- European Union To Target Malawi Police On AIDS Panafrican News Agency June 6, 2000 Blantyre, Malawi (PANA) - The European Union is to target the Malawi policeMessage 1 of 102 , Jun 7, 2000View SourceEuropean Union To Target Malawi Police On AIDS
Panafrican News Agency
June 6, 2000
Blantyre, Malawi (PANA) - The European Union is to target the Malawi police in its
support for the National AIDS Control Programme as one way of abating the
spread of AIDS in the security forces.
EU-AIDS Project field officer Peter Singongo said the police has already identified
an AIDS co-ordinator who has been organising meetings and scrutinising policies
within the police that might hinder success of the programme.
"EU already has six AIDS components in Malawi targeting traditional healers, the
army and prisons since its AIDS programme was launched in 1993," he added.
Singongo said when the prison component was launched in 1998, it was supposed
to embrace the police as well but at that time the force had not yet to come up
with a proposal for the project.
The EU-AIDS Education Project started working with the National AIDS Control
Programme as a way of helping the Malawi government to reduce the spread of
sexually transmitted diseases and to cope with the scourge of HIV/AIDS.
A recent World Bank report indicated that HIV/AIDS is increasingly walloping
human resources in the sectors of education and health, with the security forces
being among the hardest hit.
The AIDS Control Programme says at least 14 percent of Malawi's 11 million
people have the virus that causes AIDS while over 365,000 people have already
died from it, leaving behind close to a million orphans.
Malawi Kwacha Drops 13 Percent
Panafrican News Agency
June 6, 2000
By Raphael Tenthani, PANA Correspondent
Lilongwe, Malawi (PANA) - The Malawi currency, the kwacha, which has been
relatively stable for the past 12 months, has dropped 13 percent against the US
dollar fuelling fears of a repeat of the 1998 crash.
The currency lost 68 percent of its value in August 1998 following an 80-
million-dollar deficit in the sales of tobacco, Malawi's net hard currency earner.
The kwacha has held out at about 44 units to the dollar for the best part of the past
12 months but started sliding slowly at the beginning of tobacco sales in April.
At the beginning of business Monday, it was trading at around 53 to the dollar.
Economists say the lukewarm sales of tobacco might not be the only explanation
for the slide.
According to 'Highlights on the Economy', the newsletter of the Commercial Bank
of Malawi, the kwacha is also being undermined by the continued strong showing
of the US economy.
The bank notes that currencies of Malawi's major trading partners, South Africa
and Zimbabwe, are also being affected by the strength of the US economy.
"The kwacha has, in addition, been depreciating against the Zimbabwe and
Canadian dollars while appreciating against the Euro, the German Mark, pound
sterling, French Franc and the South African Rand," the bank says.
It has, however, remained relatively stable against the Japanese Yen, the bank
It says the immediate future exchange rates of the kwacha remains cloudy with
the continued less-than-anticipated tobacco prices in the on-going tobacco sales
Returns from the auction floors will have a negative impact on the country's foreign
reserve position, currently estimated to be worth about four months import cover.
Analysts say the kwacha exchange position can only be strengthened from
tobacco sales and inflows of donor money.
Tobacco brings in an average of 136.6 million dollars annually while donors have
pledged to give Malawi at least 1.1 billion dollars.
Elias Ngalande, the governor of the Reserve Bank of Malawi, says the kwacha
should experience minor shifts since tobacco earnings were expected to drop by
at least 10 percent.
