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RE: [bn-study] Cycles and Evolution L K

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  • dalval14@earthlink.net
    Nov 14 2002 Dear Friends: The enclosed gives a general survey of persons, societies etc... on which Theosophy has had an impact or which served as the vehicles
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 14, 2002
      Nov 14 2002

      Dear Friends:

      The enclosed gives a general survey of persons, societies etc... on
      which Theosophy has had an impact or which served as the vehicles for
      Theosophical thought in the past. If one looks closely the cycles of
      thought can be traced.

      It is incomplete and is being modified or added constantly

      If you have any suggestions

      Thanks,

      Dallas

      -----------------------------------------------------


      From: dalval14@...
      Sent: Thursday, November 14, 2002 4:20 AM
      To: blavatsky.net Study
      Subject: FW: [bn-study] Cycles and Evolution L K


      A THEOSOPHICAL VIEW OF CHRONOLOGY
      __________


      Note

      This is an attempt to place events and personages within various
      accepted and Theosophical time-frames. It is hoped that it will help
      in observing evidence of the Wise Men and Sage Adepts of the past at
      work.

      It will help the compilers if you would contribute any corrections or
      additions to this growing project, as a result of your own study and
      use of this list.

      Most time references are based on the periods that HPB has given us
      in either Isis or The S.D., or in her articles. This is under active
      completion and verification, hence, you will be asked to
      excuse some errors that will be found, and invited to draw the
      attention of the compilers to corrective facts.

      Verifying dates have occasionally been secured from Encyclopedia
      Britannica and other sources, and those have been added to those
      secured from Theosophical sources. If uncertain : c / ? .

      _______________________________

      Abbreviations used:

      IS = Isis Unveiled Glos = Theosophical
      Glossary
      SD = The Secret Doctrine T = Theosophy
      Magazine (LA)
      Key = Key to Theosophy Theos't = Theosophist
      (Adyar)
      Lucif= Lucifer Magazine Path = The Path
      (New York)
      ML = Mahatma Letters T M = Theos.
      Movement (Bombay)
      Ocean= Ocean of Theosophy HPB Art = Collected HPB Articles
      CWB = Collected Works HPB WQJ Art = Collected WQJ Articles


      ===========================================================

      A THEOSOPHICAL VIEW OF CHRONOLOGY

      Introduction


      The sub-title given to this survey indicates the attention that H. P.
      Blavatsky paid to the historical, factual aspect, of the records of
      the Adepts. ( SD I 272 )

      One of the factors faced in the effort to redirect a vision of the
      scope of time past is the tendency, inherited from theological views
      in the West, which tend to foreshorten history and dwarf the periods
      of evolution that are a part of the lore of ancient nations especially
      in the East, in their estimates or records concerning pre-historical
      eras and epochs, and events which they recorded.

      This present list considers time periods given in records preserved by
      the Great Lodge of Adepts, from which HPB gives fragments of data
      relating to vast achievements in the Past--and records or reports of
      its arts, sciences, technologies, buildings, chronologies, astronomy,
      and a thousand other indications, which tend to show that we are, in
      our present whirl of research, retracing the patterns of that past,
      and adding to the testimony that increasingly validates it.

      Students of Theosophy take into account certain foundational concepts,
      such as :--

      1. Reincarnation: that we are essentially in our spiritual,
      natures,
      immortals, and have lived many lives on this Earth;. We were present
      in the ancient civilizations.

      2. that Karma, the law of justice and of fairness to all
      beings (from
      the atom to Galaxy) is The Law for every aspect of the Universe; and
      that it consists of an harmonic balance at all points; so that all
      present circumstances can be traced to choices made earlier;

      3. the ideal of Human Brotherhood is not a myth but a solid
      fact
      based on the common immortality of the Spiritual Person presiding in
      each of us, and, as science and psychology demonstrate daily that we
      share in each other, as in all aspects of Nature; and finally,

      4. There is an actual, a Universal All--an Encompassing Unity
      (or
      Causation), which forms the living and sensitive base for all
      evolution and all individual consciousness.

      A factor that serves to make the Universe, evolution, and man's
      independence valuable, is the fact that it is, in reality, a vast
      school. Every being (from the imponderable atom to the utmost reaches
      of Space, is an entity, an immortal and conscious "something" (perhaps
      a "pupil" of more or less advancement in the vast scheme. It is an
      index of the intelligence that is innate in every life-atom that makes
      cooperation with every other being possible, e.g., we could consider
      cellular cooperation in our body, where some 100 trillion cells (made
      up of an incredible amount of atoms and molecules) coordinate to give
      us a physical basis of life and consciousness.

