- Opposition Anticipates Further Bloodshed
The Chronicle Newspaper
June 12, 2001
Posted to the web June 13, 2001
Malawi Congress Party (MCP) President, Gwanda
Chakuamba last week said if government accepts
violence being perpetrated by the ruling United
Democratic Front (UDF) Young Democrats, this country
should expect more bloodshed.
Commenting in parliament on last week's violence at
parliament building after the official opening of the Budget
Session by President Bakili Muluzi, Chakuamba said it is
dangerous when government does not protect opposition
leaders, let alone ordinary citizen.
In response, Speaker Sam Mpasu said Parliament had
launched an investigation into the violence and that
anybody who has evidence should come forward with it.
He said the results of the investigation will be brought
before Parliament but could not indicate when the report
should be ready.
Member of Parliament for Rumphi West, Mapesi Gondwe
said in an interview outside parliament that the violence at
parliament was shocking and appalling.
He concurred with President Chakuamba saying that
indeed the state of unrest could introduce a crisis situation
in the country and did not rule out the possibility of further
innocent blood being shed.
'Parliament is one of the honourable places where one
would not expect a few misguided individuals to play with
the nation by perpetuating violence like this,' said Gondwe
Violence erupted at parliament last week soon after
President Muluzi delivered his *State of the Nation'
At least 20 people are reported to have been injured and
a car burnt to ashes. Ironically, the police only arrested two
people, both victims of the violence. No perpetrators were
Political analysts have said that the police inaction is a
throwback to the dictatorial regime where the police were
subservient to the much feared and hated Malawi Young
Pioneers (MYP) of the MCP.
Zimbabwe: Battling for survival
Every month a worker in Harare will spend more than half of his salary on bus fares,
before buying a meal or paying the school fees for a single child
The line of cars began in a narrow side-street and snaked around three corners
before finding its way to the crowded forecourt of a petrol station over 1 km
away. A heat haze danced on the roofs of the 200 vehicles in the queue as
drivers waited with growing impatience to fill up.
John Maponga had queued for over three hours to be served at the Total petrol
station in the Harare suburb of Helensvale. He asked: "How am I meant to run my
business when I have to waste time like this? Look what has happened to Zimbabwe.
I'm going to emigrate to Zambia. At least they have petrol there."
Endless queues at the few Zimbabwean petrol stations with supplies are the most
visible signs of an economic crisis that worsens by the day. With no reserves of
foreign exchange to buy imports, Zimbabwe has suffered fuel shortages since
December 1999. Superficially, this only affects the small minority of people wealthy
enough to own a car. Yet the economic slump is so severe that an entire society is
President Robert Mugabe's government has achieved the distinction of recording
some of the worst macroeconomic statistics in Africa. Last year, unemployment
rose to 60%, inflation ran at 57%, the budget deficit swelled to 23% of gross national
product and the entire economy contracted by 6%. The victims of the collapse can
be found on any street corner in Harare.
Thomas Karimadondo, 25, once worked
in a clothing factory in the industrial
suburb of Graniteside. He lost his job
when the company closed in 1999. To
support his son, now aged 3, he joined
the informal economy and based himself
opposite Meikles Hotel in central Harare,
where he sold souvenirs, mainly small
wooden elephants, to tourists. But
Zimbabwe's tourism industry was crippled
last year when the number of visitors fell
So Thomas lost his livelihood once again.
He still earns a living as a street trader,
but now sells goods that are in constant
demand - petrol funnels. As he walked
beside a row of cars halted at the busy
junction between Second Street and
Tongogara Avenue, Thomas carried his
collection of shiny, silver funnels with
genuine pride. "Other people sell old ones that leak, but mine are the best," he said.
His customers seem to agree. Thomas sells about 10 funnels a day, at the
equivalent of US $1 each, making him rich by the modest standards of Harare street
traders. "Everyone needs one of these funnels. I can sell all that I buy," he said.
Thomas has survived by spotting the gap in the market created by Zimbabwe's fuel
crisis. For the very poorest, living outside the formal economy, survival now hinges on
Entire families are dependent on selling the unlikeliest objects. When asked where
he gets the funnels from, Thomas looks uncertain. In fact, the clean, metal cylinders
are made from Harare's street signs, which are rapidly disappearing. Finding your
way around the city is increasingly difficult because countless streets have become
anonymous overnight. The metal signs have numerous uses. Many people eke out a
living by turning them into coffin handles and then selling them to undertakers. About
2 000 Zimbabweans are estimated to die of AIDS every week, so the demand for
coffins is growing fast. The business of death allows thousands to live.
