1594AIDS in Africa
- Aug 10, 2000"Tanzania Declares AIDS National Catastrophe"
Africa News Service (www.africanews.org) (08/09/00)
Tanzania's government has declared AIDS a national disaster.
Given the disease's impact on both the economy and the community,
Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Health Mariam Mwaffisi
announced, "[Nongovernmental organizations], religious groups,
and other institutions should join in the war against the
epidemic in order to reduce its spread and mitigate its impact."
While she did not provide any statistics about AIDS in Tanzania,
Mwaffisi said Tuesday that she has set up a seminar to help the
13 registered political parties better understand AIDS and the
issues surrounding it before the general elections this fall.
Earlier this year, Vice President Dr. Omari Juma urged various
religious groups to join the fight against AIDS, and he also
called on the nation to end customs and traditions that could
help spread HIV, such as wife inheriting.
"Liberia Earmarks $6.5 Million for HIV/AIDS Program"
PANA Wire Service (www.africanews.org/PANA) (08/09/00); Kahler,
Liberia needs $6.5 million to prevent the spread of AIDS for
the next three years, and a strategic plan drawn up by participants
at a recent health workshop said the money should be used for
advocacy, education, behavioral change, treatment of sexually
transmitted diseases, and blood safety. Participants at the
workshop include members of government ministries, United Nations
agencies, the donor community, and community-based organizations.
The new plan aims to boost the nation's ability to respond to
AIDS and also to lower HIV prevalence by 15 percent by 2003.
"Angola Needs $12 Million to Fight AIDS"
PANA Wire Service (www.africanews.org/PANA) (08/09/00)
Angola's deputy health minister, Natalia do Espirito, stated
at a recent AIDS symposium that the country requires $12 million to
help fund its national AIDS control program. She said better
educational campaigns are needed to make people more aware of the
disease and to change their sexual behaviors. The symposium,
whose theme was "Fighting AIDS Together," also focused on AIDS in
the workplace. Statistics show that more than 43,700 cases of
HIV or AIDS had been reported in Angola as of December 1999.
"HIV Vaccine Trials Planned for Africa"
Nature Medicine (medicine.nature.com) (08/00) Vol. 6, No. 8, P.
844; Birmingham, Karen
Oxford University immunologist Andrew McMichael announced at
the recent International AIDS Conference that human testing of the
gag DNA element of a DNA/modified vaccinia virus prime boost HIV
vaccine will begin Phase I trials this month in Oxford, England.
Testing of the vaccinia boost part will begin in September, with
tests of both parts expected soon after. The vaccine, being
developed in conjunction with the University of Nairobi, is also
set to start testing in Kenya later this year. Separately, the
South African AIDS Vaccine Initiative (SAAVI) continues to work
on its HIV vaccine--a Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus
vaccine that could begin human trials in January 2001. SAAVI has
seven other vaccines in various stages of development. Also, in
a move that will help further South Africa's vaccine efforts, the
U.S. National Institutes of Health recently gave the South
African Medical Research Council $14.7 million over five years
for AIDS research, with part of the money to be used for testing
microbicides and the effectiveness of nevirapine in preventing
HIV transmission by breast-feeding mothers.
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