      The objects of the Theosophical Movement are:--

      1. To form the nucleus of a Universal Brotherhood of Humanity
      without distinction of race, creed, sex, caste or color;

      2. The study of ancient and modern religions, philosophies and
      sciences and the demonstration of the importance of such
      study; and

      3. The investigation of the unexplained laws of Nature and the
      psychical powers latent in man.
      ___________________________________


      C H R O N O L O G Y

      ==================================================
      Year Groups or Tribes Notes and References
      From To or Individuals
      ==================================================

      Universal and World Periods SD II 69-70 OCEAN 125
      _____________________________


      311,040,000 000 000 years = Maha Kalpa, or Life of Brahma
      (100 of Brahma's years)
      [311 trillion, 40 billion] SD II
      70

      3,110,400,000,000 years = 1 Year of Brahma SD II 70
      [ 3 trillion, 110 billion ]

      8,640,000,000 years = 1 Day + 1 Night of Brahma

      4,320,000,000 years = 1 Kalpa = l Day of Brahma or
      1,000 Maha-Yugas SD II 69
      or 14 Manus SD II 59-60
      [ see The Theosophist, Nov., 1885, p. 115-6; ]


      1 Day of Brahma = 4,294,080,000 years = 994 Maha-Yugas or
      14 Manus

      add 25,920,000 years = 1 Sandhi (twilight) SD II
      308fn
      _____________________
      4,320,000,000 years = 1 Kalpa or 1 Day of Brahma
      (4 billion, 320 million) SD II 69-70

      1 Manvantara = 306,720,000 years = 71 Maha Yugas
      of 4,320,000 years

      add 1,728,000 years = 1 Sandhi
      SD
      II 69
      ____________________
      308,448,000 years = 1 Manvantara SD II
      69

      -----------------------------------------------------------

      4 Yugas [ The 4 "Ages" ] .[Hindu Astronomy] SD II 69
      ML p. 121, IS
      I 32

      1,728,000 years = Krita (or Satya, or Golden Age-Yuga)

      1,296,000 years = Treta (or Silver Age--Yuga )

      864,000 years = Dwapara ( or Bronze Age--Yuga )

      432,000 years - Kali ( or Black, Iron Age--Yuga )
      __________________
      4,320,000 years = 1 Maha Yuga - or 1/1000th of Brahma's day
      SD II 69; HPB III 422; Lucif XIII, 183-4

      ==============================

      Chaldean Cycles . . . . . IS I 30 fn

      [ Berosus, Priest of the temple of Belus, Babylon ]

      3,600 years = 1 Sar (or Saros )
      IS I 21, 30, 34, 533 II 467, Path X 301

      600 years = 1 Neros

      60 years = 1 Sossus

      Berosus, Temple of Belus, Babylon IS I 30 fn
      SD II 38 331 432 566;
      SD I 114 314 389 435 649 655fn
      Glos. 108 291 (Sar) 225 258

      Solar or Heliacal Year 25,868 years SD I 314; Ocean 121
      ( 1 Sub-race )


      Metonic Moon Cycle 6,586 days = cycle of eclipses ( or revolution
      = 18 yrs.11 1/2 day - the moon's node
      [a cycle of 6,585 days (18.041 years)

      Grand Cycles
      Orpheus: 120,000 years IS I 294 fn
      Cassandrus 136,000 years IS I 294 fn


      ======================================


      Our Earth

      1,955,884,687 years (in 1887) from the beginning of
      "cosmic evolution" SD II
      68
      - 300,000,000 Years as a Sandhi (twilight)
      ______________
      1,664,884,687 years (in 1887) from the first
      appearance of "Humanity" (on this planetary
      chain) as a physical form SD II 68


      ======================================


      B. C.

      LODGE OF ADEPTS Is II 98-103 S D I 272-3

      18,618,727 Lighting up of Manas [ mind ] (as in 1887)
      SD I 150fn; SD II 69 254-5

      4,000,000 c. Engulfing of Lemuria (e.g.:--Easter Island)
      SD I 439
      [4th Round, 4th Globe, 3rd "Race"]


