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Re: Byzantine Lections from Mark in Codex Vaticanus

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  • James Snapp, Jr.
    Teunis, After analyzing the evidence more thoroughly, I think you re right: the correlations between the Byzantine lections and the gaps and chapters in B do
    Message 1 of 7 , May 23, 2009
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      Teunis,

      After analyzing the evidence more thoroughly, I think you're right: the correlations between the Byzantine lections and the gaps and chapters in B do not imply that the Byzantine Lectionary was nearly complete in the early 300's. This becomes obvious when one considers the quantity of those gaps. Here's some data about the gaps, the chapters, and some other features, collected in one convenient list.

      To ensure accuracy, I used the Lectionary in the Orthodox Study Bible instead of Scrivener's list. I also was a little pickier about what to consider a real gap. And I kept track of the subscripted bars on the left edge of the line, accompanying most gaps.

      In the following list, when one of B's chapters begins at the same point where a Byzantine lection begins, I provide the chapter-number in parentheses. Some other notes are preceded by "***." The first and second Y/N indicate whether or not the lection is accompanied by a gap or a bar. The third and fourth Y/N series pertains to the ends of the Byzantine lections. Most of the time the third and fourth columns are superfluous, since the lections tend to be consecutive.


      Lection Gap? Bar? Gap? Bar?

      Third Sunday of Pascha:
      Sunday of the Myrrhbearing Women
      and Sunday of Joseph of Arimathea
      and Nicodemus:
      Mark 15:43-16:8 N N [End of text]

      Sixth Week of Pascha: Thurs.:
      The Ascension of our Lord –
      Matins: Mark 16:9-20 [absent from B] [absent from B]

      12th week after Pentecost: Mon.
      1:9-15 (#2) Y Y Y Y

      12th week after Pentecost: Tues.
      1:16-22 Y Y Y Y

      12th week after Pentecost: Wed.
      1:23-28 Y Y Y Y

      12th week after Pentecost, Thurs.
      1:29-35 (#6) Y Y Y Y
      ***1:35 begins ch. 7

      12th week after Pentecost, Fri.
      2:18-22 (#12) Y Y Y Y

      13th week after Pentecost: Mon.
      3:6-12 Y Y Y Y

      13th week after Pentecost: Tues.
      3:13-19 Y Y Y Y
      13th week after Pentecost: Wed.
      3:20-27 Y Y Y Y

      13th week after Pentecost: Thurs.
      3:28-35 Y Y Y Y

      13th week after Pentecost: Fri.
      4:1-9 (#17) Y Y Y Y

      14th week after Pentecost: Mon.
      4:10-23 (#18) Y Y Y Y

      14th week after Pentecost: Tues.
      4:24-34 Y Y Y Y

      14th week after Pentecost, Wed.
      4:35-41 (#19) Y Y Y Y

      14th week after Pentecost, Thurs.
      5:1-20 Y Y Y Y

      14th week after Pentecost, Fri.
      5:22-24 N Y Y Y
      and
      5:35-6:1 N N N N
      ***a gap and bar are at the beginning of 5:34, and at 5:43b

      15th week after Pentecost, Mon.
      5:24-34 Y Y N N
      ***a gap and bar are at the end of 5:33

      15th week after Pentecost, Tues.
      6:1-7 (#22) N Y N N
      ***In 6:6, KAI PERIHGEN is ekthetized. In the next line, a dot appears before the KAI that begins 6:7, and a bar accompanies that line.

      15th week after Pentecost, Wed.
      6:7-13 (#23?) N N Y Y
      *** B's ch. 23 begins with KAI PERIHGEN in 6:6 and ends at the end of 6:13.

      15th week after Pentecost, Thurs.
      6:30-45 (#25) Y Y Y Y

      15th week after Pentecost, Fri.
      6:45-53 (#26) Y Y Y Y

      16th week after Pentecost: Mon.
      6:54-7:8 Y Y Y Y
      ***ch. 27 = 6:53-56

      16th week after Pentecost: Tues.
      7:5-16 Y Y Y Y
      ***B does not contain 7:16; a bar separated 7:15 and 7:17.
      ***ch. 29 = 7:17-23.

      16th week after Pentecost: Wed.
      7:14-24 Y Y N N


      16th week after Pentecost: Thurs.
      7:24-30 (ch. 30) N Y Y Y

      16th week after Pentecost: Fri.
      8:1-10 (ch. 32) Y Y N N
      ***ch. 33 begins at the start of 8:10

      Sunday before Theophany:
      1:1-8 (#1) [beginning of book] Y Y

      Eve of the Theophany: third hour:
      1:1-8 (again) (#1) [beginning of book] Y Y

      Eve of the Theophany: sixth hour:
      1:9-15 (#2) Y Y Y Y

      Blessing of Water:
      1:9-11 (#2, again) Y Y Y Y

      Holy Theophany of Our Lord God and
      Savior Jesus Christ: Matins:
      1:9-11 (#2, again) [same as previous lection]

      30th week after Pentecost: Mon.
      8:11-21 N N Y Y
      ***ch. 33 starts at 8:10; ch. 34 ends at the end of 8:21

      30th week after Pentecost: Tues.
      8:22-26 (#35) Y Y N Y
      ***verse 26 ends at the end of a line
      ***ch. 36 begins at the beginning of 8:27.

      30th week after Pentecost: Wed.
      8:30-34 N N N N
      ***(9:2 – Transfiguration narrative begins)

      30th week after Pentecost: Thurs.
      9:10-16 N N N Y

      30th week after Pentecost: Fri.
      9:33-41 (#40) Y Y N N
      ***gap and bar are at the beginning of 9:41

      31st week after Pentecost: Mon.
      9:42-10:1 N N N N
      ***gap and bar are at the beginning of 9:41
      ***gap and bar are at the beginning of 10:1

      31st week after Pentecost: Tues.
      10:2-11 N N N N
      ***ch. 41 begins at the beginning of 10:1

      31st week after Pentecost: Wed.
      10:11-16 N N N Y

      31st week after Pentecost: Thurs.
      10:17-27 (#42) N N N Y
      ***initial letter is ekthetized.

      31st week after Pentecost: Fri.
      10:23-32 Y N N Y?
      ***the bar is after efobounto, not at the end of the verse.

