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Re: [ujeni] short news

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  • Paul DEVER
    How ironic that the British government is no longer tolerating corrupt governments...after how many years of not only supporting, but propping them up... ...
    Message 1 of 26 , Oct 12, 2000
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      How ironic that the British government is no longer tolerating corrupt
      governments...after how many years of not only supporting, but propping them
      up...


      ----Original Message Follows----
      From: "Christine Chumbler" <cchumble@...>
      Reply-To: ujeni@egroups.com
      To: shelley.milstein@...,ujeni@egroups.com, seanconchar@...
      Subject: [ujeni] short news
      Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2000 10:24:50 -0400

      Britain warns Malawi
      against corrupt
      government

      _________________________________________________________________________
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    • Christine Chumbler
      Opposition challenge Mugabe law The opposition in urban areas were less intimidated by election violence By Grant Ferrett in Harare The Supreme Court in
      Message 2 of 26 , Jan 19, 2001
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        Opposition challenge
        Mugabe law

        The opposition in urban areas were less intimidated by
        election violence
        By Grant Ferrett in Harare

        The Supreme Court in Zimbabwe has begun
        hearing a challenge by the main opposition
        party against President Mugabe's decision last
        month to amend the electoral law.

        The amendment prevents the courts from
        overturning any of the results of last year's
        parliamentary elections, even if there is
        evidence of corrupt or illegal practices.

        Riot police surrounded the Supreme Court as
        the hearing was due to begin, providing an
        indication of the depth of the controversy still
        surrounding the poll last June.

        The opposition Movement for Democratic
        Change had planned to challenge the results of
        40 constituencies, a third of the total number
        of contested seats, largely on the grounds of
        violence in the run-up to voting.

        'Unconstitutional'

        Sitting members of parliament say the
        amendment cannot now be removed.

        But the opposition
        Movement for
        Democratic Change
        says it is
        unconstitutional.

        Its lawyer told the
        Supreme Court that
        the decision to prevent
        any legal challenge
        amounted to a denial
        of the constitutional
        right to the protection
        of the law.

        The government, which has hired a South
        African lawyer to present its case, argues that
        invalidating results from last year's poll could
        threaten democracy and stability in Zimbabwe.

        Whatever the outcome, the prospects are
        grim.

        If the Supreme Court rules in favour of the
        opposition it would mark an important step
        towards the holding of a series of by-elections.

        Given the example of recent months, that
        would probably result in renewed violence and
        intimidation - most of it carried out by
        supporters of the ruling party.

        Another possibility is that the government will
        once again simply ignore the Supreme Court,
        further undermining the rule of law.
      • Christine Chumbler
        More Rains, Renewed Problems UN Integrated Regional Information Network (Nairobi) March 21, 2001 Posted to the web March 21, 2001 Heavy rains have continued
        Message 3 of 26 , Mar 22, 2001
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          More Rains, Renewed Problems

          UN Integrated Regional Information
          Network (Nairobi)
          March 21, 2001
          Posted to the web March 21, 2001

          Heavy rains have continued throughout Malawi, worsening the
          flooding in the south of the country and threatening new areas
          that were initially unaffected, an OCHA situation report released
          on Tuesday said. Some 335,000 people have been affected by
          the floods that have so far inundated 13 out of Malawi's 27
          districts, killing 14 people and causing widespread damage.

          In Nsanje and Chikwawa districts in the south, 125,000 and
          62,500 people have been affected respectively. "Parts of these
          districts are not yet accessible due to poor conditions of roads
          and bridges, hindering delivery of relief items," OCHA said.

          While the Department of Disaster Preparedness, Rehabilitation
          and Relief (DDPRR) has distributed maize, beans and salts as
          well as blankets in Nsanje, Mangochi, Zomba and Chikwawa,
          those items were "distributed only to people within the reach of
          public authorities, namely people accommodated in public
          buildings, schools and churches." In the Central region, heavy
          rainfall has affected more farms, especially in Salima district. "The
          situation in Nkhotakota district, the worst affected in the Central
          region, remains critical," warned OCHA.

          DDPRR had provided food assistance to the affected, until the
          depletion of stocks on 6 March. The government has appealed for US $6.7 million in assistance. Together with DDPRR, UNDP is
          coordinating donor and the UN's efforts in response to the
          emergency. UNDP, UNICEF and WHO have deployed assessment teams in the field. The government and UNDP finalised arrangements for the procurement of blankets, iodised salt and plastic sheets with funding from the government of Norway and OCHA, the report said.

          Meanwhile, WFP has commenced food distribution for 58,900
          "most affected persons" in six districts, aiming at providing 690 mt.
          WFP has worked out a logistics plan in collaboration with district
          officials and other partners to ensure efficient delivery of
          assistance. The possibility of using small canoes and army
          helicopters for areas that cannot be reached by road or rail is
          under consideration, OCHA noted. The International Federation
          of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the Malawi Red Cross have also been active in relief distribution.
        • Christine Chumbler
          Church ultimatum to Malawi president By Raphael Tenthani in Blantyre Malawi s second largest church, the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian or CCAP, has
          Message 4 of 26 , May 16, 2001
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            Church ultimatum to
            Malawi president

            By Raphael Tenthani in Blantyre

            Malawi's second largest church, the Church of
            Central Africa Presbyterian or CCAP, has asked
            President Bakili Muluzi to come out in the open
            on whether he will or will not stand for an
            unconstitutional third term of office.

            Last month the CCAP issued a pastoral letter
            cautioning the ruling United Democratic Front
            (UDF) against moves to change the
            constitution to allow Mr. Muluzi to stand again
            when his second term comes up in 2004.

            Reacting to the pastoral letter, Information
            Minister Clement Stambuli said it was
            premature to discuss the issue of the third
            term because the ruling party politiburo or the
            cabinet are yet to discuss it.

            But the General Synod of the CCAP - the
            church's highest authority - says that is not
            good enough.

            In a letter to the president and Mr Stambuli
            the church says the debate could have been
            curtailed had the president himself came out
            clean on the issue.

            The church says: "Our humble request is that
            you, Mr President, simply declare your decision
            not to seek a third term and we believe this
            matter will be put to rest."

            'Democratic values'

            The church says its opposition to Mr Muluzi's
            third term bid is not a judgment on his
            effectiveness as president. It says the reason
            for its opposition to the third term is to ensure
            that democratic values that Malawians sought
            in 1994 are upheld.

            But despite the general opposition to the third
            term issue, UDF leaders have stepped up the
            unofficial campaign for the bid. Special songs
            beseaching Mr Muluzi to stay put have been
            composed.

            Mr Muluzi himself, although he has not openly
            made his stand clear on the issue, has never
            cautioned his cadres, heightening speculation
            that this is a calculated move to make it seem
            as if it has come from the grassroots.

            However, the recent capitulation of his
            Zambian counterpart Frederick Chiluba on the
            third term issue and Mozambican President
            Joachim Chissano's announcement that he
            would not seek another term could leave Mr
            Muluzi isolated under pressure to discard the
            third term idea.
          • Christine Chumbler
            Malawi s treason trial judge resigns By Raphael Tenthani in Blantyre A high-profile treason trial in Malawi, in which four people are being accused of plotting
            Message 5 of 26 , Nov 6, 2001
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              Malawi's treason trial
              judge resigns

              By Raphael Tenthani in Blantyre

              A high-profile treason trial in Malawi, in which
              four people are being accused of plotting to
              overthrow the government of President Bakili
              Muluzi, will have to start again following the
              sudden withdrawal of presiding judge, Justice
              Anaclet Chipeta.

              Mr Chipeta is himself facing court proceedings
              on charges of issuing judgements favourable to
              opposition parties.

              With two other judges, Justices Dunstain
              Mwaungulu and George Chimasula Phiri, Mr
              Chipeta is scheduled to appear before
              parliament in Lilongwe on Tuesday at the start
              of their impeachment proceedings.

              The impeachment
              follows complaints by
              the ruling United
              Democratic Front, UDF,
              that the three senior
              judges were working in
              cahoots with the
              opposition.

              New trial

              There were emotional scenes and a near
              fracas in the High Court in Blantyre on Monday
              as the judge announced his withdrawal from
              the case.

              He told the shocked courtroom that he could
              not continue with the treason case when he
              himself was on trial.

              "I can't put everybody on hold as I am
              preparing my own defence before parliament,"
              he said.

              Mr Chipeta also said that however he directed
              the jury in the case, both parties would be
              suspicious.

              He therefore said the safest way forward was
              to withdraw from the case and hand it over to
              another judge.

              Everybody in the packed courtroom held their
              breath as the judge went on to explain that
              this means the case should start afresh with a
              new jury and a new judge and that the state
              should recall all the 15 witnesses.

              Shocked indignation

              Soon after the judge made his ruling, all the
              four suspected coup-plotters and their lawyers
              reacted with shocked indignation.

              Alleged coup leader Sudi Adak Sulaimana told
              journalists he would rather rot in jail than come
              back to court after another judge is appointed.

              "We are being
              persecuted," he said.
              "How can we endure all
              that once more
              because parliament
              wants to interfere with
              the judiciary?"

              Mr Sulaimana has said
              that the treason trial
              itself was a plot to
              discredit Malawi's
              opposition leader.

              He claims the
              government had offered him money and his
              freedom if he promised to say National
              Democratic Alliance leader Brown Mpinganjira
              was behind the attempted coup.

              Near tears

              Mr Sulaimana's co-accused, soldier Moses
              Bwanali, in near tears, said his wife had given
              birth to his baby while he was in prison.

              He said since the case was nearing its end, he
              thought he would be able to see his baby since
              he said he was convinced he was innocent.

              Defence lawyer Fabiano
              Mzumara told BBC News
              Online he would apply
              for bail because the
              latest developments
              were not his clients'
              fault.

              "The court might take a
              long time to appoint a
              new judge so my
              clients, if they will be kept in prison, will suffer
              for no reason of their own making," he said.

              Injunction

              Director of Public Prosecution Fahad Assani
              said he was totally taken by surprise with
              Justice Chipeta's ruling.

              "I need more time to find out the way
              forward," he told BBC News Online.

              Meanwhile another High Court judge, Bathiel
              Chiudza Banda, slapped Parliament with an
              injunction, restraining MPs from summoning the
              three judges.

              In a strongly-worded ruling, Justice Banda
              asked where Malawi's young democracy was
              going when even judges could be threatened in
              their job.

              "I am granting the injunction in the national
              interest," he said.

              In yet another twist, Speaker of Parliament
              Sam Mpasu told Monday's sitting of parliament
              that the three judges would no longer be
              summoned because the Judicial Service
              Commission had appeal to him not to call the
              judges until the Commission investigates the
              three judges' alleged misconduct.

              It is not clear what this means for Justice
              Chipeta's resignation.
            • Christine Chumbler
              Zimbabwe cracks down on illegal journalists Harare | Thursday ZIMBABWEAN authorities are searching for several foreign journalists who entered the country as
              Message 6 of 26 , Jan 24, 2002
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                Zimbabwe cracks down on
                'illegal' journalists

                Harare | Thursday

                ZIMBABWEAN authorities are searching for several foreign
                journalists who entered the country as tourists in defiance of a
                ban on most visiting correspondents, a senior government official
                said on Thursday.
                The state controlled daily Herald said that its "investigations"
                established that reporters from Britain's Guardian and Telegraph
                newspapers, the London-based Economist, South Africa's
                Sunday Times "and a few other foreign scribes" had declared
                themselves as holidaymakers on arrival here and were illegally
                working as journalists.
                Several of the "illegal" journalists have been covering the
                worsening repression in the run-up to presidential elections in
                March and their reports have been published under their names in
                their newspapers.
                "Our net is closing in on them and we should be able to account
                for all of them by the end of the day," said George Charamba,
                secretary for the department of information.
                Visiting journalists have to obtain accreditation from the
                information department before being allowed into the country.
                Early last year, the regime ended its previously open policy and
                only a handful of foreign correspondents have been granted
                accreditation.
                It says the BBC is "banned" from coming here.
                "What makes the whole development quite sinister is the fact that
                these journalists have got intelligence cover from a hostile state
                because they are on assignment," Charamba said, without
                explanation.
                The Herald claimed the journalists were staying in hotels and
                "MDC safe houses."
                The announcement came as deepening confusion surrounded
                controversial information minister Jonathan Moyo's attempt to
                introduce new press laws that will allow the regime to shut down
                the country's independent press, stop its journalists working, and
                cut off reporting to the outside world of the escalating crisis in the
                country.
                Wednesday's debate on the bill was delayed for the fourth time in
                just over a week, amid signs of angry opposition to the bill from
                MPs of the ruling Zanu-PF party.
                Meanwhile, a journalist from Madagascar who had planned to
                spend her vacation with friends in Zimbabwe was turned away
                when she arrived at the airport in Harare, she said from
                Johannesburg.
                Nivo Sahondra Randriamasimanana, a journalist for a French
                magazine, Capricorne, was allowed to stay at the airport only a
                few minutes before being put on the first plane leaving for
                Johannesburg.
                Passports from Madagascar state the holder's profession, and
                when immigration authorities saw the word "journalist" they did
                not even ask whether she had come to Zimbabwe for work or for
                tourism, she said.
                "They really treated me like a criminal," Randriamasimanana
                said. Tourists to Zimbabwe can normally pay for a visa at the
                airport in Harare, but journalists coming to report on the country
                must apply one month in advance from their home country for a
                special visa. - Sapa, AFP

                *****

                And in South Africa, safety issues in schools are finally getting attention...

                http://www.mg.co.za/cgi-bin/schlabo/potd.pl
              • Christine Chumbler
                EU poised for action on Zimbabwe Mugabe: Invited observers but excluded Britain European Union foreign ministers meeting in Brussels are discussing new UK
                Message 7 of 26 , Jan 28, 2002
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                  EU poised for action on
                  Zimbabwe

                  Mugabe: Invited observers but excluded Britain
                  European Union foreign ministers meeting in
                  Brussels are discussing new UK proposals on
                  possible sanctions against Zimbabwe.

                  Britain was expected to press its EU partners
                  to impose limited sanctions if Harare does not
                  meet demands for monitors for the 9-10 March
                  presidential elections.