      Easter Island - SD I 322 439 II 224 317

      Atlantis [ Titans / Kabiri / Cyclops ]
      [4th Round, 4th Globe, 4th "Race"]

      1,050,000 Beginning of the 5th "Race" SD II 141144 435

      Vedas SD I 269-71 II 483-4 450 606 616
      T M 5-67 Glos 361 IS I 444 THY 2-468
      Theos't I-247 COL I TOP. WQJ ART II 82-3 Theos't
      9-428

      Vedanta SD I 7 50-1 269 451 Glos 361 253

      (Uttara Mimansa - Vyasa)
      Theos't I-201 287 9-411; Lucif 6-119

      Advaita (non-dualistic) SD I 8 55 522 II 637 GLOS 7
      (Shankaracharya - founder) ML 53-4
      Theos't 10-7; Glos 307
      Dwaita (dualistic)

      Manu Smriti (Code of Manu from Krita Yuga) IS I 585-6


      1,000,000 Aryan Race began SD II 395 Theosophy V. 45, p. 219

      Brahmin invasion of Northern India Is II 156fn 169 158
      Is II 323 192 SD I 209
      II 565 Glos 222

      Persians, Turanians, Goths, Slavs Is. I 569-576 II 426-433



      c. 1,000,000 - 500,000 B C


      998,100 Cataclysms: Atlantis begins sinking SD II 141
      Is I 557 593 SD II 10 144 Glos 42-3

      869,000 Dwapara Yuga Commencement (since 1888) SD II 147
      ( Kali-Yuga began 3,102 BC )

      850,000 Since submergence of last large peninsula of
      the Great Atlantis SD II
      10

      850,000 Glacial Period est. by Stockwell & Croll SD II 141 144

      800,000 Angkor Wat built (2nd most Occult Edifice) Glos 223
      Is I 239 561-8 271-2


      500,000 - 250,000 B C


      470,000 Babylon's astronomical observations said to go back to
      this period
      Nebo or Birs Nimrud, BCW 13-274 Isis I 533

      450,000 Epoch of Ramayana (Brahmin estimate) C & J p. 73
      Theos't Vol. 10-35 SD II 496 IS II 278 Glos
      275

      400,000 Egypt was settled by the Atlanteans and the Eastern
      AEtheopeans SD II 750


      250,000 - 100,000 B C


      250,000 + Last Glaciation of Europe Isis I 3

      Pyramids were 3 times submerged SD I 313 424
      617
      S D II 462-6 575 435 749-50 351-3 351-2 93 276fn
      429 462; GL 223 300; IS I 154 239 296-7 517-21
      THEOSOPHY Vol. 67-p.54


      Sphinx (Harmachus) SD II 124 618 Glos 135-6 Is I 573

      200,000 Chaldean Astronomical Observations extended back at the
      time of Alexander's invasion Berosus SD I xxvi

      200,000 Stockwell & Croll of last Glaciation SD II 141-4



      100,000 - 30,000 B C



      78,000 + Denderah Zodiac [Egyptians brought from Lanka - Menes ]
      SD II 374fn 431-6 456 577 580; IS I 440-1

      49,186 Egyptian Records go back to ( Diogenes Laertius )
      by 8,863 yrs. in 323 BC IS I 33

      34,300 Sumerian Tablet gives 32,234 yrs between Deluge
      and last king of Isin c.200 BC Thy
      16, p.195


      30,000 - 10,000 B C


      29,217 Alpha Polaris (Dhruva) (as Pole Star) (in 1888)
      31,105 yrs ago Glos. 17

      15,194 Zodiac Originated 1st degree of Aries ( Ram )

      15,086 Vernal Equinox and 1st degree of Libra coincided
      ( 16,984 yrs ago in 1888 ) S D I 658

      12,300 Vyasa - Uttara Mimansa and Vedanta taught Isis II 621
      "Bhadarayana" SD I 50 269 451 Glos 361

      11,100 Vega (Alpha Lyrae was Pole Star Thy 17- p. 18



      10,000 - 6,000 B C


      9,566 Deluge of Deucalion. Last Island of Atlantis ML p. 155
      submerged. Last war between the 5 YRS OF THY 99fn
      "Sons of God" of the "White Island" and SD II 406
      444fn
      the last Atlantean sorcerers ISIS I 589-594

      9,500 Atlantis - Last Island sank Timaeus"- Plato as narrated
      by Priests of Sais to Solon TM 46-469