The battle for survival is also fought by the 40% of the workforce who hold jobs in the
formal economy. An inflation rate of 57% is indiscriminate in the poverty it causes.
The petrol price increase of 74 percent announced on 13 June has already led to a
50% rise in bus fares and will push up the cost of every basic essential.
A manual worker living in the dormitory town of Chitungwiza, 25 km south of Harare,
will typically earn the equivalent of US $55 per month from a factory job in the
capital. Yet the cost of commuting by bus each day is now about US $1.36. Every
month, the worker will spend more than half of his salary on bus fares, before buying
a meal or paying the school fees for a single child. So more and more people are
walking to work. Every day in Chitungwiza, thousands rise at 4 a.m. and walk the 50
km round-trip, to and from Harare. The additional strain this imposes, and the hours
it adds to the working day, have become unavoidable.
Only the very richest have been shielded from the effects of economic collapse. But
even they risk poverty when they reach old age. Inflation has wiped out the value of
savings and pensions, depriving those who once held senior government positions of
a quiet retirement.
Steven Sibanda, 73, retired from the civil service as an Assistant Secretary in 1987.
His pension was then worth US $400 per month. It has now plummeted to US $145
per month at the official exchange rate, and US $57 at the more realistic "parallel"
rate. Last year, Sibanda's pension was upgraded by 15 percent - less than one third
of the inflation rate.
He said: "We've reached the crunch point now. To survive, we're going to have to
make severe economies." Sibanda cannot afford to visit his children in South Africa
and may soon have to dispense with his gardener and housemaid. To supplement
his income, he does occasional lectures at the University of Zimbabwe and other
casual jobs. "We don't really have a retirement any more. We have to go on working
to survive," he added.
For people at every level of Zimbabwean society, a country that once prided its self
on its orderliness and sophistication, survival involves nothing but a struggle.
The BBC's Joseph Winter fled Zimbabwe earlier this year
Zimbabwe has announced stricter conditions
on foreign reporters requiring them to apply for
official press accreditation at least a month
before an intended visit.
State media announced that applications now
have to be submitted to the Information
Ministry in Harare or through Zimbabwe's
diplomatic missions abroad.
And journalists have been warned not to make
travel plans until approval is given.
The government has been waging a campaign
against the independent media in Zimbabwe,
with one eye on presidential elections
scheduled for 2002.
The BBC's Joseph Winter and another foreign
reporter had to leave in February after officials
accusing them of biased reporting against the
Earlier this year the printing presses of the
Daily News, the country's leading independent
newspaper, were blown up.
Information Minister Jonathan Moyo accuses
opposition groups, independent and foreign
journalists of working together to fuel violence.
The government's new conditions came a day
after it announced the price of fuel was
increasing by 70%.
ADB firm on Karonga-Chitipa road contract
by Zainah Liwanda, 22 May 2006 - 06:09:17
The African Development Bank (ADB) has again rejected a proposal by government to look for another contractor instead of China Hunan Construction to construct of the long awaited Karonga/Chitipa road.
China Hunan from Mainland China won the bid which was approved by the ADB but government later wanted to award the contract to a Portuguese firm, Mota Engil, the second lowest bidder, claiming China Hunan's bid was unrealistically low and that the company had very little experience in Africa.
Finance Minister Goodall Gondwe confirmed on Sunday the ADB rejected the proposal at a meeting held between the bank and Malawi government in Tunisia last week.
The Malawi government wanted the Tunisia meeting to authorise it to get another contractor for the road, said Gondwe.
"They did not allow us to look for another contractor because of their regulations. But we are about to get another alternative for Karonga/Chitipa and I would be surprised if it does not start before end June," said Gondwe.
The minister explained that the bank insisted that regardless of the unrealistic cost estimates, China Hunan should be allowed to go ahead with the construction.
But Gondwe could not give further details about the alternatives, arguing there are still a few loose ends to tighten up before disclosing it.
The problem with China Hunan, according to Gondwe, is that it would require more money to meet the total cost of the project.
This paper reported last week that government met Taiwanese representatives where they offered to fund the road if the ADB continued to reject its favoured contractor, Mota Engil.
Gondwe could neither confirm nor deny the reports on the Taiwanese offer, saying government was looking at a number of ways to handle the issue.
According to Gondwe, the China Hunan's bid was 24 percent lower than the consulting engineers' estimates of K7.9 billion and 34 percent below the second lowest bidder.
President Bingu wa Mutharika laid a foundation stone for the construction of the road this year ahead of a crucial byelection in Chitipa in December last year.