      32nd week after Pentecost: Mon.
      10:46-52 (#43) Y Y Y Y
      ***A parableptic error occurred at the beginning of 10:46, elicited by a hole in the parchment. The number 46 is in the left margin, and in the correction-note is in the right margin, the missing text is provided with the initial kai-compendium ekthetized.

      32nd week after Pentecost: Tues.
      11:11-23 Y Y Y Y

      32nd week after Pentecost: Wed.
      11:23-26 N N N Y
      ***B does not have 11:26
      ***the bar separated 11:25 and 11:27
      ***a colon-like mark is in the margin

      32nd week after Pentecost: Thurs.
      11:27-33 N Y Y Y

      32rd week after Pentecost: Fri.
      12:1-12 Y Y Y Y

      Week before the Triodion: Mon.
      12:13-17 (#47) Y Y Y Y

      Week before the Triodion: Tues.
      12:18-27 Y Y Y Y

      Week before the Triodion: Wed.
      12:28-37 Y Y Y Y

      Week before the Triodion: Thurs.
      12:38-44 Y Y Y N
      ***after 12:44, half the line is blank.

      Week before the Triodion: Fri.
      13:1-8 (#49) Y N Y N
      ***the first letter of 13:1 is ekthetized.

      Triodion: Mon.
      13:9-13 Y N? Y N

      Triodion: Tues.
      13:14-23 Y N N N

      Triodion: Wed.
      13:24-31 N Y Y

      Triodion: Thurs.
      13:31-14:2 N Y Y
      ***ch. 50 = 13:32-14:2

      Triodion: Fri.
      14:3-9 (#51) Y Y Y Y
      ***ch. 52 begins at the beginning of 14:10

      Meat Fare Week: Mon.
      11:1-11 (#44) Y Y Y

      ***ch. 45 begins at the beginning of 11:12

      Meat Fare Week: Tues.
      14:10-42 (#52) N Y N Y

      Meat Fare Week: Wed.
      14:43-15:1 (#55) N Y N N

      Meat Fare Week: Thurs.
      15:1-15 (#57) N Y Y
      ***the chapter-number and bar are one line above the beginning of 15:1, apparently
      misplaced by the copyist because two consecutive lines began with KAI.

      Great Lent:

      First Week: Sat.:
      2:23-3:5 (#13) Y Y Y Y

      Second Week: Sat.:
      1:35-44 (#7) Y Y Y?? N
      ***ekthetized letter
      ***there is space at the end of the line in which 1:44 ends, but there is no bar.

      Second Week: Sun.:
      2:1-12 (#9) Y Y Y Y

      Third Week: Sat.:
      2:14-17 Y Y Y Y
      ***ch. 11 ends at the end of 2:17.

      Third Sunday of Great Lent:
      Adoration of the Holy Cross:
      8:34-9:1 N Y Y Y
      ***ch. 36 ends at the end of 9:1.

      Fourth Week: Sat.:
      7:31-37 (#31) Y Y Y Y

      Fourth Sunday of Great Lent:
      Commemoration of St. John of the Ladder:
      Liturgy: 9:17-31 N Y N N
      ***ch. 39 ends at the end of 9:32.
      ***9:31 ends evenly at the end of a line.

      Fifth Week: Sat.:
      8:27-31 (#36) N Y N N
      ***a gap and bar appear after ELALEI in 8:32.

      Fifth Sunday of Great Lent:
      Liturgy: 10:32-45 Y Y Y Y
      ***10:46 begins a chapter

      Holy Week:

      Holy Friday (Thursday Evening):
      Passion-Gospel #6:
      15:16-32 (#58) Y Y Y Y

      Holy Friday (Thursday Evening):
      Passion-Gospel #10:
      15:43-47 N N Y Y
      ***ch. 61 = 15:42-47

      Holy Friday: the Third Hour:
      15:16-41 (#58) Y Y Y Y
      ***ch. 61 = 15:42-47

      +++++++++++++++

      Major Fixed Feasts

      Sunday After the Exaltation of the Cross:
      8:34-9:1 N Y Y Y
      ***ch. 36 ends at the end of 9:1

      Other Special and General Feastdays:

      Monk Martyr: 8:34-9:1 (same as previous lection)

      Female Martyrs: 5:24 Y Y Y Y
      (or Mt. 15:21-28)
      ***a gap and bar are at the beginning and end of 5:24

      Beheading: Liturgy:
      6:14-30 (#24) Y Y Y Y

      +++++++++++++++


      With that data in hand, I attempted to bring things into focus by going through Mark in B and specially noticing places where there is both a gap and a bar where a chapter does not begin or end. I was looking for gaps and/or bars that correspond to the beginnings (and ends) of Byzantine lections but not to the chapter-divisions in B. I first listed the beginnings of all of B's chapters, and then inserted in that list all the other places where a gap and bar occur. For good measure, I also noted some places where only a bar or only a gap occurs. (It's really the places where the gap and bar occur together that I'm looking for. But I am working with an imperfect facsimile, so there is a possibility that some in some places where I have only seen a gap, there might be a bar.)

      Next, I took that list and blended it with the preceding list of Markan lections from the Lectionary. I have only noted instances where a Byzantine lection begins *exactly* at the gap and/or bar in Codex Vaticanus (plus a couple of instances where that seems to have been the copyist's intention).

