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x0x Turkish news for week ending 01 March 2003

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      x0x Turkish news for week ending 01 March 2003

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      A service of the TURKISH RADIO HOUR, producer of:

      TURKISH CULTURAL PROGRAM
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      Ahmet Toprak edited today's news. Your host today is Murat Temeltas.
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      NEWS BRIEFS

      Edited for the Turkish radio Hour by Gokce Gokalp

      * On Tuesday evening, the government had sent for debate in Parliament
      proposals to allow US troops to be stationed in Turkey as well as sending
      Turkish troops into Iraq. The proposals would authorize 62,000 US
      soldiers, 255 jets and 65 helicopters to be stationed in Turkey for a
      period of six months.
      As the proposals moved forward, signs could be seen of apparent rifts in
      the ruling Justice and Development Party.
      Speaking at his party's parliament group meeting, the Justice and
      Development Party leader Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that the government
      was trying to make the best decision to protect Turkey's national
      interests.
      Stressing that the Justice and Development Party's deputies would be
      fully briefed on the proposals, Erdogan stated that there would be no
      group decision on the issue obliging the deputies to vote a particular
      way. Despite the absence of a group decision, Erdogan called on the
      deputies not to act personally, but rather to consider national interests
      and act in line with party discipline.
      The party officials decided Friday to delay the vote on a proposal to
      Saturday.
      A senior member of the party said discussions that were ongoing within
      the party since Wednesday didn't seem likely to end before Saturday.
      The Justice and Development Party leader Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdogan stated
      Friday that the proposal would be voted in Parliament without waiting for
      United Nations second resolution on the issue. He said, "It is not clear
      when the UN will decide on the matter."
      Meanwhile, the opposition Republican Peoples Party announced Thursday
      that it would vote against the proposal and the party decided not to
      support it. "This is the first time in the Republic of Turkey's history
      that foreign troops will land in Turkey," CHP leader Deniz Baykal stated
      at a party meeting.
      The latest news we received Saturday morning indicates that the voting
      took place, and the Turkish Parliament did not adopt the proposal since it
      fell three votes short of an absolute majority of the attending
      parliamentarians. 264 Turkish parliamentarians voted for the proposal, 19
      abstained, 250 voted against it. It would have taken 267 votes to accept
      the proposal.
      While the debate and voting was taking place, 50,000 Turks held anti-war
      rallies outside the Turkish parliament.

      * According to the Turkish daily Cumhuriyet, Turkish prime minister Mr.
      Abdullah Gul and German Foreign Affairs Minister Joschka Fischer made a
      phone conversation and conferred on recent developments concerning the
      prospect of US-led war in Iraq, said a press release Thursday.
      The release stated that Mr. Gul told Mr. Fischer that Turkey was ready
      to contribute to the UN Security Council's efforts to find a peaceful
      solution to settle the Iraq crisis without resorting to a war.

      * Nationalist Action Party leader Mr. Devlet Bahceli stated Thursday that
      Turkish people had been disappointed by the Justice and Development Party
      ruling and that the government had abused Turkish nation's political will,
      reported the Turkish daily Turkiye.
      Criticizing the government's foreign policy, Bahceli said, "It is
      carrying out an unclear and inconsistent policy. The government seems to
      be in favor of a peaceful resolution. On the other hand, preparations for
      a war are continuing."
      Remarking that an intervention in Iraq was not yet authorized by the
      international community, Mr. Bahceli said that Turkey's stance shadowed
      its reputation and effectiveness.

      * Iraqi Vice President Taha Yassin Ramadan stated Wednesday that Iraq
      could attack both Turkey and Kuwait in case of a US-led war supported by
      these two countries, according to the Turkish daily Cumhuriyet.
      Stating that Iraq would not hesitate to retaliate against those who
      collaborate with the US, Mr. Ramadan said that if it faced attack, Iraq
      would of course defend its people and territories. "Countries which help
      the Bush administration will be regarded as accomplices of the US," added
      the Iraqi official.
      Meanwhile, Iraqi ambassador to Ankara Mr. Talip Abid Salih echoed Mr.
      Ramadan's remarks. He said that if the Turkish parliament authorizes
      stationing of US troops on Turkish soi, it would mean that Turkey had
      joined a war alongside the US and would have to bear the consequences.
      Earlier this year, Mr. Abid had pledged that Iraq would not attack
      Turkey.

