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  • Leandro
    www.geocities.com/fred_nelson_2000/espaco.htm Meteoros que entram no sol devido a gravidade dele e anomalias ocorridas no espaço.
    Message 1 of 3 , Mar 29, 2000
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      www.geocities.com/fred_nelson_2000/espaco.htm

      Meteoros que entram no sol devido a gravidade dele e anomalias ocorridas no espa�o.
    • Leandro
      SunCruiser, ovni and ufos. http://www.ciranda.cjb.net*********** REPLY SEPARATOR ***********On 28/03/00, at 14:26, Frits Westra wrote:From: Frits
      Message 2 of 3 , Apr 3, 2000
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        SunCruiser, ovni and ufos.
        http://www.ciranda.cjb.net


        *********** REPLY SEPARATOR ***********

        On 28/03/00, at 14:26, Frits Westra wrote:

        >From: Frits Westra <fwestra@...>
        >
        >
        >Forwarded by: fwestra@...
        >URL: http://abcnews.go.com/sections/science/DailyNews/shuttlewarranty000327.html)
        >Original Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2000 03:07:55 +0200
        >
        >========================== Forwarded message begins ======================
        >
        >
        > Space Station Warranty to Expire
        >
        > Barren Space Station Neglected Due to Lack of Russian Funds
        >
        > By Marcia Dunn
        > The Associated Press
        >
        > C A P E C A N A V E R AL, Fla., March 27 -- NASA's space station
        > warranty runs out this week, and the agency is no closer to finishing
        > the project than it was when the first two pieces rocketed into orbit
        > in 1998.
        > After almost 500 days aloft, the international space station has
        > no occupants, no experiments, no firm assembly plans. Instead, it's a
        > barren two-roomer with bad batteries, noisy equipment and poor
        > ventilation.
        > Blame the Russians: They were supposed to launch a service module
        > that would assume control of the station and provide living quarters
        > just five months after the initial components soared, but they have
        > been stymied by insufficient funds and malfunctioning rockets.
        > As a result, the all-important third component, the Zvezda
        > service module, will not fly before July and astronauts and cosmonauts
        > will not move in until October -- at the earliest.
        >
        > Warranty for Russian-built Equipment
        > In the meantime, the warranty for what's in orbit is expiring. And
        > that has space shuttle astronauts flying to the rescue next month.
        > The 496-day guarantee for Russian-built electronic equipment runs
        > out Thursday, according to figures provided last year by then-station
        > manager Frank Culbertson, an astronaut who will command a future
        > station crew.
        > NASA expects the space station to keep running normally until
        > astronauts arrive in mid- to late April with new batteries, fans, air
        > filters, fire extinguishers and smoke detectors. The astronauts were
        > supposed to wait until the service module was in place, but with the
        > warranty expiring and batteries failing, NASA moved up the visit.
        > "Would you like it to fall out of the sky?" asks NASA
        > Administrator Daniel Goldin. "I mean, we're going to go up and keep it
        > in good repair and we'll be ready for the service module when it
        > comes."
        > Space station chief Michael Hawes expects the upcoming repairs by
        > astronauts to extend the certified lifetime of the orbiting Zarya
        > control module to the end of this year.
        > Neither Hawes nor program manager Tommy Holloway is overly
        > concerned.
        >
        > No Cause for Concern
        > The design lifetime of parts is "mostly paper analysis kind of stuff,"
        > Holloway says. "As you know with your automobile, it may break a day
        > after you drive it out of the showroom and it may run for 100,000
        > miles."
        > Built by Russians with U.S. funds, Zarya was launched from
        > Kazakstan on Nov. 20, 1998. That's when the 496-day warranty began.
        > NASA sent up a connecting chamber called Unity two weeks later.
        > Since then, the space station has circled Earth nearly 8,000
        > times. Shuttle crews have been inside twice to drop off supplies and
        > make repairs.
        > The main trouble has been the batteries. Six are on board to
        > provide power and have been faltering one by one.
        > In addition, a crane attached to the outside of the station by
        > spacewalking astronauts last spring is not locked down properly. The
        > next shuttle crew will go out to secure it. The crew also will take
        > numerous air samples; the last visitors suffered headaches and nausea,
        > supposedly because the air ventilation was disturbed by maintenance
        > work.
        >
        > Russians Lack Money
        > Zarya, Russian for Sunrise, was not designed to fly so long by itself,
        > says Hawes. It was modeled after Russian lab modules that were
        > self-sustaining units until they docked with space station Mir's nerve
        > center.
        > "We've always known that Zarya was a less capable module from a
        > lifetime standpoint," Hawes says. "But we have done quite a bit of
        > work ... to try to understand where the issues are component by
        > component, and that is what's really defined our mission for this
        > upcoming flight."
        > The problem is that for years, the Russians lacked the money to
        > complete Zvezda, Russian for Star. Now that it's done, the module
        > fails to meet NASA safety standards for noise, self-sustaining
        > equipment and shielding against space junk.
        > Then Russia's Proton rockets began failing. That's the type of
        > rocket needed to launch the heavy Zvezda.
        > "Right now, as I see it, the only thing standing in the way of
        > launching the service module is a demonstration flight from the
        > Proton," says NASA's boss, Goldin.
        >
        > NASA Has Backup Plan
        > He'd like to see four or five successful Proton launches before the
        > Zvezda service module flies. Just in case, NASA is building its own
        > control module, which could be ready to go by December.
        > Goldin and others are quick to point out that NASA has had its
        > share of space station problems, most notably in computer software.
        > Boeing, the prime contractor, projects cost overruns of close to $1
        > billion, according to NASA's latest inspector general report.
        > The most embarrassing debacle occurred last month. With so many
        > stockpiled parts, workers accidentally threw out two oxygen and
        > nitrogen tanks at the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.
        > The tanks were worth $750,000.
        > Russian delays, meanwhile, have cost NASA as much as $3 billion.
        > Ironically, NASA and its foreign partners had invited Russia into the
        > international space station program in 1993 in hopes of saving time
        > and money.
        > Given all this, should NASA have waited to launch the first two
        > space station components when it was obvious the service module was in
        > deep trouble?
        > NASA officials are loath to second-guess that decision. But
        > former astronaut Jerry Linenger, who spent nearly five months on Mir
        > in 1997, says it was a political maneuver.
        > "Kind of you do it, then everyone has to come up with more money
        > or you've got things floating up there doing nothing," Linenger says.
        > NASA clearly anticipated delays, especially as Russia's political
        > and economic problems worsened. But no one guessed the Russians would
        > take this long to launch the service module. A 496-day warranty seemed
        > plenty.
        > "That's a long way off," Culbertson said with a shrug last year.
        > He's no longer shrugging.
        >
        > Copyright 2000 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
        >
        >========================== Forwarded message ends ========================
        >
        >
        >
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