                  Reports suggest several
                  EU members are
                  reluctant to impose
                  sanctions, such as the
                  freezing of assets
                  abroad, arguing it would
                  give Mr Mugabe's
                  government an excuse
                  to exclude international
                  monitors.

                  But state media in Zimbabwe said Mr Mugabe
                  had invited foreign observers to the elections,
                  including observers from the EU, but would not
                  allow observers from Britain, whom he accused
                  of backing the opposition.

                  UK Foreign Secretary Jack Straw said ahead of
                  Monday's meeting that it was time to put
                  President Mugabe "on the spot" amid mounting
                  violence ahead of the election.

                  "The tragedy unfolding in Zimbabwe is driven
                  by one man's ruthless campaign to hang on to
                  power whatever the cost," Mr Straw told the
                  Guardian newspaper.

                  EU foreign ministers are
                  considering four
                  options, ranging from no
                  change in policy at all
                  to an immediate
                  imposition of sanctions.

                  Correspondents say the
                  most likely outcome will
                  be somewhere between
                  these two extremes.

                  In a letter sent to Brussels a week ago,
                  Zimbabwe committed itself to inviting
                  observers.

                  And Mr Mugabe was quoted as saying in a
                  meeting on Monday with state media reporters
                  that Nigeria and the South African
                  Development Community could send observers
                  immediately.

                  Observers from the Commonwealth, the EU -
                  excluding Britain - and other regional and
                  international organisations could go at a later,
                  unspecified date, he said.

                  'Disgrace'

                  Over the past few days the British Government
                  has backed away from the idea of trying to get
                  EU sanctions imposed at once.

                  But Mr Straw said on
                  Sunday that Mr
                  Mugabe's actions had
                  sullied the reputation
                  of the whole of
                  southern Africa.

                  "Clearly what has been
                  happening in Zimbabwe
                  is totally
                  unacceptable," he said.

                  "And I think the word
                  the Prime Minister
                  [Tony Blair] used last
                  Wednesday was that
                  Mugabe's actions were a disgrace to his own
                  country."

                  EU foreign ministers are expected to debate
                  cutting aid to the troubled country and may
                  ban Zimbabwean governmental figures from
                  travelling.

                  The EU has repeatedly urged Mr Mugabe to
                  end political violence.

                  It wants him to organise fair presidential
                  elections, ensure freedom of the press and to
                  end the continued illegal occupations of
                  white-owned farms by so-called war veterans.

                  It is also concerned about new proposed
                  legislation that would severely censor the
                  country's media and restrict foreign reporting
                  in the country.

                  The Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group
                  could decide to recommend Zimbabwe's
                  suspension when it meets on Wednesday.

                  But BBC diplomatic correspondent Barnaby
                  Mason says a full decision cannot be made
                  until the Commonwealth heads of state summit
                  at the beginning of March.

                  *****

                  Mt Kilimanjaro Is Melting To Its Death

                  The East African Standard (Nairobi)
                  January 27, 2002
                  Posted to the web January 27, 2002
                  An astonishing development is changing one of Africa's most remarkable land marks beyond recognition. The ice cap on Mt Kilimanjaro, one of the few places in the world where ice and snow can be seen on the Equator, is expected to disappear in the next 12 years. Staff writer Mildred Ngesa and photographer Blasto Ogindo recently visited the mountain on a fact finding mission.
                  Guide: "Leo mlima umenuna (Today the mountain is annoyed)!"
                  Writer: "Mlima umenuna? (The mountain annoyed?)"
                  Guide: "Ndio, mlima umekasirika, kwa maana umejificha nyuma ya mawingu, hautaki kuonekana! (Yes the mountain is annoyed and that is why it is hiding behind the clouds, refusing to be seen)"
                  It was a warm and cloudy morning in the serenity of Moshi town. The beauty of Moshi, accentuated by the domineering presence of Mt Kilimanjaro, is an enduring joy to the visitor.
                  No matter which side of Moshi you may be, waking up to the view of the magnificent mountain recalls a popular refrain in these parts: I woke up and kissed the Kilimanjaro good morning.
                  Today, however, on the first morning of our assignment, there was no visible Kilimanjaro to kiss. Thick clouds had assembled above and around the giant mountain, forming a protective cover.
                  "As the day unfolds, the mountain may be kind enough to peek through the clouds, a very beautiful sight," Nechi Limo, our guide, told us.
                  True to his word, the mountain broke into view as dawn gave way to a bright new day. A few hours towards midday, Africa's highest mountain stood tall and proud in all its glory, with the twin peaks of Kibo and Mawenzi filling up the view.
                  Sheets of snow from one of the peaks roll down the mountainside but soon disappear into crevices before reaching the base of the mountain.
                  Unknown to many, the popular shiny ice cap on Kilimanjaro is actually on Kibo peak. Mawenzi peak does not have any snow or ice left, although years back it too wore a shiny ice cap.
                  "Believe it or not, Mawenzi is now bare without any snow or ice on it. About 15 years ago, the ice cap was there. The same case applies to Mount Meru in Arusha which also had an ice cap once upon a time. Now, Mount Meru has no evidence of ice on it," says Philemon Ndesamburo, Moshi's Member of Parliament.
                  Ndesamburo, who is also the shadow Minister for Tourism and Natural Resources in the opposition CHADEMA party, is one of the few Tanzanian leaders who can authoritatively talk about Mount Kilimanjaro's melting ice cap.
                  A native of the old Moshi District located directly at the foot of the mountain, Ndesamburo says a lot of changes have taken place on the mountain since his childhood.
                  "When I was a young boy in the village, we seldom saw the whole of Mt Kilimanjaro throughout the year. Most of the time, the whole mountain was covered in snow and the ice cap was so thick that the whole mountain would be engulfed in dense clouds for months," he says.
                  Today, it is possible to view the whole mountain on a daily basis. Because of the reduction of the ice and snow on the mountain, the cloud cover around it is not as thick and persistent as before.
                  "Our government dismisses the melting of the ice cap as propaganda by the western media. If this is so, why can't the government do its own research then come up with a report on the exact situation at the mountain?" he challenges.
                  Last year, American Professor Lonnie Thompson from Ohio State University went with a group of scientists to Moshi to find out more on the melting ice cap. The group intended to fly a balloon atop the mountain so as to acquire a least 50 tonnes of ice from the mountain to facilitate their research.
                  "Surprisingly, the government stopped the researchers saying that the balloon flights would scare away animals. That was a petty excuse," Ndesamburo says. Thompson and his colleagues, however, carried on with their research and established that the ice cap was melting fast. It is estimated that the whole cap will be completely gone in 12 years.
                  "We have the results of Prof Thompson research. Eighty years ago, there was about 12.2 square kilometres of ice cap. By the year 2,000, there was only 2.2 square kilometres of ice cap left," the legislator says.
                  These are the findings that prompted Prof Thompson to lead an international campaign in an effort to make scientists as well as environmentalists aware of this turn of events.
                  Thompson research also confirms that Peru's Quelccaya's ice cap in the Southern Andes mountains has also shrunk by at least 20 per cent since 1963. More troubling, however, is Thompson observation that the rate of retreat for one of the main glaciers flowing out of the ice cap Qori Kalis has been 32 times greater in the last three years than it was in the period between 1963 and 1978.
                  In his report, Thompson states: "Officials worry that the loss of the ice cap atop Kilimanjaro will be devastating to the thriving trade that brings people to the mountain each year and fuels the country's economy."
                  Ndesamburo concurs with these findings and adds that a number of seasonal rivers that used to flow from atop the mountain to the surrounding areas have dried up.
                  "Moshi has a population of over 200,000 people most of whom are farmers. This is the area where the bulk of Tanzania's coffee is produced. Banana farming is also vibrant. However, with these rivers drying up, there is a big disaster waiting to happen," he says.
                  A spot check around Marangu, Himo and various villages at the foot of the Kilimanjaro reveals a number of rivers have dried up. From the Mawenzi peak, rivers Una, Monjo and Ona are no longer reliable to the villages around it while rivers Karanga, Weruweru and Kikafau, flowing from the Kibo peak, have also dried up.
                  Going further east towards the Rombo side of the mountain, the ice cap is completely gone. Gone too is the giant river Ungwasi, a main source of water for the people of Rombo.
                  Even more disturbing is the gradual disappearance of rain forests that are crucial to agriculture.
                  "We have a major problem of de-forestation here. All the saw mills operating in this area should be closed down. The government knows about the destruction of forests. Sadly, those doing this are destroying rain forests which are crucial to our survival," Ndesamburo argues.
                  We established that tree felling around Mount Kilimanjaro is rife. Also contributing to the degradation of the mountain are fires that ravage the place during the dry season. Some of these fires are accidentally started while others are arson attacks for various reasons. Global warming is also blamed for the melting of the ice cap.
                  Ndesamburo says the warming is "due to excessive carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere from factories that use gas, oil and coal."
                  The tragedy is that few Tanzanians truly understand what is happening to the ice cap and how it could affect their lives.
                • Christine Chumbler
                  MDC details fraud claims in presidential poll Stuffed ballots, missing ballots, attacks on polling agents ¯ it s all in the opposition s report on how the
                  Message 8 of 26 , Mar 26, 2002
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                    MDC details fraud claims in presidential poll

                    Stuffed ballots, missing ballots, attacks on polling agents ― it's all in the
                    opposition's report on how the party says President Robert Mugabe's government
                    "manipulated the electoral process"

                    AFP

                    Morgan Tsvangirai, leader of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change
                    (MDC), rejected the results of the March 9-11 poll shortly after Mugabe was
                    declared the winner.

                    But the inch-thick report released on Tuesday provides the most detailed analysis
                    yet aiming to support Tsvangirai's claim that the election was "stolen" and
                    "massively rigged".

                    The party found large differences between the number of ballots tallied at polling
                    centres and the number of votes cast according to the official results.

                    According to the party's count, 185 961 ballots went missing in 48 constituencies.
                    The number of ballots recorded at polling stations in those areas was higher than the
                    number announced when the registrar-general gave the results, the report said.

                    The opposite happened in 72 other constituencies. The number of votes announced
                    by the registrar general was as much as 246 445 votes higher than the figures
                    announced at the counting centres, according to MDC.

                    Official results gave Mugabe 426 454 more votes than Tsvangirai, extending his
                    22-year grip on power by a further six years.

                    The party said it had still been unable to
                    compile a complete national report on the
                    election because pro-Mugabe militants
                    had blocked their polling agents from
                    monitoring 40% of rural voting stations.

                    "The report covers only the initial phases
                    of information gathering because many of
                    the polling agents are still detained by
                    the police or their whereabouts unknown
                    as a result of intimidation or related
                    reasons," the party said.

                    Mugabe's government has not responded
                    to most of the allegations made by the
                    MDC and has rejected reports from
                    observer missions ― including local
                    independent observers, regional
                    parliamentarians, the Commonwealth and
                    most western nations ― which found the
                    polls were neither free nor fair.

                    At least 42 people have died since the
                    start of this year in political violence,
                    most of them MDC supporters.

                    The MDC has reported two of its polling
                    agents killed either by soldiers or
                    pro-Mugabe militia.

                    Thousands more have suffered beatings
                    or other intimidation, according to rights
                    groups.

                    In its report, the MDC said 83 of its
                    campaign rallies were disrupted or cancelled by police or the militias, who have set
                    up bases around the country during the last two years.

                    Among the other irregularities cited by the party were:

                    no opposition access to state media, which operate the only radio and
                    television networks in Zimbabwe;
                    a 40%- reduction of polling stations in urban areas, where the MDC enjoys
                    most of its support;
                    reduced numbers of independent observers, with only 430 domestic observers
                    granted accreditation, of the 12 000 who applied;
                    Mugabe's issuing of new electoral regulations right up to the day before the
                    voting began;
                    new laws that curtailed freedoms of expression and association;
                    and a delay in opening polling stations on a court-ordered third day of voting in
                    Harare.

                    Some African nations have backed the results, including South Africa, Kenya,
                    Namibia, Nigeria, Tanzania and Zambia, even though South Africa and Nigeria were
                    part of a three-nation team that subsequently suspended Zimbabwe from the
                    54-nation Commonwealth for a year.

                    Other African nations, including Ghana and Senegal, have joined Western capitals in
                    criticizing the polls, saying they failed to meet democratic standards.

                    *****

                    African leaders seek aid
                    breakthrough

                    Leaders of 21 African states have gathered in
                    Abuja in Nigeria to fine-tune a plan to finance
                    economic development in the continent, ahead
                    at a meeting of the world's biggest
                    industrialised countries.

                    The plan, dubbed the New Partnership for
                    African Development (Nepad), is the brainchild
                    of Presidents Olusegun Obasanjo of Nigeria and
                    Thabo Mbeki of South Africa.

                    The BBC's Elizabeth
                    Blunt says African
                    countries are counting
                    on the plan to
                    re-engage potential
                    donors and investors.

                    It is to be discussed by
                    G8 leaders, who will lay
                    out their response -
                    including financing to
                    tackle the Aids crisis
                    which affects tens of millions of Africans - in
                    June.

                    South Africa has requested that the Western
                    countries, on whose money the plan depends,
                    should not victimise the whole continent
                    following the election in Zimbabwe.

                    Details

                    The summit aims to develop in more detail the
                    ideas drawn up by the 16 member states of
                    Nepad before a visit to Nigeria by Canadian
                    Prime Minister Jean Chretien, who is due to
                    host the next G8 meeting.

                    It hopes to persuade Western countries and
                    companies to invest $64bn (£45bn) a year in
                    Africa, targeting economic growth of 7%, in
                    exchange for promises that good governance
                    and transparency will be encouraged.


                    On the agenda are
                    subjects including
                    peace and security,
                    agriculture and market
                    access, capital flows,
                    economic and
                    corporate governance,
                    infrastructure and
                    human development.

                    But some fear that the
                    recent election in
                    Zimbabwe has put
                    that investment at
                    risk.

                    Western governments,
                    together with a clutch
                    of non-governmental
                    organisations including
                    the Commonwealth,
                    cast doubt on the
                    legitimacy of the
                    President Robert Mugabe's victory.