      * The United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan was busy last week
      visiting Cyprus, Greece and Turkey to facilitate a solution to the
      stalemate on Cyprus.
      However, the president of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Mr.
      Rauf Denktas did not like the latest settlement plan Mr. Annan brought.
      Mr. Denktas told Mr. Annan of the hardships Turkish Cypriots would be
      subject to under the plan, adding that he found the plan unsatisfactory.
      "I asked Annan how we could ever accept a plan which would force half of
      our citizens to give up their homes," added Denktas.
      The plan is calling for 40,000 Turkish Cypriots to vacate their homes to
      accommodate Greeks coming from the Greek sector of the island.
      To convince the mainland Turkey that the latest United Nations plan is
      not good, Mr. Denktash's ambassador in Ankara, Mr. Ahmet Zeki Bulunc, said
      that the United Nation's plan would end the Turkish presence on the island
      and jeopardize Turkey's national interests, reports the Turkish daily
      Milliyet.
      While in Turkey, Secretary-General Kofi Annan met with Prime Minister
      Abdullah Gul. Mr. Gul stressed to Mr. Annan that any settlement for the
      island must proceed on the basis of the two equal states already present
      there.
      The Cyprus problem goes back several decades. The Turkish Cypriots say
      that soon after the foundation of a bi-communal republic of Cyprus in
      1960, the Cypriot Greeks reneged on international agreements and pushed
      the Turks into enclaves and blocked them from participating in the
      economic and administrative life on the island.
      Many extremists from the Greek community also carried out armed attacks
      on Turks from time to time.
      When extremist Cypriot Greeks, backed by the Greek junta in power then,
      toppled the all-Greek Cypriot government in 1974 with the ultimate goal of
      uniting the island with Greece, Turkey intervened militarily.
      Turkish intervention gathered the Turks into the Northern part of the
      island.
      The Turkish Cypriots and Turkey maintain that Turkish intervention and
      the subsequent Turkish military presence have been assuring the Turks on
      the island the security and safety that they did not have for many years.
      See http://www.trncwashdc.org/h9.html for more.

      * According to the Turkish daily Hurriyet, a historic accord making
      natural gas sales from Turkey to Greece and the rest of Europe a reality
      was signed Tuesday, according to Turkey's Energy and Natural Resources
      Ministry.
      A ministry statement said that recent negotiations between Turkish,
      Greek and European Union officials over a natural gas pipeline connecting
      the neighboring countries had borne fruit. Turkey's Minister of Energy
      and Natural Resources Mr. Hilmi Guler and Mr. Akis Tsohatzopoulos,
      Greece's Minister of Development signed the accord. European Union
      Commission Vice Chairman Loyola De Palacio was also involved in talks
      paving the way for the agreement.

      EXCHANGE RATE

      Exchange rate for the U.S. dollar in Turkish Liras:

      1,598,000

      WEATHER

      High and Low Temperatures in Degrees F, Weather

      Ankara, in central Turkey----------: 43/24 Clear
      Antalya, on the Mediterranean------: 60/45 Rainy
      Istanbul, in northwestern Turkey---: 48/38 Foggy
      Izmir, on the Aegean---------------: 57/41 Partially cloudy
      Trabzon, on the Black Sea----------: 44/34 Foggy

      Snow heights at skiing locations:

      Uludag, in Bursa, Western Turkey 134 inches
      Kartalkaya, in Bolu, Western Turkey 79 inches
      Saklikent, in Antalya, Southern Turkey 39 inches
      Palandoken, in Erzurum, Eastern Turkey 24 inches
      Ilgaz, in Kastamonu, North Central Turkey 96 inches
      Erciyes, in Kayseri, Central Turkey 59 inches
      Sarikamis, in Kars, Eastern Turkey 38 inches
      Davraz, in Isparta South Central Turkey 73 inches

      ARTS AND CULTURE

      * The Turkish Daily star reports that the technology competition organized
      jointly by the Turkish Scientific and Technical Research Council and the
      Turkish Businessmen and Industrialists Association will announce its
      winners on July 26.
      The deadline for submitting technological innovations to the competition
      is March 28.