      Here are the results (B = bar and G = gap):

      1:1-1:8 – ch. 1 (1:1 – Lection for Sunday before Theophany & Eve of the Theophany)
      1:4 GB
      1:9-1:11 – ch. 2 (1:9 - Lection for 12th Week after Pentecost, Monday, and Lection for Eve of the Theophany, 6th hour, and for the Blessing of Water, and for the Holy Theophany of Our Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ, Matins.)
      1:12-1:13 – ch. 3
      1:14-1:20 – ch. 4
      1:16 GB (1:16 – Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      1:21-1:28 – ch. 5
      1:23 GB (1:23 – Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
      1:27 GB
      1:29-1:34 – ch. 6 (1:29 – Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      1:35-1:37 – ch. 7 (1:35 – Lent, Second Week, Sat.)
      1:38-1:45 – ch. 8
      1:39 GB
      1:40 B (G at end of line?)
      1:44 (G at end of line?)
      2:1-2:12 – ch. 9 (2:1-12 = Lent, Second Week, Sun.)
      2:3 B
      2:6 G
      2:10 G
      2:12-2:14 – ch. 10
      2:13 GB
      2:14 B (2:14 – Lent, Third Week, Sat.)
      2:17 GB
      2:15-2:17 – ch. 11
      2:18-2:22 – ch. 12 (2:18 – Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      2:19 G
      2:21 GB
      2:22 GB
      2:23-2:28 – ch. 13 (2:23 – Lent, First Week, Sat.)
      2:25 GB (the gap is small)
      2:27 G
      3:1-3:6 – ch. 14
      3:6 GB (3:6 – Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Mon.)
      3:7-3:13 – ch. 15
      3:9 GB
      3:14-3:35 – ch. 16
      3:13 GB (3:13 – Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      3:18 Gaps after "Bartholomew"
      and "Matthew"
      3:20 GB (3:20 – Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
      3:23 GB
      3:28 GB (3:28 – Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      3:31 GB
      3:33 GB
      4:1-4:9 – ch. 17 (4:1 – Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      4:3 B
      4:10-4:34 – ch. 18 (4:10 – Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Mon.)
      4:13 GB
      4:18 B
      4:21 GB
      4:24 GB (4:24 – Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      4:26 GB
      4:30 GB
      4:33 GB
      4:35-5:1 – ch. 19 (4:35 – Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
      4:40 GB
      5:1 GB (gap at end of line) (5:1 – Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      5:2-5:20 – ch. 20
      5:6 GB (gap is small)
      5:9 B
      5:9b GB (Gap is after ONOMA SOI)
      5:13b G(??)
      5:14 GB
      5:15 GB
      5:18 GB
      5:20 GB
      5:21-5:43 – ch. 21
      5:22 GB (5:22 – part of the Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      5:24 GB (5:24 – Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Mon, and for a fixed feast for female martyrs.)
      5:25 GB
      5:30 GB
      5:31 GB
      5:33 B
      5:34 GB
      5:38 GB
      5:40a GB
      5:43 GB
      5:43b GB (before KAI EIPEN)
      6:1-6:6 – ch. 22 (6:1 – Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      6:4 GB
      6:6/7-6:13 – ch. 23 (6:7 – Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
      (I counted this one as exact, even though it's not, because the copyist may have intended it to be.)
      6:12 GB
      6:14-6:29 – ch. 24 (6:14 – fixed feast, Beheading.)
      6:16 G
      6:17 GB
      6:18 GB
      6:19 G
      6:21 GB
      6:22 G (between SUNANAKEIMENOIS and O DE BASILEUS)
      6:24 GB
      6:29 GB
      6:30-6:44 – ch. 25 (6:30 – Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      6:32 GB
      6:34 G
      6:34b B (after POIMENA)
      6:35 G
      6:37 GB
      6:38 GB
      6:45-6:52 – ch. 26 (6:45 – Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      6:47 GB
      6:48 GB (before PERI TETARTHN)
      6:49 B
      6:53-6:56 – ch. 27
      7:1-7:16 – ch. 28
      7:5 GB (7:5 – Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      7:6 GB
      7:8 GB
      7:14 GB (7:14 – Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
      7:17-7:23 – ch. 29
      7:20 G
      7:24-7:30 – ch. 30 (7:24 – Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      7:28 G
      7:29 GB
      7:31-7:37 – ch. 31 (7:31-37 = Lent, Fourth Week, Sat.)
      7:34b (gap before KAI LEGEI)
      8:1-8:9 – ch. 32 (8:1 – Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      8:4 GB
      8:10-8:12 – ch. 33
      8:12 GB
      8:13-8:21 – ch. 34
      8:22-8:26 – ch. 35 (8:22-26 = Lection for 30th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      8:27-9:1 – ch. 36 (8:27 – Lent, Fifth Week, Sat.)
      8:28 G
      8:29b B (before APOKRIQEIS)
      8:32 GB (after ELAKEI)
      8:34 B (8:34 – Lent, Third Sunday, Adoration of the Holy Cross, and a fixed feast for the Sunday after the Exaltation of the Cross)
      9:1 G
      9:2-9:27 – ch. 37
      9:7 G(?) B
      9:14 B
      9:17 B (9:17 – Lent, Fourth Sunday, Liturgy)
      9:19 GB
      9:23 GB
      9:25 B
      9:28-9:29 – ch. 38
      9:29 B
      9:30-9:32 – ch. 39
      9:33-9:50 – ch. 40 (9:33 – Lection for 30th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      9:35 GB
      9:38 GB
      9:39 GB
      9:41 GB
      9:45 GB
      9:46 G
      9:50 B
      10:1-10:16 – ch. 41
      10:3 G
      10:10 GB
      10:13 B
      10:14 GB
      10:15 GB
      10:17-10:45 – ch. 42 (10:17 – Lection for 31st week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      10:18 GB
      10:20 GB
      10:22 G
      10:23 G (10:23 inexact; 31st week after Pentecost, Fri., but the bar is after EFOBOUNTO)
      10:24 G
      10:24b G (after AUTOU)
      10:26 G
      10:27 G
      10:28 B
      10:29 GB
      10:32 GB (ekthetized initial HSAN) (10:32 – Lent, Fifth Sunday, Liturgy.)
      10:32 B (after EFOBOUNTO)
      10:35 GB
      10:36 B
      10:38 G
      10:39b B (before O DE _IS_)
      10:41 GB
      10:42 GB
      10:46-10:52 – ch. 43 (10:46-52 = Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Mon.)
      10:49 G
      10:51 G
      11:1-11:11 – ch. 44 (11:1-11 = Lection for Meat Fare Week, Mon.)
      [11:1b - incidental gap between
      TO OROS and TO ELAIWN]
      11:7 G
      11:11 GB (11:11 – Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      11:12-11:19 – ch. 45
      11:14 GB
      11:18 GB
      11:19 GB
      11:20-12:12 – ch. 46
      11:22 G
      11:24 GB
      11:25 G
      11:27 B (11:27 – Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      11:29 G
      11:33 G
      11:33b G
      12:1 GB (12:1 – Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      12:10 G
      12:12 G
      12:13-12:40 – ch. 47 (12:13 – Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Mon.)
      12:15 GB
      12:18 GB (12:18 – Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Tues.)
      12:24 GB
      12:28 GB (12:28 – Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Wed.)
      12:35 GB
      12:38 GB (12:38 – Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Thurs.)
      12:41-12:44 – ch. 48
      12:43 B
      13:1-13:31 – ch. 49 (13:1 – Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Fri.)
      13:2 GB
      13:3 GB
      13:5 GB
      13:9 GB(?) Bar is very faint? (13:9 – Triodion, Mon.)
      13:14 G (13:9 – Triodion, Tues.)
      13:17 G
      13:30 B
      13:32-14:2 – ch. 50
      13:36 B
      14:1 B
      14:3-14:9 – ch. 51 (14:3-9 = Lection for Triodion, Fri.)
      14:6 GB
      14:10-14:16 – ch. 52 (14:10 – Lection for Meat Fare Week, Tues.)
      14:11 G (? small)
      14:12 GB
      14:13 GB
      14:16 B
      14:17-14:26 – ch. 53
      14:25 B
      14:26 GB
      14:27-14:42 – ch. 54
      14:30 GB
      14:32 G
      14:33 G (? small)
      14:35 GB
      14:41 GB
      14:43-14:52 – ch. 55 (14:43 – Lection for Meat Fare Week, Wed.)
      14:53-14:72 – ch. 56
      14:55 GB
      14:57 B
      14:61 G (? small)
      14:63 G
      14:68b B (after LEGEIS)
      14:71 GB
      15:1-15:15 – ch. 57 (chapter-number out of place) (15:1-15 = Meat Fare Week, Thurs.)
      15:2 GB
      15:2c G (before SU LEGEIS)
      15:4 GB
      15:5 GB
      15:9 GB
      15:12 GB
      15:14 G
      15:16-15:23 – ch. 58 (15:16 – Lection for Holy Friday/Thursday Evening, Passion Gospel #6, and for Holy Friday, the 3rd Hour.)
      15:24-15:37 – ch. 59
      15:33 GB
      15:35 S (with raised dot)
      15:38-15:41 – ch. 60
      15:39 G
      15:40 G
      15:42-15:47 – ch. 61
      15:46 G
      16:1-16:8 – ch. 62
      16:2 G