                    Zimbabwe's neighbours, however, were broadly
                    in agreement that Mr Mugabe won fairly.

                    Punish one, punish all

                    Jacob Zuma, the South African deputy
                    president, warned against "collective
                    punishment".

                    "There is a tendency to
                    look at one country and
                    say that it is every
                    country in Africa... to
                    almost want to punish
                    all countries in Africa
                    collectively," Mr Zuma
                    told reporters in South
                    Africa.

                    "Zimbabwe was such an
                    example. If one country
                    has done certain
                    things... you must not
                    try to also punish other
                    people."

                    African leaders should
                    not be expected to be
                    held responsible for
                    bringing Zimbabwe into
                    line, he warned.

                    "If a country like France
                    misbehaved, no-one
                    would say that
                    everything is in the
                    hands of (British prime
                    minister) Tony Blair," he
                    said.
                  • Christine Chumbler
                    Malawi food crisis plan to cost $150-million Malawi wants to spend 6,8 billion kwacha ($150-million) to combat its devastating hunger crisis, a statement from
                    Message 9 of 26 , Apr 3, 2002
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                      Malawi food crisis plan to cost $150-million

                      Malawi wants to spend 6,8 billion kwacha ($150-million) to combat its devastating
                      hunger crisis, a statement from Vice President Justin Malewezi's office said on
                      Saturday

                      SAPA-AFP

                      The statement, issued after Malewezi held discussions with donors in the
                      administrative capital Lilongwe this week, said half the amount would address
                      medium-term food security issues.

                      Assistance to flood victims and cholera control will each cost five million dollars, the
                      statement added, without saying how the programs would be funded.

                      The food crisis began in part last year, when the worst floods in living memory struck
                      the nation. Drought this year has caused crops to fail, leaving the nation with severe
                      food shortages.

                      Malnutrition has left the population more
                      vulnerable to disease, including cholera,
                      which has claimed 503 lives since the
                      outbreak began in November.

                      More than 300 people starved to death in
                      January and February alone, according to
                      civic and church groups.

                      Malawi also needs to replenish its
                      strategic grain reserves, after 60 000 tons
                      of the staple maize were sold to Kenya last year in a corruption scandal.

                      Spending will also include a supplementary feeding program for the chronically ill, the
                      elderly and other vulnerable groups. Agriculture secretary Anddrina Mchiela was
                      quoted by the media on Saturday as saying that the government has responded to
                      the worst hunger in living memory by supporting supplementary feeding programs for
                      pregnant women and children under five.

                      Up to 76% of the country's 11-million people have no food, according to official
                      figures. - Sapa-AFP

                      *****

                      Zimbabwe media chief
                      quits

                      Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation chief
                      executive Alum Mpofu has resigned amid a
                      government inquiry into his sexuality.

                      The state-run corporation said Mr Mpofu was
                      leaving for personal reasons and his resignation
                      would take effect immediately.

                      He was quoted by state-run media as saying
                      his decision followed reports of impropriety on
                      his part.

                      The government launched an inquiry after
                      allegations that Mr Mpofu was caught "in a
                      compromising situation" with another man at a
                      night club.

                      President Robert Mugabe has repeatedly
                      denounced homosexuals, describing them as
                      "worse than pigs and dogs".

                      Mr Mpofu, who is 43 and married with three
                      children, was recruited to the ZBC from the
                      South African Broadcasting Corporation last
                      year.

                      Last month, Zimbabwe enacted a new law
                      curbing the activities of independent and
                      foreign news media.
                    • Christine Chumbler
                      Blantyre Embarks On US $14m Power Line Project African Eye News Service (Nelspruit) April 10, 2002 Posted to the web April 10, 2002 Raphael Mweninguwe
                      Message 10 of 26 , Apr 11, 2002
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                        Blantyre Embarks On US $14m Power Line Project
                        African Eye News Service (Nelspruit)
                        April 10, 2002
                        Posted to the web April 10, 2002
                        Raphael Mweninguwe
                        Blantyre
                        Malawians won't be left in the dark much longer once the country's electricity supply company completes a US$14 million project on its power lines.
                        The country's political capital Lilongwe and commercial capital Blantyre have been particularly plagued by frequent power blackouts mainly because of silt build up at the Nkula and Tedzani hydro-electric power stations.
                        "Tedzani power station has been out since November last year," said chief executive of the Electricity Corporation of Malawi, Douw van Wyk.
                        He said a British based company had been contracted to rehabilitate transmission power lines at a cost of US$6 million and US$8 million in Lilongwe and Blantyre respectively.
                        "Work has already begun in Lilongwe and is expected to be finished sometime this year," he said.
                        About two years ago Malawi and Mozambique entered an agreement to share power. Nothing has come of the agreement as yet but Van Wyk said the two sides were still negotiating.
                        He said that both countries were keen to implement the project because it would boost power supply in the region but that it was expensive.
                        "It is expected to cost over US$40 million and is expected to be finalised in November 2004," he said.


                        *****

                        Officials Adjourn Talks in Zimbabwe

                        By Angus Shaw
                        Associated Press Writer
                        Wednesday, April 10, 2002; 7:24 PM

                        HARARE, Zimbabwe ** Ruling party and opposition officials adjourned talks Wednesday with an
                        agreement to reconvene next month, despite gaping differences over how to resolve their dispute over
                        last month's elections.

                        In a brief statement, the two sides said they adopted a set of procedural rules and "an agenda for
                        dialogue" for the talks scheduled to resume May 13.

                        The rules said an objective of the talks was to achieve tolerance of divergent views, and the top agenda
                        item was a discussion on the legitimacy of the March 9-11 polls, an apparent concession by the ruling
                        party to keep the talks alive.

                        The government has dismissed opposition calls for a rerun of the presidential balloting, which the
                        government said President Robert Mugabe won.

                        The opposition Movement for Democratic Change insisted at the opening of talks Monday that the
                        nation's political stalemate could only be resolved by new elections.

                        Several independent observer groups have said the elections were deeply flawed. The United States
                        condemned the vote and the Commonwealth of Britain and its former colonies suspended Zimbabwe for
                        a year.

                        The state Herald newspaper, a government publication, accused the opposition Wednesday of
                        "blackmail" for refusing to accept the poll results and forcing a standoff that jeopardized trade and
                        investment in Africa.

                        "The MDC should be told in no uncertain terms that it should accept its defeat and settle for its role as an
                        opposition party," it said.

                        Official results showed opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai losing with 1,258,401 votes to Mugabe's
                        1,685,212.

                        Tsvangirai condemned the tally as rigged and tainted by political violence and demanded an immediate
                        end to state-orchestrated reprisals against his supporters.

                        Officials from Nigeria and South Africa were mediating the talks.

                        The opposition argued Monday the ruling party's participation in the talks was tacit admittance the rigged
                        elections had plunged the country into a deep crisis.

                        Mugabe, 78, has led Zimbabwe since independence in 1980 and vowed to crush any protests against his
                        election victory.

                        Police and troops blocked protests in major cities organized Saturday by a reform alliance and arrested
                        64 demonstrators.

                        Since the beginning of the year, political violence has claimed 48 lives, 31 of them opposition supporters,
                        according to local human rights groups. Hundreds more people suffered assaults, death threats, torture
                        and evictions from their homes, mostly at the hands of ruling party militants, since the poll.
                      • Christine Chumbler
                        Journalist Killed in Troubling Circumstances Reporters sans frontières (Paris) PRESS RELEASE August 12, 2002 Posted to the web August 12, 2002 Paris Reporters
                        Message 11 of 26 , Aug 13, 2002
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                          Journalist Killed in Troubling
                          Circumstances

                          Reporters sans frontières
                          (Paris)
                          PRESS RELEASE
                          August 12, 2002
                          Posted to the web August 12, 2002

                          Paris

                          Reporters Without Borders today expressed its concern
                          about the death of freelance journalist Don Kulapani on 8
                          August during the hold-up of a bar in the capital, and called
                          on the authorities to conduct a full investigation into this
                          killing, which has coincided with attacks on journalists by
                          the ruling party.

                          "We ask you to fully clarify the circumstances of the
                          journalist's death and to establish that it was not linked to
                          the exercise of his profession", Reporters Without Borders
                          secretary-general Robert Ménard said in a letter to Interior
                          Minister Monjeza Maluza. "The fact that it coincides with
                          recent attacks on journalists by the UDF's youth league is
                          troubling, to say the least", Ménard said in the letter, which
                          requested that Reporters Without Borders be kept
                          informed about the investigation's progress.

                          A freelancer who used to work for The Chronicle
                          newspaper, Kulapani was in a bar in the capital, Lilongwe,
                          on 8 August when four armed men entered and opened
                          fire, hitting the journalist. They then stabbed him many
                          times. The assailants took cases of beer, musical
                          equipment and cash from the till before making off.
                          Kulapani died as a result of these injuries.

                          The journalist's death comes soon after the release of a
                          statement by the ruling UDF denying news media claims
                          that it had a unit tasked with silencing investigative
                          journalists who "embarrass" the government. In early
                          August, the National Media Institute of South Africa
                          claimed to have discovered a UDF plot to attack
                          journalists of the Daily Times, Weekly Chronicle, Pride
                          and BBC for having accused the UDF of intending to
                          change the constitution to allow President Bakili Muluzi to
                          run for a third term in 2004.

                          Young activists have been implicated in beatings of
                          journalists who support the opposition party, especially
                          journalists working for the Chronicle, Kulapani's former
                          employer. The Daily Times had already alleged in
                          November 2001 that the UDF had complied a list of
                          journalists who "discredit the party" and that it intended to
                          use its youth wing to attack them.

                          *****

                          Tension Rises on Zimbabwe Farms

                          By Angus Shaw
                          Associated Press Writer
                          Tuesday, August 13, 2002; 8:56 AM

                          HARARE, Zimbabwe ** White
                          farmers facing eviction reported
                          Tuesday a wave of threats and
                          intimidation by government officials
                          and ruling party militants trying to
                          force them off their land.

                          Farmers leaders said five farmers in
                          southeastern Zimbabwe left their
                          land early Tuesday after local
                          officials, armed police and soldiers visited their
                          farms and told them they were
                          violating the eviction laws.

                          No physical action was taken, but five farmers went
                          to stay with neighbors
                          not affected by eviction orders, the Commercial
                          Farmers Union, representing
                          4,000 white farmers, said.

                          In other incidents in the north of the country,
                          militants threatened violence if
                          farmers did not abandon their properties, said
                          Justice for Agriculture, a group
                          calling for the evictions to be challenged in
                          court.

                          A black settler on one of the farms in the Banket
                          tobacco and corn district
                          fired a pistol in the air in an effort to drive the
                          owner and his black workers
                          away Monday, said Jenni Williams, a spokeswoman for
                          the group.

                          In other incidents near Harare, a black manager
                          employed by a white farmer
                          was assaulted by militants Monday and three other
                          farmers were under
                          pressure from black settlers to leave, she said.

                          A deadline for nearly 3,000 white farmers to leave
                          their land expired last
                          week as part of the government's often violent land
                          reform program. But the
                          government has taken no direct action to enforce the
                          eviction order.

                          The government says its program was a final effort
                          to correct colonial era
                          imbalances in land ownership. Critics say it is part
                          of the increasingly
                          authoritarian government's effort to maintain power
                          amid more than two years
                          of economic chaos and political violence mainly
                          blamed on the ruling party.

                          The Zimbabwe National Liberation War Veterans'
                          Association, which has led
                          the often violent occupation of white-owned farms
                          over the past two years,
                          said its members would not take the law into their
                          own hands to remove
                          defiant farmers.

                          "It is now the responsibility of the government of
                          Zimbabwe to make sure the
                          laws of Zimbabwe are obeyed in all respects,"
                          chairman Patrick Nyaruwata
                          said.

                          President Robert Mugabe said Monday he would not
                          tolerate opposition to
                          his plans to redistribute white-owned farms to
                          blacks. He said he would not
                          allow whites to retain massive farms, though he said
                          he was willing to let
                          "loyal" farmers keep some land.

                          Mugabe did not refer to evictions in a second speech
                          marking a Defense
                          Forces Day holiday Tuesday.

                          He said the land redistribution program was "being
                          finalized." Military
                          personnel had been given farms and more would
                          continue to get land.
                        • Christine Chumbler
                          Malawi floods kill four, over 15 000 homeless Blantyre 06 January 2003 11:50 Floods in Malawi have left four people dead and more than 15 000 people homeless
                          Message 12 of 26 , Jan 7, 2003
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Malawi floods kill four, over 15 000
                            homeless
                            Blantyre

                            06
                            January 2003 11:50

                            Floods in Malawi have left four people dead and
                            more than 15 000 people
                            homeless while causing extensive damage to
                            desperately-needed maize
                            crops, relief officials said on Sunday.

                            "The situation is very bad. Extensive flooding has
                            taken place," said Lucius
                            Chikni, commissioner of disaster and relief.

                            "Thousands of people are homeless and there has
                            been extensive crop
                            damage," he added.

                            Two people died when heavy rains hit the south of
                            the country on Thursday,
                            caused four big rivers to burst their banks. Two
                            others died last week when
                            flooding occurred in the north of the country,
                            leaving 290 families homeless.

                            The main highway connecting the commercial centre
                            Blantyre to Lilongwe
                            the administrative capital, was reported to have
                            been heavily damaged in
                            some sections.
                            High tension power lines were brought down by the
                            storm, disrupting power
                            supply in Blantyre on Sunday for several hours.

                            Chikuni said he and Poverty and Disaster Management
                            Minister Lee Mlanga
                            on Sunday flew by helicopter to the affected
                            lakeshore districts of Ntcheu
                            and Dedza, to conduct an assessment of the
                            situation.

                            He said most of the flooding had been caused by
                            tropical cyclone Delfina
                            which hit the country last week, and was aggravated
                            by environmental
                            degradation.

                            The floods are likely to increase hardship in a
                            country where some three
                            million people are threatened by famine.

