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5115Re: [ufodiscussion] The Electric Glow Of The Sun

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  • William Hamilton
    May 1, 2005
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      Also see the Electric Sun at

      http://www.electric-cosmos.org/sun.htm

      The Electric Cosmos is a whole site dedicated to Plasma Cosmology.

      Bill
      ----- Original Message -----
      From: "Jahnets" <Jahnets@...>
      To: <ufodiscussion@yahoogroups.com>
      Sent: Saturday, April 30, 2005 10:25 AM
      Subject: RE: [ufodiscussion] The Electric Glow Of The Sun


      > "More than 60 years ago, Dr. Charles E. R. Bruce, of the Electrical
      > Research
      > Association in England, offered a new perspective on the Sun. An
      > electrical
      > researcher, astronomer, and expert on the effects of lightning, Bruce
      > proposed in 1944 that the Sun's "photosphere has the appearance, the
      > temperature and the spectrum of an electric arc; it has arc
      > characteristics
      > because it is an electric arc, or a large number of arcs in parallel."
      > This
      > discharge characteristic, he claimed, "accounts for the observed
      > granulation
      > of the solar surface." Bruce's model, however, was based on a conventional
      > understanding of atmospheric lightning, allowing him to envision the
      > "electric" Sun without reference to external electric fields."
      >
      > This has been on my mind for days and it wasn't until this morning that it
      > dawned on me why... I think he is correct, and I'll share why... Some time
      > ago I went up on the astral to talk to a friend. He said he was expecting
      > very important company, at which I said, "Ok I will leave and see you
      > later". At this point, his company showed up and laying his hand on top of
      > my hand lightly held me there and said, "Don't leave on my account".
      > I turned my head around to see who was speaking and before me was a male
      > humanoid looking person with long golden hair and what looked like golden
      > leather outfit on. What really caught my eye was he seemed to be on fire.
      > I
      > blinked and looked away and looked back and it was as though the flames
      > were
      > coming off him for about 6-9 inches around him. He stood there not moving
      > watching the expressions run across my face and I finally said, you know I
      > find this facinating that you look like you're on fire but you obviously
      > aren't melting, what is causing that? He didn't answer me and I started to
      > turn my hand around so we would have been palm to palm and he looked
      > frightened for a moment and said or thought No. I stopped and said so you
      > can touch me, but I can't touch you??? At which point I either passed out
      > or
      > was knocked out... ha ha Can't have me getting too much information... Now
      > what connected the above article in case you can't fathom it yet is, that
      > part about me turning my hand around. We have an electrical current
      > running
      > through us in our body, now even though I was in my astral body, I'm
      > thinking that if I had gone palm to palm with him either he or I would
      > have
      > short circuited... Thus why he exclaimed "No" to me... I did get the
      > impression I would get hurt with the NO but it was more feeling and
      > understanding rather than words or thoughts. This happened when that big
      > comet flew by us a while back and I assumed he was the spirit for that
      > comet, which was why my friend said he was expecting important company...
      > Now in the above paragraph from the article note..."photosphere has the
      > appearance, the temperature and the spectrum of an electric arc; it has
      > arc
      > characteristics because it is an electric arc, or a large number of arcs
      > in
      > parallel."
      > specifically... or a large number of arcs in parallel... So could it be
      > that the Sun is a bunch of spirits that have come together and are arcing,
      > palm to palm...
      >
      >
      > -----Original Message-----
      > From: ufodiscussion@yahoogroups.com
      > [mailto:ufodiscussion@yahoogroups.com]On Behalf Of Light Eye
      > Sent: Thursday, April 28, 2005 12:46 AM
      > To: Global_Rumblings@...; SpeakIt@...;
      > SkyOpen@yahoogroups.com; ufodiscussion@yahoogroups.com;
      > changingplanetgroup@yahoogroups.com
      > Subject: [ufodiscussion] The Electric Glow Of The Sun
      >
      >
      > Dear Friends,
      >
      > http://www.thunderbolts.info/tpod/2005/arch05/050427sun.htm
      >
      > Love and Light.
      >
      > David
      >
      >
      > Credit: NASA/CXC/SAO
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      > Apr 27, 2005
      > The Electric Glow of the Sun
      >
      > A little known fact: Popular ideas about the Sun have not fared well under
      > the tests of a scientific theory. The formulators of the standard Sun
      > model
      > worked with gravity, gas laws, and nuclear fusion. But closer observation
      > of
      > the Sun has shown that electrical and magnetic properties dominate solar
      > behavior.
      >
      > For centuries, the nature of the Sun's radiance remained a mystery to
      > astronomers. The Sun is the only object in the solar system that produces
      > its own visible light. All others reflect the light of the Sun. What
      > unique
      > trait of the Sun enables it to shine upon the other objects in the solar
      > system?
      >
      > Today, astronomers assure us that the most fundamental question is