      +++++++++++++++

      So: the beginnings of the following 15 lections (out of 73 lection-beginnings, after accounting for redundancies – 20.5%) are not accompanied by a gap, a bar, a gap and bar, or the beginning of a chapter in B:

      15:43-16:8 (3rd Sunday of Pascha/Myrrhbearers)
      16:9-20 (6th week of Pascha, Thursday/Ascension Matins)
      5:35-6:1 (the second part of the Lection for the 14th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      6:54-7:8 (16th week after Pentecost, Mon.) Chapter 27 begins at 6:53.
      8:11-21 (30th week after Pentecost, Mon.) 8:10-8:21 = Chapters 33 and 34.
      8:30-34 (30th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
      9:10-16 (30th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
      9:42-10:1 (31st week after Pentecost, Mon.)
      10:2-11 (31st week after Pentecost, Tues.)
      10:11-16 (31st week after Pentecost, Wed.)
      10:23-32 (31st week after Pentecost, Fri.)
      11:23-26 (32nd week after Pentecost, Wed.) (B does not have 11:26.)
      13:24-31 (Triodion, Wed.)
      13:31-14:2 (Triodion, Thurs.)
      15:43-47 (Holy Friday/Thursday Evening, Passion-Gospel #10)

      The chance of a Byzantine lection being accompanied in B by a gap, a bar, a gap and a bar, or a chapter-beginning is thus 79%. It would be higher (8 out of 65 = 87.7%) if not for the cluster of seven lections in the 30th and 31st weeks after Pentecost which are not accompanied by a gap, a bar, a gap and bar, or a chapter-beginning where they begin. If we set aside those seven lections from the equation, and also removed 16:9-20 (since it is not in Codex B), the chance rises to 7 out of 64 (89%).

      Instead of suggesting that 79% of the Byzantine lectionary was developed by the early 300's, this probably simply shows that when the text of Mark is divided into B's 62 chapters, and then further divided into B's 155 sub-sections (separated by gaps), when the Byzantine Lectionary's 73 Markan lection-beginnings are projected onto a text divided into those 216 division-points, 79% of the lection-beginnings will land on those division-points. Fifty-eight out of 73 randomly-drawn points in the text would not land on 216 other randomly-drawn points in the text, but the division-points were not randomly-drawn; they occur where independently working copyists would naturally posit a sense-break in the text, usually due to a change of scene, speaker, or subject in the course of the narrative.

      Yours in Christ,

      James Snapp, Jr.
    • tvanlopik
      Thank you for the massive list of gaps and other signes in the Vaticanus. My concern is not whether the Byzantine lectionary system was nearly complete in
      Message 2 of 7 , May 24, 2009
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        Thank you for the massive list of "gaps" and other signes in the Vaticanus.
        My concern is not whether the Byzantine lectionary system was nearly complete in the early 300's. I think in that time there was not a Byzantine Synaxarion in the form now available (since the 7th/8t century)at all. Maybe the system was in the 4th century in a status nascendi: the /sat/sunday lections for Lent and and the Pentekostarion, the lections of the Holy week.
        So I stick with by the questions about accident and logical divisions when "gaps" in B are matched with the Byzanine lectionary lessons.

