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19450Fwd: Jonathan's Space Report, No. 585

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  • Frits Westra
    Sep 20 5:02 AM
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      Jonathan's Space Report
      No. 585 2007 Sep 19, Somerville
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      Shuttle and Station
      -------------------

      Endeavour landed on runway 15 at Kennedy Space Center at 1632 UTC on Aug
      21. The deorbit burn at 1525 UTC lowered the orbit from 336 x 347 km to
      about -28 x 342 km; landing mass was 100878 kg.

      On Aug 30 the PMA-3 docking port was moved from Unity's port side to its
      nadir side, freeing the port side for use by the Harmony module to be
      launched on STS-120. The Canadarm-2 was used to unberth PMA-3 about 1215
      UTC and reattach it at 1309 UTC.

      Proton failure
      --------------

      A Krunichev Proton-M rocket failed just after second stage ignition on
      Sep 6, destroying the Japanese JCSAT-11 communications satellite
      payload. Proton-M serial 53522 took off from complex 39 at area 200 with
      JCSAT-11 and the Briz-M No. 88522 upper stage. The first stage separated
      2 min after launch. It seems there was some kind of problem with second
      stage ignition, and the vehicle fell back to Earth from an altitude of
      around 75 km.


      JCSAT-11 was a Lockheed Martin A2100 series satellite with a launch mass
      of 4007 kg.

      Kosmos-2427
      -----------

      Russia's Kosmos-2427 Kobal't-M class imaging satellite, launched on June 7,
      landed around 2100 UTC on Aug 22 after 76 days. Two objects, 2007-22D and
      E,
      separated in orbit prior to the recovery from a 178 x 350 km x 67.1 deg
      orbit.

      Insat 4CR
      ---------

      The Insat 4CR Ku-band television satellite was launched on Sep 2 by
      India's GSLV rocket. GSLV-F04 took off from the second launch pad at
      Satish Dhawan Space Centre and put the Insat in a 196 x 31878 km x 15.8
      deg transfer orbit. The apogee is a little lower than the standard
      35800 km GTO apogee, but the Insat on-board apogee engine was able to
      make up the difference and in Sep 3 it was in a 2981 x 35712 km x 11.0
      deg intermediate orbit. By Sep 6 Insat 4CR was in a 32579 x 35226 km x
      0.3 deg orbit approaching geostationary altitude. The satellite replaces
      Insat 4C, lost in the destruction of GSLV-F02 in 2006. (GSLV-F03 has not
      yet been launched.)

      Kosmos-2429
      -----------

      A Russian Defense Ministry Parus-class navigation satellite
      was launched on Sep 11 into a 943 x 1008 km x 83.0 deg orbit using
      a Kosmos-3M rocket and given the code name Kosmos-2429.

      Kaguya
      ------

      The Japanese SELENE moon probe, Kaguya, was launched from Tanegashima
      spaceport on Sep 14. Planned orbit was 281 x 232805 km x 29.9 deg;
      later maneuvers by the probe will raise the apogee to lunar distance.

      Foton M-3
      ---------

      The Foton M-3 satellite was launched from Baykonur on Sep 14 carrying
      Russian and European microgravy, life sciences and technology
      experiments. The spacecraft is in a 258 x 280 km x 62.9 deg orbit. Prior
      to reentry it will release the European YES-2/Fotino space
      tether/reentry experiment.

      WorldView-1
      -----------

      DigitalGlobe's WorldView-1 satellite was launched on Sep 18 by a
      Boeing Delta 2 into a 493 x 494 km x 97.5 deg orbit. WorldView-1
      carries a 0.6-m aperture imaging telescope/camera for high resolution
      Earth imaging; DigitalGlobe's main customer will be the US
      National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA).

      CBERS-2B
      --------

      CBERS-2B, the third China-Brazil environmental research satellite, was
      launched from China's Taiyuan space center on Sep 19 into a 736 x 741 km
      polar orbit. The satellite will probably raise its orbit to 774 x 774 km
      over the next few days, matching the other CBERS satellites.


      NFIRE Mission 2a
      ----------------

      As I reported in earlier issues, the NFIRE (Near Field IR Experiment)
      satellite was launched on Apr 24 by a Minotaur I from Launch Area 0B at
      Wallops Island. The Missile Defense Agency satellite was built by
      General Dynamics' Gilbert, Arizona (former Spectrum Astro) unit based on
      its SA-200 bus and is managed by the USAF Missile Defense Space Systems
      Office (SMC/SS) at Los Angeles Air Force Base, which is also responsible
      for the STSS space tracking satellite program. NFIRE was launched into a
      255 x 465 km x 48.2 deg orbit; from May 3 to May 18 the orbit was raised
      to 489 x 497 km and it remained in that orbit on Aug 2. On Aug 9,
      the orbit was lowered again to 243 x 487 km and by Aug 23 it was
      in a 219 x 450 km orbit.