The President's Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) won the Chitipa Wenya constituency by-election that fell vacant following the collapse and subsequent death of Speaker of Parliament Rodwell Munyenyembe who belonged to the UDF.
Last week, police and the District Commissioner (DC) for Chitipa stopped a rally that was aimed at soliciting people's views about development projects in the district.
The meeting, which was reportedly organised by Concerned Citizens of Chitipa, was among other things also supposed to tackle the controversial Karonga/Chitipa road.
The project failed to start off in 2000 when a contract for an initial loan of US$17 million and US$15 million from the Taiwanese government was signed, with some quarters claiming the Bakili Muluzi administration diverted the money to another road.
Chihana operated on
by Edwin Nyirongo, 22 May 2006 - 06:32:31
Alliance for Democracy (Aford) president Chakufwa Chihana, who is in South Africa receiving treatment, had a brain operation on Friday at Garden City Clinic, family and party officials confirmed on Sunday.
Aford national chairman Chipimpha Mughogho said he was told by the family members that Chihana had a successful operation on Friday and was put in an intensive care unit.
Mughogho said Chihana, who initially complained of headache, was found with a brain tumour which South African doctors removed.
Mzimba West MP Loveness Gondwe said Aford boss condition was stable.
"Hon. Chihana had a major operation and after that he was put in the intensive care unit but his condition is stable. I do not know where he was operated on but it had something to do with the skull," she said.
Deputy Information Minister John Bande referred the matter to the Health Minister Hetherwick Ntaba who was reported to be in Geneva, Switzerland.
Aford publicity secretary Norman Nyirenda said when Chihana's situation got worse, the family alerted the Office of the President and Cabinet who took him to Mwaiwathu Private Hospital.
"The doctors at Mwaiwathu advised that he should be sent to South Africa and they even identified the doctor for him," he said.
He said the costs are being met by the Malawi government, contradicting his earlier statement that his boss covered the cost.
Mughogho is now in charge of the party.
Gondwe will be a busy person when Parliament starts meeting on June 6 as she is the only Aford MP remaining.
Pillane proposes presidential age limit
by Emmanuel Muwamba , 22 May 2006 - 06:34:13
A member of the DPP National Governing Council Abdul Pillane on Saturday urged members of political parties and the civil society to put an upper age limit in the Constitution for presidential candidates.
Pillane was addressing members of political parties and civil society in Liwonde during a two-day follow up workshop to the National Conference on the Review of Constitution held in March in Lilongwe.
"My view is that (an upper) age limit should be at 75. We have to give a chance to younger people to lead because in circumstance, when you age you become forgetful especially when sickly," said Pillane. "Overall, chances should be given to young people."
But UDF secretary general Kennedy Makwangwala, whose party members agitated for the age limit during presentations, played the issue down.
"I feel there is no logic to have an upper age limit for presidential candidates. If someone is 90 or 80 I don't know how that can influence the electorate not to vote for someone who is younger, I don't see any logic behind that," said Makwangwala.
MCP participants at the workshop also vehemently objected to the proposal.
MCP vice president Nicholas Dausi in an interview said: "There is no constitution in Africa which stipulates an upper age limit. So it would be strange in Malawi to have an upper age limit for presidential candidates."
MDP President Kamlepo Kalua also opposed the need to have an upper age limit.
"If we have personalities in mind that we want to discriminate against then it is unfortunate. The constitution we want to build is a guiding document for future generations and it should not bar certain individuals on the basis of grudges," he said.
The Malawi Law Constitution Issues Paper of March 2006 says several submissions that were received put an upper presidential age limit in the Constitution.
"It is argued that it is common sense that mental knowledge faculties tend to fail with age. As regards what the actual age limit should be the submissions are far from being agreed. The range is from 60 years to 80 years," read submissions in the Issues Paper.
On whether MPs should double as ministers, Kalua said this should be the case.
Makwangwala also said it is not right for MPs to serve as ministers because the Legislature, another arm of government, is reduced while the Executive branch is beefed up from another arm of government.
"There is no separation of powers when MPs double as ministers," said Makwangwala.
But Pillane said there is no problem for MPs to work as ministers as well, saying MPs are elected by the President.
"One can serve both posts. There have been no problems before for people to double," said Pillane.
The Centre for Multiparty Democracy funded the workshop through the Netherlands Institute for Multiparty Democracy.
The objective was to come up with a collective position on the Issues Paper which will be presented to the Special Law Commission that will be constituted soon.
Mussa hails new driving licence
by Zainah Liwanda, 22 May 2006 - 06:58:52
Transport and Public Works Minister Henry Mussa last week said the design of the Malawi-Sadc driving licence would guard against forgery and ensure that only skilled and legitimate drivers of particular vehicles are licensed.