Current rates of the kwacha posted by the reserve bank Monday: [ST] US dollar
53.50 British pound 81.58 Euro 50.64 German Deutschemark 26.02 South African
rand 7.83 Canadian dollar 35.16 Swiss franc 32.38 French franc 7.76 Japanese
yen 0.56 Zimbabwean dollar 1.42 Zambian kwacha 0.02 Tanzania shilling 0.07
Dutch guilder 23.10 Italian lira 0.03 Danish krone 6.81 Swedish kronor 6.11
Swaziland elangeni 8.79 Australian dollar 31.01 Botswana pula 10.48 Kenyan
shilling 0.71 Austrian schilling 3.70 Indian rupee 1.22 [ET]
- But good info for my childhoods class which will be doing projects on child labor. Maybe having the info will spur people to change things. I still hold outMessage 102 of 102 , Aug 24, 2009View SourceBut good info for my childhoods class which will be doing projects on child labor. Maybe having the info will spur people to change things. I still hold out hope...How's the home solar project??KCOn Mon, Aug 24, 2009 at 9:26 AM, Christine Chumbler <wartpiggy@...> wrote:
Nothing to be proud of here, I'm afraid.
Malawi's child tobacco pickers 'poisoned by nicotine'Aug 24 2009 07:05Children in Malawi who are forced to work as tobacco pickers are exposed to nicotine poisoning equivalent to smoking 50 cigarettes a day, an investigation has found.
Child labourers as young as five are suffering severe health problems from a daily skin absorption of up to 54mg of dissolved nicotine, according to the international children's organisation Plan.
Malawian tobacco is found in the blend of almost every cigarette smoked in the West. The low-grade, high-nicotine tobacco is often used as a filler by manufacturers, reflecting a long-term global shift in production.
Tobacco farms in America declined by 89% between 1954 and 2002. Three-quarters of production has migrated to developing countries, with Malawi the world's fifth biggest producer.
Seventy percent of its export income comes from tobacco and the country is economically dependent on it.
Plan cites research showing that Malawi has the highest incidence of child labour in Southern Africa, with 88,9% of five to 14-year-olds working in the agricultural sector. It is estimated that more than 78 000 children work on tobacco estates -- some up to 12 hours a day, many for less than 1p an hour and without protective clothing.
Plan's researchers invited 44 children from tobacco farms in three districts to take part in a series of workshops. They revealed a catalogue of physical, sexual and emotional abuse and spoke about the need to work to support themselves and their families and pay school fees.
The children reported common symptoms of green tobacco sickness (GTS), or nicotine poisoning, including severe headaches, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, coughing and breathlessness.
"Sometimes it feels like you don't have enough breath, you don't have enough oxygen," one child said. "You reach a point where you cannot breathe because of the pain in your chest. Then the blood comes when you vomit. At the end, most of this dies and then you remain with a headache."
GTS is a common hazard of workers coming into contact with tobacco leaves and absorbing nicotine through their skin, particularly when harvesting. It is made worse by humid and wet conditions, which are prevalent in Malawi, as residual moisture on the leaves helps nicotine to be absorbed quicker.
Everyday symptoms of GTS are more severe in children than adults as they have not built up a tolerance to nicotine through smoking and because of their physical size. There is a lack of research into the long-term effects of GTS in children, but experts believe that it could seriously impair their development.
Neal Benowitz, professor of medicine, psychiatry and biopharmaceutical sciences at California University in San Francisco, said: "Numerous animal studies have shown that administration of nicotine during infancy and adolescence produces long-lasting changes in brain structure and function, as well as behavioural changes that are not seen when nicotine is administered to adults.
"The brain of a child or adolescent is particularly vulnerable to adverse neurobehavioural effects of nicotine exposure."
Plan called on Malawi's government to enforce existing child labour and protection laws and on plantations to provide safer, fairer working conditions for those children forced to work. It demanded that multinational tobacco companies scrutinise their suppliers far more closely and follow their own corporate responsibility guidelines.
Macdonald Mumba, Plan Malawi's child rights adviser, said: "This research shows that tobacco estates are exploiting and abusing children who have a right to a safe working environment.
"Plan is calling for better enforcement of child labour laws and harsher punishment for employers who break them. These children are risking their health for 11p a day." - guardian.co.uk © Guardian News and Media 2009
Hotmail® is up to 70% faster. Now good news travels really fast. Try it now.
"...for f*ck’s sake, the only thing that privilege is good for is to try to help other people." –Junot Diaz