      NFIRE carries a German laser communications terminal, Tesat, as a
      secondary payload, but its main instrument is TSP, the Track Sensor
      Payload, which includes visible and short, medium and long wave infrared
      sensors to track missiles and their rocket plumes, and is designed to
      distinguish between the missile and its plume. The satellite is 494 kg
      full 380 kg dry, 2.7m long and 1.3m diameter.

      In a major test of the satellite, a Minotaur II rocket, TLV-7, was
      launched at 0830 UTC on Aug 23 from Vandenberg's LF06 silo as NFIRE
      Mission 2a. The Minotaur II is a three-stage Minuteman 2 missile
      refurbished by Orbital Sciences with a new guidance and payload section,
      and has been used for a number of suborbital missile defense tests. (The
      Minotaur 1 is an orbital launch vehicle which uses the first two stages
      of a Minuteman 2, topped with two stages taken from the Pegasus space
      launch vehicle). On each of the two planned Mission 2 flights, the
      rocket will be aimed to pass within 4 and 20 km of the NFIRE satellite
      while its third stage motor is burning, allowing NFIRE to get a close
      look at the rocket and its exhaust. The Missile Defense Agency reported
      that the Mission 2a flyby was successful.

      Suborbital flights
      ------------------

      While on the subject of suborbital launches, here is a list of all
      suborbital flights so far this year that I know about. Only those with
      apogees above 80 km are included. I know the list is incomplete (and I
      would welcome additions) but I thought it might be interesting to my
      readers
      to see the range of suborbital missions that are happening these days.
      (Warning: wide format window needed to view this). Congrats to Stephan
      McCandliss for his successful ultraviolet telescope flight on Aug 13 which
      observed the Trifid Nebula (M20).

      Suborbital launches 2007 (above 80 km)
      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Launch Date Flight ID Payload Launch Vehicle
      Site Estimated Launch/Payload Mission
      UTC
      Apogee/km organizations category