      8,000 Hindu Initiates had same Secret Philosophy then
      as now (estimate) SD II 406 IS II 535

      8,000 Tchandalas begin to emigrate from India to Chaldea
      SD II 200 Glos 323 165 IS I 135 551-2 578
      Isis II 438-9 SD I 313fn

      7,975 End of the last Sidereal Year Ocean 129 SD I 649-50
      (9,868 yrs. before 1893) SD II 314 331 432 470

      6,500 c Zarathustra (6,000 yrs. before Plato c 400 BC) Gl 384-5
      IS I 19 II 141 SD I 464 II 323 Theos't I-135
      Thy 14-97
      [Zoroaster was a Title - 24 Zoroasters. The last
      Zoroaster
      (Guru-astera or Star Guru) was a contemporary
      of Gautama Buddha. c. 600 BC ]



      6,000 - 4,000 B C


      6,000/5,000 Trojan War nearer 6,000 than 5,000 BC S D II 37fn
      Thy 27-103 IS I 520 598 Glos 96 (Dardanus)
      SD II 101 236 440

      5,100 Neith (1st Dynasty) Egypt Lucif 2-465 SD I 399
      Glos 77 227 234

      4,100 c Manu-Vina (Menes) to Masra (Cairo) IS I 627 516
      SD II 335 374 431-2 436 746; Thy 15, 317



      4,000 - 3,000 B C


      3750 Sargon I reigned (Prof. A.H.Sayce) SD II 691

      3,700 Local Deluge in Middle East S D II 691

      3,200 c Date assigned to last Veda Vyasa by
      the Brahmins. [Vyasa is a title.] Glos 362

      3,080 c Arjuna to Patala ( marries Ulupi ) SD II 214fn
      [ Orphean Mysteries ] Glos 29
      ("Patala" = Mexico ) Thy 15, 546 IS II 561fn

      3,100 c Orpheus identified with Arjuna Thy 27, 148 Glos 242
      (On travel to Patala, stops in Greece)
      HPB ART III 138 IS I 532 II 129 550
      SD I 207 267fn 529 784 Lucif 16-273
      Theos't 5-20 Col 2 Bot,

      "Mysteries of Orpheus" established in Greece


      3,102 KRISHNA'S DEATH (18 Feb. 3,102 BC) Glos 170 387
      [ midnight 17/18 ] Thy. I-p. 374; IV-p.
      37

      3,102 Kali Yuga began Feb. 16, AM: 2 Hrs, 27 Min, 30 Sec.
      [only precise time given in S D]
      SD I 662 SD II 147 fn

      3,102 Hindu Zodiac Begins at sunrise Feb 18th SD I 662
      ( origin of present Hindu era: "Vikram Samvat"
      and Zodiac, Tiravalour, So.India )

      3,100 c Vikramaditya rules at Ujjain ("Vikram Samvat") SD I 662
      [ begins at Sunrise, February 18th 3,102 B C ]

      3,100 c Fu - H'si ( Krishna of China ) Thy 14- 308

      Po - H'si ( 1st Ruler of China) Thy
      14- 1

      3,100 c. Dwaraka (Gujerat, Kathiawar) submerged.
      End of Yadus, Krishna' race Glos 374



      3,000 - 2,000 B C


      3,000 c Gilgamesh epic "Flood" of Jewish Bible Thy 16, 307

      2,875 c Akkadians (Semites) overrun Sumer Sargon IS I 576-78

      2,800 c Yi-King (Chinese Kabala in dialect of Akkadians)
      Thy 25-444

      2,700 Hwang-Ti 3rd ruler after Po-H'si Thy 15-19 Thy 14-310

      Babylon & Assyria Glos 47 37 IS I 567 ML 152
      THY 16-194 307

      2,253 Chaldean Astronomical Observations for past 1903 years
      Calliosthenes to Aristotle (c 350 BC) IS I 21

      Kasidim Glos 75 81 39 196 IS I xxviii 534 459 567
      HPB Art III 134 ML 152 CWB 5-13 326-8 SD II 620

      2,200 c Shu-King and Shi-King (China) Thy 14-310 IS I 11

      Hammurabi (Code) Babylon Thy 16-196

      2,000 c Sumeria old texts with interlinear Semitic Thy 16-194
      translations Thy 21-414



      2,000 - 1,000 B C


      1,925 c Hittites capture Babylon IS I 567-8

      1,850 c Chung-Ki (China ) Thy 14-34

      1,700 c Knossos (Crete) at its height ISIS I 264 545
      [ c 3,000 BC - 1,400 BC ]

      1,628 Thera (Santorini) Volcano Erupts (Tree Ring Dating)
      [ L A Times, Aug 29 1996 ]
      [ End of Minoan Civilization, and tidal waves
      overwhelm coasts of Eastern Mediterranean.]

