RE: [textualcriticism] The Great Command in the second century
- The evidence:
Mt: KARDIA - YUCH - DIANOIA
Mk: KARDIAS - YUCHS - DIANOIAS - ISCUOS
Lk: KARDIAS - YUCH - ISCUI - DIANOIA
LXX: KARDIAS - YUCHS - DUNAMEWS
(for KARDIAS 03-c reads: DIANOIAS)
Justin: KARDIAS - ISCUOS (2 times)
KARDIA - YUCH - DIANOIA (=Mt, once)
KARDIAS - YUCHS - DIANOIAS - ISCUOS (=Mk, once)
KARDIAS - YUCH - ISCUI - DIANOIA (=Lk, once)
Justin is a very problematic witness. We have no idea what text he used.
Possibly a harmony, possibly some unknown Gospel, perhaps some catechetic
collection. So, how can one base any judgment of the canonical Gospels on
Also, the above words are very susceptible to shortening/variation. As you
can see, Justin cites them 5 times in 4 different forms. Can you cite them
correctly by heart? Perhaps Justin had internalized them differently?
A similar unsound methodology was recently published by W.M.A. Hendriks in
the Revue Biblique article that I posted. He thinks that in Mt 6:33
BASILEIA TWN OURANWN is original with Justin and (part of) Clement against
all. An approach like this is also known from Boismard.
Generally I think we all agree that in the earliest times a more free use of
sources was common or even the rule.
PS: mae-2 reads in Mt: KARDIA - DIANOIA - YUCH
Wieland Willker, Bremen, Germany