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9269Fwd = [isml] Supercomputer May Unlock Secrets of Universe

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  • Frits Westra
    Aug 1, 2001
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      Forwarded by: fwestra@... (Frits Westra)
      Originally from: isml@yahoogroups.com
      Original Subject: [isml] Digest Number 827
      Original Date: 1 Aug 2001 10:07:03 -0000

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      [ISML] Insane Science Mailing List

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      Date: Tue, 31 Jul 2001 16:33:43 -0700
      From: "DS2000" <ds2000@...>
      Subject: Supercomputer May Unlock Secrets of Universe

      From Reuters,
      http://dailynews.yahoo.com/h/nm/20010731/sc/tech_computer_universe_dc_1.html
      -
      Tuesday July 31 7:31 AM ET
      Supercomputer May Unlock Secrets of Universe

      By Peter Griffiths

      LONDON (Reuters) - Britain will unveil a state-of-the-art supercomputer on
      Tuesday which scientists hope will unlock the secrets of the origins of the
      universe.

      The machine, the biggest supercomputer in British academia, cost $2 million
      and is one of the most powerful in Europe.

      It will tackle what is arguably the biggest question on earth: How was the
      universe created?

      The University of Durham in northeast England says its Cosmology Machine
      could store the contents of the British Library -- and still have spare
      memory.

      ``The new machine will allow us to recreate the entire evolution of the
      universe, from its hot Big Bang beginning to the present,'' said Professor
      Carlos Frenk of the university's physics department.

      ``It will confront one of the grandest challenges of science: the
      understanding of how our universe was created.''

      Trade and Industry Secretary Patricia Hewitt will unveil the computer later
      on Tuesday.

      Despite huge advances in the last 40 years, cosmologists have a vast amount
      to learn about outer space.

      Many now back the Big Bang theory which claims that 15 billion years ago,
      the universe, then the size of a tennis ball, began violently expanding.

      But scientists are still arguing over the details.

      A University of Durham spokesman said the computer, which can make 10
      billion calculations a second, may help solve these mysteries.

      ``The Cosmology Machine takes data from billions of observations about the
      behavior of stars, gases, galaxies and the mysterious dark matter throughout
      the universe and then calculates how galaxies and solar systems formed and
      evolved,'' he said.

      The supercomputer was made by Sun Microsystems and supplied by Esteem
      Systems and is run by the Institute for Computational Cosmology. It has a
      memory equivalent to 11,000 CD-ROMs.

      Its launch comes after scientists in California said on Monday that they had
      found evidence of bacteria from outer space on the edge of the Earth's
      atmosphere.

      The discovery appeared to support the controversial theory that life evolved
      in outer space and reached the Earth from comets.

      --
      Dan S

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