                            Floods last year were partly responsible for
                            causing the current food
                            shortages in the southern African country. Malawi
                            needs 600 000 tons of
                            maize, its national staple, to stave off famine. -
                            Sapa-AFP

                            *****

                            Finance Minister Probed Over Sale of Maize
                            Reserves

                            UN Integrated Regional Information Networks
                            January 6, 2003
                            Posted to the web January 6, 2003

                            Johannesburg

                            Malawi's finance minister is expected to come under investigation for
                            his
                            involvement in the controversial sale of the country's strategic maize
                            reserves just months before widespread crop failure, officials told
                            IRIN on
                            Monday.

                            With 3.3 million Malawians facing hunger, President Bakili Muluzi last
                            week
                            appointed a commission of inquiry to investigate the alleged
                            mismanagement of the state-run Agriculture Development and Marketing
                            Corporation (ADMARC).

                            The commission is expected to investigate whether Finance Minister
                            Friday Jumbe, who was then head of ADMARC, had "unduly" benefited
                            from the sale of the maize.

                            "Minister Jumbe is just one of the officials who will be investigated.
                            There is
                            to date no evidence of guilt or innocence. The commission is merely a
                            fact-finding commission. It is our mandate to find out if Jumbe
                            unfairly
                            benefited personally from his involvement in the management or sale of
                            the said maize," commission chairman Khuze Kapeta told IRIN.

                            Almost 160,000 mt of grain was sold from the strategic grain reserves
                            in
                            August 2000, of which 60,000 mt was exported to Kenya.

                            This was after unprecedented floods earlier in the year had ravaged
                            production. The floods, followed by drought, left Malawi with a
                            shortfall of
                            about 480,000 mt and made it one of the hardest hit of the six
                            southern
                            African countries - along with Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland
                            and Lesotho - that are struggling to cope with their worst food
                            emergency
                            in recent years.

                            The government has blamed the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for
                            forcing it to sell at least part of the reserve in 2000 to reduce debt,
                            an
                            accusation denied by the IMF.

                            The IMF's countered that Malawi sold the maize after advice from a
                            food
                            consultant, hired by the government in a European Union-funded
                            project.

                            In August last year, former Poverty Alleviation Minister Leonard
                            Mangulama
                            was sacked by Muluzi for alleged corruption in the sale of the
                            reserves.

                            Magulama was named in an Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) report into the
                            matter which accused him of acquiring 300 mt of maize without paying
                            for
                            it.

                            It also named several parliamentarians, from both the opposition and
                            the
                            ruling party, who bought maize from the strategic grain reserves for
                            resale
                            in different markets.

                            ACB Deputy Director, Alex Nampota, told IRIN: "We conducted our
                            investigations in the most transparent way and our final report
                            reflected our
                            findings. But the fact that a commission of inquiry has been set up to
                            further investigate the sale of the maize suggests that there are
                            greater
                            concerns.

                            "The commission will hopefully satisfy those who are still worried
                            about the
                            sale of the reserves. It goes toward showing ordinary Malawians who
                            are
                            suffering that the government is doing something to be rid of
                            corruption,"
                            Nampota said.

                            *****

                            Zimbabwe food riots
                            spread

                            Four police officers have been injured in a
                            dormitory town near Harare, when youths
                            attacked people queuing for food on Sunday,
                            police have said.

                            In the second city of Bulawayo, there is tight
                            security around the courthouse, where 39
                            people are appearing in connection with food
                            riots on Friday, reports the French news
                            agency, AFP.

                            Up to six million
                            people, half of the
                            population, are
                            suffering from food
                            shortages according to
                            aid agencies.

                            Meanwhile, President
                            Robert Mugabe has
                            moved to tighten his
                            control of the main
                            cities, which are
                            opposition strongholds,
                            by announcing that he will appoint governors
                            for both Harare and Bulawayo.

                            Correspondents say that governors enjoy
                            considerable power and they are likely to be
                            used to sideline opposition mayors in both
                            cities.

                            'Green Bombers'

                            Police spokesman Wayne Bvudzijena said that
                            about 200 people were queuing up for
                            mealie-meal, the scare staple food, when a
                            group of youths attacked the police who were
                            controlling the crowd.

                            "In the process of controlling the crowd, some
                            youths came and disrupted the queue resulting
                            in four police officers being injured," Mr
                            Bvudzijena told AFP.

                            Opposition supporters
                            have been prevented
                            from receiving food aid
                            and even from buying
                            food in urban areas,
                            says the Movement for
                            Democratic Change
                            (MDC) and donor
                            agencies.

                            But it is reported that
                            activists from Mr
                            Mugabe's Zanu-PF
                            party were behind the
                            disturbances in both
                            the town of Chitungwiza, 23km south of
                            Harare, and Bulawayo.

                            The privately owned Daily News reports that
                            "Green Bombers", graduates of a
                            government-run youth training scheme, were
                            involved in the Chitungwiza riots.

                            The police said they had not identified the
                            culprits.

                            In Bulawayo, a group of "war veterans" was
                            dispersed by riot police when they tried to
                            protest outside the courthouse on Monday.

                            State media have accused the "war veterans",
                            who have been used to intimidate opposition
                            supporters, of organising Friday's food riots.

                            They were apparently unhappy at the unfair
                            distribution of food.

                            The state-run Zimbabwe Broadcasting
                            Corporation reported that residents had
                            accused grain board officials of corruptly
                            supplying maize to unscrupulous millers, who
                            then sold it on at exorbitant prices.

                            'Coordinate'

                            Zimbabwe's eight largely rural provinces
                            already have governors, who also sit in
                            parliament.

                            Local Government Minister Ignatius Chombo
                            denied that the new governors would make the
                            opposition mayors redundant and said they
                            would coordinate development.

                            Opposition parties point the finger of blame at
                            Mr Mugabe and his government for the food
                            shortages because of disruption caused by his
                            controversial programme of land reform.

                            The president says the cause of the crisis is a
                            combination of a drought and a Western
                            imperialistic plot aimed at keeping power in the
                            hands of Zimbabwe's whites.
                          • Christine Chumbler
                            Vampire fever sweeps Malawi Raphael Tenthani | Blantyre 10 January 2003 09:12 A senior ruling party official was recovering in a hospital on Thursday after
                            Message 13 of 26 , Jan 10, 2003
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                              Vampire fever sweeps Malawi
                              Raphael Tenthani | Blantyre

                              10
                              January 2003 09:12

                              A senior ruling party official was recovering in a
                              hospital on Thursday after
                              being stoned by an angry mob who believed rumours
                              he was harbouring
                              vampires.

                              Malawi's government has been campaigning to quell
                              vampire rumours that
                              have spread throughout the impoverished southern
                              African country, saying
                              opposition elements were using the rumours to
                              discredit the ruling party.

                              Eric Chiwaya, a senior official with the United
                              Democratic Front party was
                              badly beaten in the attack on Wednesday night.

                              Hundreds of people from a township south of
                              Blantyre stoned his house and
                              when he tried to escape by car, they stoned him
                              inside the vehicle, he said.

                              Police had to fire shots to disperse the crowd.
                              Rumours had spread through
                              the township that Chiwaya was harbouring vampires
                              and had approached
                              community leaders asking them to let them into the
                              area.

                              Police said three people had been arrested for
                              inciting violence in the
                              incident. Horrifying stories of vampires attacking
                              villagers in the dead of night
                              and sucking their blood began circulating last
                              month in Malawi.

                              Frightened villagers have beaten to death a man
                              suspected of being a
                              vampire, attacked and nearly lynched three visiting
                              priests and destroyed an
                              aid group's encampment they feared was the
                              vampires' headquarters.

                              President Bakili Muluzi called the rumours
                              unfounded and malicious, and
                              accused unnamed opposition groups of trying to
                              undermine him by saying
                              his government gave aid agencies human blood in
                              exchange for food aid. -
                              Sapa-AP

                              *****

                              White Farmer: Judge Seized Zimbabwe Farm

                              By Angus Shaw
                              Associated Press Writer
                              Friday, January 10, 2003; 9:10 AM

                              HARARE, Zimbabwe – A High Court judge ignored an
                              order by his own court barring him from moving onto
                              a farm
                              confiscated from a white family, the owner of the
                              disputed
                              land said Friday.

                              According to the white farmer, Vernon Nicolle, Judge
                              Ben
                              Hlatshwayo told him he was allocated the land by
                              the
                              government under its land reform program
                              encouraging
                              commercial farming by blacks.

                              The controversial land reform program, which the
                              government says is a tool to correct colonial era
                              injustices by
                              giving farms to poor, landless blacks, has come
                              under fire for
                              giving many of the prime farms instead to
                              confidantes of
                              longtime President Robert Mugabe.

                              Nicolle obtained a High Court order in September
                              freezing a government eviction notice on his property
                              in Banket, 60 miles northwest of Harare on grounds
                              there were errors in the notice.

                              That order suspended Nicolle's eviction until the
                              government revised the notice. It has not been
                              reissued.

                              Accompanied by a police escort, Hlatshwayo moved
                              onto the 900-acre farm last month. He also
                              moved equipment and workers there, according to
                              correspondence to the judge by Nicolle's lawyers.

                              Nicolle, one of the biggest grain producers in the
                              district, is living in his farmhouse on an adjacent 192
                              acres.

                              "This has seriously affected my operations. The
                              eviction was declared invalid and as a judge he should
                              know how the legal system in Zimbabwe works,"
                              Nicolle said Friday.

                              "I'm going to take him to the High Court. We won't
                              stop until we reach the end," he said.

                              Hlatshwayo was not immediately available for
                              comment. Nicolle said when he confronted Hlatshwayo,
                              the judge said he had been allocated the land by the
                              state.

                              The government has confiscated more than 90 percent
                              of land owned by about 4,000 white farmers
                              under a plans to redistribute it to blacks to farm.

                              At least 6.7 million people, more than half the
                              population, face starvation blamed on erratic rainfall and
                              agricultural disruptions caused by the chaotic land
                              confiscations.

                              Zimbabwe has been wracked by political and economic
                              turmoil for nearly three years that began with
                              violent farm seizures by ruling party militants.

                              The country is suffering its worst ever economic
                              crisis. Hard currency shortages have caused gas
                              stations to run dry. Corn meal, the staple food,
                              bread, milk, sugar and other commodities are scarce
                              and long lines have become commonplace.

                              Justice for Agriculture reported violent incidents
                              and intimidation have continued against white farmers
                              still on their land or visiting abandoned properties
                              to collect belongings and equipment.

                              It said a woman and her two children were assaulted
                              in northwestern Zimbabwe on Thursday at their
                              farm.

                              Her husband, Alan Parsons, reported to police the
                              identity of the assailant as Themba Mliswa, a ruling
                              party activist and prominent soccer coach who
                              apparently took over the family's farmhouse after they
                              left last year, fearing for their safety.

                              The farm, in the troubled Karoi district 120 miles
                              northwest of Harare, had not been targeted for
                              confiscation.

                              "When I arrived at the farm, I was approached by
                              Mliswa, who had changed the locks to the house. ...
                              He asked what I was doing on the farm," Parsons
                              said.

                              *****

                              China donates 4 500 tons of maize to
                              Zimbabwe
                              Harare

                              10
                              January 2003 10:58

                              China has donated 4 500 tons of maize to famine-hit
                              Zimbabwe, the
                              state-controlled Herald newspaper reported on
                              Friday.

                              The donation of the southern African country's
                              staple food, which was
                              handed over on Thursday, comes at a time the
                              country face a shortfall of
                              well over 300 000 tons of maize between now and
                              March, when the next
                              harvest is due.

                              Around eight-million out of Zimbabwe's 11,6-million
                              people are threatened
                              with famine.

                              It is the hardest-hit out of six southern African
                              countries affected by food
                              shortages caused by drought and unsound government
                              policies. - Sapa-AFP
                            • Christine Chumbler
                              Reporter arrested for interview with a vampire 21 January 2003 09:33 Police in Malawi arrested a radio journalist yesterday for broadcasting an interview with
                              Message 14 of 26 , Jan 21, 2003
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                                Reporter arrested for interview with a
                                vampire

                                21
                                January 2003 09:33

                                Police in Malawi arrested a radio journalist
                                yesterday for broadcasting an
                                interview with a man who claimed to have been
                                attacked by a vampire.

                                Southern Malawi has been rife with rumours of
                                blood-sucking vampires,
                                fuelled by the popular belief that the government
                                is colluding with vampires
                                to collect blood for international aid agencies.

                                A judge later dismissed charges against Maganizo
                                Mazeze of broadcasting
                                false information likely to cause public alarm,
                                after an interview on a local
                                radio station with a tea-planter from the southern
                                province of Thyolo.

                                "I am not bitter with anyone," Mazeze said after
                                his court appearance. "In
                                fact, my sojourn in jail has reinforced my resolve
                                to unearth issues
                                authorities would otherwise prefer buried."

                                The police said there was no evidence to support
                                the interviewee's claims.

                                A man was recently stoned to death by villagers in
                                Thyolo after being
                                suspected of working with vampires. - Guardian
                                Unlimited

                                *****

                                Mugabe party office
                                firebombed

                                Attackers have thrown petrol bombs at a ruling
                                party office in a suburb of the Zimbabwean
                                capital, Harare.

                                One person died and seven people were hurt,
                                several seriously, say police.

                                Assistant Commissioner Wayne Bvudzijena said
                                about 50 young men drove into Harare's
                                western Kuwadzana township on Monday
                                night, smashing property and assaulting
                                pedestrians before throwing petrol bombs at
                                the offices.

                                "It's a political attack.
                                We suspect that it is
                                related to the
                                by-election to be held
                                in the suburb," Mr
                                Bvudzijena said.

                                A parliamentary
                                by-election is
                                expected to take
                                place soon, following
                                the death in police
                                custody last year of
                                an opposition
                                Movement for
                                Democratic Change (MDC) MP, Learnmore
                                Jongwe.

                                Blame

                                Police are blaming the attack on opposition
                                supporters and have made 16 arrests.

                                Mr Bvudzijena said the
                                attack appeared aimed
                                at "provoking political
                                violence on a wider
                                scale".

                                MDC officials say it is
                                the work of militant
                                supporters of
                                President Robert
                                Mugabe.

