jagiven1370 wrote: Is metaphysics based upon "self-evident principles"? This sounds altogether Cartesian and essentialist, but not especially Thomist. As Ijamesmiguez
jagiven1370 wrote: Could you provide a basis in Aquinas' writings for the claims you make here? As a professional scientist and amatur metaphysician, I findjamesmiguez
Dear James, You write: Metaphysics on the other hand is not empirical science. Its knowledge is first based on self-evident principles andjagiven1370
Thomism gets its inspiration and direction from the life and works of St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274). Any discussion would or could include a study of the actual texts of Aquinas and as well an attempt to discern the intention of the author.
Thomism is open to development, as long as its basic principles are not violated, especially in view of the teachings of the Second Vatican Council.
As a school of thought, thomism developed an interesting history of its own in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. The Dominican Cajetan instigated the thought of Thomas Aquinas once again in the 16th century from which a rich heritage of renaissance thomism grew.
At the center of this thomistic movement in Europe was the University of Salamanca in Spain. Names such as Francisco de Vitoria, the founder of this school, along with Cano, de Soto, Banez, Saurez, and John of St. Thomas.
The Leonine renewal of thomistic thought in the 19th century in the 20th took off with various thomisms such as transcendental thomism of Marechal, Rahner and Lonergan; the neo-scholastic existentialism of Maritain; the Christian philosophy of Gilson; the natural philosophy school of River Forest: including Weisheipl and Ashley; the common sense tradition of R. Garrigou-Lagrange; and others.
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