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  • Euan MacDonald
    ... THE AWAKENING Issue 45, May 1, 2000 ... INSIDE 1. Red Cross: Mongolians depleting food stocks, animals dying off 2. Prisoners riot for water in eastern
    Message 1 of 1 , May 1, 2000
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      Issue 45, May 1, 2000


      1. Red Cross: Mongolians depleting food stocks, animals dying off
      2. Prisoners riot for water in eastern Indian state
      3. Camels die of thirst in South Asia drought, few lessons learned
      4. Ethiopia drought: Red Cross delivers first relief shipment to worst-hit area
      5. Moderate quake hits southern Taiwan
      6. Strong quake shakes northeast Peru, no victims or damage reported
      7. Cholera outbreak kills 43 people in 24 hours
      8. At least 20 Africans missing after boat sinks on way to Spain
      9. Authorities urge calm ahead of anti-capitalism protests
      10. Clinton administration defends classifying AIDS as threat
      11. Physicists weigh in with new figure for Earth's mass
      12. Engineers rock woodframe home in seismic test
      13. World watch
      14. Latest Quakes


      1. Red Cross: Mongolians depleting food stocks, animals dying off... 04-30

      BEIJING (AP) - Mongolians are depleting critical food stocks months
      before the summer harvest as more of their herds, weakened by drought and
      snowstorms, die off, the Red Cross warned.
      Already more than 2.2 million cows, horses, camels, sheep and other
      livestock have died since the severe and early storms began last year, the
      Red Cross reported Saturday.
      It added that in a month's time, at the start of the summer growing
      season, the number of dead animals will more than double to 5 million.
      Rural Mongolians depend on their herds for food and wool and sell or
      barter the animals for needed goods.
      The devastation of the herds has kept families from buying extra food in
      the lean months until the harvest at summer's end.
      A quarter of Mongolia's 2.7 million people are facing a period of
      uncertainty over food supplies, the Red Cross said in a statement. Aid group
      staff who visited one badly affected area were told that herders had already
      consumed their summer supplies of dried meat.
      In the worst hit areas, the group said, government statistics show more
      than three-quarters of the herds have died.
      A Red Cross relief effort has delivered 195 metric tons of wheat, rice
      and millet to 2,600 households and distributed 600 pairs of boots. By the
      end of May, it hopes to have distributed food to 6,300 households, or 35,000
      Mongolia's latest troubles began last summer with drought and a rodent
      infestation that reduced ground fodder for animals. The worst snowstorms in
      30 years then covered over what little the herds had for forage. Animal
      carcasses now litter the bleak Mongolian steppe.
      Mongolian government agencies have begun a program to remove the
      carcasses and inform people of how to prevent an outbreak of disease from
      the rotting corpses, the Red Cross said. Other government programs will try
      to kill rodents


      2. Prisoners riot for water in eastern Indian state... 05-01 10:43a

      By GOPAL DAS
      Associated Press Writer

      BHUBANESHWAR, India (AP) - Thirsty prisoners rioted after being denied
      water for two days in a drought-hit eastern town, where thousands of
      residents, carrying buckets and plastic pails, mobbed a water train when it
      pulled into the station.
      A searing heat wave that brought temperatures of 48 Celsius (118
      Fahrenheit) last week has dried up streams, ponds and wells in Orissa state,
      which was covered with water last October after a cyclone killed about
      10,000 people.
      The worst affected area is the western district of Bolangir, where half
      of the 8,000 wells - the main source of drinking water - have dried up in
      the past week, officials said Monday.
      A ticket collector dropped dead from heat stroke at the Titlagarh train
      station on Friday, officials said, reporting the first confirmed drought
      death in India this year, where a heat wave and water crisis is affecting 11
      of the 31 states.
      The Bolangir district government ordered schools and colleges closed from
      Monday and set government office hours from 7 a.m. to 1 p.m. instead of 10
      a.m. to 5 p.m., to conserve energy and keep people from working or standing
      in line for service during the heat of the day.
      In the trading center of Titlagarh, all but one of the town's 58 wells
      have gone dry, said district information officer Subhas Nial.
      When a train carrying 150,000 liters of drinking water from Calcutta
      pulled into the station on Saturday, thousands of men, women and children
      mobbed it to carry away water in plastic pails and pitchers.
      The Bolangir district administrator, Chandra Sekhar Kumar, said the
      200,000 residents of Titlagarh were getting by with less than 1 million
      liters of water a day. Their normal requirement is 3.75 million liters.
      The 55 inmates at the town jail, left without water for two days in cells
      without fans, tried to scale the walls Friday to break free.
      They tossed their cooking pots, pans and plates over the jail wall into
      the street and shouted, "Give us water or kill us," said jail superintendent
      Tarini Charan Behera.
      The inmates need 6,000 liters of water a day for drinking, cooking and
      bathing, Behera said. Considering the area's water shortage, he had arranged
      on March 31 for a tanker of 1,000 liters of water to be brought each day.
      "We thought we could somehow manage, but even this tanker never showed up,"
      Behera said.
      Extra police came to quell the riot and water was given to the inmates,
      he said.