      1,600 c Achaeans to Crete destruction of Knossos dynasty
      Thera-Santorini volcano explodes

      1,600 c Hyksos ( Semites ) overran Egypt IS I 569-70

      1,500 c Arameans over-ran Mesopotamia IS I 579

      Phoenicians ( Semites ) IS I 569 567 572 545

      1,573 Moses born SD II 539 691 MOD PAN 45 HPB III 244
      IS I 3 555 SD I 320fn 385
      IS II 428 456 65 691 129 I 25

      1,447 Aries in its 15th degree SD II 436 fn SD I 658

      1,350 c Tutankhamen XVIII Dynasty (son-in-law of Ikhnaton)
      Aton replaced Amon-Ra -- Thebes-capital of
      Egypt

      1,225 c Rameses II ( restored Karnak & many monuments )

      Greeks: Aeolians Ionians Dorians Achaeans

      Scythians from central Asia begin invading Russia
      Khazaks (in 8th Cent. identified with Jews )

      1,250 Sanchoniathon compiled religious writings SD II 440fn
      IS I 234 341-2 577-8 II 260 275
      SD II 129 440 Glos 289




      1,000 - 900 B C


      1,000 c Aztecs to Central America S D II 445 Thy 16, 70-1

      974-937 Solomon IS I 135 II 391 ML 345 SD II 591 M Pan 45-6

      970-936 Hiram I at Tyre (Phoenician Jews ) IS I 19 135 566-8

      945 Conjunction of all the Planets except Saturn SD II 63
      (Note: also great conj. in 1957, 1965-7 & Sun's
      Eclipse )
      900 c Inca Kings records begin Thy 16-25 Glos 154
      HPB Art III 428 IS I 595-8

      814 Founding of Carthage by Phoenicians in flight from Joshua,
      son of Nun IS I 520 560 567 II 546



      700 - 600 B C


      8 Cent c Hesiod Poet - no certainty on, later than
      Homer
      Ascribed to him: Theogony
      Shield of Heracles
      Preserved Myths
      SD I 425 648 II 450 603 764fn 775 IS I 558 567

      636c-546c Thales (Greece) Glos 326 IS I 24 512 526

      Miletus - founder of Milesian School of philosophy
      Matter was one: water - no writings extant
      Taught geometry and astronomy - a Phoenician
      Said learned from Babylonians and Egyptians
      Predicted Sun eclipse of 585 B C - polytheist
      one of the 7 Wise Men of Greece

      Egypt over-ran by Scyths, Assyrians, Medes, Cimmerians

      Hermetic Philosophy & Mysteries transferred
      from Egypt to Greece Glos 140 219 Thy 27 196


      700-600 B C

      MYSTERIES OF GREECE [ General Survey ]


      Mysteries moved to Greece from Egypt Glos 219 140

      Pythoness IS I xxxv-viii 358 531; II 590; Glos 266

      Delphos (Mysteries of Apollo) Glos 267 295

      Eleusis Thy 27, 149-152 532; Glos 112
      IS II 44 98 131 138 145 IS I xii HPB Art I 18
      Mod Pan 134-5

      Ephesus Glos 114 27; IS II 155; Thy 28, 7

      Samothrace IS I 132 234 302 570 23
      Glos 287

      Sodales (and Sodalean Oath) IS I 301 555
      IS II 131 SD II 212; Glos 302

      1st Cent c Therapeutae ( Pythagoreans) Key, 5 72; IS I 19;
      Glos 329

      Theurgy Key 3; T M 18-148-151; IS I xlii; Gl 329

      Corybantes SD II 106 I 400 Glos 47 43 88 92

      Kybele Glos 182

      Dactyli-Priests of Kybele IS I xxviii Glos 93

      Dionysos ( Dio-Nysos ) Apollo Glos 102 47 97
      (similar to Osiris) - Sun IS I xiv
      Mithras, Bacchus superseded IS II 165 491 560

