Re: [textualcriticism] pericope de adultera and stemmatics
----- Original Message -----
From: "Schmuel" <schmuel@...>
Sent: Thursday, December 09, 2004 3:33 PM
Subject: Re: [textualcriticism] pericope de adultera and stemmatics
> In addition there is a very substantial lectionary usage in the Eastern
church (details below)
> John 8:3-11 was chosen as the lesson to be read publicly each year on St.
Pelagia's day, October 8th.  John Burgon first pointed out the
significance of this historical circumstance: "The great Eastern Church
speaks out on this subject in a voice of thunder. In all her Patriarchates,
as far back as the written records of her practice reach - and they reach
back to the time of those very Fathers whose silence was felt to be
embarrassing - the Eastern Church has selected nine of these twelve verses
to be the special lesson for October 8."  As Burgon remarked, this is
not opinion - but a fact.
The celebration of the feast of Pelagia the reformed courtesan on
October 8th begins relatively late c 500 CE.
The feast of Pelagia the virgin martyr on the same day is much older
but the use of the pericope is only suitable for Pelagia the reformed
courtesan who is almost certainly a legendary development of
Pelagia the virgin martyr.
Hence the lectionary evidence here probably does not go back
before 500 CE. However the lectionary usage is IMO highly
relevant. Once the pericope became widely used in the Greek
church on October 8th there would be a strong tendency for it to
be added to continuous text gospels that previously lacked it.
- Malcomb wrote:
<< One final note, the pericope presupposes that the Jews of Jesus'
ministry on earth had the authority to kill. This [is refuted]
elsewhere in the Gospel narrative.>>
There are a couple of problems with this assertion.
1) The text specifically says that this was a setup by the Scribes
and/or Pharisees. It should have been a lose/lose proposition for
Jesus: if he said "stone her," he would be in trouble with the Romans
for instigating a lynching, as alluded to in 18:31. If he said "free
her," he would be seen as "soft on crime" and loose popular support.
They did not, of course, forsee the third option, which made them out
to be the losers instead. But no authority under ROMAN law to execute
was ever claimed; only under MOSAIC law.
2) Lynchings by stoning did in fact occur during that era, as seen by
the examples of Stephen in Acts 7 and James in the History of