      3. Camels die of thirst in South Asia drought, few lessons learned... 04-30

      Associated Press Writer

      GYPSUM HALT, India (AP) - As India mourned the deaths of 10,000 people in
      a cyclone in the eastern state of Orissa last November, wells were drying up
      and crops withering in the arid west as drought spread into Pakistan and
      By the time India lifted its eyes from one disaster to deal with another,
      more than 80 million people were suffering from lack of water and hundreds
      of thousands of animals were dead or dying in what the sufferers call the
      worst drought in a century.
      Even once too-watery Orissa is one of the 11 Indian states where crops
      have failed and rotting livestock carcasses bake in heat that discourages
      even vultures.
      "When a camel dies from lack of water, it is a drought," said Khalid
      Mansour, a spokesman in Afghanistan for the World Food Program, which is
      working to prevent a mass exodus by distributing extra wheat, and
      encouraging villagers to dig deeper wells.
      The organization is feeding 400,000 people whose crops have failed on
      parched land in Afghanistan, and the Taliban rulers say they are sending
      daily loads of water by helicopter to remote villages of Helmand, Nimroz,
      Herat, Kandahar and Zabul provinces.
      To prevent mass starvation and disease, the Taliban have relocated
      250,000 nomads and villagers from drought-stricken western Afghanistan to
      Kandahar, where water is available, said a Taliban spokesman, Abdul Hai
      The exodus has already begun in Pakistan's southern Sindh province, where
      villagers who have trekked across the desert say those they left behind had
      nothing to eat but bark from withered, leafless trees.
      There has been no rain this year in Thar, 500 kilometers (310 miles) east
      of Karachi on the Arabian Sea, where Ghanish Lal says people are starving
      and women walk miles (kilometers) to find water.
      "Famine is followed by formidable sand storms and cyclonic whirlwinds
      that scorch every straw in the pastures and leave no option for us except to
      leave," Lal said.
      There are no official figures of the dead or the number who have migrated
      in Pakistan.
      In seven or eight weeks, Indian forecasters say the monsoon rains will
      come, although they will be weaker than last year, and as they move north,
      the crisis will ease, until next year.
      In the meantime, India's federal and state governments throw open their
      granaries where millions of tons of emergency stocks of grains lie for
      years, sometimes rotting. The grain has been loaded onto trains, trucks and
      ships and sent to the disaster areas, where it is sold at subsidized rates
      to the poor.
      "In a macro sense it is actually advantageous because it means cutting
      down the stocks of grains. The government gets its money back," said
      Yoginder Kumar Alagh, an agricultural economist and a former federal minister.
      "Supplies in the market are regular and the buffer stocks are
      sufficient," said Minister for Consumer Affairs Shanta Kumar, ruling out any
      plans to lower subsidies on imported grain and oil to make up for the crop
      losses. "We are in an excellent position to manage the drought."
      India has not suffered a famine since the British left in 1947. There
      have been no confirmed Indian deaths in the current drought.
      On Thursday, the Indian Railway Board ordered 350 wagons of water, food
      and animal fodder sent to Rajasthan and Gujarat, the worst hit areas, where
      even camels are dying of thirst and people are fighting over drops of water.
      A navy ship carrying 2 million liters of drinking water headed to
      Gujarat. While appealing for aid, the state government backtracked on its
      proposed order to close water parks after amusement park owners lobbied in
      the state capital to keep their businesses open.
      "The human effect is pretty large," said the economist Alagh, "but
      India's economy has the flexibility and the depth with which it has been
      able to manage during droughts."
      That could be part of the reason why governments take the short cut by
      disbursing aid and money when droughts strike, rather than funding long-term
      solutions to prevent disaster.
      "Yes, there is a drought, but there are going to be rains in seven weeks
      and all the efforts we make now are going to be washed away if those efforts
      are not permanent," said Satyajit Shah, a rural specialist at the U.N.
      Development Program in New Delhi.
      India has less water every year. More people - nearly 1 billion - consume
      it. In 1947, every Indian had access to 180,000 cubic feet of water
      annually. By 2001, about half that amount will be available for each person.
      Water tables are being depleted by growing industrial and agricultural
      use, plus a carpet of highways and buildings that keep rain from seeping
      underground. And the weather patterns are changing.
      In the Saurashtra region in Gujarat, where Asiatic lions are migrating
      from the famous Gir forest in search of water, experts say the underground
      water table is going down by three feet (a meter) per year. Every day,
      Rajasthan's Thar desert creeps closer to Saurashtra.
      The monsoon rain, a lottery that has for centuries determined the
      destinies of India's farmers, is set to fail this year after 12 good
      seasons. In some parts of the arid west, this has been the third year of
      lower-than-expected rainfall, enough to drive thousands of subsistence-level
      villagers into penury.
      Officials at the Center for Mathematical Modeling and Computer Simulation
      in the southern city of Bangalore, which gave accurate long-range
      predictions of four previous monsoons, have warned that the average rainfall
      would be 789 millimeters his year, against last year's average of 840
      Even this rain will fall erratically: Large parts of the country will be
      dry for nine months, then swamped during the monsoon.
      Meghalaya, the tiny northeastern state that is the wettest area in the
      world, will face drought-like conditions during the long hot months.
      In just 200 hours during June, July and August, India will receive 80
      percent of its annual rainffall, the experts said. Almost 80 percent of that
      will wash out to sea.
      Water became so scarce in western Rajasthan during the mid-1980s, that
      the federal government decided to use oil pipelines to pump water in. But
      the rain came before the plan could be implemented.
      Traditional water storage tanks, pits and wells fell into disuse when the
      government began building big dams and canals in the 1950s. Villagers got
      used to turning on the tap.