Mussa was speaking at the official launch of the licences in Lilongwe where he announced that traffic police would from July enforce speed limits and sober driving using Breathalysers which his ministry is in the process of procuring.
The minister said financial constraints are the reason for the delay in procuring the equipment but assured that by July they would be available.
"With the new equipment, the days of those who believe in the thrill of drink and driving are numbered," warned Mussa.
Mussa added that with the new licence, government is optimistic that the country's roads would be safe.
Acting Director of Road Traffic James Chirwa said the features that distinguish the new from the old licences are the Malawi national flag and a ghost image of the driver's photograph, among others.
Those with old licences, according to Chirwa, are expected to get the new ones after the expiry of the former.
UDF demands investigation on Kasambara
by Rabecca Theu, 22 May 2006 - 06:30:46
The United Democratic Front (UDF) has asked government to investigate Ralph Kasambara on allegations of abuse of office while he was attorney general.
UDF publicity secretary Sam Mpasu told the press Sunday that the party is neither amused or saddened by the removal of the former AG but asked government to institute investigations on Kasambara.
"Beyond the removal of the Attorney General, we now urge President Mutharika to institute investigation against Mr Kasambara into allegations that have made rounds in the public domain during the recent past. These include: Mrs Helen Singh and SS Rent-a-Car; SGS and ITS saga; ...........the use of Malawi Police Service in the arrest of three Chronicle journalists and the handling of Mrs Rubina Kawonga," said Mpasu.
Mpasu also accused Kasambara of awarding government contracts to Lawson and Company where he was a senior partner.
"We urge government to thoroughly investigate the former AG. We also ask government to cautiously select the new AG ," said Mpasu, who was accompanied by the party's Secretary General Kennedy Makwangwala, leader of the party in Parliament George Mtafu, chief whip Leonard Mangulama and a member of the executive Hophmally Makande.
But Minister of Information Patricia Kaliati said UDF should give offer its advice to the Anti Corruption Bureau (ACB).
"They should advise bodies like the Anti-Corruption Bureau to conduct the investigations and why are they saying this now? Is it because Kasambara has been fired? This is not a personal issue. If they have other pressing issues they should just say so. These arguments should have come up earlier on when the said cases were happening," she said.
Kasambara asked UDF to proceed with the mission of urging government to investigate him.
"They can do their job. Everyone has a right to lobby for anything they want in the country. UDF has a right to do that, let them go ahead," he said.
Kasambara was relieved of his duties as AG by the President last week. Government has not given reasons behind the removal.
Zambia: Malawians Grab Zambian Land
The Times of Zambia (Ndola)
May 18, 2006
Posted to the web May 19, 2006
MALAWIANS who have encroached on both the 'no-man's' and part of the Zambian land at the Mwami border in Eastern Province have plucked out some beacons that were used in the demarcation of the border.
The Malawians are now using the beacons as stools in their newly-established villages on Zambian land.
Eastern Province Minister, Boniface Nkhata, said in Chipata yesterday that if the situation was not controlled urgently, Zambia would lose huge tracts of land to Malawians migrating into Zambian in large numbers.
A check at the Zambia-Malawi border showed a number of beacons had been vandalised and new structures constructed on the 'no man's' land and a large portion of Zambian land.
Mr Nkhata said the trend extended to many parts of the province bordering the two countries.
"A large portion of Zambian land has been taken up by the Malawians starting from the Chama boundary up to the Mwami border.
"The weighbridge at the Mwami border was initially in Zambia from the time both countries gained independence from Britain, but now the bridge is on Malawian soil," Mr Nkhata said.
The minister, who is former Chama District Commissioner, said there was similar encroachment in Lundazi and Chama districts where Zambia shares a boundary with Malawi.
He said a Malawian farmer identified as Mr Mfune had cultivated 71.5 hectares on Zambian land and employed about 265 Malawian workers.
"Khombe Farm in Chama district in Kanyerere's area, along the Muyombe road which leads to Northern Province where this Malawian farmer has cultivated a vast land is on the Zambian territory," he said.
Workers on the farm admitted that they were farming on Zambian soil but could not go back to Malawi because the land in that country was inadequate for cultivation.
Mr Nkhata appealed to the ministry of Lands to urgently release money for the demarcation of the Zambia-Malawi border to avoid further land disputes between the two countries.
Meanwhile, the Immigration Department in Livingstone has arrested a couple and another man, all Zimbabweans, for working in Zambia without permits.
They were arrested at Gwembe village yesterday where they worked for Into Africa, a tour operating company that provides bush dinners and breakfast.
