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The Truth about 2ND Hand Smoke

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  • Cigsman
    12aedd.jpg
    Message 1 of 3 , Aug 1, 2003
      12aedd.jpg
      <http://oas.highwire.org/RealMedia/ads/click_lx.ads/www.bmj.com/content/vol326/issue7398/twib.shtml/784314569/Top/bmj/US-uknews-ros-020822/stories_online2.gif/39376335636537373366326139616230>12af0f.jpg

      Home Help Search/Archive Feedback Table of Contents



      This week in the BMJ

      Volume 326, Number 7398, Issue of 17 May 2003

      12af44.jpgEnvironmental tobacco smoke does not affect mortality
      12af55.jpgMortality is high in young offenders
      12af65.jpgStandardised measures needed for data quality
      12af75.jpgTargeted programmes needed for hardcore smokers
      12af86.jpgPromising new technologies for heart failure are available




      Environmental tobacco smoke does not affect mortality

      Environmental tobacco smoke was not associated with mortality from coronary
      heart disease or lung cancer at any level of exposure in a large study of
      Californians followed for 40 years. Based on an analysis tracking 35 561
      adults who had never smoked and their smoker spouses between the periods
      1960 and 1998, Enstrom and Kabat (p 1057) suggest that the effects of
      environmental tobacco smoke, particularly for coronary heart disease, are
      considerably smaller than generally believed. In contrast, active cigarette
      smoking was a strong, dose related risk factor for coronary heart disease,
      lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Despite these
      findings, Davey Smith (p 1048) says debate about the role of environmental
      smoke, as well as the risk of being married to a smoker, will continue.
      Additional research on the link between second hand smoke and disease is
      needed.


      12af98.jpg
      NIKI BOROFSKY



      12afcd.jpg



      Mortality is high in young offenders

      Young people in Australia who have received custodial sentences have high
      mortality from drug overdose, suicide, and unintentional injury. In a
      retrospective cohort study, Coffey and colleagues (p 1064) compared death
      rates in young offenders with those in young people in the general
      population of the same state. They found that rates in young offenders were
      nine times higher in males and 40 times higher in females. A quarter of all
      drug related deaths in 15-19 year old men were of young offenders. The
      authors say that social policies to address drug and mental health problems
      and social disadvantage in young offenders are urgently needed.


      12afdf.jpg
      SIPA/REX



      12b013.jpg



      Standardised measures needed for data quality

      Quality measurement of electronic patient records in primary care needs to
      be standardised. Thiru and colleagues (p 1070) conducted a systematic
      review of 52 publications on how data quality in primary care is measured
      and reported. Most (92%) were concerned with patient identification data,
      and their measurements varied. Reliability was typically measured through
      rate comparisons, whereas validity was assessed through either sensitivity
      or predictive probabilities. The recording of diagnostic and prescription
      data tended to be better than that of other variables. Until every practice
      is paperless and enters coded data for every consultation, the authors
      recommend that set reference standards be used to determine completeness
      and accuracy.


      12b023.jpg
      ANTONIA REEVE/SPL



      12b05a.jpg



      Targeted programmes needed for hardcore smokers

      Hardcore smokers say they will keep on smoking. In a cross sectional study
      of 7766 English smokers, Jarvis and colleagues (p 1061) found that 16% were
      hardcore, four times as many as previous research has suggested. Hardcore
      smokers were defined as those who had never attempted to stop smoking and
      did not wish or intend to give it up in the future, and those who had not
      gone a day without smoking cigarettes in the past five years. Hardcore
      smoking was commoner in older and more dependent smokers, and in those from
      more socioeconomically deprived backgrounds. They tended to believe that
      their present health was unaffected by smoking and was unlikely to be
      affected in the future. Despite hardcore smokers' recalcitrance, the
      authors say that targeted interventions could help older and socially
      disadvantaged smokers to quit.


      12b06e.jpg
      CRISTINA PEDRAZZINI/SPL



      12b0a6.jpg



      Promising new technologies for heart failure are available

      The annual mortality from chronic heart failure remains as high as 40%. In
      this week's clinical review, Chow and colleagues (p 1073) discuss the
      effects of new pacing technologies on patients with chronic heart failure.
      They report that the use of biventricular pacing improves symptoms and
      reduces the number of hospital admissions and lengths of stay. Implantable
      defibrillators reduce mortality, and forthcoming data from randomised
      controlled trials suggest that a wider range of patients should receive
      them. The authors outline the characteristics of patients who could benefit
      from these technologies and the complications that might arise.