      * Turkish film director Ferzan Ozpetek is getting praises from Italian
      movie critiques, says the Anatolian News Agency.
      Mr. Ozpetek has been living in Rome for many years and directing
      award-winning films. The Italian critiques like his latest film titled
      "The Window Across from Me" (La Finestra di fronte). 300 movie theaters
      in Italy have started showing the movie on February 28.
      The Italian paper with the largest circulation, Corriere della Sera, in
      an article has asked the rhetorical question "To watch a good Italian
      movie, does a Turk have to come and shoot it?"
      The article also praises Mr. Ozpetek's skills in choosing actors.
      The Anatolian News Agency also reported about the gala opening night of
      the movie in Rome. The gala was attended by Rome's mayor, the leaders of
      the Italian political parties, many Italian artists and the Turkish
      ambassador and his wife.
      The Italian press interviewed the Turkish actress Serra Yilmaz
      intensively during the gala. Ms. Yilmaz is starring as a woman named Emine
      with two black children in the film.

      * The private Turkish channel NTV reports that a new exhibition that
      brings together six artists from different countries has just started in
      Turkey.
      Rosa Martinez from Spain who is the curator of the exhibition has the
      works of:
      - Vasco Araujo of Portugal,
      - Daniel Guzman of Mexico,
      - Tuomo Manninen of Finland,
      - Priscilla Monge of Costa Rica,
      - Aydan Murtezaoglu of Turkey, and
      - Jun Nguyen-Hatsushiba of Japan.
      The curator of the exhibition thinks that whether its migrations of
      people, flow of money, new technologies, or information flow, the new
      forms of the global circulation has resulted in a new virtual community.
      Having no attachment to one place only, or having attachments to
      multiple places is the common phenomenon for many people, Ms. Rosa
      Martinez thinks. As a result, many people live in multiple cultures, and
      do not speak just one new language. These "universal foreigners", as
      Slavoj Zizek puts it, make up "examples of living contradictions".
      With their works, the artists participating in this exhibition are
      drawing attention to the new currents in the visual arts in the world.
      The exhibition is on through April 12 in Istanbul's Borusan Arts
      Gallery.

      * The remembrances of Turks who took part in the defense of the
      Dardanelles during the First World War against an armada of British,
      French, Australian and New Zealand forces are being translated into
      English.
      The book of the Turkish journalist Cahit Onder comprises interviews he
      conducted 22 years ago with Turks who participated in the war with the
      legendary Turkish commander and leader Mr. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. The
      author is pointing out that none of these people are alive today.
      Writing the book took Mr. Onder to 587 villages of the Canakkale
      province of Turkey. The Dardanelles Straits is in this province.
      One of the veterans of the war says in the book that the trenches of the
      opposing sides were so close that during momentary truces soldiers would
      be exchanging cigarettes and food by throwing them to the other side.
      The Allied Navy could not defeat the Turks and pass through the
      Dardanelles. This cost Winston Churchill, who conceived the idea of
      sending the fleet as the First Lord of the Admiralty in the British War
      Cabinet, his job.
      British casualties, including imperial forces, amounted to approximately
      205,000. French losses were estimated at around 47,000. Turkish forces
      incurred around 250,000 casualties.

      * The funds the European Union has earmarked to help the Turkish film
      industry that we reported to you in our previous programs has arrived in
      Turkey.
      The Turkish Ministry of Culture says that the EU 261,000 portion of the
      funds will be given to the Turkish director Ali Ozgenturk for the
      production of a Turkish-Bulgarian joint film. EU 231,000 will be given to
      7 movie theaters in Istanbul, two in Ankara and 11 in other provinces.
      Three Turkish film distribution companies will also receive EU 22,000.
      The Eurimage is providing the funds. Turkey's membership to the
      organization in 2002 required the payment of 58 million French francs and
      EU 914,000. However Turkey has received a total of 73 million French
      francs and EU 2.9 million from the organization in the same year.

