Re: Jos var?
Your friend might be referring to:
Beyer, David W. "Josephus Rexamined: Unraveling the Twenty-Second Year of Tiberius," pp. 85-96. Chronos, Kairos, Christos II: Chronological, Nativity, and Religious Studies in Memory of Ray Summers. ed. E. Jerry Vardaman. Mercer University Press: 1998. ISBN 0-86554-582-0
I understand that Fineganâs 1998 revision of _Handbook of Biblical Chronology_ now supports Beyer's 1 BC date.
The argument seems to revolve around the issue of whether printer's errors were introduced in the 16th century.
Per a summary I found online:
In 1966, W.E. Filmer had suggested in an article in JTS that there was an error in the text of Josephus in Antiquities 18.106. Modern critical texts have Josephus saying that Herod Philip died in the twentieth year of Tiberius, after a reign of 37 years. Filmer thought that a figure had been dropped out, and the number should really read twenty-second year of Tiberius. He pointed to claims that an 18th century monk had supposedly seen old copies of Josephus which read 22nd year of Tiberius. The date he calculated for Herod's death was 1 BC.
However, T.D. Barnes is said to have âdecisively reaffirmedâ the 4 BC date in a 1968 Journal article.
David Beyer presented a peper to the SBL in 1995, "Josephus Reexamined: Unraveling the Twenty-Second Year of Tiberius," which details the results of his examination of 46 early editions of Josephus at the British Museum as well as his examination of the holdings at the Library of Congress.
He found that an error was introduced into Josephus at the time of the first Greek printing in Basel in 1544. All previous manuscripts read 22, but the Basel printed edition read 20. This error was copied when the Latin edition was printed in 1548, and after that, virtually all editions read "20" rather than "22".
The original "22nd year" reading yields a date of 36 AD for Philipâs death; if he reigned 37 years, that gives a date of 1 BC for Herodâs death.
BUT â¦ Beyer (and others) think it unlikely that Philip actually reigned all 37 years, in spite of the numismatic evidence.
At this point in the article Beyer records an additional printing error. The early manuscripts read "32" instead of "37" for the length of Philipâs reign.
You can read it all at:
The author, Marjorie Alley, is an evangelical Christian and well educated, so don't let the forum throw you off. I am not, by the way, endorsing this position by this post, just pointing you in the direction you need to go.
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, ron minton <ronminton@...> wrote:
> A friend sent a note saying that there was a textual variant/scribal error
> in Josephus. It involves the date of Herod the great. He says that after
> the 14th or 16th centuries, the Josephus manuscripts indicated 4BC, but
> before then they indicated 1BC.
> Now I know Josephus said the lunar eclipse was just before Herod died (Jos
> Ant xvii.6.4-#167) and that the Passover occurred just after Herod died (Jos
> Ant xvii.9.3-#213).
> However, I do not understand how a scribal error in Josephus mss could
> indicate a different year for Herod's death?
> Can someone help me understand this? or else point me to an article of a
> Josephus list where this might be discussed?
> Grace be with you,
> Ron Minton - Ukraine
- The question raised by ron minton on 7 July about Josephus is discussed in " Treatise on Bible Chronology" by Adam Rutherford in Chapter 16. It is also discussed in Jack Finegan's "Handbook of Biblical Chronology"see paras 506,549 and 504,505 -Brianj brianjboland@...