                                They say Zanu-PF is
                                waging a violent
                                campaign to win the
                                seat in the Kuwadzana constituency by trying
                                to intimidate voters. The MDC won almost all
                                urban seats in parliamentary elections in June
                                2000.

                                Widespread political intimidation and
                                persecution of opposition supporters has been
                                reported in recent months.

                                Torture

                                Last week, MDC MP Job Sikhala and human
                                rights lawyer Gabriel Shumba said they were
                                tortured by police while being held in police
                                custody.

                                Both appeared in court over the weekend and
                                were then released on bail.

                                At a news conference in Harare, Mr Sikhala
                                said he was severely tortured all over his body
                                "for a solid eight hours" including having
                                electrodes attached to his genitals.

                                "They also used planks to beat under my feet
                                and over the entirity of my body... I am still in
                                pain."

                                He said he was then forced to drink poison
                                which they said was urine.

                                Zimbabwe is in the grip of a major food crisis
                                affecting more than half of the country's
                                population.

                                President Mugabe's government is accused of
                                withholding food aid from opposition
                                supporters.

                                *****

                                Zimbabwe distances itself from Moyo's
                                comments
                                Richard Thompson

                                20
                                January 2003 12:40

                                The South African government has "noted and
                                accepted" the Zimbabwean
                                government's explanation of remarks by its
                                information minister -- who
                                described South Africans as "filthy, recklessly
                                uncouth and barbaric".

                                Foreign Affairs representative Ronnie Mamoepa said
                                on Sunday the South
                                African government had requested an explanation
                                from Zimbabwean
                                authorities regarding Jonathan Moyo's remarks.

                                Moyo's outburst followed a story in the Sunday
                                Times of January 12 about
                                his shopping trip to South Africa, when he spent
                                large sums on luxury items
                                while millions of his compatriots face starvation.

                                In his response to that story, Moyo criticised the
                                South African media and
                                South Africans in general, and clearly implied that
                                President Thabo Mbeki
                                was not fit to lead the African Renaissance.

                                "If these people believe they can lead an African
                                renaissance, then God help
                                them," Moyo said.

                                Pretoria's request -- on Tuesday -- for an
                                explanation from Harare can be
                                seen as a demarche, in diplomatic terms an extreme
                                form of criticism.

                                Harare's reply to that demarche criticises the
                                Sunday Times for its
                                "invasion" of Moyo's privacy and "disregard" for
                                his status as a cabinet
                                minister.

                                However, it goes on to distance itself from
                                "inferences" that "cast
                                aspersions on President Thabo Mbeki's impeccable
                                credentials as a Pan
                                Africanist.

                                "Nothing could be further from the truth," the
                                Zimbabwean government says
                                in the statement.

                                "The Zimbabwe government respects and supports the
                                role and efforts of His
                                Excellency President Thabo Mbeki to bring about the
                                dawn of a new
                                Africa..."

                                Mamoepa said the South African government accepted
                                the reassurance "in
                                as far as it pertains to the government and people
                                of South Africa."

                                Zimbabwe was suspended from the councils of the
                                Commonwealth -- a
                                lesser penalty than outright suspension -- after
                                President Robert Mugabe
                                was returned to office in 2002 in elections marred
                                by violence and widely
                                regarded as rigged.

                                Mbeki is a member of the "troika" delegated by the
                                Commonwealth heads of
                                Government Meeting to consider whether that
                                suspension should be
                                continued is to meet again in March.

                                Mbeki's representative Bheki Khumalo said on
                                Sunday Moyo's remarks
                                "would have no bearing on that meeting."

                                He emphasised that Mbeki would approach the
                                question with an open mind.

                                Meanwhile, Moyo blamed the opposition and
                                disgruntled civil servants on
                                Sunday for spreading reports of a retirement plan
                                for Mugabe, accusing
                                them of treason and agitating for a coup.

                                "If there is anyone who has hatched a plot to
                                force the president to step
                                down they should face the full wrath of the law,"
                                Moyo told the state Sunday
                                Mail newspaper.

                                Moyo said the debate on Mugabe's future was,
                                "tantamount to plotting a
                                coup in the glare of the media."

                                He blamed the economic crisis gripping the southern
                                African country
                                marked by massive shortages of food, fuel and hard
                                currency, on
                                government bureaucrats fumbling what he termed
                                "technical" economic
                                factors, and not ruling party policies.

                                "There is a lot of inefficiency, let alone
                                corruption," he said.

                                "Our greatest challenge at the moment is that we
                                have a civil service that is
                                not performing."

                                Moyo suggested some members of the civil service
                                may be serving "hostile
                                political interests."

                                The economic disruptions in the country --
                                partially blamed on the
                                government's often violent seizure of thousands of
                                white-owned commercial
                                farms -- and erratic rains have caused the
                                unprecedented shortages and
                                spurred record inflation and unemployment.

                                An estimated 6,7-million people face starvation in
                                coming months. Analysts
                                say the unravelling of the economy is likely to
                                intensify demands for
                                Mugabe's departure.

                                In his comments, Moyo made no mention of two of the
                                most powerful figures
                                in the ruling party, Parliament speaker Emmerson
                                Mnangagwa and military
                                commander General Vitalis Zvinavashe, who have been
                                cited in reports as
                                favouring Mugabe's retirement.

                                Moyo also denied any rifts in the ruling party.

                                "You will not find in the party any significant
                                elements that want to act
                                unconstitutionally and undemocratically in favour
                                of coup plotters and
                                electoral cowards," said Moyo.

                                The South African government, meanwhile, faced
                                criticism on its Zimbabwe
                                policy from another quarter on Sunday. Zimbabwe's
                                main opposition the
                                Movement for Democratic Change accused Mbeki of
                                "hypocrisy" and
                                "dishonesty" in his approach to the situation in
                                Zimbabwe.

                                "The South African government frankly, is
                                dishonest," MDC
                                secretary-general Welshman Ncube was reported as
                                saying, in the Sunday
                                Times.

                                "It is not surprising, really, because it is the
                                same SA government which is
                                saying to the rest of the world: 'Don't do anything
                                about Zimbabwe. Let
                                (Mugabe) go on with his torture and abuse. Let
                                bygones be bygones'," he
                                said. - Sapa
                              • Christine Chumbler
                                Authorities Take Stock Of Damage Caused By Floods African Church Information Service January 27, 2003 Posted to the web January 29, 2003 Reported By Hamilton
                                Message 15 of 26 , Jan 30, 2003
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                                  Authorities Take Stock Of Damage Caused By
                                  Floods

                                  African Church Information Service
                                  January 27, 2003
                                  Posted to the web January 29, 2003

                                  Reported By Hamilton Vokhiwa
                                  Blantyre

                                  Authorities in Malawi are taking stock of damage caused by floods,
                                  following heavy rains that pounded the country recently.

                                  The extraordinarily heavy rains occasioned by a cyclone named Defina,
                                  caused widespread damage to infrastructure and agricultural land. A
                                  number of roads, bridges and railway lines were damaged. Large areas
                                  of
                                  crop fields were washed away, killing at least 10 people and
                                  displacing
                                  tens of thousands of people, now in need of relief aid.

                                  A wash-away of a bridge along Zalewa highway caused a major disruption
                                  of traffic between Blantyre and Lilongwe, but has since been partly
                                  repaired to allow traffic to pass.

                                  Road traffic authorities said three people went missing when the
                                  bridge
                                  across Rivi-rivi river was swept away, following two days of incessant
                                  rains.

                                  More bridges were washed away throughout the country, rendering a
                                  number of areas inaccessible to motor vehicles.

                                  This caused President Bakili Muluzi to declare a state of emergency.
                                  It
                                  was the second time the president was making such a declaration in a
                                  span of less than one year.

                                  In February last year, President Muluzi declared a state of emergency
                                  following widespread food shortages that led to deaths of hundreds of
                                  people, especially children.

                                  The Commission for Disaster Preparedness, Relief and Rehabilitation,
                                  said in total, up to 15, 000 people have been displaced by the current
                                  floods.

                                  Lucius Chikuni is the head of the Commission. He said work had started
                                  to
                                  bring food and tents to the displaced people, who had sought refuge in
                                  schools and churches in affected regions.

                                  The most affected areas include Karonga and Rumphi in the northern
                                  region, Lilongwe, Salima and Ntcheu in central part of the country,
                                  and
                                  Machinga and Balaka in the south.

                                  In Ntcheu district, the Malawi Television featured a cemetery where
                                  the
                                  raging flood waters washed away coffins, leaving the graves open. Some
                                  bodies were recovered several kilometers away.

                                  Western aid agencies have promised to step up relief assistance,
                                  following the declaration of a state of emergency by President Muluzi.

                                  A representative of a western diplomatic mission based in Lilongwe,
                                  said
                                  that the declaration would pave way for a suitable response by western
                                  aid
                                  agencies.

                                  World Food Programme (WFP) information officer, Abbelgadir Musallam,
                                  said his organisation was at pains to try to reach some areas in the
                                  districts of Chikwawa and Nsanje in lower Shire Valley. He said they
                                  were
                                  forced to divert relief food items to other accessible sites more than
                                  20
                                  kilometers away from the strategic distribution centres.

                                  "We have no money to airlift the relief items. Our movements have been
                                  delayed and we don't know what is happening to those people."

                                  When making the declaration, President Muluzi said the costs of
                                  repairs
                                  could be expected to run into millions of Kwachas.

                                  District officials and representatives of non-governmental
                                  organisations
                                  have issued urgent appeals for food, medicines, blankets, tents and
                                  sheets for the displaced people.

                                  Over the past few weeks, teams of field workers from non-governmental
                                  organisations, the department of disaster preparedness and relief
                                  rehabilitation, as well as the international organisation of doctors
                                  without
                                  borders have been forcing their way across washed out roads to reach
                                  the
                                  displaced people.

                                  District Commissioner for Salima, Gift Rapozo, said about 2,300 people
                                  in
                                  18 villages were isolated and that government officials including those
                                  from
                                  his office were failing to reach the displaced people.

                                  "We have come up with the number after estimating the village
                                  population,
                                  but we don't really know how many more people are isolated. It might
                                  be
                                  possible that others left the areas when they sensed the dangerous
                                  situation," he said.

                                  Shadrick Matsimbe, who is the chairman of the Road Users Association,
                                  said his organisation had difficulties to reach an isolated area
                                  because a
                                  bridge had been swept away.

                                  "People are starving in the villages as we are failing to supply them
                                  with
                                  relief items because of the poor condition of the roads and bridges
                                  leading
                                  to those areas," he pointed out.

                                  Religious organisations were mobilising relief aid to the affected
                                  areas.
                                  One of them, the Evangelical Association of Malawi (EAM), donated
                                  maize
                                  flour and cow peas to 1000 households displaced by floods in Salima.

                                  Ironically, the floods have come after governments in the southern
                                  Africa
                                  region were advised to plan for another season of little rainfall, and
                                  possibly, a terrible drought.

                                  *****

                                  Harare police break up
                                  mayor's meeting

                                  Zimbabwean police have fired tear gas at
                                  hundreds of residents of the capital, Harare, as
                                  they entered the office of the mayor.

                                  Mayor Elias Mudzuri, who is from the opposition
                                  Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), says
                                  he was trying to inform his constituents about
                                  water shortages.

                                  He told the BBC's Focus
                                  on Africa programme
                                  that this was the only
                                  way he could
                                  communicate with
                                  rate-payers because state-owned media
                                  refuse to interview him or even carry his
                                  adverts.

                                  Mr Mudzuri was arrested two weeks ago for
                                  holding an illegal meeting.

                                  Earlier this month, the government announced
                                  that it would introduce governors to run Harare
                                  and the second city of Bulawayo, which both
                                  have MDC mayors.

                                  'Police state'

                                  Under tough new security laws, the police
                                  have wide powers to break up meetings of
                                  more than five people.

                                  But Mr Mudzuri said the meeting was going to
                                  be held in his office and so he did not need
                                  police authorisation.

                                  "I hold meetings every five minutes with more
                                  than five people," he said.

                                  "It's becoming a police
                                  state."

                                  He also said that the
                                  police were invited to
                                  the meeting and had
                                  originally given their
                                  permission.
                                • Christine Chumbler
                                  Ghost Employees Deplete Govt Coffers African Church Information Service February 24, 2003 Posted to the web February 25, 2003 Hobbs Gama Blantyre Things have
                                  Message 16 of 26 , Feb 26, 2003
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                                    'Ghost Employees Deplete Govt Coffers'

                                    African Church Information Service
                                    February 24, 2003
                                    Posted to the web February 25, 2003

                                    Hobbs Gama
                                    Blantyre

                                    Things have turned sour in several government departments in Malawi,
                                    where civil servants have not been paid salaries on time. A situation
                                    of ghost
                                    workers created by senior government officials, is depleting the
                                    coffers.

                                    Teachers in primary and secondary schools, being the most affected,
                                    have
                                    abandoned classes in a number of schools in several districts around
                                    the
                                    country, including Blantyre.

                                    The issue of ghost workers came out strongly following an audit
                                    instituted by
                                    International Monetary Fund (IMF) late last year. It was discovered
                                    that the
                                    government's inflated wage bill was a result of huge numbers of
                                    non-existent
                                    workers created by officials in six ministries.

                                    Names of deceased staff, retired workers, and of fake individuals were
                                    noticed on payrolls. The education ministry was the most affected.

                                    The Teachers Association of Malawi (TUM) has since taken the treasury
                                    to
                                    task, accusing it of being insensitive to the plight of teachers, who
                                    constitute
                                    the largest part of public workers. Out of a total 120,000 workforce in
                                    the
                                    public sector, 60,000 are teachers.

                                    TUM General Secretary, Lucien Chikadza, said morale was low in all
                                    education divisions around the country. He blamed the ministry of
                                    education
                                    headquarters for the mess.

                                    Towards the end of last year, workers in education, agriculture and
                                    health
                                    ministries went for Christmas and New Year holidays without pay.

                                    In the past two years, salaries have been paid irregularly.

                                    Finance Minister, Friday Jumbe, has since apologised to teachers and
                                    promised speedy action, saying teachers were victims because the
                                    ministry's
                                    wage bill was plagued with a lot of problems.