        Teunis van Lopik

        --- In textualcriticism@yahoogroups.com, "James Snapp, Jr." <voxverax@...> wrote:
        >
        > Teunis,
        >
        > After analyzing the evidence more thoroughly, I think you're right: the correlations between the Byzantine lections and the gaps and chapters in B do not imply that the Byzantine Lectionary was nearly complete in the early 300's. This becomes obvious when one considers the quantity of those gaps. Here's some data about the gaps, the chapters, and some other features, collected in one convenient list.
        >
        > To ensure accuracy, I used the Lectionary in the Orthodox Study Bible instead of Scrivener's list. I also was a little pickier about what to consider a real gap. And I kept track of the subscripted bars on the left edge of the line, accompanying most gaps.
        >
        > In the following list, when one of B's chapters begins at the same point where a Byzantine lection begins, I provide the chapter-number in parentheses. Some other notes are preceded by "***." The first and second Y/N indicate whether or not the lection is accompanied by a gap or a bar. The third and fourth Y/N series pertains to the ends of the Byzantine lections. Most of the time the third and fourth columns are superfluous, since the lections tend to be consecutive.
        >
        >
        > Lection Gap? Bar? Gap? Bar?
        >
        > Third Sunday of Pascha:
        > Sunday of the Myrrhbearing Women
        > and Sunday of Joseph of Arimathea
        > and Nicodemus:
        > Mark 15:43-16:8 N N [End of text]
        >
        > Sixth Week of Pascha: Thurs.:
        > The Ascension of our Lord ?
        > Matins: Mark 16:9-20 [absent from B] [absent from B]
        >
        > 12th week after Pentecost: Mon.
        > 1:9-15 (#2) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 12th week after Pentecost: Tues.
        > 1:16-22 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 12th week after Pentecost: Wed.
        > 1:23-28 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 12th week after Pentecost, Thurs.
        > 1:29-35 (#6) Y Y Y Y
        > ***1:35 begins ch. 7
        >
        > 12th week after Pentecost, Fri.
        > 2:18-22 (#12) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 13th week after Pentecost: Mon.
        > 3:6-12 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 13th week after Pentecost: Tues.
        > 3:13-19 Y Y Y Y
        > 13th week after Pentecost: Wed.
        > 3:20-27 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 13th week after Pentecost: Thurs.
        > 3:28-35 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 13th week after Pentecost: Fri.
        > 4:1-9 (#17) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 14th week after Pentecost: Mon.
        > 4:10-23 (#18) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 14th week after Pentecost: Tues.
        > 4:24-34 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 14th week after Pentecost, Wed.
        > 4:35-41 (#19) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 14th week after Pentecost, Thurs.
        > 5:1-20 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 14th week after Pentecost, Fri.
        > 5:22-24 N Y Y Y
        > and
        > 5:35-6:1 N N N N
        > ***a gap and bar are at the beginning of 5:34, and at 5:43b
        >
        > 15th week after Pentecost, Mon.
        > 5:24-34 Y Y N N
        > ***a gap and bar are at the end of 5:33
        >
        > 15th week after Pentecost, Tues.
        > 6:1-7 (#22) N Y N N
        > ***In 6:6, KAI PERIHGEN is ekthetized. In the next line, a dot appears before the KAI that begins 6:7, and a bar accompanies that line.
        >
        > 15th week after Pentecost, Wed.
        > 6:7-13 (#23?) N N Y Y
        > *** B's ch. 23 begins with KAI PERIHGEN in 6:6 and ends at the end of 6:13.
        >
        > 15th week after Pentecost, Thurs.
        > 6:30-45 (#25) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 15th week after Pentecost, Fri.
        > 6:45-53 (#26) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 16th week after Pentecost: Mon.
        > 6:54-7:8 Y Y Y Y
        > ***ch. 27 = 6:53-56
        >
        > 16th week after Pentecost: Tues.
        > 7:5-16 Y Y Y Y
        > ***B does not contain 7:16; a bar separated 7:15 and 7:17.
        > ***ch. 29 = 7:17-23.
        >
        > 16th week after Pentecost: Wed.
        > 7:14-24 Y Y N N
        >
        >
        > 16th week after Pentecost: Thurs.
        > 7:24-30 (ch. 30) N Y Y Y
        >
        > 16th week after Pentecost: Fri.
        > 8:1-10 (ch. 32) Y Y N N
        > ***ch. 33 begins at the start of 8:10
        >
        > Sunday before Theophany:
        > 1:1-8 (#1) [beginning of book] Y Y
        >
        > Eve of the Theophany: third hour:
        > 1:1-8 (again) (#1) [beginning of book] Y Y
        >
        > Eve of the Theophany: sixth hour:
        > 1:9-15 (#2) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Blessing of Water:
        > 1:9-11 (#2, again) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Holy Theophany of Our Lord God and
        > Savior Jesus Christ: Matins:
        > 1:9-11 (#2, again) [same as previous lection]
        >
        > 30th week after Pentecost: Mon.
        > 8:11-21 N N Y Y
        > ***ch. 33 starts at 8:10; ch. 34 ends at the end of 8:21
        >
        > 30th week after Pentecost: Tues.
        > 8:22-26 (#35) Y Y N Y
        > ***verse 26 ends at the end of a line
        > ***ch. 36 begins at the beginning of 8:27.
        >
        > 30th week after Pentecost: Wed.
        > 8:30-34 N N N N
        > ***(9:2 ? Transfiguration narrative begins)
        >
        > 30th week after Pentecost: Thurs.
        > 9:10-16 N N N Y
        >
        > 30th week after Pentecost: Fri.
        > 9:33-41 (#40) Y Y N N
        > ***gap and bar are at the beginning of 9:41
        >
        > 31st week after Pentecost: Mon.
        > 9:42-10:1 N N N N
        > ***gap and bar are at the beginning of 9:41