      4. Ethiopia drought: Red Cross delivers first relief shipment to worst-hit
      area... 05-01 12:29p

      ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) - The Red Cross said Monday it has for the
      first time managed to deliver emergency food to Gudis, one of the areas in
      southeastern Ethiopia worst-hit by prolonged drought and shortage of food.
      A statement from the International Committee of the Red Cross said the
      rate of malnutrition and the number of deaths was high in Gudis, about 200
      kilometers (124 miles) north of Gode, but it did not give figures.
      Gode lies 575 kilometers (356 miles) southeast of Addis Ababa in
      Ethiopia's Somali region, and the Red Cross has made it the hub of relief
      work in the region, using airplanes from Nairobi in neighboring Kenya.
      The ICRC statement said the relief food arrived in Gudis from Gode by
      road Friday.
      The ICRC has established a second air bridge from Nairobi to Dire Dawa in
      eastern Ethiopia to supply emergency food to the drought-stricken region.
      The ICRC said it plans to provide emergency food to 188,000 people in
      four districts until the end of June.
      The acute food shortage is, in part, due to three years of inadequate
      rainfall that has also affected Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda.
      Ethiopian authorities have appealed for 850,000 metric tons of food for
      8.1 million drought victims until the end of the year.
      Following the devastating famine of 1984-85, a strategic emergency food
      reserve was set up in Ethiopia. But because the reserve fund has been
      depleted and not replenished, it has reportedly drawn down to 50,000 metric
      tons. It is supposed to contain 355,000 metric tons.