      > answered.
      > The Sun is a thermonuclear furnace. The ball of gas is so large that
      > astronomers envision pressures and densities within its core sufficient to
      > generate temperatures of about 16 million K-producing a continuous
      > "controlled" nuclear reaction.
      >
      > Most astronomers and astrophysicists investigating the Sun are so
      > convinced
      > of the fusion model that only the rarest among them will countenance
      > challenges to the underlying idea. Standard textbooks and institutional
      > research, complemented by a chorus of scientific and popular media,
      > "ratify"
      > the fusion model of the Sun year after year by ignoring evidence to the
      > contrary.
      >
      > A growing group of independent researchers, however, insists that the
      > popular idea is incorrect. These researchers say that the Sun is electric.
      > It is a glow discharge fed by galactic currents. And they emphasize that
      > the
      > fusion model anticipated none of the milestone discoveries about the Sun,
      > while the electric model predicts and explains the very observations that
      > posed the greatest quandaries for solar investigation.
      >
      > More than 60 years ago, Dr. Charles E. R. Bruce, of the Electrical
      > Research
      > Association in England, offered a new perspective on the Sun. An
      > electrical
      > researcher, astronomer, and expert on the effects of lightning, Bruce
      > proposed in 1944 that the Sun's "photosphere has the appearance, the
      > temperature and the spectrum of an electric arc; it has arc
      > characteristics
      > because it is an electric arc, or a large number of arcs in parallel."
      > This
      > discharge characteristic, he claimed, "accounts for the observed
      > granulation
      > of the solar surface." Bruce's model, however, was based on a conventional
      > understanding of atmospheric lightning, allowing him to envision the
      > "electric" Sun without reference to external electric fields.
      >
      > Years later, a brilliant engineer, Ralph Juergens, inspired by Bruce's
      > work,
      > added a revolutionary possibility. In a series of articles beginning in
      > 1972, Juergens suggested that the Sun is not an electrically isolated body
      > in space, but the most positively charged object in the solar system, the
      > center of a radial electric field. This field, he said, lies within a
      > larger
      > galactic field. With this hypothesis, Juergens became the first to make
      > the
      > theoretical leap to an external power source of the Sun.
      >
      > Juergens proposed that the Sun is the focus of a "coronal glow discharge"
      > fed by galactic currents. To avoid misunderstanding of this concept, it is
      > essential that we distinguish the complex, electrodynamic glow discharge
      > model of the Sun from a simple electrostatic model that can be easily
      > dismissed. Throughout most of the volume of a glow discharge the plasma is
      > nearly neutral, with almost equal numbers of protons and electrons. In
      > this
      > view, the charge differential at the Earth's distance from the Sun is
      > smaller than our present ability to measure-perhaps one or two electrons
      > per
      > cubic meter. But the charge density is far higher closer to the Sun, and
      > at
      > the solar corona and surface the electric field is of sufficient strength
      > to
      > generate all of the energetic phenomena we observe.
      >
      > Today, the electrical theorists Wallace Thornhill and Donald Scott urge a
      > critical comparison of the fusion model and the electrical model. Given
      > what
      > we now know about the Sun, which model meets the tests of unity,
      > coherence,
      > simplicity, and predictability? Why did so many discoveries surprise
      > investigators and even contradict the expectations of the fusion model? Is
      > there any fundamental feature of the Sun that contradicts the glow
      > discharge
      > hypothesis?
      >
      > Our closer looks at the Sun have revealed the pervasive influence of
      > magnetic fields, which are the effect of electric currents. Sunspots,
      > prominences, coronal mass ejections, and a host of other features require
      > ever more complicated guesswork on behalf of the fusion model. But this is
      > the way an anode in a coronal glow discharge behaves!
      >
      > In the electrical model, the Sun is the "anode" or positively charged body
      > in the electrical exchange, while the "cathode" or negatively charged
      > contributor is not a discrete object, but the invisible "virtual cathode"
      > at
      > the limit of the Sun's coronal discharge. (Coronal discharges can
      > sometimes
      > be seen as a glow surrounding high-voltage transmission wires, where the
      > wire discharges into the surrounding air). This virtual cathode lies far
      > beyond the planets. In the lexicon of astronomy, this is the "heliopause."
      > In electrical terms, it is the cellular sheath or "double layer"
      > separating
      > the plasma cell that surrounds the Sun ("heliosphere") from the enveloping
      > galactic plasma.
      >
      > In an electric universe, such cellular forms are expected between regions
      > of
      > dissimilar plasma properties. According to the glow discharge model of the
      > Sun, almost the entire voltage difference between the Sun and its galactic
      > environment occurs across the thin boundary sheath of the heliopause.
      > Inside