      12b0b8.jpg



      Home Help Search/Archive Feedback Table of Contents
      12b0ca.jpg 12b0e3.jpg
      © 2003 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd






      <http://www.nativeblend.net/27313/>http://www.nativeblend.net/27313/

      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CiGGYMAN/

      NEW SPECIALS: Major Phillip Morris Brands Discounted!! ~

      For a limited time: Effective Monday February 3, 2003 thru March 31, 2003,
      OTDirect is offering several very popular Philip Morris brands at reduced
      prices!
      This is a great opportunity for all of us, so be sure to get the word out
      to all your
      Referring Members, Customers, and Prospects. These Specials are great
      business-builders and everyone should act Right Now to take full advantage
      of the opportunity they present!

      --> Marlboro, Parliament, and Virginia Slims - $25.99 per carton!
      (this price covers ALL Marlboro flavors!)

      --> Basics will priced competitively at only $22.99 per carton!




      Please Visit My Web Pages

      <http://www.otdirect.com/?27313/>http://www.otdirect.com/?27313/
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ASLF/
      <http://nativesmokes.bizhosting.com>http://nativesmokes.bizhosting.com
      Always Fresh Always Tax Free
      That's The Native American Way
      tin

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • Cigsman
      47d5b72.jpg
      Message 2 of 3 , Aug 23, 2003
        47d5b72.jpg
        <http://oas.highwire.org/RealMedia/ads/click_lx.ads/www.bmj.com/content/vol326/issue7398/twib.shtml/784314569/Top/bmj/US-uknews-ros-020822/stories_online2.gif/39376335636537373366326139616230>47d5b7f.jpg

        Home Help Search/Archive Feedback Table of Contents




        This week in the BMJ

        Volume 326, Number 7398, Issue of 17 May 2003

        47d5b93.jpgEnvironmental tobacco smoke does not affect mortality
        47d5b9f.jpgMortality is high in young offenders
        47d5bac.jpgStandardised measures needed for data quality
        47d5bb9.jpgTargeted programmes needed for hardcore smokers
        47d5bc6.jpgPromising new technologies for heart failure are available





        Environmental tobacco smoke does not affect mortality

        Environmental tobacco smoke was not associated with mortality from coronary
        heart disease or lung cancer at any level of exposure in a large study of
        Californians followed for 40 years. Based on an analysis tracking 35 561
        adults who had never smoked and their smoker spouses between the periods
        1960 and 1998, Enstrom and Kabat (p 1057) suggest that the effects of
        environmental tobacco smoke, particularly for coronary heart disease, are
        considerably smaller than generally believed. In contrast, active cigarette
        smoking was a strong, dose related risk factor for coronary heart disease,
        lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Despite these
        findings, Davey Smith (p 1048) says debate about the role of environmental
        smoke, as well as the risk of being married to a smoker, will continue.
        Additional research on the link between second hand smoke and disease is
        needed.


        47d5bd5.jpg
        NIKI BOROFSKY



        47d5bea.jpg




        Mortality is high in young offenders

        Young people in Australia who have received custodial sentences have high
        mortality from drug overdose, suicide, and unintentional injury. In a
        retrospective cohort study, Coffey and colleagues (p 1064) compared death
        rates in young offenders with those in young people in the general
        population of the same state. They found that rates in young offenders were
        nine times higher in males and 40 times higher in females. A quarter of all
        drug related deaths in 15-19 year old men were of young offenders. The
        authors say that social policies to address drug and mental health problems
        and social disadvantage in young offenders are urgently needed.


        47d5bf8.jpg
        SIPA/REX



        47d5c0b.jpg




        Standardised measures needed for data quality

        Quality measurement of electronic patient records in primary care needs to
        be standardised. Thiru and colleagues (p 1070) conducted a systematic
        review of 52 publications on how data quality in primary care is measured
        and reported. Most (92%) were concerned with patient identification data,
        and their measurements varied. Reliability was typically measured through
        rate comparisons, whereas validity was assessed through either sensitivity
        or predictive probabilities. The recording of diagnostic and prescription
        data tended to be better than that of other variables. Until every practice
        is paperless and enters coded data for every consultation, the authors
        recommend that set reference standards be used to determine completeness
        and accuracy.


