RE: [tips_and_tricks] rules of ecidence (evidence too)
- Isn't it great how reading the law can make stuff so plain, even though
parties still go to court over issues obvious to higher courts? The
below is why I like to get certified copies of the oaths of office on
file here locally. I get certified copies of whatever's on file, and
surprise! surprise! - there's nothing on file matching what the law
requires! Nobody can come in with any argument claiming that ANYTHING
ELSE is sufficient, because I won't allow or permit it! People permit
all kinds of nonsense, but I don't think it's a good idea. Either this
game is for real or it's not. Hahahhaha! It's really not!
P.S. Bear, I didn't trim this post because of the high value of reading
actual codes again, and again, until the obvious sinks in. So many
questions are asked without the questioner reading the pertinent laws
printed for free on the internet. Search engines are so good today too.
> -----Original Message-----ARTICLE IX. AUTHENTICATION AND IDENTIFICATION Rule 901.
> From: email@example.com
> [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] On Behalf Of mobinem@...
Requirement of Authentication or Identification
(a) General provision.
The requirement of authentication or identification as a condition
precedent to admissibility is satisfied by evidence sufficient to support a
finding that the matter in question is what its proponent claims.
(7) Public records or reports. Evidence that a writing authorized by law
to be recorded or filed and in fact recorded or filed in a public office,
or a purported public record, report, statement, or data compilation,
in any form, is from the public office where items of this nature are
(8) Ancient documents or data compilation. Evidence that a
document or data compilation, in any form, (A) is in such condition
as to create no suspicion concerning its authenticity, (B) was in a
place where it, if authentic, would likely be, and (C) has been in
existence 20 years or more at the time it is offered.
Self-authentication extrinsic evidence of authenticity as a condition
precedent to admissibility is not required with respect to the
(1) Domestic public documents under seal. A document bearing a seal
purporting to be that of the United States, or of any State, district,
Commonwealth, territory, or insular possession thereof, or the
Panama Canal Zone, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, or
of a political subdivision, department, officer, or agency thereof, and
a signature purporting to be an attestation or execution.
(4) Certified copies of public records. A copy of an official record or
report or entry therein, or of a document authorized by law to be
recorded or filed and actually recorded or filed in a public office,
including data compilations in any form, certified as correct by the
custodian or other person authorized to make the certification, by
certificate complying with paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of this rule or
complying with any Act of Congress or rule prescribed by the
Supreme Court pursuant to statutory authority
(8) Acknowledged documents. Documents accompanied by a certificate
of acknowledgment executed in the manner provided by law by a
notary public or other officer authorized by law to take