Universe Today #750 - January 2, 2004
U N I V E R S E
T O D A Y
Space Exploration News From Around the Internet
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GET SET FOR SPIRIT
Jan 2, 2004 - When Pathfinder arrived at Mars back in 1997, I kept a tiny video window open on my desktop to watch every moment of the mission - all thanks to the Internet. It was pretty choppy at times, so hopefully NASA has more bandwidth this time.
Spirit is expected to arrive in Gusev Crater on Mars on January 4 at 0435 UTC (11:35 pm EST, 8:35 pm PST January 3). Live coverage on NASA television begins about two hours before landing and will continue all through Sunday and into Monday. You can access the NASA television page here.
The main NASA TV link will probably overwhelmed, so I highly recommend you try out some of the alternative links. We'll try and keep track of links to video streams in the forum which are able to handle the bandwidth.
Come on Spirit!
LIFE FOUND UNDER 1,350 METRES OF ROCK
Jan 2, 2004 - A team of scientists have discovered bacteria inside a hole that was drilled 1,350 metres into the volcanic rock near Hilo, Hawaii. The hole began in igneous rock on the Mauna Loa volcano, and then passed through lava from Mauna Kea. At 1,000 metres they encountered fractured basalt glass which formed when the lava flowed into the ocean. Upon close examination, they found that this lava had been changed by microorganisms. Using electron microscopy, they found tiny microbe spheres, and they were able to extract DNA. Scientists are finding life in more remote regions of the planet, and this gives hope that it might be on the other planets in our solar system as well.
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EIGHTH ATTEMPT TO REACH BEAGLE 2 FAILS
Jan 2, 2004 - The search for Beagle 2 continues. Operators announced on December 31 that the British lander had failed to report in for the eighth time. At this point, the lander will have switched to a new mode where it tries to communicate twice a day. Although unlikely, it's possible that Beagle 2's onboard timer was reset during the landing, which would mean it was trying to communicate out of sync with Mars Odyssey and Earth-based radio telescopes. Mars Express will start searching on January 5, which operators believe will bring their best chances of finding it.
<a href="http://www.universetoday.com/am/publish/eighth_beagle_attempt_fails.html">AOL Link</a>
HUBBLE FINDS A DISTANT PROTO-CLUSTER OF GALAXIES
Jan 2, 2004 - An international team of astronomers have gathered evidence that galaxies formed very quickly after the Big Bang. The team found a proto-galaxy cluster more than 12 billion light-years away - the galaxies are so young that astronomers can see a flurry of stars forming inside them. This means they're only 1.5 billion years old, a time when the Universe was only 10% of its current age. It's believed that these clusters formed so quickly because these areas were incredibly dense with material.
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