        47d5c18.jpg
        ANTONIA REEVE/SPL



        47d5c2c.jpg




        Targeted programmes needed for hardcore smokers

        Hardcore smokers say they will keep on smoking. In a cross sectional study
        of 7766 English smokers, Jarvis and colleagues (p 1061) found that 16% were
        hardcore, four times as many as previous research has suggested. Hardcore
        smokers were defined as those who had never attempted to stop smoking and
        did not wish or intend to give it up in the future, and those who had not
        gone a day without smoking cigarettes in the past five years. Hardcore
        smoking was commoner in older and more dependent smokers, and in those from
        more socioeconomically deprived backgrounds. They tended to believe that
        their present health was unaffected by smoking and was unlikely to be
        affected in the future. Despite hardcore smokers' recalcitrance, the
        authors say that targeted interventions could help older and socially
        disadvantaged smokers to quit.


        47d5c3b.jpg
        CRISTINA PEDRAZZINI/SPL



        47d5c4e.jpg




        Promising new technologies for heart failure are available

        The annual mortality from chronic heart failure remains as high as 40%. In
        this week's clinical review, Chow and colleagues (p 1073) discuss the
        effects of new pacing technologies on patients with chronic heart failure.
        They report that the use of biventricular pacing improves symptoms and
        reduces the number of hospital admissions and lengths of stay. Implantable
        defibrillators reduce mortality, and forthcoming data from randomised
        controlled trials suggest that a wider range of patients should receive
        them. The authors outline the characteristics of patients who could benefit
        from these technologies and the complications that might arise.



        47d5c5b.jpg



        Home Help Search/Archive Feedback Table of Contents
        47d5c6a.jpg 47d5c77.jpg
        © 2003 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd






        <http://www.nativeblend.net/27313/>http://www.nativeblend.net/27313/

        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CiGGYMAN/

        NEW SPECIALS: Major Phillip Morris Brands Discounted!! ~

        For a limited time: Effective Monday February 3, 2003 thru March 31, 2003,
        OTDirect is offering several very popular Philip Morris brands at reduced
        prices!
        This is a great opportunity for all of us, so be sure to get the word out
        to all your
        Referring Members, Customers, and Prospects. These Specials are great
        business-builders and everyone should act Right Now to take full advantage
        of the opportunity they present!

        --> Marlboro, Parliament, and Virginia Slims - $25.99 per carton!
        (this price covers ALL Marlboro flavors!)

        --> Basics will priced competitively at only $22.99 per carton!




        Please Visit My Web Pages

        <http://www.otdirect.com/?27313/>http://www.otdirect.com/?27313/
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ASLF/
        <http://nativesmokes.bizhosting.com>http://nativesmokes.bizhosting.com
        Always Fresh Always Tax Free
        That's The Native American Way
        tin

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • Cigsman
        56c9c6f.jpg
        Message 3 of 3 , Aug 28, 2003
          56c9c6f.jpg
          <http://oas.highwire.org/RealMedia/ads/click_lx.ads/www.bmj.com/content/vol326/issue7398/twib.shtml/784314569/Top/bmj/US-uknews-ros-020822/stories_online2.gif/39376335636537373366326139616230>56c9c80.jpg

          Home Help Search/Archive Feedback Table of Contents





          This week in the BMJ

          Volume 326, Number 7398, Issue of 17 May 2003

          56c9c95.jpgEnvironmental tobacco smoke does not affect mortality
          56c9ca4.jpgMortality is high in young offenders
          56c9cb2.jpgStandardised measures needed for data quality
          56c9cc0.jpgTargeted programmes needed for hardcore smokers
          56c9ccf.jpgPromising new technologies for heart failure are available






          Environmental tobacco smoke does not affect mortality

          Environmental tobacco smoke was not associated with mortality from coronary
          heart disease or lung cancer at any level of exposure in a large study of
          Californians followed for 40 years. Based on an analysis tracking 35 561
          adults who had never smoked and their smoker spouses between the periods
          1960 and 1998, Enstrom and Kabat (p 1057) suggest that the effects of
          environmental tobacco smoke, particularly for coronary heart disease, are
          considerably smaller than generally believed. In contrast, active cigarette
          smoking was a strong, dose related risk factor for coronary heart disease,
          lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Despite these
          findings, Davey Smith (p 1048) says debate about the role of environmental
          smoke, as well as the risk of being married to a smoker, will continue.
          Additional research on the link between second hand smoke and disease is
          needed.