        > ***gap and bar are at the beginning of 10:1
        >
        > 31st week after Pentecost: Tues.
        > 10:2-11 N N N N
        > ***ch. 41 begins at the beginning of 10:1
        >
        > 31st week after Pentecost: Wed.
        > 10:11-16 N N N Y
        >
        > 31st week after Pentecost: Thurs.
        > 10:17-27 (#42) N N N Y
        > ***initial letter is ekthetized.
        >
        > 31st week after Pentecost: Fri.
        > 10:23-32 Y N N Y?
        > ***the bar is after efobounto, not at the end of the verse.
        >
        > 32nd week after Pentecost: Mon.
        > 10:46-52 (#43) Y Y Y Y
        > ***A parableptic error occurred at the beginning of 10:46, elicited by a hole in the parchment. The number 46 is in the left margin, and in the correction-note is in the right margin, the missing text is provided with the initial kai-compendium ekthetized.
        >
        > 32nd week after Pentecost: Tues.
        > 11:11-23 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > 32nd week after Pentecost: Wed.
        > 11:23-26 N N N Y
        > ***B does not have 11:26
        > ***the bar separated 11:25 and 11:27
        > ***a colon-like mark is in the margin
        >
        > 32nd week after Pentecost: Thurs.
        > 11:27-33 N Y Y Y
        >
        > 32rd week after Pentecost: Fri.
        > 12:1-12 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Week before the Triodion: Mon.
        > 12:13-17 (#47) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Week before the Triodion: Tues.
        > 12:18-27 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Week before the Triodion: Wed.
        > 12:28-37 Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Week before the Triodion: Thurs.
        > 12:38-44 Y Y Y N
        > ***after 12:44, half the line is blank.
        >
        > Week before the Triodion: Fri.
        > 13:1-8 (#49) Y N Y N
        > ***the first letter of 13:1 is ekthetized.
        >
        > Triodion: Mon.
        > 13:9-13 Y N? Y N
        >
        > Triodion: Tues.
        > 13:14-23 Y N N N
        >
        > Triodion: Wed.
        > 13:24-31 N Y Y
        >
        > Triodion: Thurs.
        > 13:31-14:2 N Y Y
        > ***ch. 50 = 13:32-14:2
        >
        > Triodion: Fri.
        > 14:3-9 (#51) Y Y Y Y
        > ***ch. 52 begins at the beginning of 14:10
        >
        > Meat Fare Week: Mon.
        > 11:1-11 (#44) Y Y Y
        >
        > ***ch. 45 begins at the beginning of 11:12
        >
        > Meat Fare Week: Tues.
        > 14:10-42 (#52) N Y N Y
        >
        > Meat Fare Week: Wed.
        > 14:43-15:1 (#55) N Y N N
        >
        > Meat Fare Week: Thurs.
        > 15:1-15 (#57) N Y Y
        > ***the chapter-number and bar are one line above the beginning of 15:1, apparently
        > misplaced by the copyist because two consecutive lines began with KAI.
        >
        > Great Lent:
        >
        > First Week: Sat.:
        > 2:23-3:5 (#13) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Second Week: Sat.:
        > 1:35-44 (#7) Y Y Y?? N
        > ***ekthetized letter
        > ***there is space at the end of the line in which 1:44 ends, but there is no bar.
        >
        > Second Week: Sun.:
        > 2:1-12 (#9) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Third Week: Sat.:
        > 2:14-17 Y Y Y Y
        > ***ch. 11 ends at the end of 2:17.
        >
        > Third Sunday of Great Lent:
        > Adoration of the Holy Cross:
        > 8:34-9:1 N Y Y Y
        > ***ch. 36 ends at the end of 9:1.
        >
        > Fourth Week: Sat.:
        > 7:31-37 (#31) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Fourth Sunday of Great Lent:
        > Commemoration of St. John of the Ladder:
        > Liturgy: 9:17-31 N Y N N
        > ***ch. 39 ends at the end of 9:32.
        > ***9:31 ends evenly at the end of a line.
        >
        > Fifth Week: Sat.:
        > 8:27-31 (#36) N Y N N
        > ***a gap and bar appear after ELALEI in 8:32.
        >
        > Fifth Sunday of Great Lent:
        > Liturgy: 10:32-45 Y Y Y Y
        > ***10:46 begins a chapter
        >
        > Holy Week:
        >
        > Holy Friday (Thursday Evening):
        > Passion-Gospel #6:
        > 15:16-32 (#58) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > Holy Friday (Thursday Evening):
        > Passion-Gospel #10:
        > 15:43-47 N N Y Y
        > ***ch. 61 = 15:42-47
        >
        > Holy Friday: the Third Hour:
        > 15:16-41 (#58) Y Y Y Y
        > ***ch. 61 = 15:42-47
        >
        > +++++++++++++++
        >
        > Major Fixed Feasts
        >
        > Sunday After the Exaltation of the Cross:
        > 8:34-9:1 N Y Y Y
        > ***ch. 36 ends at the end of 9:1
        >
        > Other Special and General Feastdays:
        >
        > Monk Martyr: 8:34-9:1 (same as previous lection)
        >
        > Female Martyrs: 5:24 Y Y Y Y
        > (or Mt. 15:21-28)
        > ***a gap and bar are at the beginning and end of 5:24
        >
        > Beheading: Liturgy:
        > 6:14-30 (#24) Y Y Y Y
        >
        > +++++++++++++++
        >
        >
        > With that data in hand, I attempted to bring things into focus by going through Mark in B and specially noticing places where there is both a gap and a bar where a chapter does not begin or end. I was looking for gaps and/or bars that correspond to the beginnings (and ends) of Byzantine lections but not to the chapter-divisions in B. I first listed the beginnings of all of B's chapters, and then inserted in that list all the other places where a gap and bar occur. For good measure, I also noted some places where only a bar or only a gap occurs. (It's really the places where the gap and bar occur together that I'm looking for. But I am working with an imperfect facsimile, so there is a possibility that some in some places where I have only seen a gap, there might be a bar.)
        >