      5. Moderate quake hits southern Taiwan... 04-30 3:04a

      TAIPEI, Taiwan (AP) - A moderate earthquake struck southern Taiwan on
      Sunday, seismologists said. No damage or injuries were immediately reported.
      The 4.5-magnitude quake was centered 28 kilometers (17.36 miles) north of
      the port city of Kaohsiung, the Central Weather Bureau said. Kaohsiung is
      about 190 kilometers (117.8 miles) south of the capital, Taipei.
      A 7.6-magnitude tremor hit central Taiwan on Sept. 21, 1999, killing more
      than 2,300 people. Since that big quake, more than 12,000 aftershocks and
      tremors have rattled the island.
      Located along the earthquake-prone Pacific Rim and crisscrossed by 51
      fault lines, scores of earthquakes hit Taiwan each year.


      6. Strong quake shakes northeast Peru, no victims or damage reported...
      04-30 0:58a

      LIMA, Peru (AP) - A strong tremor with a preliminary magnitude of 5.6
      degrees rocked a wide region in northeastern Peru, causing alarm but no
      victims or damage, the Peruvian Institute of Geophysics said.
      The tremor at 14:52 (19:52 GMT) Saturday had it epicenter in an
      unpopulated point near the town of Sapaposa, 560 kilometers (350 miles)
      northeast of here, the Innstitute's spokesperson, Anet Antayhua, told the
      Associated Press by telephone.
      "The tremor caused no victims or damage, although it caused alarm in
      Sapaposa, Yurimaguas and other towns in the area," Antayhua said.


      7. Cholera outbreak kills 43 people in 24 hours... 04-29 4:03p

      MOGADISHU, Somalia (AP) - A cholera outbreak, compounded by drought, has
      claimed 43 lives in 24 hours in regions of central Somalia, officials
      contacted by radio said Saturday.
      Hassan Abdulleh Qalad, the governor of Hiran region, said 25 people were
      reported dead in villages around the regional capital, regional
      headquarters, Belet Huen, about 150 kilometers (93 miles) north of Mogadishu.
      Another 18 deaths were reported in villages around Gelib in the Middle
      Juba region, about 350 kilometers (217 miles) south of Mogadishu, said
      Hassan Abbdiqani, a local leader.
      "We did not know it was cholera before today," Qalad said of the outbreak
      in Hiran. "Now some tents and huts have been set up as a temporary
      quarantine for the cholera patients in some places."
      He appealed to international relief agencies to send dehydration
      solutions and medicine.
      On April 24, officials in several regions suffering from severe drought
      and famine reported nearly 400 people had died of cholera in the previous
      two weeks.
      It is impossible to independently verify the figures because Somalia has
      had no central government since 1991 when dictator Mohamed Siad Barre was
      ousted by a coalition of clan leaders who later turned on each other.
      Intermittent fighting among rival clans and banditry make it very
      difficult, if not impossible, for international relief agencies to provide
      sufficient medicine and food cholera and hunger victims.
      The impact of cholera, which is spread by contaminated water, is being
      intensified by the same drought that has parched parts of neighboring
      Ethiopia, Kenya, Eritrea and Sudan.
      The U.N. World Food Program estimates 1.2 million Somalis are faced with
      severe food shortages.


      8. At least 20 Africans missing after boat sinks on way to Spain... 05-01

      TARIFA, Spain (AP) - At least twenty North Africans trying to immigrate
      to Spain were missing Monday after their small, overloaded boat sank in the
      Straits of Gibraltar.
      One body was recovered and another person rescued alive Sunday from the
      wooden vessel that sank two days ago, said a spokesman for Tarifa's Sea
      Rescue Service.
      Spanish coast guard boats and a helicopter continued on Monday the search
      near Tarifa looking for the missing immigrants. The survivor told police
      that at least 26 people, including two children, were on board when it left
      The number of people attempting to enter Spain clandestinely by sea
      appears to be on the rise. In the first four months of this year, Spanish
      authorities arrested and detained more than 1,500 North Africans trying to
      illegally enter Spain, most to escape poverty and unemployment in North Africa.


