- Mugabe holds talks with churches
27 July 2003 11:10
Zimbabwe's main alliance of civic organisations expressed cautious
optimism after a meeting between President Robert Mugabe and leaders of
the country's major churches on Friday.
Mugabe held two hours of talks at his official residence with senior
representatives of the Zimbabwe Christian Council. The council
represents the country's mainstream protestant and catholic churches as
well as the evangelical Christian churches.
Bishop Sebastian Bakare, of Mutare in eastern Zimbabwe, said after the
meeting he and bishops Patrick Mutume and Trevor Manhanga had called on
Mugabe to register their concern over what was happening in the country
and to try to facilitate dialogue between Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF party
and the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).
"Our strong desire is to bring them together in the interests of
Zimbabwe," the independent Daily News quoted Bakare as saying. Mugabe
had been "fairly responsive" to their approach. "We would like to carry
on with our discussion with the two parties so they can come up with a
home-grown solution, without having to get some outsiders to tell us
what to do."
Zimbabwean churches have been involved in exploratory shuttles for the
last three months to try and bring the country's two main political
antagonists to negotiate an end to the political and economic crises in
The impetus for dialogue received a sharp boost on July 9 when United
States president George Bush and South African president Thabo Mbeki
discussed the issue, and agreed on the need for urgent action.
Because of the political turmoil of the last couple of years,
Zimbabwe's once robust economy is in collapse. Inflation is forecast to
hit 1 000% at the end of 2003, while the gross domestic product has
slumped 30% in just three years and a famine looms.
Brian Kagoro, senior coordinator in the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition,
said the organisation supported the churches' initiative.
"It's encouraging that they have met, but it's the extent to which they
are able to agree on a commitment to unconditional dialogue that is
The country's established churches have turned against Mugabe in recent
months, with the ZCC last week apologising for its inaction during years
of "state-driven lawlessness and impoverishment".
There were Nigerian and South African-brokered dialogue initiatives
immediately after Mugabe's victory in flawed presidential elections in
March 2002, but these collapsed after three weeks when Mugabe broke off
formal talks because of the MDC's challenge to the election result.
The MDC, backed by independent international election observers, said
Mugabe had won by means of fraud, intimidation, repressive laws that
stopped Tsvangirai from campaigning, and the mass disenfranchisement of
Mugabe has refused to talk to the MDC until it dropped its court
challenge to the election results.
Remarks in the state press on Saturday indicated Mugabe was sticking to
this condition. The Herald, the ruling party's main mouthpiece, quoted
unnamed sources as saying that Mugabe told the bishops he was "concerned
about the impediments (to talks) cause by the MDC". This included the
MDC's refusal to recognise his re-election.
However, Mugabe was also quoted as welcoming the olive branch the MDC
put out to the government this week when it decided to drop a planned
walkout of Parliament during Mugabe's annual address at the opening of
Mugabe told the church leaders he hoped this was the beginning of new
thinking in the MDC ranks and that he looked forward to brighter things
to come. – Sapa
Zimbabwe: the terror goes on
28 July 2003 13:46
State-sponsored political violence increased with 113 cases of torture,
assault and other human rights violations recorded in June, according to
a report released by Zimbabwe Human Rights (ZimRights) on Monday.
The opposition believes political violence is expected to escalate in
the next few weeks ahead of next month's municipal elections.
ZimRights, a human rights watchdog, said the country's human rights
record had deteriorated to "pathetic" levels as ruling Zanu-PF
supporters continued to terrorise perceived opposition Movement for
Democratic Change supporters.
"In continued contravention of Section 21(1) of the Zimbabwean
Constitution, citizens are being routinely targeted on the basis of
genuine or perceived political affiliation," said ZimRights.
The report fingered state security agents as the main perpetrators of
violence apparently pandering to the whims of President Robert Mugabe to
consolidate his power. The retribution campaign also spilt over to
learning institutions as they were viewed by the government as the
breeding ground for opposition politics, said the report.
"State agents have reportedly been witnessed engaging in organised
violence and torture and intimidatory activities at institutions of
higher learning and medical facilities.
"Students from the University of Zimbabwe were among those victimised
by state agents, on suspicion that they were convening meetings in
support of the 'final push'," read the report.
The MDC last month called for street demonstrations, dubbed the "final
push", which they said were aimed at forcing Mugabe to the negotiating
table to hatch a solution to the ever-worsening socio-economic and
political crisis in the country.
The protests were violently quelled by heavily armed riot police, while
hundreds of angry protesters were nabbed, including the opposition party
leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
"While the Human Rights Forum unreservedly condemns the use of violent
means in the exercise of the rights to freedom of expression and
movement by an individual or political party, (particularly the two
dominant parties in Zimbabwe, Zanu-PF and MDC) it equally condemns
regular use of organised violence and torture as a means to curtail this
right or to enforce law and order."
