Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

Ancient Airplanes

Expand Messages
  • Jason Martell
    Flight has been the dream of humankind since they watched in awe as birds soared effortlessly through the sky. But, according to accepted history, it wasn t
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 12, 2005
    • 0 Attachment
      Flight has been the dream of humankind since they watched in awe as birds
      soared effortlessly through the sky. But, according to accepted history, it
      wasn't until the 1780s that two Frenchmen achieved lighter-than-air flight
      when they were lifted into the air in a hot air balloon near Paris. Then
      powered, heavier-than-air flight became the goal. And although it was
      theorized that heavier-than-air flight was possible as early as the 13th
      century, and in the 16th century Leonardo da Vinci designed winged aircraft
      and a crude kind of helicopter, it wasn't until the Wright brothers made
      their first successful flights at Kitty Hawk in 1903 that powered flight
      became a reality.

      That's the widely accepted history. Some researchers and a few rogue
      scientists believe there's evidence to suggest that humans achieved flight
      earlier in history - much earlier... so early, they say, that the knowledge
      of this technology has been lost and ancient stories that recount adventures
      of human flight have been relegated only to myth.

      Is it possible that humans developed the technology to fly in early
      civilizations - or in civilizations that are now lost to history? Let's take
      a look at what some call the evidence - intriguing artifacts, carvings,
      inscriptions and legends - that they say point to the true record human of

      Airplane Models

      This object (shown in sketch) was found in 1898 in a tomb at Saqquara, Egypt
      and was later dated as having been created near 200 BCE. As airplanes were
      unknown in the days when it was found, it was thrown into a box marked
      "wooden bird model" and then stored in the basement of the Cairo museum.

      <http://ancientx.com/images/sar_7pl.gif> It was rediscovered by Dr. Khalil
      Messiha, who studied models made by ancients. The "discovery" was considered
      so important by the Egyptian government that a special committee of leading
      scientists was established to study the object.

      As a result of their findings, a special exhibit was set up in the center
      hall of the Cairo museum, with the little model as its centerpiece. It was
      even labelled as a model airplane.

      <http://ancientx.com/images/sar_7eg.jpg> To elucidate the reasons for the
      decision of the committee, almost unprecedented in the field of archeology,
      let's consider some aspects of the model. The model has the exact
      proportions of a very advanced form of "pusher-glider" that is still having
      "some bugs ironed out". This type of glider will stay in the air almost by
      itself—even a very small engine will keep it going at low speeds, as low as
      45 to 65 mph., while it can carry an enormous payload. This ability is
      dependent on the curious shape of wings and their proportions. The tipping
      of wings downward, a reversedihedral wing as it is called, is the feature
      behind this capability. A similar type of curving wings are implemented on
      the Concorde airplane, giving the plane a maximum lift without detracting
      from its speed.

      In that context, it seems rather incredible that someone, more than 2,000
      years ago, for any reason, devised a model of a flying device with such
      advanced features, requiring quite extensive knowledge of aerodynamics.
      There were no such things as airplanes in these times, we are told by
      archeologists and historians. But this case seems to be an exception, living
      in the midst of the rather unimaginative and rigid paradigm of contemporary
      science. It is also necessary to point out that Egyptians are known to have
      nearly always made scale-models of projects and objects which they planned
      to create or build.

      Precolombian Airplane Models

      Is the concept of an airplane limited to Egypt? That doesn't seem to be the
      case. Gold trinkets were found in an area covering Central America and
      coastal areas of South America, estimated to belong to a period between 500
      and 800 CE, but since they are made from gold, accurate dating is impossible
      and based essentially on stratigraphy which may be deceptive. However, we
      can safely say that these gold objects are more than 1000 years old.


      Whatever this object is supposed to be or represent,
      its remarkable resemblance to a modern aircraft or spacecraft is uncanny.

      <http://ancientx.com/images/sar_7pat.jpg> As seen from the pictures, the
      shape of the sample object is rather ambiguous. The archaeologists labelled
      these objects as zoomorphic, meaning, animal shaped objects. The question
      is, what animal do they represent? When we compare these with other objects
      from the same cultures depicting animals, a curious facet of the comparison
      would be obvious: the other objects are recognizable, rendered usually with
      a great accuracy and attention to realistic detail.

      There are several types of animals which fly—birds, insects, and several
      mammals, such as bats and some gliders, for instance flying squirrels,
      oppossums, and then there are some lizards; there are also some fish which
      for brief periods glide through the air. There are water animals which seem
      to fly through the water, such as rays, skates and some selachians. But how
      does the depicted object compare with these choices? All its features taken
      into a consideration, we have no match. Seen from above, the object
      obviously has no fish features, but seems to show rather explicitly
      mechanistic ones.

      <http://ancientx.com/images/sar_7pap.jpg> The structures just in front of
      the tail are strongly reminiscent of elevons (a combination of ailerons and
      elevators) with a slight forward curve, but they are attached to the
      fuselage, rather than the wings. In any case, they look more like airplane
      parts than like the claspers of a fish. If the two prominent spirals on the
      wings are supposed to be a stylized version of the eyes of a ray, then what
      are the two globular objects positioned on the head supposed to represent?
      To complicate the identification even more, the spirals on the wings have
      their copies positioned on the nose of the object, in the opposite
      direction. When the object is viewed in profile, the didsimilarity to
      anything from the animal kingdom is even more pronounced. If the zoomorphic
      explanation is supposed to hold, then why did the artist cut the head off
      almost three quarters from the body? And why is the nose is practically
      rectangular and the cut tilted forward, with eyes positioned at either side,
      when fish eyes are usually more near the center of bodyline and far forward
      on the head?