          56c9cea.jpg
          NIKI BOROFSKY



          56c9cff.jpg





          Mortality is high in young offenders

          Young people in Australia who have received custodial sentences have high
          mortality from drug overdose, suicide, and unintentional injury. In a
          retrospective cohort study, Coffey and colleagues (p 1064) compared death
          rates in young offenders with those in young people in the general
          population of the same state. They found that rates in young offenders were
          nine times higher in males and 40 times higher in females. A quarter of all
          drug related deaths in 15-19 year old men were of young offenders. The
          authors say that social policies to address drug and mental health problems
          and social disadvantage in young offenders are urgently needed.


          56c9d10.jpg
          SIPA/REX



          56c9d25.jpg





          Standardised measures needed for data quality

          Quality measurement of electronic patient records in primary care needs to
          be standardised. Thiru and colleagues (p 1070) conducted a systematic
          review of 52 publications on how data quality in primary care is measured
          and reported. Most (92%) were concerned with patient identification data,
          and their measurements varied. Reliability was typically measured through
          rate comparisons, whereas validity was assessed through either sensitivity
          or predictive probabilities. The recording of diagnostic and prescription
          data tended to be better than that of other variables. Until every practice
          is paperless and enters coded data for every consultation, the authors
          recommend that set reference standards be used to determine completeness
          and accuracy.


          56c9d34.jpg
          ANTONIA REEVE/SPL



          56c9d4d.jpg





          Targeted programmes needed for hardcore smokers

          Hardcore smokers say they will keep on smoking. In a cross sectional study
          of 7766 English smokers, Jarvis and colleagues (p 1061) found that 16% were
          hardcore, four times as many as previous research has suggested. Hardcore
          smokers were defined as those who had never attempted to stop smoking and
          did not wish or intend to give it up in the future, and those who had not
          gone a day without smoking cigarettes in the past five years. Hardcore
          smoking was commoner in older and more dependent smokers, and in those from
          more socioeconomically deprived backgrounds. They tended to believe that
          their present health was unaffected by smoking and was unlikely to be
          affected in the future. Despite hardcore smokers' recalcitrance, the
          authors say that targeted interventions could help older and socially
          disadvantaged smokers to quit.


          56c9d5b.jpg
          CRISTINA PEDRAZZINI/SPL



          56c9d70.jpg





          Promising new technologies for heart failure are available

          The annual mortality from chronic heart failure remains as high as 40%. In
          this week's clinical review, Chow and colleagues (p 1073) discuss the
          effects of new pacing technologies on patients with chronic heart failure.
          They report that the use of biventricular pacing improves symptoms and
          reduces the number of hospital admissions and lengths of stay. Implantable
          defibrillators reduce mortality, and forthcoming data from randomised
          controlled trials suggest that a wider range of patients should receive
          them. The authors outline the characteristics of patients who could benefit
          from these technologies and the complications that might arise.



          56c9d7f.jpg



          Home Help Search/Archive Feedback Table of Contents
          56c9d8e.jpg 56c9d9c.jpg
          © 2003 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd






          <http://www.nativeblend.net/27313/>http://www.nativeblend.net/27313/

          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/CiGGYMAN/

          NEW SPECIALS: Major Phillip Morris Brands Discounted!! ~

          For a limited time: Effective Monday February 3, 2003 thru March 31, 2003,
          OTDirect is offering several very popular Philip Morris brands at reduced
          prices!
          This is a great opportunity for all of us, so be sure to get the word out
          to all your
          Referring Members, Customers, and Prospects. These Specials are great
          business-builders and everyone should act Right Now to take full advantage
          of the opportunity they present!

          --> Marlboro, Parliament, and Virginia Slims - $25.99 per carton!
          (this price covers ALL Marlboro flavors!)

          --> Basics will priced competitively at only $22.99 per carton!




          Please Visit My Web Pages

          <http://www.otdirect.com/?27313/>http://www.otdirect.com/?27313/
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ASLF/
          <http://nativesmokes.bizhosting.com>http://nativesmokes.bizhosting.com
          Always Fresh Always Tax Free
          That's The Native American Way
          tin

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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