x0x Explore Yesilhisar with its spectacular views
- x0x Explore Yesilhisar with its spectacular views
Watch 'the dance of the birds' in Sultan Sazligi
Yesilhisar, which means "Green Castle" in English, is one of the
sweetest towns on the outskirts of Turkey's central Anatolian city
Kayseri. With a population of around 10,000, the people of Yesilhisar
live their lives on agriculture. However they have begun to explore
the importance of tourism in recent years. The Sultan Sazligi, Soganli
and Erdemli valleys constitute an important potential for tourism.
Sultan Sazligi: Hidden paradise for birds
The Sultan Sazligi (Marsh) and Bird Paradise, located at the lowest
part of Yesilhisar's plain in Central Anatolia southwest of Erciyes
Dagi (Mount Aergius), is one of the most important natural beauties in
The marsh, 70 kilometers from Kayseri, is in a triangular area with
Yesilhisar, Develi and Yahyali at the points. It has been granted
protection under the International Ramsar Treaty.
The Sultan Marsh, which covers an area of 17,200 hectares, is a
world-famous ecosystem. There are barely noticeable small reed islets
floating towards the center of the marsh.
Providing shelter for 301 bird species, the marsh is the second major
bird paradise in Turkey, after Lake Manyas. An observation tower and
breeding station have been set up so that the migration routes of
birds and their living environments can be studied.
The marsh is fed by streams descending from the Aladag Mountains in
the south as well as by springs from Erciyes Dagi. But construction of
several dams across the small rivers that feed the marsh has
endangered the reed field and caused the shrinkage of the small lakes.
A large part of the fresh water marsh is covered with reeds, and reed
communities are encountered growing on the lake floor and floating on
its surface. Among these extensive beds of reeds and cattails, several
small ponds of still water of one hectare or less can be seen. Several
species of underwater plants known as Myrophyllum, a favorite food of
ducks, are found in these areas of open water. Such species as Carex,
Typha, Juncus and Scirpus are encountered in the north section of
Freshwater tortoises, water snakes, green frogs, water frogs, and
night frogs are encountered in the freshwater marsh and reed beds, and
small fish of the Cyprinidae family are found at the outlets of the
Sultan Marsh is one of the largest and most important wetlands in
Turkey as well as in the Middle East and Europe. The number of species
of birds, both predators and warblers, that visit, winter or breed in
this area and its environs, where fresh and saltwater ecosystems are
found side by side, is around 250, with extremely high numbers of
certain bird communities during the migration season; the flamingo
population reaches 50,000, shelduck 10,000 and ducks of various
Soganli is one of the villages of Yesilhisar town, located in the
Cappadocia region. This valley is 25 kilometers from Yesilhisar. It
collapsed and settled during earthquakes and these dips became deeper
with the effect of nature and formed valleys and plateaus as the
consequence of such natural phenomena. Settlement in this area took
place during the Roman times. The Romans used the stone conies on the
slopes of the valley as graveyards and the Byzantine as churches.
There are church frescos in styles dating back to the ninth and 13th
centuries. There are thousands of carved bird aviaries, caves and
shelter in addition to a number of churches and monasteries along the
valley in Soganli and Erdemli. When you have an opportunity to visit
this small sweet village, you will find authentic hand-made linen
dolls produced there.
In addition to Soganli, Erdemli valley is another touristic area in
Yesilhisar. This valley, like Soganli, has an interesting geographical
formation and is an old settlement, which is famous for its graves
from Roman times and churches from the Byzantine period.
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