Re: Augustine's Codices of Mark
- Not so fast Jim. Where is the support for Greek mss readings (or
even the identifcation of the Latin witnesses) in St Augustine and
although I don't have time to recheck it is doubtful that he
commented on this disputed passage in his retractions.
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "James Snapp, Jr."
> I was doing some reading yesterday and came across a reference
> concerning Mark 16:9-20 which seems to be little-known (since it is
> not in any modern textual apparatus I've seen). So it might be
> worthwhile to give it some sunshine.
> Augustine's use of Mark 16:9-20 has never been in doubt; he quotes
> the passage many times. Hort acknowledged, too, that Mark 16:9-20
> occupied a prominent place in the lectionary that was used where
> Augustine preached. But in Augustine's "Harmony of the Gospels,"
> Book III, chapter 25, there's yet another reference.
> After stating that both Luke and Mark mention the post-resurrection
> appearance of Christ to the two travelers on the road to Emmaus,
> Augustine wrote as follows:
> "The latter evangelist reports the same incident in these concise
> terms: 'And after that He appeared in another form unto two of
> as they walked and went to a country-seat.' For it is nottime
> unreasonable for us to suppose that the place of residence referred
> to may also have been styled a country-seat; just as Bethlehem
> itself, which formerly was called a city, is even at the present
> also named a village, although its honor has now been made so muchbeen
> the greater since the name of this Lord, who was born in it, has
> proclaimed so extensively throughout the churches of all nations.In
> the Greek codices, indeed, the reading which we discover isnot
> rather 'estate' than 'country-seat.' But that term was employed
> only of residences, but also of free towns and colonies beyond thecontents
> city, which is the head and mother of the rest, and is therefore
> called the metropolis."
> Here Augustine, writing c. 400 or a little later, cites the
> of not just his favorite copy of the Latin Gospels but Greekcodices
> as well. In neither case does he give any hint that the passage iscodices
> disputed or missing in some copies; nor does he give any indication
> that he has seen the Short Ending. So, besides Augustine, and
> besides Augustine's lectionary, we should add Greek and Latin
> known to Augustine, c. 400, to the list of witnesses supportive of
> the inclusion of Mk. 16:9-20. That's no small addition.
> Yours in Christ,
> James Snapp, Jr.
> Minister, Curtisville Christian Church
> Tipton, Indiana
- Dear Malcolm:
I'm not sure I understand your question. Here again is the
Augustine's citation of Greek manuscripts containing Mk. 16:12 is
in "Harmony of the Gospels," Book III, chapter 25. He first cites
Mk. 16:12 in a Latin form, in which the verse ends in the phrase "as
they walked and went to a country-seat." ("Villam" is probably
underlying "country-seat," as in the Vulgate.) Then he states, "In
the Greek codices, indeed, the reading which we discover is
rather 'estate' than 'country-seat.'"
This shows that Greek codices that were available to Augustine to
consult contained Mk. 16:9-20. Also, inasmuch as he quotes all of
Mk. 16:9-20 in the course of his Harmony, it is equally evident that
the passage was in the Latin text that he used.
As for the Retractations, I don't have a copy of it handy, but I
think that if Augustine had said anything specific to the effect that
Mk. 16:9-20 might not be authentic, we would have heard about it.
Probably the only thing that might be capable of interpreting as a
symptom of second thoughts about this is his statement, somewhere, to
the effect that the manuscripts in the more ancient and well-stocked
libraries of major sees. But by this he may be simply offering the
reader a way of sorting out the extremely diverse Latin texts,
without having any particular passage in mind.
Yours in Christ,
James Snapp, Jr.
Minister, Curtisville Christian Church
Tipton, Indiana (USA)