ... I have never heard of it before. For a central bank to
issue something called a bearer cheque is probably unique.
"It can only be so they can tell Mugabe they haven't had to issue a
bigger banknote. He seems to need to reassuring that Zimbabwe is not
really a banana republic. I can't think of any other reason."
The Reserve Bank warned since the beginning of the year that it was
facing a shortage of cash and that the current highest banknote
denomination of Z$500 was insufficient in the country's current
However, it had refused to print higher value banknotes.
Thousands of Zimbabweans can be seen every weekday queuing at banks in
the hope of drawing a small amount of cash, while cash itself has joined
the long list of commodities available only on the illegal black market,
attracting a premium of up to 50%.
Economists said the cause was the central bank's failure to print
enough money. They pointed out in a Third World society only a tiny
minority of people have chequebooks and credit cards, and most people
"With inflation now at 427%, it means that five times as much cash is
needed now than a year ago," said the bank executive.
The government claimed the shortage was caused by "hoarding" and last
month published regulations that made it a crime to carry more than
Z$5-million at a time.
Zimbabwe has been classified by the United Nations as having the
fastest shrinking economy in the world -- with gross domestic product
forecast to tumble 12% this year. -- Sapa
Arrest of Zim judge ruled 'unconstitutional'
17 September 2003 07:15
Zimbabwe's Supreme Court on Tuesday ruled as unconstitutional the
arrest and detention of High Court judge Justice Benjamin Paradza early
this year for allegedly trying to obstruct the course of justice, state
The court ruled that Paradza's arrest and detention at a police station
was "unconstitutional", "unnecessary" and "unwarranted".
The judgement means the corruption charges the judge faced have been
dropped, the radio said.
Paradza was accused of trying to influence his fellow judges to release
the French passport of his friend and business partner, Russell Wayne
Luschagne, who faced a murder charge.
The passport was being held by the Zimbabwean authorities while he
awaited his trial. Details of the murder he allegedly committed and the
outcome of his case were not available.
Paradza (45) was the second judge to be arrested in Zimbabwe.
Retired High Court judge Fergus Blackie was arrested in September, also
on allegations of obstructing the course of justice.
But in June the Zimbabwe government withdrew charges against the
retired white judge Blackie. He was arrested last year and detained for
several days after irregularly releasing a white woman convicted of
The charges against Blackie had stemmed from his quashing of a sentence
and conviction of Tara White in an appeal case he handled before his
In the past Paradza has handed down judgements that may have been seen
to favour the opposition, notably after he ordered the release of the
opposition mayor of Harare, Elias Mudzuri, who had been arrested for
holding a meeting with ratepayers without police authorisation.
He also ruled last year that eviction orders served on about 50 white
farmers were illegal. -- Sapa-AFP
Bono 'rows' with Bush over Aids
U2 frontman Bono has had a "good old row" with President George Bush
about Aids funding during a White House meeting.
The rock star urged the US president to allocate $3bn (£1.9bn) to fight
the current Aids crisis in Africa.
But the Bush administration would not increase its previous $2bn
(£1.26bn) pledge, citing concerns the money would not be used
Bono described Bush as "sincere" but added: "What I just can't agree
with him on is the numbers."
In January, the US pledged to increase the country's Emergency Plan for
Aids Relief budget by $10 billion (£6.28bn) to $15 billion (£9.43bn)
over the next five years.
At the time, the US agreed it would spend $2bn out of this year's
budget, but Bono has now called for this to be increased to $3bn.
But Mr Bush has held back on pledging the full amount because of
concerns about how the money will be allocated.
"You need to make sure the infrastructure is in place for those
resources to be spent," White House spokesman Scott McClellan said.
Bono and Mr Bush first discussed Aids funding in January
He added that spending would increase over the coming years to meet the
Following Bono and Mr Bush's meeting in Washington, the U2 frontman
said he was "depressed" at not influencing the president's stance.
The Aids initiative will provide anti-viral treatment for HIV sufferers
in Africa and the Caribbean.
