Re: [tips_and_tricks] Nation defined - not the same as 'government'
- The Declaration of Independence declared the existence of one people and their separation from another people. It is and is not the foundation for our laws. It is the foundation because all men being created equal is the foundation of our laws in which there is no King. That all men are created equal is the organic law of this people. The Declaration of Independence is not the complete foundation of our laws because all persons are not equal in the common law of England in which the Declaration was declared and published and which defines the terms of the Constitution and which is adopted by the States. The one people who declared independence formed a Government and constituted it. A great civil war was fought and black people were freed from slavery and the Constitution was amended. Now, the law is that all residents are equal and the Government no longer recognizes the people but only persons. 5God is no respecter of any men whomsoever, free or bond, ‘for there is no respect
 of persons with God,’6 for as to Him, ‘he that is greatest, let him be as the smallest;
 and he that is chief as he that doth serve.’7 But with men, in truth, there is a
 difference between persons, for there are some of great eminence [who] are placed
 above others and rule over them: in spiritual matters which belong to the priesthood,
 the lord pope, and under him archbishops, bishops and other less exalted
 prelates; in temporal matters which pertain to the kingdom, emperors, kings and
 princes,8 and under them dukes, earls and barons, magnates or vavasours and
 knights, also freemen and bondsmen. Various powerful persons are established
 under the king, namely, earls, who take the name ‘comites’ from ‘comitatus’,9
 or from ‘societas,’ a partnership,10 [who may also be called consuls from
 counseling,] for kings associate such persons with themselves in governing the
 people of God, investing them with great honour, power and name when they
 gird them with swords, [that is, with sword belts. Bracton: De Legibus Et Consuetudinibus Angliæ (Bracton on the Laws and Customs of England attributed to Henry of Bratton, c. 1210-1268)Now, all these titles of nobility have passed away, but has the fact that Various powerful persons (such as mayors of cities, commissioners, agency heads, judges, attorneys-at-law, corporations) are established under the sovereignty of the State and by the sovereign power of the nation State passed away ? Is it true that municipal corporations are persons with potestas over residents dwelling in the jurisdiction of the municipal corporation ? Is it true that black persons and veteran persons have rights of preference which white persons have not ?Person in the 4th amendment means the body, soul, and spirit of man. Free Person in Article I means likewise.This proposition may almost be pronounced self-evident. The sovereignty of a state extends to everything which exists by its own authority, or is introduced by its permission. [McCulloch v. Maryland]By defining persons through legislation under the 14th amendment as a term of legal art and by authorizing the existence of persons certified as born under the authority of the State, Government has thereby departed from the meaning of person established by the people in their Constitution and this departure from original meaning has enabled Government to create a law in which neither all men nor all persons are created equal and to depart altogether from the organic law of the people and from accountability to the people.