Particularly disturbing, said the report, were allegations that
high-level government officials were actively involved in organised
violence and torture.
ZimRights said more than five victims made allegations that the
minister of youth development, gender and employment creation, Elliot
Manyika, was actively involved in the torture of residents in high
density suburbs in Harare, specifically Glen View and Marondera. No
comment could be obtained from Manyika. - Sapa
[out of our usual scope of interest, but just way too extraordinary not
Equatorial Guinea's "God"
State radio in the tiny west African state of Equatorial Guinea has
hailed the nation's leader as "the country's God".
In a programme called Bidze-Nduan (Bury the fire) which deals with
"peace, tranquillity and the order reigning in the country" the radio
declared that President Teodoro Obiang Nguema was "in permanent contact
with the Almighty".
It said that the president was "like God in heaven" who has "all power
over men and things".
The BBC's reporter in Rodrigo, Angue Nguema, says a large proportion of
the national population listens to state radio and that there are no
newspapers in the country.
President Nguema won the 2002 presidential elections by almost 100% to
serve a third, seven-year term.
"He can decide to kill without anyone calling him to account and
without going to hell because it is God himself, with whom he is in
permanent contact, and who gives him this strengtho," a presidential
aide announced on the show.
The radio show, which claims to "inform and mobilise the masses on
issues of national interest", has warned against any attempt to disrupt
the peace and order which, it said, had reigned since President Obiang,
61, took power in a coup 23 years ago.
The remarks were made in a weekly programme presented by the
presidential aide and broadcast in Fang, the language used by the
majority ethnic group, which makes up 80% of the population of about
- 'Voting doesn't fill the belly'
12 December 2004 23:59
Mozambique's ruling party, Frelimo, surged ahead last week in unofficial results from the country's recent election, puzzling analysts who had expected a neck-and-neck finish with the opposition Renamo. At the same time, evidence of ballot-stuffing in some remote districts cast a shadow over the clean bill of health that international observers gave the elections.
Projections suggest that Frelimo's presidential candidate, Armando Guebuza, will get 60% of the vote, as compared with 35% for Renamo's Afonso Dhlakama, who in 1999 collected nearly 48% of the vote. These projections are based on results posted by individual polling stations and collected by Radio Mozambique correspondents around the country.
The sharp drop in Renamo support was accompanied by an equally dramatic fall in voter turnout, with numbers expected to be between three million and 3,5-million: less than half of the eligible voters. Turnout in the 1994 and 1999 general elections was 5,4-million and 4,9-million respectively.
Analysts agreed that abstention had been highest among Renamo's traditional supporters in the largely agricultural centre and north of the country, who felt that the government had let them down, and the opposition had failed to provide a viable alternative.
"People chose to stay in the fields -- voting doesn't fill the belly," said independent journalist Marcelo Mosse.
"In the cities, the absence might have been a criticism not only of [outgoing president Joaquim] Chissano, but also of Guebuza -- he is not someone who inspires support."
The political weekly Savana described the low turnout as "a red card to the political class", which it accused of being out of touch with voters' interests.
Reports of irregularities were concentrated in Tete province in western Mozambique.
"In Tete there was clearly fraud, though not enough to affect the final result," said Luís de Brito of the Electoral Institute of Southern Africa (Eisa).
He said two voting stations in the province's Changara district had reported turnout of close to 100%, with most of these votes going to Frelimo. De Brito said the high turnout for the province as a whole gave reason for suspicion.
"In Tete, we have an average of 400 voters turning out at each voting table, compared with fewer than 300 per table in all the other provinces."
De Brito said Renamo activists had been forced to leave certain areas of Tete province early in the election campaign, which had prevented them from sending monitors to polling in those areas. Elsewhere in the country, the presence of party representatives during voting and counting was hailed as Mozambique's best safeguards against fraud.
The Mozambican Political Process Bulletin -- an independent newsletter with a wide network of correspondents -- also cited evidence of ballot-stuffing in Tsangano district of Tete province, as well as in Chicono in northern Niassa province. In the latter, 996 out of 1 000 voters registered at one station appeared to have voted, with Guebuza gaining more than 900 of the votes.
Such reports contradicted the positive assessment of international observation teams, who praised Mozambique's strong legal framework for elections, the professionalism of polling station staff, and balanced coverage both in state and private media. Asked why the international teams had not picked up the incidents of fraud cited by Eisa, De Brito said these incidents had occurred mostly at remote and inaccessible polling stations.