      Jan 11 2228? [Antisatellite weapon] DF-21
      Xichang 850? China Weapon
      Jan 16 0220 S-310-37 S-310-37 S-310
      Uchinoura 138 JAXA/ISAS Ionosphere
      Jan 19 1229? NASA 21.138UE JOULE II Black Brant VC
      Poker Flat 200? NASA/Clemson U. Auroral
      Jan 19 1230? NASA 36.234UE JOULE II Black Brant IX
      Poker Flat 200? NASA/Clemson U. Auroral
      Jan 19 1244? NASA 41.064UE JOULE II Terrier Orion
      Poker Flat 200? NASA/Clemson U. Auroral
      Jan 19 1245? NASA 41.064UE JOULE II Terrier Orion
      Poker Flat 200? NASA/Clemson U. Auroral
      Jan 27 0520 FMA Dummy warhead Scud
      MLP, Kauai 100? MDA/US Army Target
      Jan 27 0520 FTT-6 THAAD Kill Vehicle THAAD
      Kauai 100? US Army Interceptor
      Jan 30? [Long range test] Reentry vehicle Scud D
      Syria 150? Syrian Missile Cmd Missile R&D flight
      Feb 7 0814 GT193GM Mk 12 RV Minuteman III
      Vandenberg 1300? USAF AFSPC Missile op. test
      Feb 12 1245 NASA 40.020UE ROPA Black Brant XII
      Poker Flat 748 NASA/Dartmouth U. Auroral
      Feb 14 0922 NASA 41.061 HEX-II V-1 Terrier Orion
      Poker Flat 200? NASA/U. Alaska Auroral/Atmosphere
      Feb 14 0927 NASA 35.037 HEX-II H Black Brant X
      Poker Flat 150 NASA/U. Alaska Auroral/Atmosphere
      Feb 14 0936 NASA 41.063 HEX-II V-2 Terrier Orion
      Poker Flat 200? NASA/U. Alaska Auroral/Atmosphere
      Feb 14 0938 NASA 41.062 HEX-II V-3 Terrier Orion
      Poker Flat 200? NASA/U. Alaska Auroral/Atmosphere
      Feb 28 0839 NASA 40.019UE CHARM Black Brant XII
      Poker Flat 900? NASA/Dartmouth Auroral
      Mar 6 0030 - SRALT? SR-19
      C-17, Kauai 100? MDA/US Army Target
      Mar 21 0110 2 Demosat Falcon 1
      KMR/Omelek 330? SpaceX Orbit failure
      Mar 21 0427 TLV-5 Mk 12 RV? Minotaur 2
      Vandenberg 1300? USAF AFSPC Target
      Apr 6 0642 FMA Dummy warhead Scud
      MLP, Kauai 100? MDA/US Army Target
      Apr 12 0532 - Reentry vehicle Agni 3
      Chandipur 400 India/IDRDL Missile R&D flight
      Apr 26 2131 FTM-11 Aegis target Terrier Orion
      Kauai 160? US Navy Target
      Apr 26 2132 FTM-11 SM-3 Kinetic Warhead SM-3
      CG-70, Kauai 160 US Navy Interceptor
      Apr 28 1456 - Test payload SpaceLoft XL
      SWRS 117 UP Aerospace/SSI Test/Burial
      May 15 FCET-37 USN Mk 5 RVs (8?) Trident II
      SSBN 734, ETR 1000? US Navy Missile op. test
      May 15 FCET-37 USN Mk 5 RVs (8?) Trident II
      SSBN 734, ETR 1000? US Navy Missile op. test
      May 29 1020 - Reentry vehicles (3?) Topol'-M (Yars)
      Plesetsk 1000? Rossiya/RVSN Missile R&D flight
      Jun 15 0245 - HYCAUSE Talos Castor
      Woomera 530 Australia DSTO Hypersonic test flight
      Jun 15 ARAV ARAV Target Terrier Orion
      Kauai 150? US Navy Target
      Jun 15 ARAV ARAV Target Terrier Orion
      Kauai 150? US Navy Target
      Jun 21 F2 TN75 RVs (6?) MSBS M51
      Landes 1000? DMA France Missile R&D flight
      Jun 21 NASA 12.059GT ST5000/CACS Terrier Orion
      White Sands 130? NASA/NSROC Engineering flight
      Jun 23 0240 FTM-12 Aegis target Castor 4B?
      Kauai 150? US Navy Target
      Jun 23 0244 FTM-12 SM-3 Kinetic Warhead SM-3
      DDG-73, Kauai 160 US Navy Interceptor
      Jun 28 - Reentry vehicle Bulava
      TK-208,WhiteSea 1000? VMF (Rossiya) Missile R&D flight
      Jul 19 1513 - Cuma II VSB-30
      Alcantara 242 AEB/INPE Microgravity
      Aug 3 2251 NASA 41.069 MASS 1 Terrier Orion
      Andoya 130? NASA/Colorado Atmosphere
      Aug 3 2322 - ECOMA 3 Nike Orion
      Andoya 127 ARR/DLR/IAP Atmosphere
      Aug 6 2256 NASA 41.070 MASS 2 Terrier Orion
      Andoya 130? NASA/Colorado Atmosphere
      Aug 7 - Reentry vehicle R-29R Volna
      K-211, Pacific 1000? VMF (Rossiya) Missile op. test
      Aug 13 0545 NASA 36.220UG JHU LIDOS 2 Black Brant IX
      White Sands 278? NASA/JHU UV Astronomy
      Aug 23 0830 TLV-7 NFIRE 2a Minotaur 2
      Vandenberg 1300? USAF Sensor target


      Table of Recent (orbital) Launches
      ----------------------------------
      Date UT Name Launch Vehicle Site Mission
      INTL.
      DES.
      Jul 2 1938 SAR-Lupe 2 Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132
      Radar 30A
      Jul 5 1208 Zhongxing 6B Chang Zheng 3B Xichang LC2
      Comms 31A
      Jul 7 0116 DirecTV 10 Proton-M/Briz-M Baykonur LC200/39
      Comms 32A
      Aug 2 1733 Progress M-61 Soyuz-U Baykonur LC1
      Cargo 33A
      Aug 4 0926 Phoenix Delta 7925 Canaveral SLC17A Mars
      probe 34A
      Aug 8 2236 Endeavour ) Space Shuttle Kennedy LC39A
      Spaceship 35A
      ITS S5 ) Truss
      Spacehab-SM) Module
      Aug 14 2344 Spaceway 3 ) Ariane 5ECA Kourou
      Comms 36A
      BSAT-3A )
      Comms 36B
      Sep 2 1250 Insat 4CR GSLV SDSC
      Comms 37A
      Sep 5 2243 JCSAT 11 Proton-M/Briz-M Baykonur
      Comms F03
      Sep 11 1305 Kosmos-2429 Kosmos-3M Plesetsk LC132/1
      Navigation 38A
      Sep 14 0131 Kaguya H-IIA 2022 Tanegashima Moon
      probe 39A
      Sep 14 1100 Foton M-3 ) Soyuz-U Baykonur
      Micrograv 40A
      YES-2 )
      Tech 40B
      Sep 18 1835 WorldView 1 Delta 7920 Vandenberg SLC2W
      Imaging 41A
      Sep 19 0326 CBERS-2B Chang Zheng 4B Taiyuan
      Imaging 42A

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