                                    "The situation is regrettable because issues of salaries are not
                                    negotiable.
                                    The wage bill in the ministry has been fluctuating when it is supposed
                                    to
                                    remain constant," said Jumbe.

                                    Last month, an IMF team made its seventh visit to Malawi since 2002,
                                    and
                                    accused the government of spending beyond budget passed by parliament.

                                    The Fund suspended a US$56 million aid until issues of financial
                                    mismanagement and poor governance were resolved, and presidential
                                    trips
                                    limited, among other conditions.

                                    Subsequently, Malawi's bilateral donors , the United States of
                                    America,
                                    Britain and the European Union, have also closed their aid taps.

                                    Angered by President Muluzi's reckless spending, the World Bank is
                                    pressing the government to refund US$1.5 million in aid of various
                                    uncompleted projects. The EU is also demanding that the administration
                                    gives back about US$7 million, for similar reasons.

                                    *****

                                    UN blames Mugabe for crisis

                                    The United Nations food agency
                                    has said that the Zimbabwe
                                    Government is largely
                                    responsible for the
                                    humanitarian crisis there.

                                    The Zimbabwe crisis was "almost
                                    beyond comprehension" and could
                                    easily have been avoided, said
                                    James Morris, head of the World
                                    Food Programme.

                                    He pointed to President Robert Mugabe's land
                                    redistribution programme,
                                    which has left thousands of normally productive farms
                                    lying idle.

                                    Up to seven million people - half the population -
                                    need food aid, donors
                                    say.

                                    This year's harvest is expected to be even lower than
                                    in 2002 - just
                                    40% of normal.

                                    The government has also been accused of diverting food
                                    aid away from
                                    opposition areas.

                                    'Nightmare'

                                    Mr Mugabe blames the food shortages on failed rains.

                                    He also says that his land reform programme should
                                    increase food
                                    production, because white farmers generally grew cash
                                    crops such as
                                    tobacco and paprika, while small-scale black farmers
                                    generally grow the
                                    staple food, maize.

                                    But Mr Morris disagreed.

                                    "This scheme (land reform) along
                                    with restrictions on private sector
                                    food marketing and a monopoly on
                                    food imports... are turning a drought
                                    that might have been managed into
                                    a humanitarian nightmare," he told
                                    lawmakers in the United States.

                                    Mr Morris said that he had held six
                                    meetings with Mr Mugabe in the past
                                    six months but had failed to
                                    persuade him to alter his economic
                                    policies or remove bureaucratic
                                    obstacles to food production or aid
                                    distribution.

                                    The head of the US Agency for
                                    International Development, Andrew
                                    Natsios, agreed.

                                    Zimbabwe had become "a basket
                                    case rapidly sliding into a disastrous
                                    famine that is politically induced," he
                                    said.

                                    A government audit reportedly
                                    shows that many of the farms seized
                                    from white farmers have been allocated to government
                                    ministers and
                                    officials, rather than landless blacks.

                                    In neighbouring Malawi, which was worst hit by the
                                    food shortages last
                                    year, the government says that the situation is
                                    improving this year.
                                  • Christine Chumbler
                                    Just have to point out that on the BBC site today, quite a few hints of peace. Leaders in Sudan are predicting that war will be over by June; observers are
                                    Message 17 of 26 , Apr 3, 2003
                                    • 0 Attachment
                                      Just have to point out that on the BBC site today, quite a few hints of
                                      peace. Leaders in Sudan are predicting that war will be over by June;
                                      observers are cautiously optimistic about the peace deal signed in the
                                      DRC yesterday; and rebels have ended their boycot of the transitional
                                      government in Cote d'Ivoire. Could it be that parts of Africa are
                                      examples of peace for the rest of the world?
                                      http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/default.stm

                                      *****

                                      Malawi cabinet sacked
                                      Raphael Tenthani
                                      BBC, Blantyre

                                      President Bakili Muluzi has sacked his entire cabinet
                                      just two
                                      days after naming an outsider as his successor.

                                      A brief statement from the office of
                                      the president did not give any
                                      reason for the surprise decision but
                                      only said all matters requiring
                                      cabinet attention should be directed
                                      to his office until a new cabinet is
                                      appointed.

                                      The Secretary to the President and
                                      Cabinet Alfred Upindi told me this
                                      afternoon he too does not know why
                                      Mr Muluzi has sacked his cabinet.

                                      He said the president just called him
                                      into his office at State House on Wednesday morning
                                      where he was told
                                      to issue the statement.

                                      The decision to dissolve the cabinet comes only two
                                      days after President
                                      Muluzi announced that the cabinet and the ruling
                                      United Democratic
                                      Front politburo had anointed Bingu wa Mutharika to be
                                      his successor for
                                      the elections scheduled for 18 May 2004.

                                      President Muluzi had tried but failed both in court
                                      and in public opinion to
                                      change the constitution to allow him a third term in
                                      office.

                                      Resignation threats

                                      Several ministers and UDF leaders have accused
                                      President Muluzi of
                                      imposing the 69-year-old economist on the party.

                                      A senior UDF official told me that it
                                      had not been done according to the
                                      rules.

                                      Several ministers, according to
                                      cabinet sources, threatened to quit
                                      soon after President Muluzi told both
                                      the cabinet and the UDF National
                                      Executive Committee that he wanted
                                      Mr wa Mutharika to be his chosen
                                      successor.

                                      My cabinet source told me that ever
                                      since President Muluzi's first attempt
                                      to change the constitution to allow him to stay on in
                                      power flopped, he
                                      has been intimidating any senior minister he suspected
                                      was eyeing the
                                      top job.

                                      The source told me he settled for Mr wa Mutharika, a
                                      recent arrival to
                                      the cabinet, as a way of punishing the presidential
                                      aspirants.

                                      He said the president's announcement that Mr wa
                                      Mutharika was elected
                                      by the joint cabinet and UDF National Executive
                                      Committee was a
                                      facade.

                                      Purge

                                      He said President Muluzi simply told everyone to
                                      endorse his anointed
                                      successor.

                                      The speculation is that President Muluzi will now
                                      purge his cabinet of all
                                      ministers who are unhappy with the succession process.


                                      But analysts say it is only a matter of time before
                                      major splits start
                                      rocking the ruling party following President Muluzi's
                                      decision to impose a
                                      presidential candidate on the party.

                                      *****

                                      Zanu-PF is only five seats away from total
                                      domination

                                      03 April
                                      2003 12:42

                                      Zimbabwe's ruling Zanu-PF is within sight of a
                                      two-thirds majority in
                                      parliament that would enable it to make
                                      constitutional amendments. This
                                      makes three upcoming by-elections all the more
                                      important for the opposition
                                      Movement for Democratic Change (MDC).

                                      Zanu-PF holds 95 of the 150 seats in parliament.
                                      The 150 seats include 30
                                      that are appointed directly or indirectly by
                                      President Robert Mugabe -- eight
                                      provincial governors, 12 non-constituency MPs and
                                      ten chiefs appointed by
                                      their peers and given final approval by Mugabe.

                                      According to Zimbabwe's parliamentary records, the
                                      MDC holds 54 seats.
                                      The ZANU-Ndonga party of the late Ndabaningi
                                      Sithole, veteran nationalist
                                      and Mugabe critic, has one seat.

                                      Five of the 150 seats are currently vacant. Two of
                                      these -- the Mashonaland
                                      West governor's seat and a replacement for deceased
                                      chief Mukwananzi --
                                      will almost certainly be filled by Zanu-PF members,
                                      said Greg Linington,
                                      lecturer in constitutional law at the University of
                                      Zimbabwe.

                                      The others are the constituencies of Harare
                                      Central, following the resignation
                                      of MDC Member of Parliament (MP) Michael Auret due
                                      to ill health, and
                                      Makonde in the northwest of the country, vacant due
                                      to the recent death of
                                      Education Minister Swithun Mombeshora of Zanu-PF.
                                      Also up for grabs is
                                      Chiredzi South, in the northeast of the country,
                                      after the suspension of
                                      Zanu-PF MP Aaron Baloyi.

                                      It was recently reported that MDC MP Tafadzwa
                                      Musekiwa had fled to
                                      London to escape alleged intimidation and had
                                      resigned his Harare seat.
                                      But a parliamentary official as well as MDC
                                      representative Paul Themba
                                      Nyathi said they had not yet received official
                                      notification of this, so his
                                      Zengeza constituency is not considered vacant.

                                      According to the constitution, if the ruling party
                                      holds "two thirds of the full
                                      membership" of parliament, which is 100 of 150
                                      seats, then it is entitled to
                                      make constitutional amendments, Linington said.

                                      Zanu-PF are therefore five seats short of the 100
                                      seats required.

                                      Analyst Chris Maroleng of the Institute of Security
                                      Studies Africa said the
                                      issue of constitutional amendments becomes relevant
                                      in the context of
                                      recent reports, denied by the government, of the
                                      search for an exit strategy
                                      for Mugabe.

                                      "The constitution currently says that within 90
                                      days of the president's death
                                      or retirement, there has to be a presidential
                                      election to appoint a
                                      successor," Maroleng explained. "But a
                                      constitutional amendment could
                                      allow Mugabe to appoint a successor ahead of his
                                      departure and bypass an
                                      election."

                                      The upcoming by-elections therefore become all the
                                      more critical, with the
                                      attending risk of political violence and
                                      intimidation.

                                      "During the presidential election the [Zanu-PF]
                                      strategy was to reduce the
                                      number of voters, as a high voter turnout benefited
                                      the MDC and low turnout
                                      benefited Zanu-PF," Maroleng said.

                                      Other influences include whether a constituency is
                                      urban or rural -- where
                                      traditionally it is more difficult for the
                                      opposition to campaign. Most rural
                                      seats are held by Zanu-PF, while the MDC tends to
                                      be urban-based.

                                      Maroleng said that of the three by-elections, the
                                      Makonde seat was likely to
                                      be a "borderline" MDC/Zanu-PF seat as it had been a
                                      close contest in the
                                      last election, with reported incidents of
                                      violence.

                                      The Electoral Supervisory Commission has yet to set
                                      a date for the closely
                                      watched contests. - Irin
                                    • Christine Chumbler
                                      Upheaval in Ruling Party Continues UN Integrated Regional Information Networks May 2, 2003 Posted to the web May 2, 2003 Johannesburg Splits in Malawi s United
                                      Message 18 of 26 , May 5, 2003
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                                        Upheaval in Ruling Party Continues

                                        UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

                                        May 2, 2003
                                        Posted to the web May 2, 2003

                                        Johannesburg

                                        Splits in Malawi's United Democratic Front (UDF) began to emerge this
                                        week as another senior official announced his resignation from the
                                        ruling party.

                                        On Thursday, Jan Sonke, a UDF lawmaker for the commercial capital
                                        Blantyre, cited the party's failure to "reduce poverty, strengthen
                                        democracy and improve the economy" as reasons for his resignation.

                                        He is the third high-ranking UDF official to leave the party following
                                        a recent controversial decision by President Bakili Muluzi to dissolve
                                        his entire cabinet and name Bingu wa Mutharika - a political newcomer -
                                        as the UDF's candidate for the 2004 presidential elections.

                                        Soon after the political shake-up, Harry Thomson, (former environment
                                        minister) and Aleke Banda (former agriculture minister) quit the party.
                                        Both men had expressed an interest in the presidency, and Banda also
                                        objected to Muluzi's bid for a third term in office.

                                        But observers say the split in the ruling party could be an opportunity
                                        to entrench political pluralism in Malawi, where the UDF is seen to
                                        dominate the political stage.

                                        "Any kind of split in the UDF would be significant for the future of
                                        democracy in Malawi. Senior UDF members who are dissatisfied with Muluzi
                                        may decide to leave the party and form a new opposition. On the other
                                        hand, some may leave and join existing opposition groups," Ralph
                                        Kasambara, chairman of the NGO, the Civil Liberties Committee, told
                                        IRIN.

                                        "This will in the long term encourage healthy debate and produce a
                                        vibrant opposition. Presently, the UDF has a stranglehold on politics in
                                        Malawi and by watering down some of that power, we will eventually
                                        escape the quagmire of a state dominated by just one party," he added.

                                        Meanwhile, John Tembo on Tuesday was elected president of the main
                                        opposition Malawi Congress Party (MCP). The MCP convention was marred by
                                        violence after it emerged that Tembo, the deputy leader of the party,
                                        had won more votes than party leader Gwanda Chakuamba, and would
                                        therefore be the party's candidate in the 2004 presidential elections.

                                        Some 15 people were injured in the clashes.

                                        *****

                                        African Presidents Tackle Zimbabwe Chaos

                                        By ANGUS SHAW
                                        The Associated Press
                                        Monday, May 5, 2003; 6:32 AM

                                        HARARE, Zimbabwe - Three African presidents arrived in Zimbabwe Monday
                                        for talks aimed at ending the political chaos and violence that has
                                        crippled the nation for three years.

                                        South African President Thabo Mbeki, Nigerian President Olusegun
                                        Obasanjo and Malawi President Bakili Muluzi went to a Harare hotel where
                                        they were scheduled to meet with Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe,
                                        whose increasingly autocratic rule has been blamed for causing the
                                        crisis.

                                        They were also scheduled to hold a separate meeting with Morgan
                                        Tsvangirai, leader of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change.

                                        Zimbabwe officials said the main talks with Mugabe were to be held at
                                        his State House offices, where reporters for some foreign media
                                        organizations were refused entry.

                                        The new mediation efforts come ahead of a trip to southern Africa by
                                        Walter Kansteiner, the U.S. State Department's top Africa official.
                                        Kansteiner will visit South Africa and Botswana, and will try to win
                                        backing for calls for political reform in Zimbabwe.

                                        Mugabe, 79, who led the nation to independence in 1980, narrowly
                                        defeated Tsvangirai in presidential polls last year that independent
                                        observers said were deeply flawed.

                                        The opposition, along with Britain, the European Union and the United
                                        States, have refused to accept the results, saying voting was rigged and
                                        influenced by intimidation mainly against opposition supporters.

                                        Zimbabwe's opposition MDC has criticized African leaders for
                                        recognizing Mugabe's re-election amid state-sponsored political
                                        violence.

