MS 1221 and the Lozenge-Dots at Mark 16:9 and Elsewhere
- Minuscule 1221, from the 1000's, at St. Catherine's, is one of the MSS that is supposed to have an asterisk or obelus between Mark 16:8 and and 16:9, "to separate the passage," as WW puts it.
However, now that 1221 is viewable at the Virtual Manuscript Room, the notion that the symbol that appears between Mark 16:8 and 16:9 has text-critical significance should be abandoned. This symbol consists of four dots in lozenge-form, that is, arranged north-south-east-west. Between Mk. 16:8 and 16:9, the symbol is situated with an "arch" to the right, and a "telos" to the left, both written above the line. Also, in the upper margin, there is an incipit-note that looks like the incipit-note or rubric for Heothina #3, although the page seems to have been trimmed, so maybe at one time there was another lozenge-note above the incipit-note, but not anymore.
I did not have time to look through the entire manuscript for other occurrences of lozenge-dots. I did look through a lot of it, though, and there are plenty of other occurrences of exactly the same symbol:
On the last page of Mt, preceding the subscription.
On the last page of Mk, at the end of 16:20. (Now you might be thinking, "So it *does* signify the end of the book!" But I didn't look through Matthew thoroughly; I just checked chapter 28 to see if it was marked for the Heothina-readings, and, yes, a rubric for Heothina #1 is at the top of the page, very prominent. Let's keep looking.)
After Mark 2:12, in the right margin. (Fol. 073r, Image 1490-0)
Halfway through Mark 5:24, at an arch/telos spot. (beginning of ch. 13) (Fol. 079v, Image 1620-0)
Alongside Mark 6:7, beside an arch-sign, at the beginning of chapter 14. (Fol. 081r, Image 1650-0). And at the bottom of the same page, at the start of an incipit-note.
In the chapter-titles (kephalaia) of Luke, at chapter 11.
*** Btw, in 1221, in the preface to Luke (not Luke's own preface, but the other one) an umlaut is used as an insertion-symbol. It is as plain as day. (Fol. 111r, Image 2250-0) ***
On Fol. 111v, Image 2260-0, there are lozenge-dots at the end of the introduction.
At the beginning of Luke 1:24 (Fol. 113v, Image 2300-0). And on the same page, before the beginning of Luke 1:26, at an arch/telos spot. And in the lower margin of the same page, at the start of an incipit-note.
At the end of Luke 1:45, at an arch/telos spot (Fol. 115r, Image 2330-0), and nearby in the upper margin, an abbreviated note means, "End of the Heothina-reading." (This must refer to an Advent Cycle, rather than to the eleven Resurrection-Gospels readings.)
On Fol. 116r, Image 2350, at the beginning of kephalaia 1 (which = chapter 2), after a telos-mark. An arch-symbol is in the margin.
On Fol. 117r, Image 2370, there are two occurrences; the first one is between the end of Luke 2:20 and the beginning of 2:21, after a telos. The second one appears before an arch sign, in the middle of Luke 2:22.
On Fol. 118r, Image 2390, there are three. The first one is at the end of Luke 2:40, below a telos-sign. The second one is at the beginning of Luke 2:41, after an arch-sign. The third one is in the lower margin at the start of a rubric.
And there are more.
So, these lozenge-dots certainly do not mean, "I suspect that this ought to be where the book should end." When they occur in the text, they indicate the end of some lections, and that is all.
(This is, btw, the same kind of symbol that occurs in MS 2346, superscripted, between Mk. 16:8 and 16:9.)
Yours in Christ,
James Snapp, Jr.