      ED- Happy May Day!

      9. Authorities urge calm ahead of anti-capitalism protests... 04-29 1:17p

      LONDON (AP) - British authorities on Saturday appealed for restraint
      ahead of anti-capitalist protest marches planned across the capital, but
      warned potential troublemakers that police would be prepared for any
      "Everybody has a right to demonstrate, nobody has a right violently to
      demonstrate or to attack people or property," Home Secretary Jack Straw said
      in an interview with the British Broadcasting Corp.
      "We hope very much that it will be peaceful but if it is violent, then
      the police will be prepared."
      Protesters held small rallies and debates on issues such as racism and
      economics across London on Friday and Saturday, and no incidents were
      reported. Hundreds of cyclists rode across the city late Friday to protest
      congestion and pollution.
      British police fear there could be a repeat of last year's riots in
      London when thousands of people, as expected, descend on Parliament Square
      on Monday to coincide with May Day.
      But protesters want to take the spotlight off fears of violence.
      "Despite all the accusations from the police, this is not about
      violence," said one of the organizers, Andy Yates. "It is about people dying
      in the Third World and old age pensioners who die of hypothermia in this
      country. It's about making a better world."
      "There is a rising tide of people questioning capitalism and looking for
      an alternative," Yates added.


      ED- We reap what we - or rather the CIA - sow.

      10. Clinton administration defends classifying AIDS as threat... 05-01 9:47p

      WASHINGTON (AP) - Clinton administration officials Sunday defended their
      decision to classify AIDS as a threat to national security - a designation
      aimed at garnering more attention and funding toward combating the disease
      Sandy Thurman, director of the White House Office of National AIDS
      Policy, said AIDS has become such an epidemic that, in years to come, it
      threatens to destabilize nations and the economies of whole continents.
      "We have to respond to this because we've never seen a crisis like HIV
      and AIDS globally," Thurman said. "We're beginning to understand that this
      epidemic, not only has health implications, but has implications as a
      fundamental development issue, an economic issue and a stability and
      security issue."
      Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott, in an appearance earlier in the day,
      said he does not believe AIDS is a national security threat.
      "I guess this is just the president trying to make an appeal to, you
      know, certain groups," Lott told "Fox News Sunday." "I don't view that as a
      national security threat, not to our national security interests, no."
      Thurman countered that a report earlier this year from the National
      Intelligence Council indicates that the disease is "sweeping the globe,"
      posing a crisis in Africa today and threatening India and newly independent
      nations of the former Soviet Union in the future.
      "With the logistical expertise that the national security community
      brings, with the diplomatic expertise that is necessary to sort of pave the
      road for leaders around the world to respond to this epidemic, this gives us
      a whole new ability to respond to AIDS like we would respond to any other
      international threat," Thurman said.
      The White House, in raising the status of AIDS, has creating an
      interagency working group. The Clinton administration has designated about
      dlrs 325 million to fighting the disease worldwide this year, most of it
      going to Africa, and the president wants an additional dlrs 100 million for
      fiscal 2001, Thurman said.
      She said a large focus of the effort would be on finding a vaccine.


      11. Physicists weigh in with new figure for Earth's mass... 04-30 11:36p

      AP Science Writer

      LONG BEACH, California (AP) - Using a new, precise measurement of the
      force of gravity, physicists have recalculated the mass of the Earth and
      determined the planet is a bit lighter than previously thought.
      The new estimate is that the third rock from the sun has a mass of 5.972
      sextillion metric tons, or 5,972 followed by 18 zeros. Textbooks currently
      list the mass at 5.978 sextillion metric tons.
      "We think we know the weight of the Earth better than anyone else
      before," Jens Gundlach, a physicist at the University of Washington,
      Seattle, said Saturday at a meeting of the American Physical Society.
      The new measurement stems from a recalculation of the force of gravity, a
      constant represented by the big letter "G." It is one of three fundamental
      numbers that physicists believe are consistent across the universe. But in
      recent years, different measurements of G have produced wildly different
      results, raising the level of uncertainty.
      "That is a huge embarrassment for modern physics, where we think we know
      everything so well and other constants are defined to many, many digits,"
      Gundlach said.
      To arrive at the new constant, the Washington physicists refined an
      experiment first developed in the 18th century. A device called a torsion
      balance recorded the effects of the gravity of four stainless steel balls on
      a gold-coated plate.
      If the new value is accepted, it would reduce the uncertainty of G by a
      factor of 100. But the University of Washington researchers warned their
      findings are preliminary and subject to change.
      The international Committee on Data for Science and Technology will not
      make any changes to the official value until the results are reviewed and
      the other experiments are finished, said Peter Mohr of the National
      Institute of Standards and Technology.