      Ceres Demeter Thy 39, 493; Glos 308

      Persephone (Proserpina)

      3,100 Orpheus (see 3,100 B C) IS II 35 129;
      THY 25-58, 27-148; GLOS 242 219
      SD I 336 fn II 756; T M 18-181;



      700 - 600 B C


      677 Phoenicia destroyed by Assyrians and Macedonians
      Sea-faring Jews/Semites -founded Carthage,
      emigrated to Spain, and North African Sea-Ports

      639-559c Solon SD II 263 743 THY 27, 104 530
      {Re: Atlantis from Egyptian Saitic priests-- see
      Plato's Timaeus ]

      Athenian Statesman founder of its "democracy"
      Giver of laws and a reformer, also a poet
      Restored freedom to peasants, curbed nobility
      Unlawful to pledge one's liberty -
      annulled all mortgages and debt -
      established juries
      Made an Archon in 594 BC - wrote constitution

      c Patanjali (founder of Yoga Philosophy) Glos 251 380
      Established a School on Indian Psychology
      Mediation and deeper states discussed
      Goal of human evolution explained

      c Panini (grammarian - codified Sanskrit) Glos 248 251

      c Mahavira (Jain Saint) Ths't 6-95 SD II 423 IS II 322
      Last of 24 Tirthankaras HPB TO APS 242 Glos 335

      673 BC Assurbanipal Great Library in Babylon Glos 37

      Pherecydes ( teacher of Pythagoras ) CWB 13-283-4

      Nineveh and Babylon at their height SD II 692 IS I 403

      Western Europe overran by Celts, Germans, Slavs
      Glos 105 239

      Druids (Bhrigu) Glos 57 IS I 18 576

      628-551c Zoroaster (latest) Thy 6-23 Thy 14-97 149 212 264

      621-543 Buddha: Gautama Sidartha Glos 65-6 126 286
      ML 43 96 78 SD II 423 I 161-2 THS'T 5-39
      HPB TO APS 242-3 T M 15-105 VOICE 78fn
      T M 7-27

      611c-547c Anaximander b. Miletus - pupil of Thales
      Detailed explanation of all Nature - wrote
      Space as origin of all - pairs of opposites
      Eternal motion, churning of space into opposites
      Plurality of worlds - evolution of man's body
      from fish in water
      Astronomer defined solstices and equinoxes
      Gonom for measuring Sun's direction and height

      604- c Lao Tse Glos 186 320 SD I xxv Thy 15-18 70 Thy 20-51


      600 - 500 B C


      [6 Cent] Anaximenes b. Miletus - pupil of Anaximander
      Proposed air as basic principle in Nature
      relates to Space and its nature
      Stars move around the earth
      "Gods" arose from the "air."


      586-500 Pythagoras (Crotona) Thy 27-244 70-365 71- 16, Glos 266
      IS I 12 532 347fn xvi 7 9 291 181 338 Lucif IV
      IS II 144-5 338 452 491fn HPB ART I 431 439
      BCW 13-283 Path 1 39 Trans. 106 T M 37-467

      570-480 c Xenophanes . . . . . IS II 212 242



      Manticism (Prophetic frenzy - Melampus
      and Proteus) Glos 205

      550-478 Confucius Glos 82 186 SD Ixxv 162 186 320 440
      Thy 14, 395 351 Thy 14-395 Mod Pen 43

      535c-475c Heraclitus of Ephesus (a Milesian) Thy 27 196
      No permanent reality except universal change.
      Permanence an illusion of the senses.
      Duality of contrast was eternal - death and life
      balanced each other
      Becoming, the only state, because it was
      transitional.
      Taught fire to be the substratum of the Universe
      Man's soul was shared, ray of the Universal Soul.

      Ananda (Pupil of Gautama Siddartha Buddha )

      Katyayana (Buddha's pupil) Glos 2-3

      Rishi Gautama (Jain Tirthankara)
      [Nyaya philos.] Glos 253

      Gaudapadacharya (Shankara's Paraguru) SD I 457fn

      514c- Parminedes (Eleatic School materialism) IS I 24
      Demanded reasoned proof for assertions
      Being is the material substance of what the
      Universe is composed - called it the sole
      eternal reality.
      All else is illusion because of change, motion,
      no "empty space."