It would also go towards education and prevention as well as helping
children affected by the disease.
"The Aids emergency is just that. It's not a cause. We're not here
peddling a cause. We're not looking to get into America's wallet for
another cause," Bono said after the meeting.
"Several thousand people dying a day is not a cause, it's an
- 'Voting doesn't fill the belly'
12 December 2004 23:59
Mozambique's ruling party, Frelimo, surged ahead last week in unofficial results from the country's recent election, puzzling analysts who had expected a neck-and-neck finish with the opposition Renamo. At the same time, evidence of ballot-stuffing in some remote districts cast a shadow over the clean bill of health that international observers gave the elections.
Projections suggest that Frelimo's presidential candidate, Armando Guebuza, will get 60% of the vote, as compared with 35% for Renamo's Afonso Dhlakama, who in 1999 collected nearly 48% of the vote. These projections are based on results posted by individual polling stations and collected by Radio Mozambique correspondents around the country.
The sharp drop in Renamo support was accompanied by an equally dramatic fall in voter turnout, with numbers expected to be between three million and 3,5-million: less than half of the eligible voters. Turnout in the 1994 and 1999 general elections was 5,4-million and 4,9-million respectively.
Analysts agreed that abstention had been highest among Renamo's traditional supporters in the largely agricultural centre and north of the country, who felt that the government had let them down, and the opposition had failed to provide a viable alternative.
"People chose to stay in the fields -- voting doesn't fill the belly," said independent journalist Marcelo Mosse.
"In the cities, the absence might have been a criticism not only of [outgoing president Joaquim] Chissano, but also of Guebuza -- he is not someone who inspires support."
The political weekly Savana described the low turnout as "a red card to the political class", which it accused of being out of touch with voters' interests.
Reports of irregularities were concentrated in Tete province in western Mozambique.
"In Tete there was clearly fraud, though not enough to affect the final result," said Luís de Brito of the Electoral Institute of Southern Africa (Eisa).
He said two voting stations in the province's Changara district had reported turnout of close to 100%, with most of these votes going to Frelimo. De Brito said the high turnout for the province as a whole gave reason for suspicion.
"In Tete, we have an average of 400 voters turning out at each voting table, compared with fewer than 300 per table in all the other provinces."
De Brito said Renamo activists had been forced to leave certain areas of Tete province early in the election campaign, which had prevented them from sending monitors to polling in those areas. Elsewhere in the country, the presence of party representatives during voting and counting was hailed as Mozambique's best safeguards against fraud.
The Mozambican Political Process Bulletin -- an independent newsletter with a wide network of correspondents -- also cited evidence of ballot-stuffing in Tsangano district of Tete province, as well as in Chicono in northern Niassa province. In the latter, 996 out of 1 000 voters registered at one station appeared to have voted, with Guebuza gaining more than 900 of the votes.
Such reports contradicted the positive assessment of international observation teams, who praised Mozambique's strong legal framework for elections, the professionalism of polling station staff, and balanced coverage both in state and private media. Asked why the international teams had not picked up the incidents of fraud cited by Eisa, De Brito said these incidents had occurred mostly at remote and inaccessible polling stations.
The international teams, including Southern African Development Community parliamentarians and representatives of the Commonwealth, the Carter Center and the European Union, were however concerned at the low electoral turnout. Several of the observer teams also mentioned the mistrust that had been created by the party-political structure of the National Electoral Commission, where Frelimo is able to force through decisions by majority vote.
Elderly pay the price for raising Aids orphans
14 December 2004 08:21
Until a week ago, elderly Hannah Dube and her five grandchildren living in the dusty village of Kezi in soutwestern Zimbabwe had been surviving on small portions of dried white melon.
Then Zimbabwe's social services stepped in, handing the 75-year-old Dube emergency aid of the staple corn grain to feed her family, caught in the grip of an HIV/Aids pandemic and a crippling drought.