      12. Engineers rock woodframe home in seismic test... 04-29 12:46p

      AP Science Writer

      SAN DIEGO (AP)- The two-story home twisted and creaked, books fell from a
      shelf, light fixtures swayed and a flower pot crashed to the ground as a
      major earthquake rocked a university laboratory.
      The 25-second jolt, a simulation of the Northridge quake that hit Los
      Angeles in 1994, was limited to the large platform on which the house was
      built. Like most homes during the real quake, it did not collapse.
      Engineers will use measurements from Friday's shake test - the first of a
      woodframe house in the United States - to better understand how ground
      motion affects all such buildings, which make up 99 percent of all
      California homes.
      "It should be of interest to anyone living and working in a woodframe
      structure," said Dallas Jones, director of the state Office of Emergency
      The 300 sensors inside the house make measurements that will help
      engineers update building codes, construction practices and methods of
      making homes seismically sound.
      "This is a test that is going to be important for all societies that live
      in earthquake-prone zones," said Robert Conn, dean of the Jacobs School of
      Engineering at the University of California, San Diego.
      The 56 sq. meter (600-sq. foot) house built inside a mammoth UCSD
      laboratory was adorned with such niceties as a red tile roof and flower pots
      hanging from upper-story windows, but it would never be mistaken for the
      real thing.
      Its exterior walls are unfinished plywood crisscrossed with tubular
      sensors. The interior is a web of wooden beams. An orange net is wrapped
      around the roof to keep any flinging tiles from hitting bystanders.
      After four blasts of a warning horn, the shake table started moving at
      10:30 a.m. Within seconds, one of the two rectangular clay pots fell from an
      upper-story window, crashing to the ground.
      A second-floor chandelier continued to sway for minutes after the quaking
      stopped. But only minor structural damage was visible inside the building. A
      few beams appeared to be loosened from their nails.
      For tests over the next six weeks, engineers will make the structure more
      realistic, including drywall and stucco. They'll also remove some of the
      safety features like metal straps between floors.
      "The computer program predicts that the house might collapse," said John
      Hall, a civil engineer at the California Institute of Technology and manager
      of the Woodframe Project. "We're looking at the upper limits of what these
      houses can take."
      Woodframe houses are generally considered safe, especially compared to
      the monolithic concrete buildings that killed thousands of people last year
      in quakes in Turkey and Taiwan.
      But woodframe construction isn't perfect and is sometimes unpredictable,
      as demonstrated by the magnitude-6.7 Northridge earthquake on Jan. 17, 1994.
      Of the dlrs 40 billion in property losses, roughly half involved woodframe
      Though woodframe construction is used in nearly all California homes, it
      has not been thoroughly studied. Instead, researchers have focused on
      individual components of the structures, such as connections and walls.
      After the 1994 quake, the Federal Emergency Management Agency provided
      dlrs 5.2 million of the total dlrs 6.8 million budget for the Woodframe
      Project, which is operated by the California Universities for Research in
      Earthquake Engineering consortium.
      Friday's test was one component of the program, which involves 19 areas
      of research covering testing, analysis, building codes, economic
      implications and education.
      The home tested Friday was built on a 4.8-ton platform, one of several at
      UCSD where state officials also test freeway and bridge designs. A computer
      recreated Northridge ground motions, as they were recorded by instruments in
      Canoga Park about 16 kilometers (10 miles) from the epicenter.
      Though the house is similar to real homes, researchers are interested in
      finding the money to perform tests on the real thing.
      "It is on the affordable side as far as houses go," Hall said. "Where's
      the garage, the picture window, the sunken living room and the three or four
      bedrooms? We will eventually need to look at the larger scale and complexity
      we find in larger houses."
      On the Net:
      California Universities for Research in Earthquake Engineering:
      State Office of Emergency Services: http://www.oes.ca.gov/


