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x0x Turkish Carpets: A gift to the World

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  • Turkish Culture List
    [See more on this subject by visiting the pages selected for you by Anita Donohoe: http://www.TurkRadio.us/k/usak/ ] x0x Turkish Carpets: A gift to the World
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 5, 2008
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      [See more on this subject by visiting the pages
      selected for you by Anita Donohoe:
      http://www.TurkRadio.us/k/usak/ ]

      x0x Turkish Carpets: A gift to the World

      The unique and ancient design of Usak carpets,
      with their different weaving techniques, have
      increased their importance. And Usak carpets have
      earned a distinguished place not only in Anatolia,
      but throughout the world

      MUKADDES OZTURANLI

      IZMIR - Turkish Daily News

      The term used among those hoping to understand
      Turkish carpets is infinity. The distinctiveness
      of these carpets come from the weaved figures that
      seem to run on to the infinite. For as the carpet
      is being woven, figures continue running
      throughout. There is a constant continuity, like
      the lifestyles of those Central Asian Turkish
      tribes which were present at the creation of the
      tale. Above all, the tales are of so many people
      who wove their happiness, grief, and worries into
      the carpets.

      The Turkish Carpet, then, has become the tale of
      the Turkish people. Located on the roads that
      connected the Aegean to Central Anatolia, and
      being the heir of the history of thousands of
      people who walked from the Altai Mountains to the
      Taurus Mountains while maintaining their
      traditions to the present day, the tale of a city
      has been written in U$ak.By continuing this
      legacy, U$ak Trend Carpet Company has won the
      award widely recognized as the most valued carpet
      award. Called within the industry, The Oscar of
      the Carpets, U$ak Trend Carpet Company was awarded
      America's Magnificent Carpet Award for its Reform
      Collection in 2006 and 2007. U$ak carpets
      represent the gilded age of Turkish carpets which
      followed the Seljuk carpets, the most sought after
      during the classical period of Ottoman carpets. In
      fact, they became the Ottoman Empire's single most
      important export. The unique and ancient design of
      U$ak carpets, with their different weaving
      techniques, have increased their importance. And
      U$ak carpets have earned a distinguished place not
      only in Anatolia, but throughout the world.
      America's Magnificent Carpets Awards, presented
      by, AmericasMart Atlanta and the Oriental Rug
      Importers Association, is the area rug industry's
      premiere awards celebration honoring the "Best of
      the Best" in area rug design. Each year, the
      world's most innovative and fashion-forward rugs
      are awarded for both hand-made and machine-made
      constructions.As being the first Turkish company,
      we are glad to win such an award in America, said
      Muzaffer Yolcu, director of Trend Carpet Company.
      We produce machine-made carpets with the look of
      hand-made carpets. Ours is a machine-made carpet
      that includes all the processes of a hand-made
      carpet. Our carpets are created using pure New
      Zealand wool along with the techniques of
      half-Kamgarn clew spinning and madder rooting in
      the hank. The carpets are individually washed and
      left to dry. After the process of stretching and
      drying in the sun, our carpets develop the
      appearance of hand-made carpets. Our largest
      markets include America, Canada, Spain, Belgium
      and Greece. We have a certain potential in these
      markets and we continue to create new collections
      to offer in both the domestic and foreign markets.
      The peculiarity of this new collection resulted
      from the use of a different clew which shines
      under light, said Yolcu.

      The beginning of carpets

      Carpet making is believed to have begun as a
      nomadic art. The oldest examples are knotted
      carpets found in areas once populated by nomads in
      West and Central Asia. These carpets were believed
      to be used for protection against severe weather.

      The carpets' basic materials, wool and the
      horizontal and vertical looms, formed an eternity
      for the weaved figures and are the origin of the
      art of the carpet. Turkish tribes played a major
      role in bringing the art of carpets westward
      during migrations to the West. Also, the art of
      carpets reflected its development during the
      period of Seljuk Anatolia. In Seljuk Anatolia,
      carpets were one of the most important trade
      commodities and later became the legacy of the
      Ottoman Empire. Like many other arts, the Ottomans
      took over the art of the carpet from the Seljuk
      tradition.

      Historical development of U$ak carpets

      The history of U$ak carpets is revealed in the
      masterpieces of various European painters
      including Hans Holbein, Lorenzo Lotto, March
      Cheeroedts, Rafaelino del Garbo, Pinturicchio,
      Piera Della Francesca and Vittore Carpaccio. The
      paintings by these artists prove that U$ak carpets
      are linked to both traditions and a history
      extending to before 15th century Europe, and may
      go back as far as the 11th century with the
      movement of the first Turkish tribes.U$ak carpets
      may be divided into three main periods, with each
      new color and design concept being based upon the
      previous period. These periods are identified as
      the Early Period, Classical Period and Late
      Period.

      Persian influence

      The oldest examples of this period belong to the
      15th Century. The use of geometric motifs in the
      Seljuk style is seen in these carpets with the
      most prominent known examples seen in Holbein and
      Lotto carpets. Also, traces of Central Asian
      Turcoman are visible in the Holbein type.

      The Classical Period

      The Early Period of U$ak carpets date back to the
      late 15th Century. The Early Period begins with
      more curved weaving as the medallion motif first
      appeared in the carpets. It is believed that
      specialists from Azerbaycan were brought to U$ak
      on orders of the sultan, and these people played a
      major role in the change. Although the Persian
      influence is noticeable, the U$ak craftsmen
      managed to merge this influence into their own
      spirit and turned out typical masterpieces.

      The Late Period

      U$ak carpets became the Ottoman Empire's single
      most important export commodity. At least one
      wagon load of U$ak carpets was delivered to Izmir
      for exporting each week during the 1900s.

      During this period, Europeans began to impose
      their own tastes on carpet production. Though the
      Early Period motifs have been slightly exposed to
      change, U$ak carpets' essential characteristics
      were never abandoned.
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