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Universe Today #611 - June 2, 2003

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  • Universe Today - Daily Edition (Text)
    the U N I V E R S E T O D A Y Space Exploration News From Around the Internet Updated Every Weekday. June 2, 2003 - Issue #611 http://www.universetoday.com
    Message 1 of 2 , Jun 2, 2003
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      the
      U N I V E R S E
      T O D A Y

      Space Exploration News From Around the Internet
      Updated Every Weekday.

      June 2, 2003 - Issue #611
      http://www.universetoday.com
      info@...

      An HTML version including pictures is available at:
      http://www.universetoday.com

      For information on unsubscribing or changing your email address, check the bottom of this newsletter.

      **************************************

      -- UNIVERSE TODAY STORY SUMMARY --

      * Book Review - The Complete Book of Spaceflight
      * Mars Express is Ready For Launch
      * Closest Gamma Ray Burst Ever Discovered
      * Northern Europe Treated to Eclipse Show
      * ISS Moves to Avoid a Satellite


      BOOK REVIEW - THE COMPLETE BOOK OF SPACEFLIGHT
      -------------------------
      Jun 1, 2003 - The Complete Book of Spaceflight ($24.50 US from Amazon.com) by David Darling is exactly that, an encyclopedia of space exploration, from Apollo to zero gravity. I have to be honest though; I didn't read this book cover to cover. It's got 3,000 detailed listings in alphabetical order, so it's not exactly light reading material - imagine reading an encyclopedia. I have; however, been using it as a reference book for several months, and it's in that capacity that it really shines...

      http://www.universetoday.com/am/publish/article_355.html
      <a href="http://www.universetoday.com/am/publish/article_355.html">AOL Link</a>


      MARS EXPRESS IS READY FOR LAUNCH
      -------------------------
      Jun 1, 2003 - Europe is ready to begin this summer's invasion of Mars with the launch of its Mars Express spacecraft, due to lift off on June 2. The spacecraft is currently packed safely away on top a Soyuz-Fregat rocket at the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. If all goes well, the rocket will lift off at 1745 GMT and then deploy Mars Express 90 minutes later. The first critical hurdle for the mission will be three days after launch when the spacecraft needs to release the launch clamps holding the Beagle-2 lander so that it can be deployed in December when they reach Mars.

      http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Mars_Express/SEMYSKS1VED_0.html
      <a href="http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Mars_Express/SEMYSKS1VED_0.html">AOL Link</a>


      CLOSEST GAMMA RAY BURST EVER DISCOVERED
      -------------------------
      Jun 1, 2003 - Gamma ray bursts (GRB) are the largest known explosions in the Universe; immensely powerful, quick to fade, but usually incredibly far away. Astronomers with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory got lucky, though, when they analyzed a recent GRB and discovered it was only 2.6 billion light-years away (most are usually 4 times more distant). What causes these bursts is a mystery, but the theories usually incorporate black holes in some catastrophic way - colliding into another black hole; wrapping a magnetic field like a spring, etc. This close burst didn't answer the mystery, but it did allow the astronomers to rule out one idea, that material from a GRB blasts out like "cannonballs".

      http://www.nrao.edu/pr/2003/grb030329/
      <a href="http://www.nrao.edu/pr/2003/grb030329/">AOL Link</a>


      NORTHERN EUROPE TREATED TO ECLIPSE SHOW
      -------------------------
      Jun 1, 2003 - Skywatchers in Northern Europe were treated to a show on Saturday, May 31 when the Moon passed in front of the Sun and created an annular eclipse. Astrocameras at the Copernicus Public Observatory in the Netherlands and the Mira Public Observatory in Belgium caught the whole event live, and dozens of amateur astronomers across Europe have submitted their own photos as well. The next solar eclipse will be on November 23, but will only be visible from Antarctica.

      http://www.xs4all.nl/~carlkop/zoneclips/eclipse.html
      <a href="http://www.xs4all.nl/~carlkop/zoneclips/eclipse.html">AOL Link</a>

      ISS MOVES TO AVOID A SATELLITE
      -------------------------
      Jun 1, 2003 - The International Space Station made a pre-planned orbit shift to give the Italian Megsat 0 satellite a wide berth on Friday. The station was raised 1.8 kilometres over the course of 7 minutes using the Progress cargo ship which is currently attached. This is the sixth time the station has been repositioned since construction began - NASA originally thought it would have to happen twice a year, but it's actually been less than that.