        > Next, I took that list and blended it with the preceding list of Markan lections from the Lectionary. I have only noted instances where a Byzantine lection begins *exactly* at the gap and/or bar in Codex Vaticanus (plus a couple of instances where that seems to have been the copyist's intention).
        >
        > Here are the results (B = bar and G = gap):
        >
        > 1:1-1:8 ? ch. 1 (1:1 ? Lection for Sunday before Theophany & Eve of the Theophany)
        > 1:4 GB
        > 1:9-1:11 ? ch. 2 (1:9 - Lection for 12th Week after Pentecost, Monday, and Lection for Eve of the Theophany, 6th hour, and for the Blessing of Water, and for the Holy Theophany of Our Lord God and Savior Jesus Christ, Matins.)
        > 1:12-1:13 ? ch. 3
        > 1:14-1:20 ? ch. 4
        > 1:16 GB (1:16 ? Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 1:21-1:28 ? ch. 5
        > 1:23 GB (1:23 ? Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
        > 1:27 GB
        > 1:29-1:34 ? ch. 6 (1:29 ? Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 1:35-1:37 ? ch. 7 (1:35 ? Lent, Second Week, Sat.)
        > 1:38-1:45 ? ch. 8
        > 1:39 GB
        > 1:40 B (G at end of line?)
        > 1:44 (G at end of line?)
        > 2:1-2:12 ? ch. 9 (2:1-12 = Lent, Second Week, Sun.)
        > 2:3 B
        > 2:6 G
        > 2:10 G
        > 2:12-2:14 ? ch. 10
        > 2:13 GB
        > 2:14 B (2:14 ? Lent, Third Week, Sat.)
        > 2:17 GB
        > 2:15-2:17 ? ch. 11
        > 2:18-2:22 ? ch. 12 (2:18 ? Lection for 12th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 2:19 G
        > 2:21 GB
        > 2:22 GB
        > 2:23-2:28 ? ch. 13 (2:23 ? Lent, First Week, Sat.)
        > 2:25 GB (the gap is small)
        > 2:27 G
        > 3:1-3:6 ? ch. 14
        > 3:6 GB (3:6 ? Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Mon.)
        > 3:7-3:13 ? ch. 15
        > 3:9 GB
        > 3:14-3:35 ? ch. 16
        > 3:13 GB (3:13 ? Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 3:18 Gaps after "Bartholomew"
        > and "Matthew"
        > 3:20 GB (3:20 ? Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
        > 3:23 GB
        > 3:28 GB (3:28 ? Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 3:31 GB
        > 3:33 GB
        > 4:1-4:9 ? ch. 17 (4:1 ? Lection for 13th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 4:3 B
        > 4:10-4:34 ? ch. 18 (4:10 ? Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Mon.)
        > 4:13 GB
        > 4:18 B
        > 4:21 GB
        > 4:24 GB (4:24 ? Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 4:26 GB
        > 4:30 GB
        > 4:33 GB
        > 4:35-5:1 ? ch. 19 (4:35 ? Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
        > 4:40 GB
        > 5:1 GB (gap at end of line) (5:1 ? Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 5:2-5:20 ? ch. 20
        > 5:6 GB (gap is small)
        > 5:9 B
        > 5:9b GB (Gap is after ONOMA SOI)
        > 5:13b G(??)
        > 5:14 GB
        > 5:15 GB
        > 5:18 GB
        > 5:20 GB
        > 5:21-5:43 ? ch. 21
        > 5:22 GB (5:22 ? part of the Lection for 14th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 5:24 GB (5:24 ? Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Mon, and for a fixed feast for female martyrs.)
        > 5:25 GB
        > 5:30 GB
        > 5:31 GB
        > 5:33 B
        > 5:34 GB
        > 5:38 GB
        > 5:40a GB
        > 5:43 GB
        > 5:43b GB (before KAI EIPEN)
        > 6:1-6:6 ? ch. 22 (6:1 ? Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 6:4 GB
        > 6:6/7-6:13 ? ch. 23 (6:7 ? Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
        > (I counted this one as exact, even though it's not, because the copyist may have intended it to be.)
        > 6:12 GB
        > 6:14-6:29 ? ch. 24 (6:14 ? fixed feast, Beheading.)
        > 6:16 G
        > 6:17 GB
        > 6:18 GB
        > 6:19 G
        > 6:21 GB
        > 6:22 G (between SUNANAKEIMENOIS and O DE BASILEUS)
        > 6:24 GB
        > 6:29 GB
        > 6:30-6:44 ? ch. 25 (6:30 ? Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 6:32 GB
        > 6:34 G
        > 6:34b B (after POIMENA)
        > 6:35 G
        > 6:37 GB
        > 6:38 GB
        > 6:45-6:52 ? ch. 26 (6:45 ? Lection for 15th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 6:47 GB
        > 6:48 GB (before PERI TETARTHN)
        > 6:49 B
        > 6:53-6:56 ? ch. 27
        > 7:1-7:16 ? ch. 28
        > 7:5 GB (7:5 ? Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 7:6 GB
        > 7:8 GB
        > 7:14 GB (7:14 ? Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
        > 7:17-7:23 ? ch. 29
        > 7:20 G
        > 7:24-7:30 ? ch. 30 (7:24 ? Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 7:28 G
        > 7:29 GB
        > 7:31-7:37 ? ch. 31 (7:31-37 = Lent, Fourth Week, Sat.)
        > 7:34b (gap before KAI LEGEI)
        > 8:1-8:9 ? ch. 32 (8:1 ? Lection for 16th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 8:4 GB
        > 8:10-8:12 ? ch. 33
        > 8:12 GB
        > 8:13-8:21 ? ch. 34
        > 8:22-8:26 ? ch. 35 (8:22-26 = Lection for 30th week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 8:27-9:1 ? ch. 36 (8:27 ? Lent, Fifth Week, Sat.)
        > 8:28 G
        > 8:29b B (before APOKRIQEIS)
        > 8:32 GB (after ELAKEI)
        > 8:34 B (8:34 ? Lent, Third Sunday, Adoration of the Holy Cross, and a fixed feast for the Sunday after the Exaltation of the Cross)
        > 9:1 G
        > 9:2-9:27 ? ch. 37
        > 9:7 G(?) B
        > 9:14 B
        > 9:17 B (9:17 ? Lent, Fourth Sunday, Liturgy)
        > 9:19 GB
        > 9:23 GB
        > 9:25 B
        > 9:28-9:29 ? ch. 38
        > 9:29 B
        > 9:30-9:32 ? ch. 39
        > 9:33-9:50 ? ch. 40 (9:33 ? Lection for 30th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 9:35 GB
        > 9:38 GB
        > 9:39 GB
        > 9:41 GB
        > 9:45 GB
        > 9:46 G
        > 9:50 B
        > 10:1-10:16 ? ch. 41
        > 10:3 G
        > 10:10 GB
        > 10:13 B
        > 10:14 GB
        > 10:15 GB
        > 10:17-10:45 ? ch. 42 (10:17 ? Lection for 31st week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 10:18 GB
        > 10:20 GB