      <http://ancientx.com/images/sar_7s10.gif> What we can make of the
      semicircular grooves on the inside of the cut? What is it supposed to
      be—fishwise? And what about the scoop, forward and under the cut? It is a
      scoop, not just a ridge for drilling a hole through to place the object on a
      necklace chain. Then there is another rectangular feature, positioned
      further back at the approximate center of gravity under the fuselage. The
      wings when viewed from the side are perfetly horizontal, but when seen from
      the front, they curve slightly downward. The elevators, which are right
      behind the wings, are positioned on a slightly higher horizontal level and
      are square-ended, thus a definite geometric shape. Above them is another
      rectangular shape, with a relief which may be reminiscent of knobs. The tail
      is equally intriguing. No fish has only a single, upright and perpendicular
      flange. But this tail fin has an exact shape of fins on modern airplanes.
      There are also some markings on the tail which are hard to identify, but it
      does not seem to be anything related to animals, either.

      When all the features are taken into an account, the object does not look
      like a representation of any known animal at all, but does look
      astonishingly like an airplane. The photos and enlarged outline of the
      object has been submitted for an analysis to several people from the field
      of aerodynamics. One of them was Arthur Young, a designer of Bell
      helicopters and other aircraft. His analysis confirmed that the object
      contains many features which would fit the airplane hypothesis, but there
      were several ones which would not fit that scenario. Wings do seem to be in
      the wrong place—they should be further forward so that their 1/4-chord
      coincides with the center of gravity. The nose is not like anything on
      airplanes, as well. So, while the object is suggesting an airplane, some
      features would not seem to support this hypothesis.

      <http://ancientx.com/images/sar_7airp.gif> But let's entertain several
      possibilities. If we imagine that the separation after the windshield is not
      a cockpit and that the pilot and the cargo were located somewhere in the
      main fuselage body, then we can envision the nose as something else. Let's
      assume that the nose is actually a jet. If the machine needs to slow down,
      the jet flow directed against the path of flight would accomplish just that.
      But how to redirect the jet into the opposite direction? If we envision the
      nose as a movable part of the plane, turning around the point located where
      the nose and fuselage meet, thus pivoting the nose downward to tuck it under
      the fuselage, that would enable the desired effect. What's more, it will
      re-adjust the center of gravity and the wings would be just in the right
      place for a high powered flight. Another problem, though, will appear and
      that is the drag which would be created by the back of the nose now
      positioned in front. But that can be attributed to artistic license. That
      seems to be the case, because several other similar planes feature the back
      part of the nose tilted more forward, so the angle of the back of the nose
      when pivoted is more corresponding to aerodynamic principles.

      All things considered, the object seems to represent a convertible type of
      craft, with two possible configurations—one for ascent when the nose is
      facing backwards, and the other for descent with the nose facing forward.
      One unsolved item remains—the spirals on the both wings and the nose.
      According to Amerindian iconography, these spirals have discernable
      meaning—they represent ascending and descending, depending on whether they
      are right-oriented or left-oriented, respectively. As the spirals are not
      only on wings but also on the nose, the meaning is fairly obvious—the wings
      and the nose (as much) were the features which were directly involved in
      ascent and descent.

      There are other cultures which mention flying vehicles of some sort or
      another. The most known of these sources are Indian epics, especially the
      Mahábhárata and other Védic sources as Bhágavata Purána and Rámáyana. The
      flying devices were called vimánas and were extensively discussed in
      Vaimánika Shástra, describing multitude of machines with different purposes
      and capabilities.

      Other source of information about flying machines may be considered, such as
      the Bible and some apocryphal works. The book of Ezekiel seems to be
      describing the close encounter of a man from a non-technological culture
      with a device which to him must have been miraculous. We have to put
      ourselves into his shoes to comprehend his astonishment and the
      otherworldness of his encounter. The limited scope of knowledge of the world
      around him, his primitive environment, dictated the language and conceptual
      framework with which he tried to capture his encounter for fellow tribesmen.
      For him it seemed that he encountered The God, with his suite of angels,
      because in his simple world, there was no other interpretation. It is not
      necessary to reach for an alien type of scenario to explain the encounter;
      we can entertain a possibility that a remnant of an advanced civilization
      was still present, in a limited scope, at the time of Ezekiel. But for some,
      the encounter bears uncanny similarity to the modern-day encounters with
      UFO's. Another source of similar material is the Book of Enoch, particularly
      the Slavic version, which contains some parts which the Greek version is
      missing. The book not only describes flying in the air, but also through
      outer space, including the relativistic effects mentioned—Enoch spent
      several days on a spacecraft, but when he returned to Earth, several
      centuries had passed by.

      There is no shortage of descriptions of flying machines in ancient sources.
      If we try to extract the core of myths of different provenience and remove
      the embellishments, we discover to our surprise that flying in ancient times
      seems to be the rule, not the exception.


      Jason Martell
      <http://ancientx.com/> http://AncientX.com
      <http://xfacts.com/> http://Xfacts.com

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.