      http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/spacenews/reports/issreports/2003/iss03-25.html
      <a href="http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/spacenews/reports/issreports/2003/iss03-25.html">AOL Link</a>

      All contents copyright (c) 2003 Universe Today

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    • Universe Today - Daily Edition (Text)
      the U N I V E R S E T O D A Y Space Exploration News From Around the Internet Updated Every Weekday. June 3, 2003 - Issue #612 http://www.universetoday.com
      Message 2 of 2 , Jun 3, 2003
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        the
        U N I V E R S E
        T O D A Y

        Space Exploration News From Around the Internet
        Updated Every Weekday.

        June 3, 2003 - Issue #612
        http://www.universetoday.com
        info@...

        An HTML version including pictures is available at:
        http://www.universetoday.com

        For information on unsubscribing or changing your email address, check the bottom of this newsletter.

        **************************************

        -- UNIVERSE TODAY STORY SUMMARY --

        * US and Russia Renew Commitment to the Space Station
        * Astronomers Begin a Massive Survey of the Milky Way
        * Gemini Demonstrates Its Adaptive Optics
        * Mars Express is On Its Way


        US AND RUSSIA RENEW COMMITMENT TO THE SPACE STATION
        -------------------------
        Jun 2, 2003 - During the G-8 summit held in St. Petersburg, President Bush of the US and President Putin of Russia renewed their commitment to the construction and maintenance of the International Space Station and other joint space exploration. A brief statement from the Whitehouse confirmed that each member country would continue its role in the partnership, but was vague about any future spaceflight plans.

        http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/06/20030601.html
        <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/06/20030601.html">AOL Link</a>


        ASTRONOMERS BEGIN A MASSIVE SURVEY OF THE MILKY WAY
        -------------------------
        Jun 2, 2003 - Researchers from 11 countries are working together to measure the motion and composition of 50 million stars in the Milky Way. This new survey is called RAVE (Radial Velocity Experiment), and astronomers will be able to use the data gathered to construct a very detailed history of our galaxy. They will be able to determine which widely separated stars were formed at a single location, and help answer competing theories about how our galaxy formed. The pilot phase of the project will begin with the UK Schmidt telescope which can measure 600 stars a night, and then production will pick up as other observatories join the hunt.

        http://www.aip.de/RAVE/PR0301/
        <a href="http://www.aip.de/RAVE/PR0301/">AOL Link</a>


        GEMINI DEMONSTRATES ITS ADAPTIVE OPTICS
        -------------------------
        Jun 2, 2003 - The latest image taken by the Gemini telescope in Mauna Kea Hawaii demonstrates how powerful its new adaptive optics technology can be. The telescope captured an image of the globular cluster M-13, first with its normal resolution and then using the Altair adaptive optics system; the second image is crystal clear, and contains many more stars which are finely focused. The adaptive optics compensate up to 1000 times a second for distortions caused by the Earth's atmosphere, so the light appears as if the telescope was in space. This technology is expected to revolutionize ground-based astronomy.

        http://www.gemini.edu/project/announcements/press/2003-2.html
        <a href="http://www.gemini.edu/project/announcements/press/2003-2.html">AOL Link</a>


        MARS EXPRESS IS ON ITS WAY
        -------------------------
        Jun 2, 2003 - After a picture perfect launch Monday afternoon, the European Space Agency's Mars Express is now headed towards the Red Planet. The spacecraft, attached to the top of a 4-stage Russian Soyuz-Fregat rocket, lifted off from the Baikonur cosmodrome at 1745 GMT. Over the course of the next 90 minutes, the rocket shed each one of its four stages during an orbit around the Earth and then hurled the Mars Express into its planned trajectory. Mars Express communicated back with European Space Operations at 1944 GMT. The probe's solar arrays had deployed properly, its batteries are working, and the spacecraft seems to be working normally. It will reach Mars in another six months.

        http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Mars_Express/SEMIKNS1VED_0.html
        <a href="http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Mars_Express/SEMIKNS1VED_0.html">AOL Link</a>

        -----------------------------------------------------

        All contents copyright (c) 2003 Universe Today

        If a daily email is too much for you, consider subscribing to the Weekly Edition instead. Click this link to manage your subscription options:
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