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x0x Tunceli

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  • Turkish Radio Hour
    x0x Tunceli The Hittites, who established the first Anatolian Empire in history, came even as far as Tunceli. The Babylonian and Assyrian Empires spread their
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 12 6:52 AM
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      x0x Tunceli

      The Hittites, who established the first Anatolian Empire in history,
      came even as far as Tunceli. The Babylonian and Assyrian Empires
      spread their influence and effectiveness in the region. In the 6th and
      8th centuries B.C., during the reign of the Medes and the Persians,
      the region was attached to the Iranian Empire. In the mid 7th century
      the Arabs arrived in the region. Tunceli became part of the Islamic
      Empire in the 8th century. From 1071 to 1252, Tunceli was occupied by
      the Mengüceks who ruled Erzincan. Following the Seljuk and Mongol
      raids which stretched from the mountainous regions to the Kýzýlýrmak,
      scores of Turkish tribes began to settle in Tunceli. Due to the rugged
      terrain on the road to Tunceli, only the town of Çemiþkezek
      flourished. During the Ottoman era, Çemiþkezek was divided into four
      towns, namely Çemiþkezek, Pertek, Saðman, Mazgirt.


      Hozat township which is attached to Tunceli was a district before the
      proclamation of the Republic and it became the Province of Dersim
      following the declaration of the Republic. DERSIM is the Persian word
      for silver door.

      In 1935, Tunceli Province was established with its temporary center in
      Elazýð. At the time, Pülümür, Erzincan, Nazimiye, Hozat, Petek,
      Ovacýk, Mazgirt and Çemiþkezek townships in Elazýð formed Tunceli
      Province. Tunceli was administered from its temporary center, Elazýð,
      until 1946 and in 1947 the provincial center was moved to the town of
      Kalan.


      Topography

      Tunceli province is located in the upward part of the Euphrates in the
      East Anatolian region. The Munzur Mountains and Karasu are in the
      north, the Bingol Mountains and the Peri brook in the east, Keban Dam
      Lake in the south and the Euphrates in the West. Erzincan, Bingöl and
      Elazýð border Tunceli.

      Tuncelis surface area is 7774 square km and it is 1050 m above sea
      level.

      Tunceli resembles an island. Except for an area in the south, the
      province comprises rough terrain with steep mountains and deep river
      valleys.

      Munzur brook and Pülümür stream divide Tunceli province into three
      parts like a Y

      The Munzur Mountains, Pülümür stream and Manzur brook, which surround
      the triangle, comprise the highest and steepest parts of the region.

      The region has many small rivers especially, the Laç and Kutudereleri.
      Water is plentiful in this region. Tacar, Hozat, Geyiksuyu (Deþt
      brooks), Munzur brook, Pülümür stream, and Peri brook are the
      principal waterways of the province. Keban Dam Lake is situated in the
      southern part of the province where 51 villages are located.

      Tunceli has a varied plant cover. Munzur Mountains are bare, but
      towards the south dense wooded areas increase.

      The forest is oak. A continental climate prevails in the province.
      Summers are arid and temperatures are above normal. The winter and the
      fall are rainy but temperatures are normal.


      Tourism

      Tunceli is a province, which greatly contributes to the promotion of
      Turkey with its geographic and topographic features, natural wonders
      and historic sites.

      Steep mountains covered with snow during all seasons, jagged rocks,
      oak forests, extensive meadows and grasslands create a sense of calm
      in the province. Curative spas springing forth from the depths of the
      mountains, taking on the extraordinary hues of the places they run
      through, the most delicious trout swimming in these deep, clear
      streams make Tunceli one of the most interesting touristic sites in
      Turkey.

      The high and precipitous Munzur Mountains extend from the west to the
      east in the northern part of Tunceli. The icy Munzur River springing
      from the foot of these bare mountains is a source of life for Tunceli
      and provides the city with unusual natural scenery.

      The spring issuing from the Munzur River, today called Gözeler in the
      district of Ovacýk, is a picnicking and recreation site. The narrow
      and deep valley through which the river flows winding up in the center
      of the city has been declared a national park area.

      Munzur Valley, Mercan Valley and Pülümür Valley National Park, which
      provide tourists with varying panoramas, are visited by many tourists
      during all seasons.

      The Gelin Spring or Gelin Waterfall located 63 km away from Nizamiye
      Township, is another attractive site.

      Pertek Township which is near Keban Dam has numerous orchards of
      varying shades of green.

      Baðin Thermal Springs in Mazgirt Township and the historical Kale
      Village ruins, Buyer Baba plateau in Pülümür township, the panorama
      from Baðýrpaþa Mountain which affords a charming atmosphere with its
      spectrum of colors at dawn, Gelin Springs, the stalactites and
      stalagmites formed out of the flowing streams, troglodyte dwellings in
      the western part of Çemiþkezek township, and the lovely handicrafts
      and rich folklore are other important features of the city.

      Munzur Gözeler

      Mazgirt Mountains

      Transportation

      Access to Tunceli province is possible only by highway. There are
      three main highways, two connecting Erzincan province and one linking
      Elazýð province to Tunceli.

      The distance between Tunceli and Elazýð is 131 km by road. The
      Tunceli-Pülümür-(Mutu)-Erzincan highway is one of the state highways
      which connects Southeastern Anatolia to the Eastern and Black Sea
      Regions.

      Historical buildings

      Archeological excavations have not been carried out in Tunceli. The
      historical structures may be cited as follows:

      Pertek Castle

      The castle, inundated by the waters of the Keban Dam Lake resembles an
      island today. The edifice was built on a steep cliff by the Seljuks
      and was restored by the Ottomans. At the southern façade, red bricks
      and blue ceramics were sprinkled among the stones.

      Mazgirt Castle

      Access to the castle is by a way of a cave. There are forty steps in
      front of the cave. Although some parts of the city walls have been
      destroyed, most are still standing. A pavilion for the Sultan and a
      wind-mill were built on the highest level of the castle.

      Historical Bridges

      There are bridges built by the Seljuks and Ottomans in Çemiþkezek,
      Pertek, Mazgirt and Pülümür townships.


      A Historical ruin around Tunceli

      Muzur Valley

      Mosques and others

      Baysungur and Çelebi Mosques, which were saved from being inundated by
      the waters of Keban Dam by a team of the METU Restoration Department,
      were moved to the center of Pertek township. The mosque had been taken
      apart and reassembled at the new location. Saðman Mosque and Saðman
      Castle located at a distance of 18 km from Pertek,Yelmaniye Mosque, a
      Seljuki work in Çemiþkezek township known for its exquisite stone
      carvings, the Seljuki Mazgirt Center Mosque and the historical sites
      in Kale village are among the well known historical buildings in the
      province.

      Important days and festivals

      The Annual Mulberry and Cheese Festival is held in Çemiþkezek township
      during the last part of June.

      The Annual Honey Festival is held in Pülümür during the first week of
      September.

      The Third Annual Munzur Culture and Nature Festival is held in the
      city of Tunceli during the last week of July.

      The annual Pertek Cheese and Grape Juice Festival is held in Pertek in
      July.

      Atatürks arrival in Pertek is celebrated every year on November 17.
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