According to the Immigration Department in Livingstone, the trio entered Zambia through the Victoria Falls border as visitors but decided to work for the company illegally.
Last week, immigration officers arrested 10 Zimbabwean traders and six Ethiopians for entering and staying in Zambia illegally.
The Zimbabwean traders were warned and cautioned and later released.
The Ethiopians were arrested at Konje Guest House when they ran out of money to proceed to Botswana.
Zim unions, MDC still plan anti-govt protests
22 May 2006 11:51
Zimbabwe's biggest labour federation on Saturday threatened to call massive demonstrations against the government over poor salaries and worsening living conditions for workers in the country.
The threats are ratcheting up pressure against President Robert Mugabe's government after similar threats by the biggest opposition party in the country, the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), about two months ago.
Speaking at the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) conference on Saturday, the labour body's president, Lovemore Matombo, said the powerful union wants the government to award workers salaries that match the country's ever-rising inflation.
"I can assure you we will stage massive demonstrations to force them [employers] to award workers minimum salaries that tally with the poverty datum line," said Matombo.
Matombo did not say when exactly the ZCTU would order workers to strike.
Meanwhile, the MDC on Sunday said it will push ahead with plans for anti-government protests, saying victory in a key by-election at the weekend was a "sign the electorate supported its policies", including democratic mass resistance.
A spokesperson of the main faction of the splintered MDC, Nelson Chamisa, said victory over Mugabe's ruling Zanu-PF and a rival MDC faction in a Saturday by-election in Harare's Budiriro constituency is a sign Zimbabweans still have confidence in party leader Morgan Tsvangirai and his policies.
Tsvangirai, the founding leader of the MDC, heads the main rump of the opposition party whose candidate, Emmanuel Chisvuure, polled 7 949 votes to win the Budiriro House of Assembly seat.
Gabriel Chaibva of the other faction of the MDC, led by prominent academic Arthur Mutambara, garnered 504 votes while Zanu-PF's Jeremiah Bvirindi polled 3 961 votes.
"This election showed that the electorate still has confidence in the MDC [Tsvangirai-led] leadership and its policies," Chamisa told independent news service ZimOnline.
He added: "We will now move to consolidate our position * we still believe in mass protests. Until we have attained our goals we see no reason why we should abandon [plans for protests]."
Tsvangirai has threatened to call mass protests this winter against Mugabe and his government. He says the mass protests, whose date he is still to name, are meant to force Mugabe to relinquish power to a government of national unity to be tasked to write a new and democratic Constitution that would ensure free and fair elections held under international supervision.
Mugabe and his government, who had hoped for victory in Budiriro to show they were recapturing urban support from a splintered MDC, have not taken idly the opposition's threats to call mass protests, with the veteran president warning Tsvangirai he would be "dicing with death" if he ever attempted to instigate a Ukraine-style popular revolt in Zimbabwe.
In a fresh crackdown against dissension, the police last week arrested several church and civic leaders for organising public prayers and marches to mark last year's controversial home-demolition exercise by the government.
The police also banned the marches and prayers, fearing they could easily turn into mass protests against Mugabe and his government.
However, the marches went ahead in the second-largest city of Bulawayo after organisers had obtained a court order barring the police from stopping the march.
Political analysts say although Zimbabweans have largely been cowed by Mugabe's tactics of routinely deploying riot police and the military to crush street protests, worsening hunger and poverty are fanning public anger that Tsvangirai -- with proper planning and organisation -- could easily manipulate.
Zimbabwe is in the grip of a severe six-year old economic crisis that has seen inflation breaching the 1 000% barrier. Last year, the World Bank said Zimbabwe's economic crisis was unprecedented for a country not at war.
The MDC and major Western governments blame Mugabe for wrecking the country's economy, which was one of the strongest in Africa at independence from Britain 26 years ago.
Mugabe denies the charge blaming the crisis on sabotage by Britain and her allies after he seized white-owned farms for redistribution to landless blacks six years ago.
The Harare authorities recently hiked salaries for civil servants, with the lowest-paid soldier now earning about Z$27-million while the lowest-paid school teacher now takes home about Z$33-million.
But the salaries are still way below the poverty datum line, which the government's Consumer Council of Zimbabwe says now stands at a staggering Z$42-million a month for an average family of six.
The Zimbabwe government often accuses the ZCTU, a strong ally of the MDC, of pushing a political agenda to remove Mugabe from power.
Meanwhile, Matombo and Lucia Matibenga retained their posts as president and first vice-president respectively during the ZCTU congress that ended on Saturday. -- ZimOnline