Greek Orthodox Manuscript Glosses in Hebrew
- I am posting this query on behalf of a colleague from a Hebrew studies list.
If you have relevant information, you can contact Dr. Sandman directly with the
information below. If you prefer to only discuss on the list, I will forward
all responses to him as well.
MA, Theology Duquesne University
Cantor Holy Ghost Church
Mckees Rocks, PA
I am trying to date and localize Hebrew glosses in a Greek Orthodox
manuscript from the early 12th century. The Hebrew glosses are not part of
the original manuscript plan; they were clearly added later. In addition to
paleographical analysis, which seems to yield ambiguous results, I would
like to include analysis of the content of the glosses.
The vast majority of these glosses are indications of the weekly parshiyot
(Pentateuchal pericopes). From Parshat Metzora', viz. the pericope
beginning with Leviticus chapter 14, and onward, the names of the weekly
readings are arranged as a mnemonic, with one word per pericope. (It is
clear that the mnemonic began earlier, but in this manuscript the mnemonic
was employed only from this point and onward.) I hope that by combining the
localization and dating this mnemonic with paleographical analysis I shall
be able to localize and date the scribing of these Hebrew glosses, and,
hopefully, come closer to accounting for their presence in this manuscript.
If anyone has any information relevant to this mnemonic -- information
about its origins, use, or my translation, or anything else -- or any ideas
as to where I may be able to discover anything about it, please let me
know. I can be contacted at is.m.sandman@....
Thanks in advance,
Israel M. Sandman
University College London
Here is the mnemonic, followed by my tentative translation:
קרח כפרה וירא
English translation of the mnemonic: (Due to English syntax, the order was
occasionally changed; but the correct order is indicated by the
pericope-number that follows each translation - again, beginning from
Leviticus ch. 14, Parshat Metzora', the 28th pericope in the Pentateuch.)
Be Purified. (28) | Afterwards (29) | The Priest (31) | Will Sanctify Her /
It (30) | At Sinai. (32) | They Did Bear (35) | (Its) Statute (33) | In the
Wilderness, (34) | and the Men of (37) | Korah (38) | Were Uplifted (36) |
[With] Atonement. (39) | Phinehas (41) | Beheld, (40) | And The Tribes (42)
| Did He Cause To Journey [Onward]. (43) | Words of (44) | Supplications
for Grace (45) | Did He Cause To Be Heard. (46) | You Beheld (47) | Judges
(48) | And Wars (49) | Coming. (50) | You (51) | Proceed, (52) | And From
The Heavens (53) | Will You Be Blessed. (54).