The international teams, including Southern African Development Community parliamentarians and representatives of the Commonwealth, the Carter Center and the European Union, were however concerned at the low electoral turnout. Several of the observer teams also mentioned the mistrust that had been created by the party-political structure of the National Electoral Commission, where Frelimo is able to force through decisions by majority vote.
Elderly pay the price for raising Aids orphans
14 December 2004 08:21
Until a week ago, elderly Hannah Dube and her five grandchildren living in the dusty village of Kezi in soutwestern Zimbabwe had been surviving on small portions of dried white melon.
Then Zimbabwe's social services stepped in, handing the 75-year-old Dube emergency aid of the staple corn grain to feed her family, caught in the grip of an HIV/Aids pandemic and a crippling drought.
Her face worn by grief and stress, the aging grandmother's plight in this remote and rural corner of Zimbabwe tells the story of the burden of many other pensioners in this southern African country where HIV/Aids has turned a million children into orphans.
The UN children's organisation Unicef estimates that more than one in five children will be orphaned in Zimbabwe by 2010, with more than 80% of those orphaned by HIV/Aids, which kills about 3 000 people per week on average.
Nine of her grandchildren are orphaned -- she is looking after five children between the ages of five and 13.
Three successive years of drought in this naturally dry region some 600km southwest of the capital, characterised by unproductive soils, and a political and economic crisis have exacerbated food shortages.
"We only eat one meal a day," said Dube, who lives in a hut next to a dusty road, where her cooking fire has long since gone out.
"We are used to it now and there is nothing unusual about it," she said.
While food is available in the shops, people like Dube and her family, who have no source of income whatsoever, cannot even dream of buying any.
Driving up to Dube's home along a narrow dust road, hundreds of people, dangling empty sacks, were seen walking back home, looking tired, hungry and dejected.
They are coming from the local business centre where they had gone to register their names for food aid to be handed out three days later.
"We were told [by an international aid organisation] to come and register our names for food coming next week. But now they say only those on the old list will be given food," Dube said.
The Zimbabwean government this year turned away foreign food aid, saying the country produced enough to feed its people.
But Harare has recently allowed the United Nations World Food Programme to undertake a one-off free food distribution to get rid of its stock left over from April when the government stopped general food aid.
Volunteer workers confirm the hunger in the area.
"It is depressing to go out there visiting the sick, handing out a few bars of soap, diapers, some antiseptic solutions -- but seeing that what is urgently needed is food," said volunteer Georgina Tshabalala.
Dube is not only struggling to provide food for her orphaned grandchildren, but also shelter.
She cleans up grass that fell while she was thatching the roof of her new mud and pole hut in this remote rural area of Zimbabwe.
With nobody to help her build or maintain their home, Dube has to risk climbing onto the roof to patch it up before the rains bring it down.
Inside, the fire has gone out.
Dube said besides the fact that their one meal has already been cooked, she could not afford to keep the fire going because she does not have the energy to regularly go to the bush to cut down firewood.
The elderly woman -- old and weak enough to be a dependent herself -- said she had no choice but to look after her some of her grandchildren.
Those who are not under her wing are probably involved in illegal gold mining, rife in the area.
"I don't really know how they are surviving, but no one helps me with anything. The chickens and the goats you see outside I sell to send these children to school," she said.
Despite the difficult living conditions and lack of food, one of her grandchildren, Dan, (7), passed his year-end school examinations with A grades. - Sapa-AFP
Improved Zim inflation still world's highest
14 December 2004 15:15
Zimbabwe's official inflation rate dropped to 149,3% last month, down from 209% in October, the state Central Statistical Office said on Tuesday. The new rate still leaves Zimbabwe with the highest inflation in the world.
The troubled Southern African country is in the midst of its worst economic crisis since independence from Britain in 1980, with inflation peaking at more than 600% last year.
With the local currency plummeting, sending a Christmas card to Europe by air mail now costs Z$40 000 (about R41) -- twice as much as a one-bedroom apartment did shortly after independence.
A dollar was equivalent to Z$2 at the time, compared with the current official rate of Z$5 600, or Z$8 000 on the black market.
The Reserve Bank attributes the recent drop to tighter fiscal policies aimed at reining in rampant profiteering and a lucrative black market in scarce commodities and hard currency.
However, the official inflation rate excludes prices on a wide range of services and imports that have continued to soar throughout the year.
The cost of medicines, vehicle repairs and health, agriculture and mining equipment has risen by more than 600%. The state telephone and postal companies have increased their fees by 1 000%.
The agriculture-based economy has collapsed in the four years since the government began seizing thousands of white-owned commercial farms for redistribution to black Zimbabweans.
The country routinely faces acute shortages of food, gasoline, hard currency and other imports. -- Sapa-AP