        > 10:22 G
        > 10:23 G (10:23 inexact; 31st week after Pentecost, Fri., but the bar is after EFOBOUNTO)
        > 10:24 G
        > 10:24b G (after AUTOU)
        > 10:26 G
        > 10:27 G
        > 10:28 B
        > 10:29 GB
        > 10:32 GB (ekthetized initial HSAN) (10:32 ? Lent, Fifth Sunday, Liturgy.)
        > 10:32 B (after EFOBOUNTO)
        > 10:35 GB
        > 10:36 B
        > 10:38 G
        > 10:39b B (before O DE _IS_)
        > 10:41 GB
        > 10:42 GB
        > 10:46-10:52 ? ch. 43 (10:46-52 = Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Mon.)
        > 10:49 G
        > 10:51 G
        > 11:1-11:11 ? ch. 44 (11:1-11 = Lection for Meat Fare Week, Mon.)
        > [11:1b - incidental gap between
        > TO OROS and TO ELAIWN]
        > 11:7 G
        > 11:11 GB (11:11 ? Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 11:12-11:19 ? ch. 45
        > 11:14 GB
        > 11:18 GB
        > 11:19 GB
        > 11:20-12:12 ? ch. 46
        > 11:22 G
        > 11:24 GB
        > 11:25 G
        > 11:27 B (11:27 ? Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 11:29 G
        > 11:33 G
        > 11:33b G
        > 12:1 GB (12:1 ? Lection for the 32nd week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 12:10 G
        > 12:12 G
        > 12:13-12:40 ? ch. 47 (12:13 ? Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Mon.)
        > 12:15 GB
        > 12:18 GB (12:18 ? Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Tues.)
        > 12:24 GB
        > 12:28 GB (12:28 ? Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Wed.)
        > 12:35 GB
        > 12:38 GB (12:38 ? Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Thurs.)
        > 12:41-12:44 ? ch. 48
        > 12:43 B
        > 13:1-13:31 ? ch. 49 (13:1 ? Lection for the Week before the Triodion, Fri.)
        > 13:2 GB
        > 13:3 GB
        > 13:5 GB
        > 13:9 GB(?) Bar is very faint? (13:9 ? Triodion, Mon.)
        > 13:14 G (13:9 ? Triodion, Tues.)
        > 13:17 G
        > 13:30 B
        > 13:32-14:2 ? ch. 50
        > 13:36 B
        > 14:1 B
        > 14:3-14:9 ? ch. 51 (14:3-9 = Lection for Triodion, Fri.)
        > 14:6 GB
        > 14:10-14:16 ? ch. 52 (14:10 ? Lection for Meat Fare Week, Tues.)
        > 14:11 G (? small)
        > 14:12 GB
        > 14:13 GB
        > 14:16 B
        > 14:17-14:26 ? ch. 53
        > 14:25 B
        > 14:26 GB
        > 14:27-14:42 ? ch. 54
        > 14:30 GB
        > 14:32 G
        > 14:33 G (? small)
        > 14:35 GB
        > 14:41 GB
        > 14:43-14:52 ? ch. 55 (14:43 ? Lection for Meat Fare Week, Wed.)
        > 14:53-14:72 ? ch. 56
        > 14:55 GB
        > 14:57 B
        > 14:61 G (? small)
        > 14:63 G
        > 14:68b B (after LEGEIS)
        > 14:71 GB
        > 15:1-15:15 ? ch. 57 (chapter-number out of place) (15:1-15 = Meat Fare Week, Thurs.)
        > 15:2 GB
        > 15:2c G (before SU LEGEIS)
        > 15:4 GB
        > 15:5 GB
        > 15:9 GB
        > 15:12 GB
        > 15:14 G
        > 15:16-15:23 ? ch. 58 (15:16 ? Lection for Holy Friday/Thursday Evening, Passion Gospel #6, and for Holy Friday, the 3rd Hour.)
        > 15:24-15:37 ? ch. 59
        > 15:33 GB
        > 15:35 S (with raised dot)
        > 15:38-15:41 ? ch. 60
        > 15:39 G
        > 15:40 G
        > 15:42-15:47 ? ch. 61
        > 15:46 G
        > 16:1-16:8 ? ch. 62
        > 16:2 G
        >
        > +++++++++++++++
        >
        > So: the beginnings of the following 15 lections (out of 73 lection-beginnings, after accounting for redundancies ? 20.5%) are not accompanied by a gap, a bar, a gap and bar, or the beginning of a chapter in B:
        >
        > 15:43-16:8 (3rd Sunday of Pascha/Myrrhbearers)
        > 16:9-20 (6th week of Pascha, Thursday/Ascension Matins)
        > 5:35-6:1 (the second part of the Lection for the 14th week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 6:54-7:8 (16th week after Pentecost, Mon.) Chapter 27 begins at 6:53.
        > 8:11-21 (30th week after Pentecost, Mon.) 8:10-8:21 = Chapters 33 and 34.
        > 8:30-34 (30th week after Pentecost, Wed.)
        > 9:10-16 (30th week after Pentecost, Thurs.)
        > 9:42-10:1 (31st week after Pentecost, Mon.)
        > 10:2-11 (31st week after Pentecost, Tues.)
        > 10:11-16 (31st week after Pentecost, Wed.)
        > 10:23-32 (31st week after Pentecost, Fri.)
        > 11:23-26 (32nd week after Pentecost, Wed.) (B does not have 11:26.)
        > 13:24-31 (Triodion, Wed.)
        > 13:31-14:2 (Triodion, Thurs.)
        > 15:43-47 (Holy Friday/Thursday Evening, Passion-Gospel #10)
        >
        > The chance of a Byzantine lection being accompanied in B by a gap, a bar, a gap and a bar, or a chapter-beginning is thus 79%. It would be higher (8 out of 65 = 87.7%) if not for the cluster of seven lections in the 30th and 31st weeks after Pentecost which are not accompanied by a gap, a bar, a gap and bar, or a chapter-beginning where they begin. If we set aside those seven lections from the equation, and also removed 16:9-20 (since it is not in Codex B), the chance rises to 7 out of 64 (89%).
        >
        > Instead of suggesting that 79% of the Byzantine lectionary was developed by the early 300's, this probably simply shows that when the text of Mark is divided into B's 62 chapters, and then further divided into B's 155 sub-sections (separated by gaps), when the Byzantine Lectionary's 73 Markan lection-beginnings are projected onto a text divided into those 216 division-points, 79% of the lection-beginnings will land on those division-points. Fifty-eight out of 73 randomly-drawn points in the text would not land on 216 other randomly-drawn points in the text, but the division-points were not randomly-drawn; they occur where independently working copyists would naturally posit a sense-break in the text, usually due to a change of scene, speaker, or subject in the course of the narrative.
        >
        > Yours in Christ,
        >
        > James Snapp, Jr.
        >
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