                                        The Herald newspaper, a government mouthpiece, said in an editorial
                                        Monday that Mugabe's foes hoped the talks would lead to Mugabe's
                                        retirement and implied the government feared a possible attack from U.S.
                                        and British forces, an implication both nations have repeatedly denied.

                                        "There is trepidation ... about the timing of the visit in view of the
                                        pronounced positions of the British and American governments over regime
                                        change in Zimbabwe following their successful invasion and occupation of
                                        Iraq," it said.

                                        Talks between the MDC and Mugabe's party, mediated by Nigeria and South
                                        Africa, ended in a stalemate last year.

                                        Mugabe said last month he would only meet with Tsvangirai if the
                                        opposition recognized his re-election and dropped a court case
                                        challenging the result, conditions the MDC has previously rejected.

                                        The opposition and the main labor federation have shut down most of the
                                        economy with two national anti-government strikes since mid-March.

                                        Zimbabwe is suffering its worst economic crisis since independence.
                                        Inflation has soared to a record 228 percent, unemployment is nearly 70
                                        percent and Zimbabweans face shortages of hard currency, food, gasoline
                                        and medicine.

                                        More than 200 people have been killed in political violence since 2000
                                        and thousands of others, mostly opposition supporters, have been
                                        arrested and tortured, rights groups say.
                                      • Christine Chumbler
                                        Malawi bans Big Brother Africa Big Brother Africa has been taken off the air in Malawi after the country s parliament condemned it as immoral . It voted to
                                        Message 19 of 26 , Aug 6, 2003
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                                          Malawi bans Big Brother Africa

                                          Big Brother Africa has been taken off the air in Malawi after the
                                          country's parliament condemned it as "immoral".

                                          It voted to ban the pan-African reality series from its public TV
                                          station because of concerns about its sexual content.

                                          Taylor Nothale, chairman of the parliamentary committee on the media,
                                          said he had received a number of complaints, particularly from parents.


                                          He said most Malawians felt the show might encourage young people to
                                          engage in immoral behaviour.

                                          "People are subjected to horrible pictures which are corrupting the
                                          morals of our children," Mr Nothale said.

                                          Opposition leader Gwanda Chakuamba said: "We want the government to
                                          stop that nonsense on TV."

                                          Most of the southern African country's 10.6 million people are deeply
                                          conservative Christians. It also has a Muslim minority.

                                          Malawi has become the third African nation to condemn the series
                                          following concerns raised by religious and political leaders in Zambia
                                          and Namibia.

                                          They have complained that some of the footage broadcast is too
                                          explicit.

                                          State-run Television Malawi has been broadcasting highlights of the
                                          South Africa-based show every evening.

                                          It originally featured 12 contestants, each from a different African
                                          country, locked together inside the Big Brother house.

                                          As with the western-style format, they are voted off one by one.
                                          Malawi's representative, Zein Dudah, was removed a month ago.

                                          Apart from the condemnation over sexual content, the show has been
                                          praised for bridging cultural gaps and exploding some of the myths
                                          contestants share about fellow Africans.

                                          Show producer Carl Fischer said: "If (the show) didn't generate any
                                          controversy, the project would be a failure."

                                          Rich Malawians will still be able to watch the show on satellite
                                          television.

                                          *****

                                          Cheap malaria drug approved

                                          A cheap drug to combat malaria is to be launched by GlaxoSmithKline.
                                          The drug could help to save millions of lives each year in some of the
                                          world's poorest countries.

                                          According to GSK, a course of treatment with Lapdap will cost just 18
                                          pence (29 US cents) for an adult and 9 pence for a child.

                                          This is much cheaper than many existing drugs, some of which can cost
                                          as much as £33 per course.

                                          Major killer

                                          Malaria affects around 300 million people around the world each year.

                                          Nine out of 10 cases occur in Africa. The disease claims the lives of
                                          at least one million people annually, according to the World Health
                                          Organization (WHO).

                                          Many of these lives could be saved if more affordable drugs were
                                          available.

                                          This latest drug, which combines two existing anti-malaria compounds,
                                          has been developed by GSK in collaboration with the WHO and scientists
                                          in the UK.

                                          The $5m development costs were shared between GSK, the WHO and the UK
                                          Department for International Development.

                                          Trials have shown that it is more effective than some existing
                                          treatments and can also help people who are resistant to some older
                                          drugs.

                                          It has now been approved for use by the UK's Medicines and Healthcare
                                          products Regulatory Agency.

                                          GSK said the drug would be made available in sub-Saharan Africa as soon
                                          as possible.

                                          In a statement, the company said: "GlaxoSmithKline plans to make Lapdap
                                          available at preferential prices across sub-Saharan Africa as soon as
                                          local approval has been granted."

                                          Professor Peter Winstanley, director of the Wellcome Trust Tropical
                                          Centre at the University of Liverpool which led the development work,
                                          welcomed the drug's approval.

                                          "Lapdap can help us meet the urgent need for an affordable anti-malaria
                                          treatment for use in Africa," he said.
                                        • Christine Chumbler
                                          BBC has a photo gallery of a man living with AIDS in Malawi http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/04/africa_aids_in_malawi/html/1.stm *****
                                          Message 20 of 26 , Jul 15, 2004
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                                            BBC has a photo gallery of a man living with AIDS in Malawi

                                            http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/04/africa_aids_in_malawi/html/1.stm

                                            *****

                                            Sunshine City goes dark

                                            Ryan Truscott | Harare, Zimbabwe

                                            15 July 2004 12:59


                                            Living in the Zimbabwean capital, Harare, is getting harder as weary
                                            residents battle with frequent power cuts, water shortages and the
                                            ever-rising prices of basic goods.

                                            Harare once boasted the nickname "Sunshine City" but in the depths of a
                                            Zimbabwean winter, it's looking less and less that way for all
                                            residents, regardless of their income levels.

                                            Last week the state-run power utility, the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply
                                            Authority (Zesa), announced it is introducing power cuts at peak periods
                                            due to increased demand from the cold weather and Zimbabwe's inability
                                            to find additional sources for power imports from outside the country.

                                            Zimbabwe imports 30% of its power, much of it from neighbouring South
                                            Africa, but has in the recent past reportedly had problems settling its
                                            bills.

                                            Coinciding with the power cuts, Zesa has started broadcasting
                                            advertisements every half hour on state radio, proclaiming "Zesa: Power
                                            to the people."

                                            "While we sit in the dark with candles waiting for the power to come
                                            back on and women stream out of the bush with firewood on their heads
                                            because they can't afford electricity, the jingles go on and on and on,"
                                            says Zimbabwe writer Cathy Buckle in her weekly commentary.

                                            In several suburbs of the capital, streetlamps and house lights flicker
                                            off at 6pm at night -- to be restored three hours later.

                                            There are also cuts scheduled for three hours in the mornings.

                                            "It's every night," moans one elderly resident of the relatively
                                            well-heeled Avondale suburb, near Harare's main hospital.

                                            "It was Thursday, Friday and then again at half-past six on Saturday,"
                                            she complains. She adds that she keeps her bath "half full" to be ready
                                            for water cuts -- usually advertised in the state-run Herald newspaper
                                            and on public radio.

                                            In June some suburbs had no water for almost three weeks. The
                                            authorities blamed pump failures at the ageing Morton Jaffray water
                                            plant, as well as a lack of crucial aluminium sulphate used to treat the
                                            water.

                                            A so-called "water demand management system" was brought in. This meant
                                            cutting off supplies to other suburbs for 24-hour periods.

                                            Harare's opposition-led city council says it does not have the funds to
                                            maintain infrastructure. But efforts to hike rates have been blocked by
                                            Local Government Minister Ignatius Chombo, who has also dismissed
                                            Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) mayor Elias Mudzuri.

                                            A member of President Robert Mugabe's ruling party, Chombo last month
                                            declared previously approved increases "unjustified" and ordered a
                                            freeze.

                                            The Harare city council has only held two meetings in the past six
                                            months, says Jameson Gadzirai of the Combined Harare Residents'
                                            Association, leaving residents concerned that civic governance is being
                                            frustrated by party politics.

                                            "What the residents are feeling now is that council decisions are not
                                            being implemented because of a broader agenda being pushed by the [local
                                            government] ministry," Gadzirai says.

                                            There are other concerns. Public hospitals in the city are faring
                                            badly. The privately owned Standard reported this month that corpses at
                                            Harare's Central hospital are being rolled down the stairs from wards to
                                            the mortuary because there is no money to repair the lifts.

                                            Health delivery has been one of the biggest casualties of Zimbabwe's
                                            four-year old economic downturn. Cases of kwashiorkor -- a sometimes
                                            fatal illness usually associated with times of war and famine -- have
                                            resurfaced.

                                            At least 621 were treated last year in the city's clinics, according to
                                            a report by the council's director of health, Lovemore Mbengeranwa.

                                            Price hikes too are a worry. Although inflation rates have fallen, from
                                            more than 600% at the end of last year to just less than 400%, prices of
                                            foodstuffs and many basic goods continue to rise.

                                            Faced with an outcry, the country's energetic Reserve Bank Governor
                                            Gideon Gono last week said that "the thinking that prices ought to come
                                            down because inflation is coming down is fallacious", the state-run
                                            Ziana agency reported.

                                            Gono told the conference that prices should still be going up by about
                                            6%. But his figures do not square with prices on shop shelves: bread has
                                            more than doubled in two months from about Z$1 200 a loaf to Z$2 900.

                                            Meanwhile fuel queues resurfaced last week. A wearying fact of life for
                                            many Zimbabwean drivers over the past three years, the queues seemed to
                                            have disappeared after the authorities removed price controls.

                                            State radio said last week's queues were due to "logistical" problems
                                            in fuel distribution. -- Sapa-AFP
                                          • Christine Chumbler
                                            Malawian leader to boot out MPs Malawi s newly-elected president has ordered parliament to move to a bombed-out sports complex so he can make it his official
                                            Message 21 of 26 , Jul 22, 2004
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                                              Malawian leader to boot out MPs

                                              Malawi's newly-elected president has ordered parliament to move to a
                                              bombed-out sports complex so he can make it his official residence.
                                              Bingu wa Mutharika said he wanted to move from his Blantyre residence
                                              to the capital, Lilongwe, as part of attempts to streamline government
                                              operations.

                                              But the opposition said the decision ran against his promises to cut
                                              government expenditure.

                                              Parliament has 300 rooms and its own school and supermarket.

                                              New State House was originally built as a presidential palace at a cost
                                              of $100m by a former president, Hastings Kamuzu Banda, but he only
                                              stayed in the house for 90 days.

                                              Parliament moved into the site in 1995.

                                              "The president needs enough room," said Ken Zikhale Ng'oma the
                                              president's chief of staff.

                                              Costly

                                              But Catherine Chisala, spokesperson for the Peoples Progressive
                                              Movement, said they were unimpressed.

                                              "It will be very expensive to renovate the Kamuzi Institute for Sports
                                              into a habitable place and the New State House into a presidential
                                              palace," she said.

                                              The BBC's Raphael Tenthani in Malawi says that President Mutharika's
                                              predecessor, Bakili Muluzi, who was criticised for excessive
                                              over-expenditure, refused to occupy New State House, calling it an
                                              "obscene extravagance".

                                              The site of the proposed parliament was bombed by the army when it was
                                              occupied by paramilitaries loyal to President Banda when he lost power
                                              in 1993.

                                              The Malawi Young Pioneers, as they were called, were suspected of
                                              storing their arms in the building.

                                              The sports complex remains in disrepair.

                                              *****

                                              Malawi: Media Involved in Aids Information Dissemination

                                              UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

                                              July 21, 2004
                                              Posted to the web July 21, 2004

                                              Johannesburg

                                              Malawi's National AIDS Commission (NAC) and local media houses are
                                              currently discussing how journalists can help implement the country's
                                              national HIV/AIDS policy.

                                              Launched earlier this year by former President Bakili Muluzi, the
                                              policy aims to engage key institutions, like the media, in planning,
                                              coordinating and ensuring common standards in response to the AIDS
                                              crisis.

                                              Rita Chilolgozi, resident advisor of the policy project, said the main
                                              aim of the NAC was to disseminate the HIV/AIDS policy.

                                              "We need to use the media as a tool to help the people of Malawi
                                              understand the issues. Writing documents that no one sees just isn't
                                              enough. The media must be used as a channel through which to pass on the
                                              message," a local newspaper, The Chronicle, quoted Chilolgozi as
                                              saying.
                                            • Christine Chumbler
                                              Development-Malawi: Rapid Urbanisation Looks Irreversible Inter Press Service (Johannesburg) July 27, 2004 Posted to the web July 27, 2004 Frank Phiri Blantyre
                                              Message 22 of 26 , Jul 29, 2004
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                                                Development-Malawi: Rapid Urbanisation Looks Irreversible

                                                Inter Press Service (Johannesburg)

                                                July 27, 2004
                                                Posted to the web July 27, 2004

                                                Frank Phiri
                                                Blantyre

                                                Every morning, residents of Malawi's sprawling commercial hub, Blantyre
                                                wake up to deafening noises as hundreds of thousands of people pour into
                                                the city to try to make a living.

                                                During peak hours, roads from townships leading to the city's main
                                                streets become clogged with traffic that range from minibuses, trucks,
                                                bicycles and a sea of pedestrians.

                                                Road accidents are common and vary from five to ten a day in the city,
                                                according to the police.

                                                Back in the 1980s, peak hours in Blantyre hardly resulted in traffic
                                                jams unless, of course, if the convoy of the late dictator Hastings
                                                Kamuzu Banda was passing-by and roads had to be cordoned off by order.

                                                Now Blantyre's landscapes are changing. The latest United Nations
                                                Centre for Human Settlement (UNCHS) study on urbanisation shows that the
                                                city of Blantyre and other trading centres in the northern and central
                                                regions of Malawi are becoming noisier, thanks to rapid urbanisation.

                                                The study, which was released this month, says Malawi, a tiny,
                                                landlocked and impoverished southern African nation of about 13 million
                                                has emerged as the fastest urbanising country in the world with an urban
                                                population growth of 6.3 percent, compared to 0.5 percent in rural
                                                areas.

