> Having successfully laid the ethical foundation enjoined by
> Patanjali, the adept is now poised towards the ultimate goal -
> liberation. Patanjali however, doesn't denote this culmination
> with conventional labels like 'moksha' or 'nirvana'. He calls it
> 'kaivalya,' derived from the word 'keval', meaning 'only'.
With all due respect absolute loneliness implies duality. Unless of
course you suggest absolute uncreation to be considered union. I
personally don't tender that particular view, as one should think
there wouldn't be a faculty extant to differentiate knowing that one
exists at all not to mention being alone while existing. The
counterargument to that however is that one possibly may exist among a
whole new class of adepts quite apart from what we human beings can
know as creation.
I suspect 'kaivalya' was meant as existing only as the prime mover,
inline with will-based philosophy.
There is a commentary to Yoga Sutra 4.33 regarding absolute liberation
I recently read. If I were aware of the name of the person who wrote
it I'd offer, but I don't. Posting protocols here in t93 I've read
limits the use of url advertising. So I'll just give a quote and if
the desire for direction to further commentaries by this person should
arise we'll go from there.
Here is how one person views kaivalya:
"Abiding in the timeless, holographic, undifferentiated present that
is not limited by linear concepts of time or succession, or by any
degree of separateness, limitation, or duality, one realizes the
co-arising mutuality of all phenomena from that absolute stillness
where nothing moves."
Will permeates and mutates all of creation.