      > the heliopause there is a weak but constant radial electrical field
      > centered
      > on the Sun. A weak electric field, immeasurable locally with today's
      > instruments but cumulative across the vast volume of space within the
      > heliosphere, is sufficient to power the solar discharge.
      >
      > The visible component of a coronal glow discharge occurs above the anode,
      > often in layers. The Sun's red chromosphere is part of this discharge.
      > (Unconsciously, it seems, the correct electrical engineering term was
      > applied to the Sun's corona.) Correspondingly, the highest particle
      > energies
      > are not at the photosphere but above it. The electrical theorists see the
      > Sun as a perfect example of this characteristic of glow discharges-a
      > radical
      > contrast to the expected dissipation of energy from the core outward in
      > the
      > fusion model of the Sun.
      >
      > At about 500 kilometers (310 miles) above the photosphere or visible
      > surface, we find the coldest measurable temperature, about 4400 degrees K.
      > Moving upward, the temperature then rises steadily to about 20,000 degrees
      > K
      > at the top of the chromosphere, some 2200 kilometers (1200 miles) above
      > the
      > Sun's surface. Here it abruptly jumps hundreds of thousands of degrees,
      > then
      > continues slowly rising, eventually reaching 2 million degrees in the
      > corona. Even at a distance of one or two solar diameters, ionized oxygen
      > atoms reach 200 million degrees!
      >
      > In other words the "reverse temperature gradient," while meeting the tests
      > of the glow discharge model, contradicts every original expectation of the
      > fusion model.
      >
      > But this is only the first of many enigmas and contradictions facing the
      > fusion hypothesis. As astronomer Fred Hoyle pointed out years ago, with
      > the
      > strong gravity and the mere 5,800-degree temperature at the surface, the
      > Sun
      > 's atmosphere should be only a few thousand kilometers thick, according to
      > the "gas laws" astrophysicists typically apply to such bodies. Instead,
      > the
      > atmosphere balloons out to 100,000 kilometers, where it heats up to a
      > million degrees or more. From there, particles accelerate out among the
      > planets in defiance of gravity. Thus the planets, Earth included, could be
      > said to orbit inside the Sun's diffuse atmosphere.
      >
      > The discovery that blasts of particles escape the Sun at an estimated 400-
      > to 700-kilometers per second came as an uncomfortable surprise for
      > advocates
      > of the nuclear powered model. Certainly, the "pressure" of sunlight cannot
      > explain the acceleration of the solar "wind". In an electrically neutral,
      > gravity-driven universe, particles were not hot enough to escape such
      > massive bodies, which (in the theory) are attractors only. And yet, the
      > particles of the solar wind continue to accelerate past Venus, Earth, and
      > Mars. Since these particles are not miniature "rocket ships," this
      > acceleration is the last thing one should expect!
      >
      > According to the electric theorists, a weak electric field, focused on the
      > Sun, better explains the acceleration of the charged particles of the
      > solar
      > wind. Electric fields accelerate charged particles. And just as magnetic
      > fields are undeniable witnesses to the presence of electric currents,
      > particle acceleration is a good measure of the strength of an electric
      > field.
      >
      > A common mistake made by critics of the electric model is to assume that
      > the
      > radial electric field of the Sun should be not only measurable but also
      > strong enough to accelerate electrons toward the Sun at "relativistic"
      > speeds (up to 300,000 kilometers per second). By this argument, we should
      > find electrons not only zipping past our instruments but also creating
      > dramatic displays in Earth's night sky.
      >
      > But as noted above, in the plasma glow-discharge model the interplanetary
      > electric field will be extremely weak. No instrument placed in space could
      > measure the radial voltage differential across a few tens of meters, any
      > more than it could measure the solar wind acceleration over a few tens of
      > meters. But we can observe the solar wind acceleration over tens of
      > millions
      > of kilometers, confirming that the electric field of the Sun, though
      > imperceptible in terms of volts per meter, is sufficient to sustain a
      > powerful drift current across interplanetary space. Given the massive
      > volume
      > of this space, the implied current is quite sufficient to power the Sun.
      >
      > Look for more details on the drift current, solar magnetic fields, nuclear
      > reactions, and many other features of the Sun in upcoming Pictures of the
      > Day.
      >
      > See also these Pictures of the Day-
      >
      > TPOD July 29, 2004: Arc Lamp in the Sky
      > TPOD July 27, 2004: Stellar Nurseries
      > TPOD Sep 22, 2004: Electric Stars
      > TPOD Oct 06, 2004: The Iron Sun
      > TPOD Oct 15, 2004: Solar Tornadoes
      > TPOD Nov 03, 2004: Kepler Supernova Remnant
      >
      > More about electric stars can be found here:
      >
      > http://www.electric-cosmos.org/hrdiagr.htm
      > http://www.holoscience.com/news.php?article=by2r22xg
      >
      >
      >
      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      >
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