      * The Anatolian News Agency reports that the ancient city of Ephesus is
      getting a new museum. A building that date back to late 1800s is being
      converted to house the Aegean Agriculture, Ecology and Weaving Museum.
      The archeologist at the Ephesus Museum says that the building has been
      restored meticulously and turned over to Turkey's Ministry of Culture.
      Experts and scholars from the Aegean University have formed a commission
      to determine the contents of the exhibits.

      * Controversy about a Turkish song that will participate in this year's
      Eurovision song contest is brewing says the Anatolian News Agency.
      The Turkish Language Institute is objecting to the English lyrics of the
      song. The Institute thinks that a song that represents Turkey and Turkish
      people should be in Turkish. The scholars of the Institute think that the
      decision to choose this particular song is "wrong, disappointing and
      worrying".
      The Institute is advising the jury to rescind its decision, and send a
      song in Turkish to the contest, as it has been done in the previous years.
      Renowned Turkish pop music singer Sertap Erener has composed and wrote
      the lyrics to the song with Demir Demirkan, reports the Anatolian News
      Agency. The title of the song is "Every Way that I can".

      * A new contest has been just started to choose a poster for the Golden
      Orange Film Festival that will take place in the Turkish Mediterranean
      City of Antalya, reports the Anatolian News Agency.
      Artists who would like to participate in the contest have to submit
      their posters by May 30th. The jury will announce the results on June 10.
      The festival will observe its 40th anniversary this year.

      See http://www.altinportakal.org.tr/ for more.

      * The renowned Turkish pianist Fazil Say was in Israel last week. The
      Anatolian News Agency says that Israelis loved the young pianist.
      In an article in the daily Yediot Ahronot music critique Hanoh Ron said
      that Mr. Say mesmerized the public, and called him a "painter of sounds".
      Mr. Say performed here in San Jose Symphony Orchestra in the year 2000,
      and received good reviews.
      See http://www.byegm.gov.tr/yayinlarimiz/NEWSPOT/2000/Jan/N8.htm for
      more about Mr. Say.

      SPORTS

      Edited for the Turkish radio Hour by Mark Nowak

      * Turkish Soccer Super League:

      Week 21 match results:

      Trabzonspor 3-1 Adanaspor
      Ankaragucu 3-0 Altay
      Diyarbakirspor - Besiktas
      Kocaelispor - Bursaspor
      G.Antep - Elazigspor
      Denizlispor - Fenerbahce
      Göztepe 0-0 G.Birligi
      Galatasaray 2-1 Malatyaspor
      Istanbulspor 0-1 Samsunspor

      Week 22 matches:

      Fenerbache 2-0 Malatyaspor
      Adanaspor - Ankaragucu
      Elazigspor - Denizlispor
      Samsunspor - Diyarbakirspor
      Kocaelispor - Galatasaray
      Altay - G.Antep
      Besiktas - Göztepe
      Bursaspor - Istanbulspor
      G.Birligi - Trabzonspor

      Team Pts
      1. Besiktas 50
      2. Galatasaray 45
      3. G.Birligi 44
      4. Fenerbahce 42
      5. Trabzonspor 37
      6. G.Antep 33
      7. Malatyaspor 31
      8. Ankaragucu 27
      9. Denizlispor 24
      10. Diyarbakirspor 23
      11. Samsunspor 22
      12. Altay 21
      13. Elazigspor 20
      14. Göztepe 20
      15. Istanbulspor 19
      ------------------------------------
      16. Bursaspor 19
      17. Adanaspor 19
      18. Kocaelispor 13

      * UEFA Cup

      Besiktas 4 - 2 Slavia Prague
      Besiktas 0 - 1 Slavia Prague

      Besiktas advances to quarterfinals on goal aggregate 4-3

      Denizlispor 2-2 FC Porto
      Denizlispor 1-6 FC Porto

      FC Porto advances to quarterfinals on goal aggregate 8-3

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