                                                According to the study, three million people now live in urban areas
                                                compared to 260,000 in 1966, something which represents a 25-percent
                                                growth.

                                                The study, which has tipped Malawi to score highly in urbanisation in
                                                the next 15 years, concurs with an earlier study by the UK Department
                                                for International Development (DFID) that 44 percent, or more than 5
                                                million people would live in towns by 2015.

                                                It says three-quarters of Malawi's population lives in the main urban
                                                centres of Blantyre, Lilongwe, Mzuzu and Zomba.

                                                The findings of the two studies prompted Malawian authorities and civil
                                                society Tuesday to convene a meeting in the administrative capital,
                                                Lilongwe to debate how to meet the challenges of urbanisation in the
                                                next 15 years.

                                                The stakeholders, meeting under the theme "Malawi is World Champion in
                                                Urban Population Growth", admitted that urbanisation was the main
                                                contributing factor to land and housing shortages, congestion, squatter
                                                settlements, crime, HIV/AIDS infection and unemployment.

                                                Malawi's economy depends on agriculture and shortages of land have in
                                                recent years contributed to perennial food shortages, which refuse to
                                                ease. In 2002, the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation
                                                (FAO) and other aid agencies estimated that more than three million
                                                Malawians needed emergency food. This year, the agencies have projected
                                                that more than one million people will starve if food aid is not
                                                provided.

                                                Economists fear that the need to import the staple maize this year
                                                could cause depreciation of kwacha as the country's foreign exchange
                                                cover is low. Donors are withholding aid, citing fiscal indiscipline by
                                                Lilongwe.

                                                Apart from food insecurity, HIV/AIDS infection has emerged as the most
                                                appalling crisis to hit the urban areas. Malawi's HIV infection
                                                prevalence hovers at 14.7 percent, according to the latest UN Joint
                                                Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) report.

                                                Of the one million people infected, the Malawi National AIDs Commission
                                                (NAC) estimates that 25 percent, or 250,000, are in urban areas compared
                                                to 13 percent in the rural areas.

                                                The commission estimates that AIDS has created about 600,000 orphans.
                                                As a result, orphanages are now overwhelmed.

                                                "Most of the orphans end up on the streets as beggars and grow up into
                                                thugs," says Bertha Bonongwe of Chisomo Care Group, an orphanage at
                                                Ndala Village in the outskirts of Blantyre.

                                                City officials say urbanisation is also leading to squatter
                                                settlements, which cause congestion and sanitation breakdowns. According
                                                to UNCHS, 71 percent of residents in Blantyre live in squalid and
                                                unplanned settlements.

                                                City officials blame utility companies for providing installations in
                                                areas that are not fully developed.

                                                "Installations such as water and electricity in underdeveloped places
                                                attract people to go and settle in such areas," says Sophie Kalimba, the
                                                chief executive of Blantyre City Assembly.

                                                Masauko Ngwaluko, spokesperson for the Lilongwe Water Board, says
                                                vandalism of plastic water pipes has been on a steady increase in recent
                                                years. The pipes are used for making teapots and other domestic
                                                appliances, which are on high demand in the city.

                                                "We're losing about K650,000 (6,000 United States dollars) every month
                                                to repair vandalised installations," he says, adding that such
                                                disruptions were leading to failure by the board to provide
                                                uninterrupted services to residents.

                                                The country's sole power utility, the Electricity Supply Corporation of
                                                Malawi (Escom), is also feeling the pinch of urbanization. Its
                                                installations, such as transformers, are targeted by residents who
                                                extract the oil for unknown use, it says.

                                                Critics say Malawi has become poorer in the past 10 years of
                                                re-introducing multiparty democracy. Before 1994, Malawi had been a
                                                one-party state for more than 30 years under Banda. Over 65 percent of
                                                the population now lives below the poverty line of one dollar a day,
                                                according to the World Bank.

                                                In April, a study by Khwima Nthara, an economist with Deloitte and
                                                Touche firm revealed that Malawi's Gross National Income - that is
                                                earned by individuals in a country - has fallen from 220 dollars in 1997
                                                to 160 dollars now.

                                                Economists and UN agencies believe poverty is the main driving force
                                                behind the rural-urban migration in Malawi. "The influx of people from
                                                rural areas is directly linked to increasingly harsh conditions many
                                                families are facing in outlying areas of Malawi," says the UNCHS study.

                                                To address the problems faced by the urban poor, the Secondary Centres
                                                Development Project (SCDP) - a German funded project - is servicing
                                                unplanned housing sites with access to clean water, drainages, roads and
                                                processing land ownership certificates.

                                                Charles Mkula, the projects' communication officer, says SCDP has
                                                processed 8,900 title deeds for the poorest households in urban areas.

                                                "Due to urbanisation, poverty is increasing in urban households with
                                                homeless migrants living in slums not fit for human habitation," Mkula
                                                told IPS.

                                                Like it or hate it, rapid urbanisation looks irreversible in Malawi.

                                                "Evidence shows urbanisation cannot be stopped whether by law, policy
                                                or development projects targeting the poor. The best thing to do would
                                                be to let public investment follow the people," argues Mtafu Zeleza
                                                Manda of the Malawi Institute of Physical Planners (MIPP), which pools
                                                the country's engineers, architects, and planners.

                                                *****

                                                Malawi clerics caught canoodling

                                                By Raphael Tenthani
                                                BBC correspondent in Blantyre

                                                A Catholic priest and nun have been arrested in Malawi for making love
                                                in an airport car park.
                                                The 43-year-old priest and 26-year-old nun were caught "in the act" in
                                                a tinted saloon car parked at Lilongwe International Airport.

                                                "It was a bizarre spectacle, the public alerted airport police after
                                                noticing the car shaking in a funny way," police spokesman Kelvin Maigwa
                                                told the BBC.

                                                The pair is due before a magistrate in the capital, Lilongwe, on
                                                Thursday.

                                                Abandoning pastoral duties

                                                When the police arrived, catching them in the act, the two were
                                                promptly arrested and charged with indecent behaviour in a public place,
                                                Mr Maigwa said.

                                                They were detained overnight at a police station near the airport.

                                                The charge is a misdemeanour and, if convicted, the pair may get away
                                                with a small fine.

                                                The two were first noticed by eye-witnesses as they parked the car and
                                                wound up the tinted windows.

                                                "We thought they could be rushing for a plane that was about to take
                                                off but we were surprised that they never got out of the car," said a
                                                taxi driver.

                                                After being arrested, the nun was allowed to put on her habit, Mr
                                                Maigwa said.

                                                The priest was dressed in civilian clothes, he said.


                                                *****

                                                Zambia cracks down on hackers

                                                Dickson Jere | Lusaka, Zambia

                                                29 July 2004 13:58


                                                Zambia's government is to present a tough Bill on cyber crime to
                                                Parliament on Friday that will see convicted hackers and other offenders
                                                face harsh sentences ranging from 15 to 25 years in jail.

                                                The Computer Misuse and Crimes Bill enjoys strong backing from bankers
                                                and the Computer Society of Zambia, a group of professionals promoting
                                                computer use, who say hacking into dormant accounts has become a problem
                                                in this poor Southern African country.

                                                "We feel this law will help to deal with the increasing number of
                                                electronic frauds and hacking especially in the financial sector," said
                                                Milner Makuni, president of the Computer Society of Zambia.

                                                The most famous cyber offence in Zambia was committed by a young
                                                computer wizard who hacked the State House website and replaced the
                                                picture of then president Frederick Chiluba with a cartoon.

                                                He was arrested and charged with defaming the head of state but the
                                                case failed to succeed because there was no law in Zambia that deals
                                                with cyber crimes.

                                                "The Bill, once passed, will help to deal with high-tech cyber crimes
                                                that our current legal system cannot address," said Bob Samakai, a
                                                Ministry of Communication permanent secretary.

                                                But some cyber experts worry that the measure is likely to be abused by
                                                the authorities to curb access to the internet.

                                                "It is difficult to regulate the use of computers and internet because
                                                we are dealing with a world wide web," said Brenda Zulu, a renowned
                                                cyber journalist who specialises in online reporting.

                                                She said the country should first develop a policy on information
                                                communication technology (ICT) before rushing to enact legislation on
                                                computers.

                                                Currently, the Zambian government is seeking public input in its draft
                                                ICT policy, which is yet to be adopted.

                                                "This law is very vague and not necessary for Zambia at the moment,"
                                                said Lloyd Himambo, an editor of Zambia's online newspaper The
                                                Watchdog.

                                                He said regulating the use of computers will be a difficult undertaking
                                                and wondered how such a law will be enforced in Zambia, a country where
                                                computers are a preserve of the rich.

                                                About one in 1 000 Zambians owns a computer, according to unofficial
                                                estimates.

                                                The Computer Society of Zambia agrees that enforcing such a law will be
                                                difficult, but pledged to help train police officers to understand cyber
                                                crimes.

                                                "I think what people should be fighting for is to upgrade their
                                                security features on their websites to deal with hacking but not to
                                                criminalise it," said Zulu, adding that hacking a site can be done
                                                outside Zambia, making it difficult to track the offenders.

                                                A senior Zambian lawyer who has studied the Bill said it is an "import
                                                of the British Act" and lacks local input.

                                                "I think this law is very advanced for the Zambian society and
                                                government should not rush it through Parliament before reaching
                                                consensus," he said, on condition of anonymity. -- Sapa-AFP
                                              • Christine Chumbler
                                                Malawi: Winter Maize Harvest in Doubt UN Integrated Regional Information Networks September 20, 2004 Posted to the web September 20, 2004 Johannesburg Malawi s
                                                Message 23 of 26 , Sep 21 9:32 AM
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                                                  Malawi: Winter Maize Harvest in Doubt

                                                  UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

                                                  September 20, 2004
                                                  Posted to the web September 20, 2004

                                                  Johannesburg

                                                  Malawi's winter harvest should ordinarily ease the country's existing
                                                  food shortage, but there is concern that the new crop could be affected
                                                  by poor summer rains.

                                                  The cultivation of winter crops starts soon after the main summer crop
                                                  has been harvested, usually around July, and takes place in areas where
                                                  there is residual moisture after the end of the rainy season, or farmers
                                                  have access to irrigation facilities.

                                                  Due to a poor summer harvest it is estimated that up to 1.6 million
                                                  people will require food assistance up to March 2005, but aid agencies
                                                  have noted that a bumper winter harvest could narrow the existing food
                                                  gap.

                                                  "In the past few years, the government of Malawi has been encouraging
                                                  winter crop production through various means, and this has resulted in a
                                                  steady production increase," the Famine Early Warning Systems Network
                                                  (FEWS NET) said in its latest country report.

                                                  However, the 2003/04 rainfall "was significantly worse than that of
                                                  2002/03, especially in the winter maize producing areas", FEWS NET
                                                  noted. "This poor rainfall would have resulted in relatively less
                                                  residual moisture and water availability, necessary preconditions for
                                                  winter crop production. The general expectation is that winter crop
                                                  production should be lower than last season, especially in the southern
                                                  region, which was the most hit by the dry spells and shortness of the
                                                  rainfall season."

                                                  The National Statistics Office (NSO) has forecast a winter maize
                                                  harvest of around 225,000 mt, slightly higher than the previous year's
                                                  224,000 mt. However, FEWS NET said the NSO forecast was questionable,
                                                  given the poor rainfall this year.

                                                  "Although the coming winter harvest - around October to December -
                                                  would help improve the aggregate national food availability situation,
                                                  the improvements for smallholders in the southern region will be
                                                  short-lived, and a majority of the households will continue to rely on
                                                  the markets for food," FEWS NET commented.

                                                  But the rising cost of staples has limited household access to food.
                                                  "Prices have already started to rise, consistent with predictions of a
                                                  worse than normal [harvest] year ... continued prices increases will
                                                  adversely affect households' ability to purchase food," the report
                                                  warned.

                                                  It will take an estimated 56,000 mt to 83,000 mt of emergency food aid
                                                  to assist the rising number of households in need until the next
                                                  harvest, FEWS NET forecast.


                                                  *****

                                                  Zimbabwe court drops paper case

                                                  A Zimbabwean court has dropped charges against four directors of the
                                                  banned Daily News newspaper.
                                                  The privately-owned paper was shut down a year ago by police under the
                                                  country's tough media laws.

                                                  The magistrate said there was insufficient evidence to show they had
                                                  published the paper illegally.

                                                  But the publication will stay off the news-stands pending a decision by
                                                  the Supreme Court on the constitutionality of the media legislation.

                                                  Zimbabwean and international rights groups have condemned the law,
                                                  which compels all journalists and newspapers to be accredited by a
                                                  government-appointed media commission.

                                                  Magistrate Lillian Kudya said the state failed to prove the paper
                                                  intentionally violated the law, as the paper had won court cases
                                                  granting the paper a licence, AFP news agency reported.

                                                  "We are free. We knew justice was going to prevail," said Samuel Nkomo,
                                                  the paper's chief executive after the ruling.

                                                  Launched five years ago, the Daily News was the country's sole
                                                  privately-owned daily paper and was a persistent critic of President
                                                  Robert Mugabe's government.
                                                • scottgeibel
                                                  Well that s not good news... let s hope that the colorful Autumn leaves and Spring flowers brighten the moods of Malawi s disappointed farmers. ... existing
                                                  Message 24 of 26 , Sep 22 6:32 AM
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                                                    Well that's not good news... let's hope that the colorful Autumn
                                                    leaves and Spring flowers brighten the moods of Malawi's disappointed
                                                    farmers.


                                                    "Christine Chumbler" <cchumble@d...> wrote:

                                                    > Malawi: Winter Maize Harvest in Doubt
                                                    >
                                                    > UN Integrated Regional Information Networks
                                                    >
                                                    > September 20, 2004
                                                    > Posted to the web September 20, 2004
                                                    >
                                                    > Johannesburg
                                                    >
                                                    > Malawi's winter harvest should ordinarily ease the country's
                                                    existing
                                                    > food shortage, but there is concern that the new crop could be
                                                    affected
                                                    > by poor summer rains.
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