Her face worn by grief and stress, the aging grandmother's plight in this remote and rural corner of Zimbabwe tells the story of the burden of many other pensioners in this southern African country where HIV/Aids has turned a million children into orphans.
The UN children's organisation Unicef estimates that more than one in five children will be orphaned in Zimbabwe by 2010, with more than 80% of those orphaned by HIV/Aids, which kills about 3 000 people per week on average.
Nine of her grandchildren are orphaned -- she is looking after five children between the ages of five and 13.
Three successive years of drought in this naturally dry region some 600km southwest of the capital, characterised by unproductive soils, and a political and economic crisis have exacerbated food shortages.
"We only eat one meal a day," said Dube, who lives in a hut next to a dusty road, where her cooking fire has long since gone out.
"We are used to it now and there is nothing unusual about it," she said.
While food is available in the shops, people like Dube and her family, who have no source of income whatsoever, cannot even dream of buying any.
Driving up to Dube's home along a narrow dust road, hundreds of people, dangling empty sacks, were seen walking back home, looking tired, hungry and dejected.
They are coming from the local business centre where they had gone to register their names for food aid to be handed out three days later.
"We were told [by an international aid organisation] to come and register our names for food coming next week. But now they say only those on the old list will be given food," Dube said.
The Zimbabwean government this year turned away foreign food aid, saying the country produced enough to feed its people.
But Harare has recently allowed the United Nations World Food Programme to undertake a one-off free food distribution to get rid of its stock left over from April when the government stopped general food aid.
Volunteer workers confirm the hunger in the area.
"It is depressing to go out there visiting the sick, handing out a few bars of soap, diapers, some antiseptic solutions -- but seeing that what is urgently needed is food," said volunteer Georgina Tshabalala.
Dube is not only struggling to provide food for her orphaned grandchildren, but also shelter.
She cleans up grass that fell while she was thatching the roof of her new mud and pole hut in this remote rural area of Zimbabwe.
With nobody to help her build or maintain their home, Dube has to risk climbing onto the roof to patch it up before the rains bring it down.
Inside, the fire has gone out.
Dube said besides the fact that their one meal has already been cooked, she could not afford to keep the fire going because she does not have the energy to regularly go to the bush to cut down firewood.
The elderly woman -- old and weak enough to be a dependent herself -- said she had no choice but to look after her some of her grandchildren.
Those who are not under her wing are probably involved in illegal gold mining, rife in the area.
"I don't really know how they are surviving, but no one helps me with anything. The chickens and the goats you see outside I sell to send these children to school," she said.
Despite the difficult living conditions and lack of food, one of her grandchildren, Dan, (7), passed his year-end school examinations with A grades. - Sapa-AFP
Improved Zim inflation still world's highest
14 December 2004 15:15
Zimbabwe's official inflation rate dropped to 149,3% last month, down from 209% in October, the state Central Statistical Office said on Tuesday. The new rate still leaves Zimbabwe with the highest inflation in the world.
The troubled Southern African country is in the midst of its worst economic crisis since independence from Britain in 1980, with inflation peaking at more than 600% last year.
With the local currency plummeting, sending a Christmas card to Europe by air mail now costs Z$40 000 (about R41) -- twice as much as a one-bedroom apartment did shortly after independence.
A dollar was equivalent to Z$2 at the time, compared with the current official rate of Z$5 600, or Z$8 000 on the black market.
The Reserve Bank attributes the recent drop to tighter fiscal policies aimed at reining in rampant profiteering and a lucrative black market in scarce commodities and hard currency.
However, the official inflation rate excludes prices on a wide range of services and imports that have continued to soar throughout the year.
The cost of medicines, vehicle repairs and health, agriculture and mining equipment has risen by more than 600%. The state telephone and postal companies have increased their fees by 1 000%.
The agriculture-based economy has collapsed in the four years since the government began seizing thousands of white-owned commercial farms for redistribution to black Zimbabweans.
The country routinely faces acute shortages of food, gasoline, hard currency and other imports. -- Sapa-AP