      521- Cambyses of Persia - conquered Egypt Thy 27, 244
      (took Pythagoras to Babylon, Assyria)

      525-456 Aeschulus (70 dramas / tragedies) Thy 27, 532

      Aryasangha ( Disciple of Buddha ) Glos 32
      (Mahayana School)


      500 - 400 B C


      -4th Cent. Druids of Gaul, Britain [ till conversion of
      Constantine to Christianity
      - Edict issued to forcibly convert all in
      Roman empire to Christianity ]

      521-485 Darius I invaded Greece

      510 Mysteries opened to those who could pay a fee forcing
      degradation. (Neo-Platonists restored 200 AD)
      Thy 27-147 Thy 28-3

      500-432 c Phidias (Sculpture - Jupiter Athena, Parthenon )

      510- Shankaracharya (Reincarn of Buddha Gautama to reform
      Brahmins.)
      Worked in So. India. Smarthava sect.
      Adwaita (non-dualist) philos. Glos 307 288
      SD I 86 271 457fn LUCIFER 4-387 Theos't 5-7
      BCW 12-346fn

      500-428 c Anaxagoras (friend of Socrates) Glos 21



      400 - 300 B C


      4th c Serapis ( worship of, in Egypt) Thy 25- 203

      ===================

      PLATONIC ACADEMY


      428-348 Plato Glos 256; SD II 395 554; Thu 27, 434 483
      IS II 100 338; SD I 162;

      PLATONIC ACADEMY started

      469-399 Socrates HPB ART I 17f THY 27-387; IS II 117-8

      347-339 Speusippus (Pres. of Academy) HPB Art I 12

      384-322 Aristotle IS I xv 16 320 429-30 615; II 34;
      Thy 25-10-11 HPB Art II 159-60;
      HPB ART Vol. I 16 19; SD I 615;
      Glos 73 256 227 384 SD II 153;
      ( Pupil of Plato, Tutor of Alexander )

      484-424 Herodotus (history)

      432 c Meton (astronomy) Lunar cycle 19 years - of phases

      460 c Ezra (compiled Pentateuch) SD II 143 IS I 568 578
      IS II 128 HPB Art III 245 Thy 25-10 Glos 117

      460-357 Hippocrates (healer) IS I xxxvii 425-6; GLOS 142
      Thy 22, 101; Thy 39, 405

      Philolaus (Discip. of Pythagoras, math. & codified)

      490-430 Empidocles

      460-370 c Democritus (maths, Physics, atom, ) Thy 27, 35


      400 - 300 B C


      c Leucippus (taught Democritus) IS I 61

      c Quetzal Coatl Thy 16-113; Thy 16-70-2

      485-406 Euripides (Drama) Thy 27-531; Thy 24-496

      430-355 c Xenophon (pupil of Socrates )

      490-429 Pericles (Social and political reform)

      448-380 Aristophanes (comedies)

      495-406 Sophocles (drama & poetry)

      Theucidides

      408-355 c Eudoxus (astronomer, Math. physician)



      400 - 300 B C


      Hem-Tzu (Disciple. of Lao-Tzu) Thy 15-161

      Chwang-Tzu (Disciple. of Lao-Tzu) Thy 15-213

      331 Alexandria founded Thy 25-6; Thy 27-33; Glos 54

      356-323 Berosus (Chaldean) Glos 54-5

      356-323 Alexander "The Great" Conquests frontiers of India -
      to Indus

      384-322 Aristotle IS I xv 16 320 429-30 615; II 34;
      Thy 25-10-11 HPB Art II 159-60; I 16
      19;
      Glos 73 256 227 384, SD II 153; SD I 615;
      ( Pupil of Plato, Tutor of Alexander )


      300 - 200 B C

      STOICS

      340-265 Zeno (founded Stoic Philosophers)

      300 c Euclid (systematic geometry )

      323-283 Ptolemy I (Soter) Glos 16; Thy 25 p 6
      Alexandrian Library -- 700,000 Rolls
      SD I 353 659-60 664 IS I 21

      396-314 Xenocrates (Pupil of Plato) Thy 5, 104 164

      347-339 Speusippus (Pres. of Plato's Academy) HPB Art I 12

      Heraclides

      "Buddhism in India" (article) Thy 12, 506

      371-288 c Mencius Thy 15, 113



      300 - 200 B C


      "Shu-King" (china) Thy 14, 310
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