      13. World Watch

      Countries that have suffered a major natural disaster in 2000:
      France; Philippines; Australia; Mozambique; Zimbabwe; Kenya; Madagascar;
      Mongolia; Argentina; Ethiopia; Bolivia; Iraq; Eritrea; Somalia; Japan;
      Afghanistan; Romania; Djibouti; Rwanda; Burundi; Tanzania; Hungary; Mexico;
      India; Pakistan; Iran; Sudan.

      Countries reported to be under threat of food shortages in 2000:
      North Korea; Mozambique; Peru; Ethiopia; Madagascar; Somalia; Kenya;
      Bolivia; Iraq; Eritrea; Mongolia; Sudan; Uganda; Djibouti; Rwanda; Burundi;
      Tanzania; Afghanistan; India.

      Grain-producing countries planning to import grain in 2000:
      Russia; Ukraine; China; Iraq.


      14. Latest Quakes

      yy/mm/dd hh:mm:ss deg. deg. km
      00/05/01 11:10:17 50.89N 129.83W 10.0 4.2Mb A VANCOUVER ISL, CANADA REGION
      00/05/01 07:25:07 17.96S 179.85W 600.0 4.5Mb B FIJI ISLANDS REGION
      00/04/30 21:08:39 3.97S 146.58E 33.0 5.6Ms B BISMARCK SEA
      00/04/30 12:39:49 40.36N 143.62E 33.0 5.1Mb A OFF E COAST OF HONSHU, JAPAN
      00/04/30 10:54:04 50.99N 130.24W 10.0 4.5Mb A VANCOUVER ISL, CANADA REGION
      00/04/30 10:13:02 51.08N 130.31W 10.0 5.2Ms A QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
      00/04/30 10:12:12 51.01N 130.22W 10.0 4.0Mb A QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
      00/04/30 08:29:27 51.04N 130.30W 10.0 5.0Mb A QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDS REGION
      00/04/30 05:31:25 26.95S 65.93W 33.0 5.2Mb A TUCUMAN PROVINCE, ARGENTINA
      00/04/29 19:52:20 6.42S 76.92W 124.7 5.6Mb A NORTHERN PERU
      00/04/29 15:20:06 1.20S 15.90W 10.0 5.2Mb A NORTH OF ASCENSION ISLAND
      00/04/29 15:17:09 1.34S 15.87W 10.0 5.2Mb B NORTH OF ASCENSION ISLAND
      00/04/29 15:01:39 1.12S 15.97W 10.0 5.0Mb B NORTH OF ASCENSION ISLAND
      00/04/29 04:56:51 21.01S 67.38W 177.7 4.5Mb B CHILE-BOLIVIA BORDER REGION
      00/04/29 03:54:43 32.86N 112.18E 10.0 4.3Mb C SOUTHEASTERN CHINA
      00/04/29 03:34:53 37.70N 77.50W 5.0 2.5Lg VIRGINIA
      00/04/28 23:36:26 37.69N 88.46W 5.0 2.9Lg A SOUTHERN ILLINOIS
      00/04/28 17:40:58 37.89N 19.38E 10.0 4.4Ml B IONIAN SEA
      00/04/28 16:32:58 12.81N 142.53E 33.0 4.5Mb B SOUTH OF MARIANA ISLANDS
      00/04/28 13:52:56 51.53N 173.90W 33.0 4.7Mb A ANDREANOF ISL, ALEUTIAN IS.
      00/04/28 12:54:19 36.30N 70.52E 192.8 4.5Mb B HINDU KUSH REGION, AFGHANISTAN
      00/04/28 07:21:56 6.27S 129.68E 197.7 4.8Mb B BANDA SEA
      00/04/28 00:17:17 31.40N 78.15E 33.0 4.7Mb B W XIZANG-INDIA BORDER REG.



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